Donghwan Keynote

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Snow Leopard

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  • Donghwan Keynote

    1. 1. Snow Leopard The snow leopard is a carnivore living in the mountain ranges of Central Asia. It belongs to felidae, which is the biological family of the cats. However, its exact taxonomic position is still unclear.
    2. 2. Physical • Snow leopards are smaller than the other felids but similar. Their weight varies from 27-54kg and body length varies from 74-130cm. • Snow leeopards have long thich fur, the base colour of which varies from smokey grey to yellowish tan, with whitish underparts and larger spots on their legs and tail.
    3. 3. Adaptive Features • Snow leopards are crepuscular being most active at dawn and dusk. • Their bodies are stocky, their fur is thick and their ears are small and rounded, all of which help to minimise heat-loss. • Their feet are wide, which distributes their weight better for walking on snow and its tail is long and flexible which helps them to maintain their balance.
    4. 4. Habitat • The snow leopard’s range in central and south Asia is rugged mountainous regions of approximately 1,230,000 square kilometres, which extends through 12 countries. • In summer, the snow leopard usually live above the tree line on mountainous meadows and in rocky regions at an altitude of 2,700m to 6,000m. In winter, the snow leopard comes down into the forests to an altitude of around 2000m.
    5. 5. Prey • Snow leopards are carnivores and they actively hunt their prey, but like all cats, they eat whatever meat it can find including carcasses and domestic livestock. They are capable of killing animals three times their size but will readily take much smaller prey such as hares and birds and they often ambush their preys from above and can leap as far as 14 metres. Here’s the movie of snow leopard hunting the goat.
    6. 6. Predators • Snow leopard’s predators are usually humans, because they kill them to protect their livestock and sometimes for leather and fur. By the way, they don’t really have any other predators because they are capable of killing animals three times its size.
    7. 7. Life Cycle • Snow leopards usually mate in late winter and have a gestation period of 90-100 days. Litter sizes vary from one to five cubs but two or three is more usual. The cubs remain with their mother until they become independent after around 18-22 months. • Snow leopards normally live for 15-18 years, but may live for up to 20 years in captivity.
    8. 8. Conservation and Population • The total wild population of the snow leopard is estimated at between 4,000 and 7,5000 individuals. • In 1972 the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, placed the snow leopard on its red list of ‘Threatened’ species as ‘Endangered’. • There are also 600-700 snow leopards in zoos around the world.
    9. 9. Thank You For Watching

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