By Wendy Jian
What is the Treaty Of
• The treaty of Waitangi is the founding document
of New Zealand. It is an agreement drawn up
between representatives of the British Crown and
representatives of the Maori wi and hapu.
• It is named after the place in the Bay of Islands
where the treaty was ﬁrst signed, on 6th February
1840, although, in fact, it was signed all over the
Conﬂict & Causation
• The conﬂict between the Europeans’ (Pakeha) and
the Maoris’ was that the Europeans wanted to live
in New Zealand (Aotearoa) and control the
Maoris’ but the Maoris’ didn’t want the Europeans
to live in New Zealand because they discovered
New Zealand before the Europeans and didn’t
want to give up living in New Zealand. They also
didn’t want to be under control of the Europeans’
Effects from the
• For some of the Maori’s who wanted to share New
Zealand with the European’s might had been
excluded from the tribe.
• Some of the Maoris’ wanted to kill the Europeans’ in
order to keep New Zealand their own.
• The Europeans wanted to kill the Maoris’ so they
can have New Zealand as their’s to live in.
• Some Maoris’/Europeans had guards at night since
they were scared that the Maoris’/Europeans’ might
attack them while they were sleeping.
The Peaceful Solution
to the conﬂict
• The conﬂict between the Maoris’ and the
Europeans’ was solved by signing “The Treaty of
• The reason there are still further conﬂicts between
the Maoris’ and the Europeans’ is because the
Maori and the English version of the treaty had a
slight error of translation.
Key Differences on
• The preamble of the English version states the
British intensions were to: protect the Maori
interests from the encroaching British settlement;
provide for British settlement; and establish a
government to maintain peace and order.
• The Maori text suggests that the Queen’s main
promises to Maori were to: provide a government
while securing tribal rangatiratanga and Maori
land ownership for as long as they wished to retain
• The governments could tell people to vote for
whether they want the Treaty to be the way it says
it in the Maori version or the English version.
• We could all ignore what ever was on the treaty
and live our life the way it is now.