The Life and Work of  Harriet Beecher Stowe Brenda Rosario
Background <ul><li>Harriet Beecher Stowe was born on June 14, 1811 in Litchfield, Connecticut </li></ul><ul><li>Harriet be...
Family <ul><li>The seventh child of Roxanna Beecher and Reverend Lyman Beecher </li></ul><ul><li>Father, Reverend Lyman Be...
Education <ul><li>After the death of Harriet’s mother, Harriet was sent to live with her highly religious Aunt Harriet Foo...
Connecticut to Ohio <ul><li>Harriet lived in: </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut, Hartford (North) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hartfo...
Marriage and Family <ul><li>Harriet married Calvin Ellis Stowe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Widow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cler...
The Reality of Slavery <ul><li>Cincinnati is where Harriet started to see slavery for the first time </li></ul><ul><li>Vie...
Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 <ul><li>Passed by the United States Congress on September 18, 1850 </li></ul><ul><li>Compromise...
Uncle Tom’s Cabin <ul><li>Written in 1852 </li></ul><ul><li>Best-selling novel in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Translated i...
Conflict and Controversy <ul><li>Uncle Tom’s Cabin had an amazing effect on the northern states of America </li></ul><ul><...
Harriet’s Literary Works <ul><li>Wrote for the Western Monthly Magazine, won a writing contest </li></ul><ul><li>Also wrot...
Harriet’s Literary Works <ul><li>Men of Our Times , 1868 </li></ul><ul><li>Old-Town Folks , 1869 </li></ul><ul><li>Little ...
American Legacy  <ul><li>Harriet’s work reflect the great issues and events of her century:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>slavery...
Sources and Pictures <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harriet_Beecher_Stowe </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/...
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The Life And Work Of Harriet Beecher Stowe

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Transcript of "The Life And Work Of Harriet Beecher Stowe"

  1. 1. The Life and Work of Harriet Beecher Stowe Brenda Rosario
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>Harriet Beecher Stowe was born on June 14, 1811 in Litchfield, Connecticut </li></ul><ul><li>Harriet became: </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher, at Hartford Female Academy </li></ul><ul><li>Active abolitionist </li></ul><ul><li>An American Novelist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote articles, essays, and stories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known for her famous novel “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Family <ul><li>The seventh child of Roxanna Beecher and Reverend Lyman Beecher </li></ul><ul><li>Father, Reverend Lyman Beecher </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A fiery, Evangelical Calvinist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mother, Roxanna Beecher </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Died when Harriet was 4 years old </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three sisters: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catherine Esther, Mary Foote, and Harriet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Five brothers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>William Henry, Edward, George, Henry Ward, and Charles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sister, Catherine Beecher </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oldest child </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Took care of the children after the death of Roxanna </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded school for girls, “Hartford Female Seminary” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Started a school in Cincinnati, “Western Female Institute” </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Education <ul><li>After the death of Harriet’s mother, Harriet was sent to live with her highly religious Aunt Harriet Foote, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Harriet: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learned the catechism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Read her prayer book </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Read the Bible </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Read works by Samuel Johnson </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Read Arabian Nights </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Harriet became a devoted reader and a proficient writer </li></ul><ul><li>Harriet attended: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ma’ma Kilbourn’s school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>for five years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Litchfield Academy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Won an award at the age of 12 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Essay, “Can the Immortality of the Soul be Proved by the Light of Nature?” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hartford Female Seminary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enrolled in sister, Catherine’s school </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learned: composition, Italian, French, Latin, natural and mechanical science, ethics, logic and mathematics </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Connecticut to Ohio <ul><li>Harriet lived in: </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut, Hartford (North) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hartford Female Seminary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attended as a student at age 12 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Worked as an assistant teacher at age 16 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Ohio, Cincinnati (near South) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Western Female Institute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Father, Reverend Lyman was promoted and moved family to Cincinnati </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sister, Catherine started school </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Harriet became a teacher </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Started writing professionally </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Co-wrote a geography textbook with her sister </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote and sold several stories </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Marriage and Family <ul><li>Harriet married Calvin Ellis Stowe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Widow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clergyman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professor at Harriet’s Father’s theological seminary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Harriet and Calvin had seven children: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Twin daughters; Eliza Taylor and Harriet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry Ellis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fredrick William </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Georgiana May </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Samuel Charles “Charley” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Died from cholera as an infant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles Edward </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Reality of Slavery <ul><li>Cincinnati is where Harriet started to see slavery for the first time </li></ul><ul><li>Viewed it in Kentucky, a slave state </li></ul><ul><li>Met escaped slaves and heard stories of their horrifying treatment and desperate difficulties for freedom </li></ul><ul><li>While at church, Harriet had a vision of Uncle Tom’s Death and then went home and started to write her book </li></ul><ul><li>Harriet began researching slavery, interviewing fugitive slaves, slaves owners, and read several books </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 <ul><li>Passed by the United States Congress on September 18, 1850 </li></ul><ul><li>Compromise between the southern slave-holding and the northern free-slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Declared was forced that all runaway slaves be brought back to their masters from the free states </li></ul><ul><li>Against the law to help runaway slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Law was rarely enforced because the northern states were against slavery </li></ul>
  9. 9. Uncle Tom’s Cabin <ul><li>Written in 1852 </li></ul><ul><li>Best-selling novel in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Translated into different languages </li></ul><ul><li>Sold in the U.S. alone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10,000 in the first week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>300,000 in the first year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>500,000 in the first 5 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Based and inspired on an autobiography of Josiah Henson, a black man who lived and worked on a 3,700 acre tobacco plantation in North Bethesda, Maryland owned by Isaac Riley </li></ul><ul><li>Based on interviews with escaped slaves in Cincinnati across the Ohio River from Kentucky </li></ul><ul><li>Important themes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The evil and immorality of slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The moral power and sanctity of women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christianity, Religion and Faith </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Conflict and Controversy <ul><li>Uncle Tom’s Cabin had an amazing effect on the northern states of America </li></ul><ul><li>It divided the northern and southern states </li></ul><ul><li>South denied the book’s true life events of the south </li></ul><ul><li>South felt insulted by the accusations </li></ul><ul><li>Uncle Tom’s Cabin was banned in the southern states </li></ul><ul><li>If anyone was found with the book in the south he or she would be arrested </li></ul><ul><li>Lead to the Civil War of 1861 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Harriet’s Literary Works <ul><li>Wrote for the Western Monthly Magazine, won a writing contest </li></ul><ul><li>Also wrote articles, essays, and stories for The Atlantic Monthly, New York Evangelist, the Independent, and the Christian Union </li></ul><ul><li>The Mayflower , 1843 </li></ul><ul><li>Uncle Tom’s Cabin , 1852 </li></ul><ul><li>The Key to Uncle Tom’s Cabin , 1853 </li></ul><ul><li>Sunny Memories , 1854 </li></ul><ul><li>Dred: A Tale of the Great Dismal Swamp , 1856 </li></ul><ul><li>Our Charley , 1858 </li></ul><ul><li>A Minister’s Wooling , 1859 </li></ul><ul><li>The Pearl of Orr’s Island , 1862 </li></ul><ul><li>Little Foxes , 1865 </li></ul><ul><li>Nina Gordon (Formerly ‘Dred’), 1866 </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Poems, 1867 </li></ul><ul><li>Queer Little People, 1867 </li></ul><ul><li>The Chimney Corner , 1868 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Harriet’s Literary Works <ul><li>Men of Our Times , 1868 </li></ul><ul><li>Old-Town Folks , 1869 </li></ul><ul><li>Little Pussy Willow , 1870 </li></ul><ul><li>Pink and White Tyranny , 1871 </li></ul><ul><li>Old Town Fireside Stories , 1871 </li></ul><ul><li>My Wife and I, 1872 </li></ul><ul><li>Palmetto Leaves , 1873 </li></ul><ul><li>We and Our Neighbors , 1875 </li></ul><ul><li>Betty’s Bright Idea , 1876 </li></ul><ul><li>Footsteps of the Master , 1877 </li></ul><ul><li>Bible Heroines , 1878 </li></ul><ul><li>Poganuc People , 1878 </li></ul><ul><li>Dog’s Mission, 1880 </li></ul>
  13. 13. American Legacy <ul><li>Harriet’s work reflect the great issues and events of her century: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>women's position in society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the decline of Calvinism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the rise of industry and consumerism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the birth of a great national literature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Harriet’s mental abilities failed in 1888, two years after the death of her husband </li></ul><ul><li>Harriet died on July 1, 1896 in Hartford, Connecticut </li></ul><ul><li>“ My dear, you must be a literary women. It is so written in the book of fate. Make all your calculations accordingly” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Calvin Stowe </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Sources and Pictures <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harriet_Beecher_Stowe </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncle_Tom’s_Cabin </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.online-literature.com/stowe/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.classicreader.com/author.php/aut.179/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.answers.com/topic/harriet-beecher-stowe </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.yahoopics/harriet_beecher...we.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.yahoopics/stowe-crop.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.yahoopics/Harriet-Beecher...we.jpg </li></ul>
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