Plagiarizing, according to theMerriam-Webster Dictionary, is“to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as ones own : use (anothers production) without crediting the source … present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source.” (www.m-w.com/dictionary/plagiarizing)
What is Plagiarism? Using another person’s ideas or words without using citations Copying information from the Internet without using citations Using a copyrighted image without using citations Using a person’s exact words without using quotation marks Buying or stealing a paper
What are Citations? Citations are a method for telling the reader where you found your information Citations are also a way for the reader to locate more information on the paper topic
Consequences of Plagiarism According to Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana, “Plagiarism is an issue of Academic Integrity”: Students who misrepresent their academic work violate the rights of their fellow students. […] The College therefore views any act of academic dishonesty as a serious offense requiring disciplinary measures, including failure for the exam or specific course work, course failure, suspension, and expulsion from the College. (Ivy Tech Community College 39)
Consequences of Plagiarism Receive a failing grade on the assignment Fail a class Lose a job Face a lawsuit
How to Prevent Plagiarism Do not cut & paste information into your document Inform the reader by using citations each time you write something you didn’t know before you started the paper Use a note taking system that will allow you to organize your sources Check the citations when you are finished writing Don’t wait until the night before the paper is due to research or to write it
Note Taking & Citations Make a copy of the document so you can accurately quote or paraphrase the information later. Color code, label, or highlight notes so it is clear which are your ideas or thoughts and which are the author’s. Clearly note source information for each source: author, title of work, title of publication, publisher, date, issue, and page number (if applicable).
Quoting a Source Be careful to quote the text exactly. A direct quote must be included in quotations. Use ellipses (…) to show omitted text and brackets [ ] to show added phrases. Quotes must mention the person’s name and be cited using the format specified by your instructor.
Paraphrasing a Source Paraphrasing is putting the author’s words into your own words. Paraphrasing is not changing or deleting a couple of words in an author’s statement. Paraphrases must mention the person’s name and be cited using the format specified by your instructor.
Paraphrasing Tips Read the author’s paragraph and then look away while writing the concept in your own words and your own style Do not use a thesaurus to change the author’s words If you still recognize the author’s work, then you haven’t paraphrased
How Much Have You Learned About Plagiarism? 1. Copying and pasting from the Internet can be done without citing the Internet page because everything on the Internet is common knowledge. TRUE or FALSE? FALSEThe answer is FALSE because Web pagesand other Internet sources are created by anauthor or authors, which means that if youuse something from the Internet you have tocite it. (www.fairfield.edu/x13870.xml)
How Much Have You Learned About Plagiarism? 2. When you summarize a block of text from another work, citing the source at the end of your paper is sufficient. TRUE or FALSE? FALSEThe correct answer is FALSE because whenyou summarize a block of text, you have tocite the source within your paper.(www.fairfield.edu/x13870.xml)
How Much Have You Learned About Plagiarism? 3. Using a few phrases from an article and mixing them in with your own words is not plagiarism. TRUE or FALSE? FALSEThe correct answer is FALSE because usingsomeone else’s words without acknowledgingwho wrote them – even when you mix thosephrases with your own – is plagiarism.(www.fairfield.edu/x13870.xml)
How Much Have You Learned About Plagiarism? 4.The date for Martin Luther King, Jr.’s birthday is common knowledge which means you do not have to cite the source in which you found it. TRUE or FALSE? TRUEThe correct answer is TRUE because MartinLuther King, Jr.’s birthday can be verified inseveral different sources, which means it iscommon knowledge and you do not have tocite it. (www.fairfield.edu/x13870.xml)
Additional Sources Online Writing Lab (OWL), Purdue University. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/print/res http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/print/re Writing Tutorial Services, Indiana University. http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/pamphlets/plagiar Sources – Their Use and Acknowledgement, Dartmouth College. http://www.dartmouth.edu/~sources/
ReferencesDiMenna-Nyselius Library. Plagiarism Court: You be the Judge. 2004. 2 Jan. 2007. <www.fairfield.edu/x13870.xml>.Ivy Tech Community College. Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana 2006-2007 Student Handbook. Evansville, IN: Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana. 2006.Merriam-Webster. “Plagiarizing.” Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. 2006. 13 Jan. 2007. <www.m- w.com/dictionary/plagiarizing>.Created by the Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana librarians
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