Samâdhi-pâdaï Book 1: “Concentration: Its Spiritual Uses” Also interpreted as “Integration” (51 sutras)
Yoga Sutra 1.1 atha yogânuåâsanam atha = now yoga = process of yoking; union ânuåâsanam = teaching, exposition NOW, the process of union or yoking is explained
Yogaś citta-vritti-nirodhaḥ Yoga Sutra 1.2 yogaï = process of yoking; union citta= consciousness vëtti= patterning, turnings, movements nirodhaï = stilling, cessation, restriction
Yoga Sutra 1.2 Translations Yoga is the restraint of mental modifications Yoga is restraining the mind-stuff (Chitta) from taking various forms (Vrttis) ~Swami Vivekananda Union, spiritual consciousness, is gained through control of the versatile psychic nature ~Charles Johnson Chitta is the various processes in the mind, or mind stuff The waves of thought in the Chitta are called Vrtti (literally, “the whirlpool”) What is thought? Thought is a force, as is gravitation or repulsion.
Sâdhana-pâdaï Book 2: “Concentration: Its Spiritual Uses” The Path To Realization Or Practice (55 sutras)
Sadhana Sadhana is the Sanskrit word for "practice" or "discipline". Here the author outlines two forms of Yoga: Ashtanga Yoga (Eightfold or Eight limbed Yoga) and Kriya Yoga (Action Yoga). Note: Kriya yoga, sometimes called Karma Yoga. In the Bhagavad-Gita, Arjuna is encouraged by Krishna to act without attachment to the results or fruit of action and activity. In other words, Kriya yoga is the yoga of selfless action and service.
The Practice THE ASHTANGA THE 8-LIMBS OF YOGA yama-niyamâsana-prâñâyâma-pratyâhâra-dhârañâ-dhyâna-samâdhayo ‘æøâvaògâni yama = external discipline niyama = internal discipline âsana = posture prâñâyâma = breath regulation pratyâhâra = withdrawal of the senses dhârañâ = concentration dhyana = meditative absorption samâdhayaï = oneness, integration The eight components of yoga are external discipline, internal discipline, posture, breath regulation, concentration, meditative absorption, and integration.
Pranayama (Continued) As the movement patterns of each breath - inhalation, exhalation, lull - are observed as to duration, number, and area of focus, breath becomes spacious and subtle. Sutra II.50 As realization dawns, the distinction between breathing in and out falls away. Sutra II.51 Then the veil lifts from the mind’s luminosity. Sutra II.52
Pratyahara pratyâhâraï When consciousness interiorizes by uncoupling from external objects, the senses do likewise; this iscalled withdrawal of the senses. sva-visayâsamprayogecittasyasvarûpânukâraivendriyâñâm sva= own visaya= object (of experience), phenomenon asamprayoge= uncoupling cittasya= consciousness sva= own rûpa= form anukâra= imitation, following suit iva= like, thus, as it were indriyâñâm = sensory apparatus pratyâhâraï = withdrawal of the senses
Vibhûti-pâdaïIII. The Extraordinary Powers Progressing
The Extraordinary Powers Vibhuti is the Sanskrit word for "power" or "manifestation". ’ Supra-normal powers' (Siddhi) are acquired by the practice of yoga.
the entering of another’s soul
ability to fly or move great distances in moments
the ability to acquire great wealth with little effort
Disclaimer: The temptation of these powers should be avoided and the attention should be fixed only on liberation.
Kaivalya Pada (34 sutras) Kaivalya literally means "isolation", however the SutrasKaivalya means emancipation or liberation, which is the goal of Yoga Moksha(liberation) Jivamukti(one who has attained Moksha). The Kaivalya Pada describes the nature of liberation and the reality of the transcendental self. Think Samadhi