Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais Determiners Students: Jussara Cristina Hilário Maria Betânia de Morais
Determiners Determiners are words placed in front of a noun to make it clear what the noun refers to.
to define somethingorsomeone;
to statetheamountofpeople, thingsorothernouns;
to statesomethingorsomeone is specific;
statehowthingsorpeople are distributed;
to statesomeoneorsomething is notspecific .
"The dog barked at the boy.“ "These apples are rotten.“ “There are twenty-five people in the room. ” “Jane's brother is married to John's sister.”
Determiners There are different types of determiners. Articles: a, an , the Demonstratives: this, that, these, those, which etc. Possessives: my, your, our, their, his, hers, whose, myfriend's, ourfriends', etc. Quantifiers: few, a few, many, much, each, every, some, any etc. Números: um, dois, três, vinte, quarenta Numbers: one, two, three, twenty, forty Ordinals: first , second , 1st 2nd, 3rd, last , next , etc.
Determiners Thedefinitearticle: the e.g.: The boy is goodstudent. Demonstratives: this, that, these, those The demonstratives this, that, these, those ,show where an object or person is in relation to the speaker.This (singular)and these (plural) refer to an object or person near the speaker. That (singular) and those (plural) refer to an object or person further away. It can be a physical closeness or distance as in: e.g.: Who owns that house? (distant) IsthisJohn's house? (near) Possessives: my, your, his, her, its, our, their Possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives show who the thing belongs to. e.g.: Her brother is married to his sister.
Determiners Theindefinitearticle: Use 'a' with nouns starting with a consonant (letters that are not vowels), 'an' with nouns starting with a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) e.g.: A boy; An apple; A car; An orange; A house… The cardinal numbers (one, two, three, etc.) are adjectives referring to quantity, and the ordinal numbers (first, second, third, etc.) refer to distribution. e.g.: There aretwenty-five people in the room. He was the fourteenth person to win the award since 1934.
Determiners Likearticles, quantifiers are wordsthat precede andmodifynouns. Theytell us howmanyorhowmuch. Contagem e substantivos não-Count . SelectingthecorrectquantifierdependsonyourunderstandingthedistinctionbetweenCountandNon-CountNouns . For ourpurposes, wewillchoosethecountnountreesandthenon-countnoundancing : Thefollowingquantifierswill work withcountnouns :muitas árvores manytreesalgumas árvores a fewtreespoucas árvores fewtreesvárias árvores severaltreesum par de árvores a coupleoftreesnenhuma das árvores noneofthetrees Thefollowingquantifierswill work withnon-countnouns :não muito dançar notmuch dancing um pouco de dança a little dancing dança poucolittle dancing um pouco de dança a bit of dancing uma boa dose de dança a gooddealof dancing muita dança a great dealof dancing não dança no dancing
Determiners Thefollowingquantifierswill work withbothcountandnon-countnouns :todas as árvores / dança allofthetrees/dancing algumas árvores / dança sometrees/dancing a maioria das árvores / dança mostofthetrees/dancing árvores suficientes / dança enoughtrees/dancing um monte de árvores / dança a lotoftrees/dancing muitas árvores / dança lotsoftrees/dancing abundância de árvores / dança plentyoftrees/dancing a falta de árvores / dança a lackoftrees/dancing