Flexible scheduling inservice holly and rosalind_finalPresentation Transcript
Flexible Scheduling in the School Library/Media Center Presented by: Holly Earl Rosalind Wright
What is Flexible Scheduling?
Flexible scheduling refers to the schedule that a school librarian uses in the library or media center. Traditionally, the school library has a fixed schedule where classes come to the library once per week at a fixed time. A librarian who chooses to use a flexible schedule allows students and classes to come to the library when the need arises rather than at a fixed time.
What is Flexible Scheduling?
A flexible schedule allows for students to have more access to the library to exchange books, use technology, and conduct research. A flexible schedule also allows the library to be an extension of the classroom. Because of the openness of the schedule, librarians are able to conduct more programs in the library and visit classrooms to collaborate with classroom teachers on their lessons.
American Association of School Librarians Position Statement on Flexible Scheduling
Schools must adopt the educational philosophy that the library program is fully integrated into the educational program. This integration strengthens the teaching/learning process so that students can develop the vital skills necessary to locate, analyze, evaluate, interpret, and communicate information and ideas. When the library program is fully integrated into the instructional program of the school, students, teachers, and school librarians become partners in learning. The library program is an extension of the classroom. Information skills are taught and learned within the context of the classroom curriculum. The wide range of resources, technologies, and services needed to meet students learning and information needs are readily available in a cost-effective manner.
The integrated library program philosophy requires that an open schedule must be maintained. Classes cannot be scheduled in the school library to provide teacher release or preparation time. Students and teachers must be able to come to the center throughout the day to use information sources, to read for pleasure, and to meet and work with other students and teachers.
Planning between the school librarian and the classroom teacher, which encourages both scheduled and informal visits, is the catalyst that makes this integrated library program work. The teacher brings to the planning process a knowledge of subject content and student needs. The school librarian contributes a broad knowledge of resources and technology, an understanding of teaching methods, and a wide range of strategies that may be employed to help students learn information skills. Cooperative planning by the teacher and school librarian integrates information skills and materials into the classroom curriculum and results in the development of assignments that encourage open inquiry.
AALA Position Statement on Flexible Scheduling continued…
The responsibility for flexibly scheduled library programs
must be shared by the entire school community.
THE BOARD OF EDUCATION endorses the philosophy that the library program is an integral part of the districts educational program and ensures that flexible scheduling for library centers is maintained in all buildings and at all levels.
THE DISTRICT ADMINISTRATION supports this philosophy and monitors staff assignments to ensure appropriate staffing levels so that all teachers, including the school librarians, can fulfill their professional responsibilities.
THE PRINCIPAL creates the appropriate climate within the school by advocating the benefits of flexible scheduling to the faculty, by monitoring scheduling, by ensuring appropriate staffing levels, and by providing joint planning time for classroom teachers and school librarians.
THE TEACHER uses resource-based instruction and views the library program as a integral part of that instruction.
THE SCHOOL LIBRARIAN is knowledgeable about curriculum and classroom activities, and works cooperatively with the classroom teacher to integrate information skills into the curriculum.
AALA Position Statement on Flexible Scheduling continued…
Benefits of Flexible Scheduling for Students
Co-Planning and Co-Teachers
Integration of Media sources and units.
Students are learning information and searching skills.
Students transfer of learning.
Media center is fully functional though out the day.
Teacher-Librarian plays a role in instruction and achievement of students.
Students and classroom teachers recognize librarian as a: Teacher, a Resource, Technology Specialist and Media Specialist.
Students, teachers, librarian interact with mixed groups and individuals.
Teachers role for Flexible Scheduling
Teachers provide support for media center programs with students, parents, faculty, and community.
Teachers show support for the actual schedule and the teacher-librarian.
Teachers plan related units, research projects, enrichment activities, literature appreciation activities with media specialist and reading specialist.
Teachers provide input to media specialist on additional resources for media center collection.
Teachers ensure that students have a need for the information/services of the library media center.
Teachers collaborate with the school reading specialist and ESOL teachers.
Role or Benefits of Flexible Scheduling for Librarians
To develop a program enabling the classroom teacher to meet curriculum goals.
To assist students in identifying and locating materials.
Assist in selecting proper materials plus usage, understanding, and applying information.
Assist in creating, producing, or presenting information.
Assist in developing an interest in and appreciation of literature and the media center.
To plan and teach with teachers integrating the media center/information seeking skills into the curriculum.
Role or Benefits of Flexible Scheduling for Librarians continues:
Plan and implement reading and literature appreciation activities, along with reading specialists.
Perform training and technical functions for support.
Plan and implement with teachers activities supporting classroom curriculum.
To establish a professional relationship with, teachers, co-teachers and a connection with students.
What does Flexible Scheduling in the School Library/Media Center look like? Elementary School Example Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday M o r n I n g 8:00 – 9:30 2nd grade Earl 10:30 –11:00 Story time Kindergarten Reading Wright 1:00 – 1:20 4th grade – Wheat (book check-out) 8:00 – 9:00 Story time 1st Grade - Pendergrass 9:15 – 10:15 2nd grade - Wilson 12:30 – 1:30 6th grade – Math Butler 8:00 – 8:45 Booktalks 5th grade – Pineda 8:50 – 9:35 Social Studies 5th grade Pineda 12:30 – 1:30 6th grade groups – Math Butler 8:30 – 9:00 Storytime 1st grade – Montgomery 9:00 – 10:00 2nd grade Wilson 11:00 – 11:30 Storytime 1st grade – Ramirez 8:30 – 9:00 Storytime 1st grade – Montgomery 9:00 – 10:00 2nd grade - Earl 11:00 –11:30 Storytime 1st grade – Ramirez A f t e r n o o n 1:00 – 2:00 3rd grade Science Wheat 1:30 – 2:30 3rd grade groups Science Wheat 1:00 – 2:00 4rh grade groups – Wheat 1:00 – 1:45 Team Mtg. 2nd grade – Librarian/Reading Specialist/ESOL 2:00 – 2:30 Storytime 5th grade – Pineda
Flexible Schedule Advantages
Proactive to the needs of individuals classes and individual students.
Librarian is responsive to the teacher function and to individual student usage.
Access for all members of the school.
The media center adopts to changing needs of classroom instruction and individual groups.
Opportunities for class interaction, large group instruction and small group.
The media center is the heart as the school resource and information center.
Flexible Schedule Disadvantages
Guidelines for independent student usage has to be established.
Creating guidelines for establishing a schedule for classes.
Flexible Schedule is great demanding on the media specialist's time than fixed scheduling.
Information skills curriculum must match with the content area curriculum.
Flexible access to the library media center
Team planning (Librarian, Lead Teacher, ESOL Teacher and Reading Specialist.
Principal expectations for collaboration with teachers and librarian.
A commitment to resource-based learning
Adequate support from the staff and an assessment plan for the school library media center.
Clear commitment to the philosophy of "flexible scheduling"
Articulate to faculty and staff the media center program's importance and relation to school's instructional program.
"ALA | Flexible Scheduling." ALA | Home - American Library Association . American Association of School Librarians. Web. 09 Oct. 2011. <http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/aasl/aaslissues/positionstatements/positionstatementsarchive/flexiblescheduling.cfm>.