Nouns, pronouns and determiners in English Grammar
Estudos Linguísticos V: morfossintaxe e processamento de texto - INGLÊS <ul><li>Instituto de Ciências humanas </li></ul><u...
What is a noun? <ul><li>A  noun  is a word used to name a person, an animal, a place, a thing, and abstract ideas. </li></ul>
People <ul><li>Teacher  Doctor </li></ul>
Animal <ul><li>Dog Lion </li></ul>
Place <ul><li>Pampulha Miami </li></ul>
Thing <ul><li>Pencil Glasses </li></ul>
Idea <ul><li>Freedom Love </li></ul>
The different nouns <ul><li>They are four: </li></ul><ul><li>Collective </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract </li></ul><ul><li>Commo...
The collective Noun <ul><li>They represent collections of people, places and things </li></ul><ul><li>A  brood  of chicken...
Abstract <ul><li>They represents qualities and feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Honor ; Strength </li></ul>
Common <ul><li>They refer to general categories of things </li></ul><ul><li>Cat City </li></ul>
Proper <ul><li>They refer to  specific people, places, objects and are usually written with a capital letter. </li></ul><u...
They can be Countable or Uncountable  <ul><li>The countable are those that we can count </li></ul><ul><li>The uncountable ...
Countable <ul><li>With them, we  can use words like: five, one, a few, some, any, a/an etc. Or change them into plural </l...
Uncountable <ul><li>With them, we  can use words like: some,  a piece of, a bit of, a cup of, a little but never a or an o...
Possessive’s (Noun) <ul><li>When we want to show that something belongs to somebody or something, we usually add  's  to a...
PRONOUNS <ul><li>Pronouns are small words that take the place of a noun. We can use a pronoun instead of a noun. Pronouns ...
PERSONAL PRONOUN <ul><li>Personal pronouns represent specific people or things. We use them depending on: </li></ul><ul><l...
DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS <ul><li>Demonstrative  (verb): to show; to indicate; to point to </li></ul><ul><li>A demonstrative ...
POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS <ul><li>We use possessive pronouns to refer to a specific person/people or thing/things (the &quot;ant...
INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS <ul><li>We use interrogative pronouns to ask questions. The interrogative pronoun represents the th...
REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS <ul><li>reflexive  (adj.) [grammar]: reflecting back on the subject, like a mirror  </li></ul><ul><li>W...
DETERMINERS <ul><li>Determiners are words that are used with nouns to clarify the noun.   </li></ul><ul><li>They can clari...
DETERMINERS <ul><li>There are different types of determiners. The type of determiner depends on the type of noun. Singular...
DETERMINERS <ul><li>There are about 50 different determiners in the English language. They include: </li></ul><ul><li>Arti...
DETERMINERS <ul><li>EXAMPLES: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; A  girl sat under  an  umbrella.&quot; &quot;Have you got  any  Eng...
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Paulo Ricardo_Alexandre Alberto_Samira dos Santos

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Paulo Ricardo_Alexandre Alberto_Samira dos Santos

  1. 1. Nouns, pronouns and determiners in English Grammar
  2. 2. Estudos Linguísticos V: morfossintaxe e processamento de texto - INGLÊS <ul><li>Instituto de Ciências humanas </li></ul><ul><li>Curso de Letras / 5º Período </li></ul><ul><li>Professora: Rosana Espírito Santo </li></ul><ul><li>Alunos: </li></ul><ul><li>Paulo Ricardo, Alexandre Alberto e Samira dos Santos </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is a noun? <ul><li>A noun is a word used to name a person, an animal, a place, a thing, and abstract ideas. </li></ul>
  4. 4. People <ul><li>Teacher Doctor </li></ul>
  5. 5. Animal <ul><li>Dog Lion </li></ul>
  6. 6. Place <ul><li>Pampulha Miami </li></ul>
  7. 7. Thing <ul><li>Pencil Glasses </li></ul>
  8. 8. Idea <ul><li>Freedom Love </li></ul>
  9. 9. The different nouns <ul><li>They are four: </li></ul><ul><li>Collective </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract </li></ul><ul><li>Common and </li></ul><ul><li>Proper </li></ul>
  10. 10. The collective Noun <ul><li>They represent collections of people, places and things </li></ul><ul><li>A brood of chickens Team </li></ul>
  11. 11. Abstract <ul><li>They represents qualities and feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Honor ; Strength </li></ul>
  12. 12. Common <ul><li>They refer to general categories of things </li></ul><ul><li>Cat City </li></ul>
  13. 13. Proper <ul><li>They refer to specific people, places, objects and are usually written with a capital letter. </li></ul><ul><li>Samantha Brasil </li></ul>
  14. 14. They can be Countable or Uncountable <ul><li>The countable are those that we can count </li></ul><ul><li>The uncountable are those that we can’t count </li></ul>
  15. 15. Countable <ul><li>With them, we can use words like: five, one, a few, some, any, a/an etc. Or change them into plural </li></ul><ul><li>Banana/s Bottle/s </li></ul>
  16. 16. Uncountable <ul><li>With them, we can use words like: some, a piece of, a bit of, a cup of, a little but never a or an or numbers. </li></ul><ul><li>Milk Money </li></ul>
  17. 17. Possessive’s (Noun) <ul><li>When we want to show that something belongs to somebody or something, we usually add 's to a singular noun and an apostrophe ' to a plural noun, for example: </li></ul><ul><li>the boy's ball (one boy) </li></ul><ul><li>the boys' ball (two or more boys) </li></ul>
  18. 18. PRONOUNS <ul><li>Pronouns are small words that take the place of a noun. We can use a pronoun instead of a noun. Pronouns are words like: he , you , ours , themselves , some , each ... If we didn't have pronouns, we would have to repeat a lot of nouns. </li></ul>
  19. 19. PERSONAL PRONOUN <ul><li>Personal pronouns represent specific people or things. We use them depending on: </li></ul><ul><li>number: singular (eg: I ) or plural (eg: we ) </li></ul><ul><li>person: 1st person (eg: I ), 2nd person (eg: you ) or 3rd person (eg: he ) </li></ul><ul><li>gender: male (eg: he ), female (eg: she ) or neuter (eg: it ) </li></ul><ul><li>case: subject (eg: we ) or object (eg: us ) </li></ul>
  20. 20. DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS <ul><li>Demonstrative (verb): to show; to indicate; to point to </li></ul><ul><li>A demonstrative pronoun represents a thing or things: </li></ul><ul><li>near in distance or time ( this , these ) </li></ul><ul><li>far in distance or time ( that , those ) </li></ul>
  21. 21. POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS <ul><li>We use possessive pronouns to refer to a specific person/people or thing/things (the &quot;antecedent&quot;) belonging to a person/people (and sometimes belonging to an animal/animals or thing/things). </li></ul><ul><li>We use possessive pronouns depending on: </li></ul><ul><li>number: singular (eg: mine ) or plural (eg: ours ) </li></ul><ul><li>person: 1st person (eg: mine ), 2nd person (eg: yours ) or 3rd person (eg: his ) </li></ul><ul><li>gender: male ( his ), female ( hers ) </li></ul><ul><li>Below are the possessive pronouns, followed by some example sentences. Notice that each possessive pronoun can: </li></ul><ul><li>be subject or object </li></ul><ul><li>refer to a singular or plural antecedent </li></ul>
  22. 22. INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS <ul><li>We use interrogative pronouns to ask questions. The interrogative pronoun represents the thing that we don't know (what we are asking the question about). </li></ul><ul><li>There are four main interrogative pronouns: who, whom, what, which </li></ul><ul><li>Notice that the possessive pronoun whose can also be an interrogative pronoun (an interrogative possessive pronoun). </li></ul>
  23. 23. REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS <ul><li>reflexive (adj.) [grammar]: reflecting back on the subject, like a mirror </li></ul><ul><li>We use a reflexive pronoun when we want to refer back to the subject of the sentence or clause. Reflexive pronouns end in &quot;-self&quot; (singular) or &quot;-selves&quot; (plural). </li></ul>
  24. 24. DETERMINERS <ul><li>Determiners are words that are used with nouns to clarify the noun. </li></ul><ul><li>They can clarify: </li></ul><ul><li>to define something or someone </li></ul><ul><li>to state the amount of people, things or other nouns </li></ul><ul><li>to state possessives </li></ul><ul><li>to state something or someone is specific </li></ul><ul><li>to state how things or people are distributed </li></ul><ul><li>to state the difference between nouns </li></ul><ul><li>to state someone or something is not specific </li></ul>
  25. 25. DETERMINERS <ul><li>There are different types of determiners. The type of determiner depends on the type of noun. Singular nouns always need a determiner. With plural and uncountable nouns the determiner is optional. </li></ul>
  26. 26. DETERMINERS <ul><li>There are about 50 different determiners in the English language. They include: </li></ul><ul><li>Articles:  a, an ,  the </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstratives: this, that, these, those, which etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Possessives: my, your, our, their, his, hers, whose, my friend's, our friends', etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Quantifiers: few, a few, many, much, each, every, some, any etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Numbers: one, two, three, twenty, forty </li></ul><ul><li>Ordinals:  first ,  second ,  1st 2nd, 3rd, last ,  next , etc. </li></ul>
  27. 27. DETERMINERS <ul><li>EXAMPLES: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; A  girl sat under  an  umbrella.&quot; &quot;Have you got  any  English books that I could have?&quot; &quot;There is  enough  food to feed everyone.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; The  dog barked at  the  boy.&quot; &quot; These  apples are rotten.&quot; &quot; Their  bus was late.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>I've got tea and coffee, so you can have  either .  (One or the other) The room has a door at  either  end.   (Both) </li></ul>

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