Ronald Lee Zigler
    & Buddy
These images illustrate
the concept of balance or
symmetry: aesthetic and
moral symmetry.
Aesthetic symmetry is not necessarily perfect or
bilateral with the exact same image on both sides.
Balance is proportiona...
Internal and External
          Harmony:
Our individual sense of moral
symmetry, or our path toward
 external, social harm...
Achilles from The Iliad   Arjuna from The Bhagavad-Gita




It is in the examination of the conditions under which
they re...
The examples provided by the Iliad
and the Bhagavad-Gita are
illustrative of a perennial
dimension to the way in which
mor...
Anger is an internal
                       condition with
                       physiological and
                      ...
Either experience can potentially sensitize us
to the aesthetic element of life and morality.
When unprepared for the vicissitudes
of life, our life experiences may be
disruptive to our equilibrium and thus
not evoke...
Perceiving symmetry:
our perspective is everything.
Whether or not
we see
symmetry,
depends on our
perspective.
The analogy to visual symmetry is just
        that: only an analogy.
This is a dimension of tacit knowledge
which lies wi...
“There is no better evidence of a well
   formed moral character than knowledge
   of when to raise the moral issue and
  ...
A chicken is more than a collection of parts. The
same is true about the four domains of moral
education. Any one or two, ...
EXTERNAL    INTERNAL

          DIRECT     DIRECT
DIREC    EXTERNAL   INTERNAL
  T

         INDIRECT   INDIRECT
INDIRE
  ...
(Emotions are pivotal to the internal domain)
Direct   Indirect
Direct   Indirect
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education
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Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education

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A holistic model of morality, moral development and moral education is advanced which integrates ancient insights from Western and Eastern cultures along with the findings of modern science.

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Moral Symmetry & Four Domains Of Moral Education

  1. 1. Ronald Lee Zigler & Buddy
  2. 2. These images illustrate the concept of balance or symmetry: aesthetic and moral symmetry.
  3. 3. Aesthetic symmetry is not necessarily perfect or bilateral with the exact same image on both sides. Balance is proportional.
  4. 4. Internal and External Harmony: Our individual sense of moral symmetry, or our path toward external, social harmony is dependent upon a state of internal equanimity and harmony: not reasoning.
  5. 5. Achilles from The Iliad Arjuna from The Bhagavad-Gita It is in the examination of the conditions under which they return to battle that we gain our insights into the aesthetic dimension of moral development—moral In the epic stories resolutionthey playconflict does not symmetry—since in which of their central roles, each hero is confronted by a conflict, a dilemma which come about through the hero’s recourse to moral suspends the heroes involvement in a battle—each reasoning, but rather through the establishment of a Both are true heroes: noble individuals, great in refuses to fight. Yet, each ultimately return to the state of internal harmony or equilibriumweaknesses spirit and character despite human which makes battlefield. the apprehension of moral symmetry possible.
  6. 6. The examples provided by the Iliad and the Bhagavad-Gita are illustrative of a perennial dimension to the way in which moral problems may be conceptualized—not how they are resolved.
  7. 7. Anger is an internal condition with physiological and biochemical correlates that makes reckless, aggressive responses likely to occur. Hans Selye: stress hormones & self-induced intoxication, more harmful than alcoholic intoxication
  8. 8. Either experience can potentially sensitize us to the aesthetic element of life and morality.
  9. 9. When unprepared for the vicissitudes of life, our life experiences may be disruptive to our equilibrium and thus not evoke positive transformations in our capacity for apprehending moral symmetry. (See Victor Frankl’s Man’s Search For Meaning).
  10. 10. Perceiving symmetry: our perspective is everything.
  11. 11. Whether or not we see symmetry, depends on our perspective.
  12. 12. The analogy to visual symmetry is just that: only an analogy. This is a dimension of tacit knowledge which lies within our subsidiary, not our focal awareness.
  13. 13. “There is no better evidence of a well formed moral character than knowledge of when to raise the moral issue and when not. It implies a sensitiveness to values which is the token of a balanced personality” John Dewey ! Knowing when to, and when not to raise the moral issue is itself an art. It is an art which portrays our sense of moral symmetry, as well as a sense of when moral growth can be optimized in a timely fashion.
  14. 14. A chicken is more than a collection of parts. The same is true about the four domains of moral education. Any one or two, by itself, is inadequate to the task.
  15. 15. EXTERNAL INTERNAL DIRECT DIRECT DIREC EXTERNAL INTERNAL T INDIRECT INDIRECT INDIRE CT EXTERNAL INTERNAL
  16. 16. (Emotions are pivotal to the internal domain)
  17. 17. Direct Indirect
  18. 18. Direct Indirect
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