Mary Prince - The History of Mary Prince


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Mary Prince - The History of Mary Prince

  1. 1. MARY PRINCE The History of Mary Prince
  2. 2. PRINCE’S LIFE  Born in Bermuda, around 1788  Born into slavery because her parents were both slaves with two different masters  Was first sold along with her mother and siblings as house slaves to Captain Darrell  At 12, Mary was sold by herself to Captain John Ingham, a cruel master.
  3. 3. PRINCE’S LIFE  In 1806, Prince was sold to a master on another island, in what is now the Turks and Caicos islands.  There, Prince worked as a salt packager in the salt mines.  Prince returned to Bermuda in 1810 when her master moved there.  In 1815, Prince was sold again to the Woods family, and she worked as a house slave for them.
  4. 4. PRINCE’S LIFE  While working for the Woods family in Antigua, another Caribbean island, Prince began suffering from arthritis and was unable to work.  When her master traveled, she began making money through odd jobs like laundry and selling yams.  She joined a Protestant church, where she was able to learn how to read.
  5. 5. PRINCE’S LIFE  In 1826, she married Daniel James, a former slave who had managed to buy his own freedom.  Prince was flogged and beaten for her marriage because the Woods family did not want a freed black man living near them.  In 1828, Prince traveled to London with the Woods family. There, she left the Woods and began working for Thomas Pringle, an abolitionist writer and member of the British Anti-Slavery Society.
  6. 6. PRINCE’S LIFE  Though Prince had left the Woods family, they had not freed her and the refused to do so.  As a result, Prince was exiled in London and could not return to Antigua.  She remained in England until at least 1833, though her whereabouts after that were unknown.  Prince may have lived to see the Slavery Abolition Act passed in England in August 1834, which ensured that slavery was abolished in the West Indies by 1840.
  7. 7. THE HISTORY OF MARY PRINCE  In 1829, encouraged by Pringle, Prince arranged to have her life story transcribed by Susanna Strickland.  Pringle edited The History of Mary Prince, and the book was published in 1831.  The book received a lot of attention because it was the first account of slavery from a black woman.  At this time, anti-slavery sentiments were also becoming more popular in England.
  8. 8. THE BOOK’S INFLUENCE  When the book was published, slavery was illegal in England but not in the West Indies, where Prince had lived.  Many of the debates over slavery were about politics and economics.  Prince’s book gave a different dimension to the debate over slavery, by capturing the experiences of a woman’s life as a slave.