Genesis 1.2
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Genesis 1.2 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.”
  • 2. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” Formless Wasteland(Welter and Waste)
  • 3. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” Formless Wasteland(Welter and Waste) This is, according to the Hebrewtext, the parenthetical statementdescribing the shape of theuniverse before God began Hiscreating action.
  • 4. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” Formless Wasteland(Welter and Waste) This is, according to the Hebrewtext, the parenthetical statementdescribing the shape of theuniverse before God began Hiscreating action. The Hebrew tohu wabohu occursonly here and in two later biblicaltexts that are clearly alluding tothis one.
  • 5. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” Formless Wasteland(Welter and Waste) Jeremiah 4:23
  • 6. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” Formless Wasteland(Welter and Waste) Jeremiah 4:23 I looked at the earth, and itwas waste and void; at theheavens, and their lighthad gone out!
  • 7. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” Formless Wasteland(Welter and Waste) Is. 34:11
  • 8. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” Formless Wasteland(Welter and Waste) Is. 34:11 But the desert owl and hoot owlshall possess her, the screechowl and raven shall dwell in her.The LORD will measure her withline and plummet to be an emptywaste for satyrs to dwell in.
  • 9. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” Formless Wasteland(Welter and Waste) Tohu wabohu
  • 10. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” Formless Wasteland(Welter and Waste) Tohu wabohu This compound phrase appearsagain in the Bible in Jeremiah’sprophetic vision of the return ofthe primal chaos, thus leaving nodoubt that the phrase designatesthe initial chaotic state of theearth. (The JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis;Commentary by Nahum M. Sarna; The JewishPublications Society, Philadelphia, PA 1989 p.6)
  • 11. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” Formless Wasteland(Welter and Waste) Tohu wabohu It is a fundamental biblicalteaching that the original, divinelyordained order in the physicalworld has its counterpart in thedivinely ordained universal moralorder to which the human race issubject.” (The JPS Torah Commentary:Genesis; Commentary by Nahum M. Sarna; TheJewish Publications Society, Philadelphia, PA 1989p.6)
  • 12. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss”
  • 13. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” darkness: “Throughout the Bibledarkness is often a symbol ofevil, misfortune, death, andoblivion. Here it seems to be notjust the absence of light but adistinct entity, the origin of whichis left unclear.” (The JPS TorahCommentary: Genesis; Commentary by Nahum M.Sarna; The Jewish PublicationsSociety, Philadelphia, PA 1989 p.6)
  • 14. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” Isaiah 45:7
  • 15. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” Isaiah 45:7 “ I form the light, and create thedarkness, I make well-being andcreate woe; I, the LORD, do allthese things.”
  • 16. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep)
  • 17. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) “Hebrew tehom, the cosmicabyssal water that enveloped theearth. “ (The JPS Torah Commentary: Genesis;Commentary by Nahum M. Sarna; The JewishPublications Society, Philadelphia, PA 1989 p.6)
  • 18. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) Proverbs 8:22-34
  • 19. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) Proverbs 8:22-34 “"The LORD begot me, the first-born of his ways, the forerunnerof his prodigies of long ago; Fromof old I was poured forth, at thefirst, before the earth. When therewere no depths I was broughtforth, when there were nofountains or springs of water”
  • 20. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom
  • 21. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom Tehom is treated as aHebrew proper name…Attimes it is personified
  • 22. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom Genesis 49:25
  • 23. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom Genesis 49:25 “The God of your father, whohelps you, God Almighty, whoblesses you, With theblessings of the heavensabove, the blessings of theabyss that crouchesbelow, The blessings ofbreasts and womb”
  • 24. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom Deuteronomy 33:13
  • 25. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom Deuteronomy 33:13 “Of Joseph he said: "Blessedby the LORD is his land withthe best of the skies aboveand of the abyss crouchingbeneath”
  • 26. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom Habakkuk 3:10
  • 27. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom Habakkuk 3:10 at sight of you the mountainstremble. A torrent of raindescends; the ocean givesforth its roar. The sunforgets to rise,
  • 28. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom Isaiah 51:10
  • 29. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom Isaiah 51:10 Was it not you who dried upthe sea, the waters of thegreat deep, Who made thedepths of the sea into a wayfor the redeemed to passover?
  • 30. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom Ps. 33:7
  • 31. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom Ps. 33:7 The waters of the sea weregathered as in a bowl; incellars the deep wasconfined.
  • 32. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom “The cosmic ocean that formsthe seas and was though tolie beneath the earth inSemitic cosmology”
  • 33. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom Ex. 20:4
  • 34. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom Ex. 20:4 You shall not carve idols foryourselves in the shape ofanything in the sky above oron the earth below or in thewaters beneath the earth
  • 35. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom Ps. 104:5-:6
  • 36. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom Ps. 104:5-:6 You fixed the earth on itsfoundation, never to bemoved. The ocean coveredit like a garment; above themountains stood the waters
  • 37. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom Genesis 1:9
  • 38. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “darkness covered theabyss” “abyss” (also “the deep) = tehom Genesis 1:9 Then God said, "Let the waterunder the sky be gatheredinto a single basin, so that thedry land may appear." And soit happened: the water underthe sky was gathered into itsbasin, and the dry landappeared
  • 39. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind”
  • 40. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah
  • 41. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit”
  • 42. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” As a physicalphenomenon, wind conformsto the general picture ofprimal chaos evoked by thisverse, except that, unlikedarkness and water, it is notmentioned again in theCreation story
  • 43. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” Genesis 8:1
  • 44. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” Genesis 8:1 and then God rememberedNoah and all the animals, wildand tame, that were with himin the ark. So God made awind sweep over theearth, and the waters beganto subside
  • 45. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” Exodus 14:21
  • 46. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” Exodus 14:21 Then Moses stretched out hishand over the sea, and theLORD swept the sea with astrong east wind throughoutthe night and so turned it intodry land
  • 47. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” Another interpretation takesruah in the sense of God’screative, life-giving, sustainingenergy.
  • 48. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” a third possibility lies in itsuse as a term heralding thearrival of God, expressing Hisimmanence, or symbolizingHis presence
  • 49. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” The last two explanationsconnect the phrase with thefollowing verse, thus alertingus to an imminent, dramaticdevelopment: God is about totransform theinert, disorganized matter, toaffect it by His presence, toanimate it with His spirit.
  • 50. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” The (Spirit of God) translationis preferable because (1) thesame expression is usedelsewhere in the Pentateuchas a reference to God’s Spirit
  • 51. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” Gen. 41:38
  • 52. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” Gen. 41:38 Could we find another likehim," Pharaoh asked hisofficials, "a man so endowedwith the spirit of God?”
  • 53. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” Ex 31:3
  • 54. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” Ex 31:3 I have filled him with a divinespirit of skill andunderstanding and knowledgein every craft:
  • 55. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” Ex. 35:31 and has filled him with adivine spirit of skill andunderstanding and knowledgein every craft
  • 56. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” Nm. 24:2
  • 57. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” Nm. 24:2 When he raised his eyes andsaw Israel encamped, tribe bytribe, the spirit of God cameupon him
  • 58. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” (2) Elsewhere in the Bible thedivine Spirit is associated withGod’s creative work
  • 59. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” Job 33:4
  • 60. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” Job 33:4 For the spirit of God hasmade me, the breath of theAlmighty keeps me alive
  • 61. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” Ps. 104:30
  • 62. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” Ps. 104:30 When you send forth yourbreath, they are created, andyou renew the face of theearth
  • 63. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” (3) the preferred interpretationthroughout Christian historytakes it as a reference to theHoly Spirit
  • 64. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “a mighty wind” = ruah Hebrew ruah means“wind, breath, spirit” CCC 703 The Word of God andhis Breath are at the origin of thebeing and life of every creature:It belongs to the Holy Spirit torule, sanctify, and animatecreation, for he isGod, consubstantial with theFather and the Son. . . . Powerover life pertains to the Spirit, forbeing God he preserves creationin the Father through the Son
  • 65. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “sweeping”, “hovering”, “moving”
  • 66. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “sweeping”, “hovering”, “moving” Deuteronomy 32:11
  • 67. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “sweeping”, “hovering”, “moving” Deuteronomy 32:11 As an eagle incites itsnestlings forth by hoveringover its brood, So he spreadhis wings to receive them andbore them up on his pinions.
  • 68. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “sweeping”, “hovering”, “moving” Jeremiah 23:9
  • 69. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “sweeping”, “hovering”, “moving” Jeremiah 23:9 Concerning the prophets: Myheart within me is broken, mybones all tremble; I am like aman who is drunk, overcomeby wine, Because of theLORD, because of his holywords.
  • 70. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “sweeping”, “hovering”, “moving” Allegorically, the Holy Spiritwas carried upon the watersas upon a chariot and broughtforth the newborn world as atype of baptism (St.Jerome, Letters 69.)” (IgnatiusCatholic Study Bible: Commentary, Notes and StudyQuestions; Scott Hahn and Curtis Mitch; IgnatiusPress, San Francisco, CA 2010 p.17)
  • 71. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “sweeping”, “hovering”, “moving” The Fathers on Genesis 1:2
  • 72. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “sweeping”, “hovering”, “moving” The Fathers on Genesis 1:2 St. Ambrose
  • 73. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “sweeping”, “hovering”, “moving” The Fathers on Genesis 1:2 St. Ambrose “The Spirit fittingly movedover the earth, destined tobear fruit because by the aidof the Spirit it held the seedsof new birth which were togerminate according to thewords of the prophet: “Sendforth Thy Spirit and they shallbe created and Thou shaltrenew the face of the earth.”
  • 74. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “sweeping”, “hovering”, “moving” The Fathers on Genesis 1:2 St. Jerome
  • 75. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “sweeping”, “hovering”, “moving” The Fathers on Genesis 1:2 St. Jerome “In the beginning of Genesis, it iswritten: “And the Spirit wasstirring above the waters.” Yousee, then, what it says in thebeginning of Genesis. Now for itsmystical meaning – “The Spiritwas stirring above the waters” –already at that time baptism wasbeing foreshadowed. It could notbe true baptism, to besure, without the Spirit.”Homilies10
  • 76. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “sweeping”, “hovering”, “moving” The Fathers on Genesis 1:2 St. Ephrem the Syrian
  • 77. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “sweeping”, “hovering”, “moving” The Fathers on Genesis 1:2 St. Ephrem the Syrian “[The Holy Spirit] warmed thewaters with a kind of vitalwarmth…Here then, the HolySpirit foreshadows thesacrament of holy baptismprefiguring its arrival, so thatthe waters made fertile by thehovering of that same divineSpirit might give birth to thechildren of God.”Commentary on Genesis 1
  • 78. Genesis 1:2 “the earth was a formless wasteland, anddarkness covered the abyss, while a mighty wind swept overthe waters.” “sweeping”, “hovering”, “moving” The Fathers on Genesis 1:2 St. Ephrem the Syrian “It was appropriate to reveal here thatthe Spirit hovered in order for us tolearn that the work of creation washeld in common by the Spirit with theFather and the Son. The Fatherspoke. The Son created. And so itwas also right that the Spirit offered itswork, clearly shown through itshovering, in order to demonstrate itsunity with the other persons. Thus welearn that all was brought to perfectionand accomplished by the Trinity.”Commentary on Genesis 1