Gandhi Powerpoint Grades 2-4
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Gandhi Powerpoint Grades 2-4

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This powerpoint is about Gandhi's life. It is tailored for Grade 2-4 aged students. It was put together by a parent who came in to present to my class about a person who inspires her for our PYP......

This powerpoint is about Gandhi's life. It is tailored for Grade 2-4 aged students. It was put together by a parent who came in to present to my class about a person who inspires her for our PYP Unit on Where We Are In Place and Time. Thanks Sona!

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  • As a child he was quite a timid child – scared of the dark, ghosts, thieves and snakes! He was taught that he should never fear and always remember the God Rama and he would be protected. Gandhi was inspired by the stories from the Gita. He was a principled child from the very beginning – he once had a spelling test and he couldn't’t spell one word right. The teacher told him to copy from his friend but he couldn't’t as he didn't’t want to cheat anyone – he ended up being hit by the inspector and although he felt very bad and hurt, he know deep down what he did was right. He believed that one should always tell the truth (like when he sold his brothers gold bracelet) and believed in respecting his parents.
  • While travelling on the train, a European passenger complained that brown or black people were not allowed in the first class compartment whether they had a ticket or not. He was pushed out of the train with his luggage and spat on. SATYAGRAHA. The next day another incidence on the bus where he was beaten by the conductor for sitting on a seat instead of on the floor led him to go to Pretoria where he gave a speech to the Indian community to for a League. That was his first speech. He also became a very successful lawyer in SA. He stayed for 3 years in SA and then went to India to bring his wife Kasturba and his 2 sons. While he was in India he gave many speeches to people there to create awareness on the plight of Indians and Blacks in SA. The whites in Sa were furious. – they hit him with bricks and eggs and then knocked him almost unconscious. He was rescued by the Superindentts wife.
  • His most famous March was the Dandi March/Salt march where he led a march for 320kms to sea in defiance against the curretnmonoploy and low wages. In this march many were hurt and hit, but not a single one of them fought back with their fists.
  • Link to MLK and black movement

Transcript

  • 1. MOHANDAS KARAMCHAND GANDHI CIVIL RIGHTS LEADER - KNOWN AS FATHER OF THE NATION IN INDIA Known as 'Mahatma' (great soul), Gandhi was the leader of the Indian nationalist movement against British rule, and is widely considered the father of his country. He was a peacemaker. His doctrine of non-violent protest to
  • 2. GANDHI…the early years Born on 2nd October 1869 in Gujarat, India. Gandhi went to England to study to become a barrister/lawyer in 1888. He learned Latin and French and became a lawyer after which he returned to India. In 1893 he moved to Natal in South Africa to work as a legal advisor for a Gujarati businessman there
  • 3. Gandhi in South Africa 1893 - 1913 In SA, Indians were ill-treated and disgraced. They were called ‘coolies’. It was his first experience on a train to Pretoria that changed the course of Gandhi’s life. He decided at this point to fight all injustices with the weapon of Truth and he called this Satyagraha. He became a successful lawyer and gave inspiring speeches to stop the injustice. He went back to India after 3 years. When he returned to SA with his family, Gandhi was mobbed by angry South Africans and hurt badly. The South African Govt. wanted Gandhi to complain about the white people that did this to him, but he refused and this had a very good effect on the whites. He continued to fight against the Black Act in SA and led 6000 Indians to repeal several laws that were to their detriment. He never once used violence even though they were hit by the police.
  • 4. Gandhi and India Gandhi returned to India in 1914 and set up the Satyagraha Ashram in Gujarat. He did all the work that his workers would do and set an example. By 1916, Gandhi and his speeches were well known. He travelled all over India to help the poor and listen to their worries. He eventually gave up wearing fancy clothes and wore a onepiece loin cloth.
  • 5. Gandhi became very involved in India’s struggle for freedom against the British empire and colonialism. He used his philosophy of satyagraha – a policy of non-violence and non cooperation to achieve independence. He was jailed for 2 years also. In 1946 he negotiated with the Cabinet Mission to have a new structure and eventually India received her independence in 1947. After independence, there was a lot of Hindu & Muslim fighting (because the Britsh mapped the countries of Pakistan and India as separate). This hurt Gandhi as he believed in non-violence. He started to fast to ask people to stop fighting. He was assassinated by a Hindu in Delhi while trying to resolve this conflict in 1948.
  • 6. Gandhi’s Legacy Even after his death, Gandhi's commitment to non-violence and his belief in simple living— making his own clothes, eating a vegetarian diet and using fasts for self-purification as well as a means of protest—have been a beacon of hope for oppressed and marginalized people throughout the world.
  • 7. What is so special about Gandhi?what they believe FAITH IN HIMSELF “Men often become themselves to be. If I believe I cannot do something, it makes me incapable of doing it. But when I believe I can, then I acquire the ability to do it even if I didn't have it in the beginning.” RESISTANCE & PERSISTENCE “First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you and then you win.” FORGIVENESS “The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.” BELIEFS “Nearly everything you do is of no importance, but it is important that you do it” NON VIOLENCE “An eye for an eye would soon make the whole world blind.” “Your beliefs become your thoughts. Your thoughts become your words. Your words become your actions. Your actions become your habits. Your habits become your values.
  • 8. Inspiration to the world A Short Film from Freedom Riders http://video.pbs.org/video/1568403914/