Beyond the “nuts and bolts” of EFL teaching in Japan by Rory Banwell
Utsunomiya- industrial city of Japan.
Private “eikaiwa” schools
General communication adult classes.
Beyond the “nuts and bolts” of language teaching
Previous research in Japanese contexts
What is going on here?
Interviews / Focus groups / Observations
Open and ongoing data collection.
What was found? The Results Overview
The Context -the sociocultural aspects
The Classroom Culture and the
The Context- a general description
Small class sizes
Teachers and students cultural backgrounds
Total immersion classes
The Business Needs. I believe a lot of people have no idea what a good English lesson would be or not be. ... I'm in a business here and I want the students to come back so whether they actually ......for me, them coming back takes precedent over whether they actually learn something.(George , Interview one)
The Social Reality “ I don't have any chances to speak outside of the classroom” (Patrick's focus group)
Motivation to learn. If the many of the students get no immediate personal gains from studying the language and/or few chances for interaction in the language, why go to great lengths and expense to learn it?
A flexible approach In light of these sociocultural aspects how can the teachers create and establish a classroom environment that enhances learning and student satisfaction?
Striving for connections success as a teacher does not depend on the approach or method that you follow so much as on your integrity as a person and the relationships that you are able to develop in the classroom (Sowdon, 2007)
Humour a) maintain class order
b) create a bond
c) chance to speak outside of class
Taking away the anxieties
Ritualized nature of the classes
Systematic turn taking
Modified speech and explanations
Participant adjustment. certainly in my class they try to be more expressive , their hands move more, their faces move more. I think that is because that is what I do. (Patrick, interview two) I think I am an actress in the class (Patrick's focus group)
Awareness is the key!
I believe there is something to be gained if we know more about the processes unfolding around us (Edward.Hall 1998)