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  • Most mothers know that breast milk is the more healthier choice then why do a large number chose to formula feed? Most mothers know that breast milk is the more healthier choice then why do a large number chose to formula feed.

Breastisbest Breastisbest Presentation Transcript

  • BREAST IS BEST By: Sandy Dhudwal and Nisha Velji
  • OUTLINE 1. History2. Recommendations 3. Properties of Breast Milk 4. Benefits of Breastfeeding 5. Harmful Effects of Formula Milk
  • 6. Why Some Mothers Choose Formula Vs. Breast Milk 7. Other Options 8. Additional Resources
  • OBJECTIVE To increase awareness about breast feeding. To educate about the benefits of breast feeding. To educate about the basics of breast feeding. To educate about the harms associated with formula feeding. To advocate for breast feeding and empower parents to make an informed choice.
  • HISTORY Artificial feeding becomes readily available at turn of century By 1940’s control of birth & feedings given to doctors By 1970, historical low in breastfeeding rates in western world Rates peak in 1980s Duration rates still generally low
  • RECOMMENDATIONS  Exclusive breast feeding until 6 months of age  Introduce complimentary foods with continued breastfeeding  Optimum to breastfeed for 2 years or longer
  • PROPERTIES OF BREASTMILK Biologic specificity => Long-chain omega-3 Fatty Acids (DHA and AA) -Important for brain and retinal development -Higher IQs
  • IMMUNOLOGIC SPECIFICITY Protection against pathogens & allergens Kills pathogenic organisms or modifies their growth Stimulates epithelial maturation for future defence First immunization Protection against common respiratory and intestinal diseases
  • IMMUNOLOGIC SPECIFICITY Colostrum = Baby’s first vaccination Less risk of illness such as: Ear infections, pneumonia, crohn’s disease and other bowel illnesses, stomach flu and other intestinal illnesses, ear infections, childhood cancers, diabetes, arthritis, allergies, asthma and eczema
  • PERFECT FOOD FOR BABIES Just the right amount of nutrients in the right proportions Over 200 components in human milk Composition of breast milk: -Live cells, fat, carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, minerals -Less fat than most other mammals -More lactose than other mammals
  • BREAST MILK COMPOSITION Fat (4% concentration provides up to 50% of caloric needs, cholesterol levels constant, lipolytic enzymes aid in fat digestion) Carbohydrates (lactose = milk sugar predominantly in human milk, 7% concentration provides up to 40% caloric needs, essential for development of CNS, enhances calcium & iron absorption)
  • BREAST MILK COMPOSITION Carbohydrates (Bifidus factor = growth factor present only in human milk required for establishing an acidic environment in the gut to inhibit growth of bacteria, fungi and parasites) Protein -Lactoferin => Isolates external iron -Secretory IGA => Most important immunoglobulin, breast milk = only source for first 6 weeks
  • BENEFITS OF BREASTFEEDING Ecological: -Saves resources -Less waste -No refrigeration -No manufacturing -No bottles, cans -No trucking -No handling
  • BENEFITS OF BREASTFEEDING For Society -Smarter -Healthier -Less cost to healthcare system -Stronger families
  • BENEFITS OF BREASTFEEDING To Families -Less trips to doctors, hospitals -Less prescriptions -Less stress -Less illness -More bonding -Inexpensive
  • BENEFITS OF BREASTFEEDING Benefits to baby: -Better dental health -Increased visual acuity -Decreased duration and intensity of illnesses -Less allergies -Better health & less risk of illnesses
  • BENEFITS OF BREASTFEEDING Benefits to mother: -Psychological (Attachment, bonding, security, skin to skin, fulfillment of basic needs, relationship) -Easier weight loss -Decreased risk of illness (breast cancer, osteoperosis, hemmorhage, ovarian cancer) -Birth control -Pride, empowerment, fulfillment
  • HARMFUL EFFECTSOF FORMULA MILK
  • Why some mothers choose formula vs. breast milk Distressed by physical discomfort of early breastfeeding problems. Convenience issues Pressures of employment/school Worries that breast shape will change Formula manufacturers manipulate people through their ads Doctors and nurses need more lactation training www.hasslefreeclipart.com/. ../baby_crying.gif
  • Why some mothers choose formula vs. breast milk Moms given very little time to adjust to changes of postpartum Family demands Non-supportive family/health professionals Embarrassment Lack of confidence in self Feeling that one cannot produce enough milk www.dreamstime.com/ thumb_27/11304631444pJ47D.jpg
  • Mother’s milk vs. formula milk Formula milk for 3 days old babies is no different than formula milk for 3 months old infants. store.enfamil.com/ media/pr_prosobee_lipil.jpg Breast milk is ingeniously different every single day; adapted to the changing needs of the baby. breastfeeding.8k.com/ Resources/breastfeeding.jpeg
  • Mother’s milk vs. formula milk Human milk is designed to support the development of large brains, capable of processing and storing lots of information. www.babymall.com.au/ images/readingroomcartoon.gif Cows milk is designed to support functions, like constant grazing. myxo.css.msu.edu/danimal/ quiz/cow_picture.png
  • Illness Relative risk Allergies, eczema 2 to 7 times Urinary tract infections 2.6 to 5.5 times Inflammatory bowel disease 1.5 to 1.9 times Diabetes, type 1 2.4 times Gastroenteritis 3 times Hodgkins lymphoma 1.8 to 6.7 times Otitis media 2.4 times Haemophilus influenzae meningitis 3.8 times Necrotizing enterocolitis 6 to 10 times www.geocities.com/.../ Canopy/4116/stalk.gif
  • Illness Relative risk Pneumonia/lower respiratory tract infection 1.7 to 5 times Respiratory syncytial virus infection 3.9 times Sepsis 2.1 times Sudden infant death syndrome 2.0 times Industrialized-world hospitalization 3 times www.mamashealth.com/ images/lungs1.gif
  • Barriers to Bonding* A Bottle places a physical barrier between mom and baby*Less skin to skin contact*Less eye contact* The hormonal connection between the breastfeeding mother and baby cannot be experienced by the bottle feeding mother www.photohome.com/.../ mom-and-baby-1a.jpg
  • Other Options If Breastfeeding is Not PossibleMom can still use her milk, even if she decides not to breastfeed: Use a breast pump (electric/manual) Cup or bowl feeding Spoon feeding Eyedropper or feeding syringe Nursing supplementer Get milk from donation bank graphics.iparenting.com/. ../womanpumping.jpg
  • THE ENDThere is no freedom of choice for humans if it has been taken away from them at the beginning.Breast-feeding is not a choice, but an obligation to the choice,Give your child the freedom of choice. www.13.waisays.com/ image006.jpg
  • Additional Resources La Leche League World Health Organization Community Health Nurses Lactation Consultants Public Health Agency of Canada
  • References Mohrbacher, Nancy, and Stock, Julie. The Breastfeeding Answer Book, 3rd Edition. Illinois: La Leche Leage International, 2003. The Breastfeeding Committee for Canada. The Baby-Friendly Iniative in Community Health Services: a Canadian Implementation Guide. BCC, 2002. World Health Organization. Evidence for the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. Geneva: WHO, 1998. Class Notes Google Images http://www.fda.gov/FDAC/features/895_brstfeed.html http://medicalreporter.health.org/tmr0297/breastfeed0297.html http://www.mamadearest.ca/en/info/benefits_breastfeeding.htm http://www.lambtonhealth.on.ca/infant/benefits.asp http://www.babyfriendly.org.uk/health.asp http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/rhs-ssg/factshts/brstfd_e.html http://www.caaws.ca/mothersinmotion/baby/feeding_benefits_e.html