Developing critical thinking skills in distance education

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This is a quick overview of the development of critical thinking skills in distance education.

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Developing critical thinking skills in distance education

  1. 1. Introduction by: Linda Rosemond Walden University Principles of Distance Education DEVELOPING CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS IN DISTANCE EDUCATION
  2. 2. Higher order skill Rationally Evaluate actions/beliefs Certain criteria Teach how to think instead of what to think!!! WHAT IS CRITICAL THINKING? How do I teach online students how to think?
  3. 3. 1. Meta-Knowing Metastrategic Metacognitive Epistemological “Learning usually takes place when interaction is fostered among learners and between learners and instructor” (Dawson, 2008). 2. Learning of community Cognitive presence Teaching presence Social presence THE PROCESS!!
  4. 4. desires feelings thoughts Involves the Integrating of… CRITICAL THINKING
  5. 5. Flexible Identify biases/assumptions Skepticism Separate facts/opinions Don’t oversimplify Logical inference processes Examine before drawing conclusions CHARACTERISTICS OF CRITICAL THINKERS I bet I can!!!
  6. 6. BEST PRACTICES! Collaboration Wikis Blogs Threaded Discussions
  7. 7. Students  Ask questions  Listen to each other  Help each other learn  Respect other’s ideas  Build on other’s ideas  Construct own understanding  Think in new ways Instructors  Maintain a focus  Guide intellectual responses  Ask probing questions  Encourage full participation  Summarizing what needs to be done  Encourage to build categories of thinking BEST PRACTICES!!!
  8. 8. Virtual Teams Questioning Self-reflecting IDEAS AND SUPPORT
  9. 9. Possible? Does a cat meow? What inferences have you made throughout this presentation and are they legitimate? Find out now as you listen to Dr. Sam Brown from the Critical Thinking Institute. POSSIBLE?
  10. 10. Alshraideh, M. (2008). The effect of Suchmans’ inquiry model on developing critical thinking skills among university students. IJAES, 4(1), 59-67. Buraphadeja, V. (2008). Content analysis in computer-mediated communication: Analyzing models for assessing critical thinking through the lens of social constructivism. The American Journal of Distance Education, 22: 130-145. Camarata, J. (2007). Using critical thinking in a web-based public budgeting course. International Journal of Public Administration, 30, 499-518. Denial, A. (2010). Putting critical thinking into action. Optometric Education, 33(3). REFERENCES
  11. 11. Maurino, P. (2007). Looking for critical thinking in online threaded discussions. J. Educational Technology Systems, 35(3): 241-260. Notar, C. (2002). Distant learning for the development of higher -level cognitive skills. Education: Education Research Complete, 122(4): 642-648. Osborne, R. (2009). Putting it all together: Incorporating “ SoTL practices” for teaching interpersonal and critical thinking skills in an online course. Insight: A Journal of Scholarly Teaching, 4: 45-52. Sharma, P. (2004). Scaffolding critical thinking in an online course: An exploration study. J. Educating Computing Research, 31(2): 181-208. REFERENCES CONTINUED

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