Open Learning Through Open Textbooks<br />Ken RonkowitzSession sponsored by NJEDge.NetAdvocate/Trainer: Community College ...
Pushing school districts to convert<br />Ready or not, Florida school districts may be required to spend half of their tex...
It’s Bigger Than Open Textbooks<br />
6/1/2011<br />4<br />Open Goes Mainstream?<br />Free Books…Project Gutenberg has taken out-of-copyright books in the publi...
Students and Textbooks<br /><ul><li>Students acquire additional debt
Don’t purchase textbooks
Take fewer classes
Select classes based on textbook costs</li></ul>Textbooks<br />186%<br />Inflation<br />72%<br />Source: GAO<br />
Bundling…text comes with CengageNOW, Personal Tutor,  SMARTHINKING, InfoTrac 2-Semester Printed Access Card<br />$213.95<b...
Open Textbooks<br />  One Solution<br />
Introduction to Economic Analysis<br />R. Preston McAfee, Caltech<br />ISBN: 160049000X<br />Used at:<br />Harvard, NYU, C...
Collaborative Statistics<br />Barbara Illowsky & Susan Dean<br />ISBN: 9780978745973<br />For more information:<br />www.c...
My Introduction to Open Textbooks<br />I found a text I wanted to use for $47 on Amazon<br />After searching online using ...
That title was not listed, but another book by the same author…<br />
Which led me to…<br />cyber.law.harvard.edu/wealth_of_networks/<br />A authorized wiki that offers his book to read or dow...
Is available from Lulu for $5.14 or as a free download<br />
Why leave traditional textbooks?<br />No textbook fits exactly - and it’s take it or leave it. (Although this is changing ...
An open textbook is…<br />Modifiable by the instructor<br />Digital, Modular<br />Adaptable<br />Low cost to the students<...
An open textbook has been…<br />Changed by the creators fromCopyrightAll Rights Reserved<br />		toCopyleftSome Rights Rese...
Creators never receive monetary compensation for an open textbook.<br />Written by anonymous amateurs or crowd-sourced.<br...
Open Textbooks& e-Textbooks<br />E-texts (publisher online textbooks):<br />Have restrictive licenses (e.g. no modificatio...
<ul><li>Higher efficiency - use/reuse/remix modules
More adaptable to learning styles, cultures, geographies, devices… (than proprietary files/devices)
Use only content is needed: saves paper, toner, and weight – may also avoid some confusion for students
More feedback from teachers and students to the creators  (authors, illustrators, publishers, editors...) for global textb...
Free for those with computers or readers and Internet access & lower cost for printed and bound versions
Students can better afford more classes & other books or materials </li></ul>20<br />Some Benefits of Open Textbooks<br />
The Process in 3 Steps<br />Identify Titles<br />Evaluate<br />Adopt<br />CC licensed by larry&flo 2007<br />
Starting Out<br />Use repositories<br />Do NOT search here<br />22<br />
Curriculum Committee, Department, Dean or other group that approves textbook adoptions<br />IT – any restrictions on requi...
Step 1    Identifying Titles<br />Full reviews are also available with comments and ratings for each chapter<br />24<br />
What is a Digital Repository?<br />A system to store and manage a variety of digital resources   <br />Content is <br />cr...
Other Digital Repositories<br />
Search By…<br />Subject<br />Student Learning Objectives<br />Course titles, descriptions<br />Level<br />Format<br />Mate...
Develop Selection Criteria<br /><ul><li>Your discipline may already have selection criteria for textbooks
 Use standardized criteria based on discipline requirements and best practices
 How should the criteria differ from those created for printed textbooks?
Modify existing criteria for modules, e-books, and other formats</li></li></ul><li>Common Selection Criteria<br /><ul><li>...
Appropriateness
Accessibility
Authority (authors)
Content
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Open Learning Through Open Textbooks

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Presentation on open textbooks at the Emerging Learning design conference at Montclair State University (NJ-USA) June 2011

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  • ? Your ideas? What’s different about online materials? Accessible? How to bridge the digital divide? Mobile?
  • Open Learning Through Open Textbooks

    1. 1. Open Learning Through Open Textbooks<br />Ken RonkowitzSession sponsored by NJEDge.NetAdvocate/Trainer: Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources oerconsortium.org<br />Passaic County Community College & NJIT<br />Emerging Learning Design<br />June 3rd, 2011at Montclair State University<br />http://eld.montclair.edu<br />
    2. 2. Pushing school districts to convert<br />Ready or not, Florida school districts may be required to spend half of their textbook budgets on digital materials in just two years. But school districts are reluctant to embrace a mandate they say is too costly and doesn’t take into account students without Internet access.<br />Tucked into education funding bills in the state House and Senate are proposals that push school districts to convert from traditional, bulky hardback textbooks to electronic books, available on a computer or handheld device such as Amazon’s Kindle or Apple’s iPad. These proposals came after state education officials unveiled an ambitious plan in February to require all students in grades K-12 to use only electronic materials in the classroom by 2015.<br />http://flaglerlive.com/20280/electronic-textbooks-florida<br />
    3. 3. It’s Bigger Than Open Textbooks<br />
    4. 4. 6/1/2011<br />4<br />Open Goes Mainstream?<br />Free Books…Project Gutenberg has taken out-of-copyright books in the public domain and scanned them into its library…<br />Want to download a copy to your computer, Kindle or iPhone? Head to ManyBooks.net.<br />The use of so-called open source textbooks, offered by companies like FlatWorld Knowledge, is also on the rise. “Students who are assigned open source textbooks can usually download a copy for free, or they can buy a printed and bound version for $20 to $40,” Ms. Allen said. (Suggest it to your future professors.)<br />
    5. 5. Students and Textbooks<br /><ul><li>Students acquire additional debt
    6. 6. Don’t purchase textbooks
    7. 7. Take fewer classes
    8. 8. Select classes based on textbook costs</li></ul>Textbooks<br />186%<br />Inflation<br />72%<br />Source: GAO<br />
    9. 9. Bundling…text comes with CengageNOW, Personal Tutor, SMARTHINKING, InfoTrac 2-Semester Printed Access Card<br />$213.95<br />Used 5th Edition<br />Online @ $14.94-$81.78<br />New 6th Edition<br />$213.95<br />$238.95<br />
    10. 10. Open Textbooks<br /> One Solution<br />
    11. 11. Introduction to Economic Analysis<br />R. Preston McAfee, Caltech<br />ISBN: 160049000X<br />Used at:<br />Harvard, NYU, Cal Poly, UC-Santa Barbara, Caltech, Oregon State…<br />www.introecon.com<br />Online: Free<br />PDF/Word: Free<br />Hard copy: $15.20<br />
    12. 12. Collaborative Statistics<br />Barbara Illowsky & Susan Dean<br />ISBN: 9780978745973<br />For more information:<br />www.collegeopentextbooks.org<br />Online: Free<br />PDF/Word: Free<br />Hard copy: $31.98<br />
    13. 13. My Introduction to Open Textbooks<br />I found a text I wanted to use for $47 on Amazon<br />After searching online using the usual search paths, I stumbled upon collegeopentextbooks.org and searched on the author<br />
    14. 14. That title was not listed, but another book by the same author…<br />
    15. 15. Which led me to…<br />cyber.law.harvard.edu/wealth_of_networks/<br />A authorized wiki that offers his book to read or download for free (pdf), plus reviews and blogs, discussions, interviews, video & audio resources<br />And materials on his publisher’s site<br />yupnet.org/benkler/<br /> And the other title by Benkler…<br />
    16. 16. Is available from Lulu for $5.14 or as a free download<br />
    17. 17. Why leave traditional textbooks?<br />No textbook fits exactly - and it’s take it or leave it. (Although this is changing even with traditional publishers due to pressure from students, alternative distribution options and open resources.)<br />Students complain <br /> - about high prices - an average two-year college student spends nearly 75% of what they spend on tuition on textbooks <br />- if only a few chapters are used in the course<br /> - when they are sent to different places for readings and materials<br />Textbooks are bundled with [too] many re$ources, labs etc.<br />Print textbooks don’t have the advantages of eTextbooks – but commercial eTextbooks are not open.<br />14<br />
    18. 18.
    19. 19. An open textbook is…<br />Modifiable by the instructor<br />Digital, Modular<br />Adaptable<br />Low cost to the students<br />Usually free for those with computers and internet access<br />Printable for “free” or for a small fee (print centers etc.)<br />Sometimes available in bound copies for $10-$40<br />Labeled for reuse Flickr MrKCools <br />16<br />
    20. 20. An open textbook has been…<br />Changed by the creators fromCopyrightAll Rights Reserved<br /> toCopyleftSome Rights Reserved under an open licensee.g., Creative Commons License<br />From the Creative Commons store<br />17<br />
    21. 21. Creators never receive monetary compensation for an open textbook.<br />Written by anonymous amateurs or crowd-sourced.<br />Derivative versions damage the author’s reputation.<br />They are of lower quality or they are<br />Out-of-date (expired copyrights, public domain) editions.<br />Publishers and bookstores are enemies of open textbooks. (Okay, that’s partially true…)<br />Open Textbooks and eBooks are the same thing <br />18<br />Some Open Textbook Myths<br />
    22. 22. Open Textbooks& e-Textbooks<br />E-texts (publisher online textbooks):<br />Have restrictive licenses (e.g. no modifications) <br />Still costly<br />Accessible for a limited time period (semester)<br />Usually have restrictions on the amount of material students can print<br />Open Textbooks:<br />Can usually be modified/customized<br />Can be viewed/read for no cost online<br />Are permanently available in a repository or as a download<br />Can be fully printed for a low cost<br />
    23. 23. <ul><li>Higher efficiency - use/reuse/remix modules
    24. 24. More adaptable to learning styles, cultures, geographies, devices… (than proprietary files/devices)
    25. 25. Use only content is needed: saves paper, toner, and weight – may also avoid some confusion for students
    26. 26. More feedback from teachers and students to the creators (authors, illustrators, publishers, editors...) for global textbook improvement
    27. 27. Free for those with computers or readers and Internet access & lower cost for printed and bound versions
    28. 28. Students can better afford more classes & other books or materials </li></ul>20<br />Some Benefits of Open Textbooks<br />
    29. 29. The Process in 3 Steps<br />Identify Titles<br />Evaluate<br />Adopt<br />CC licensed by larry&flo 2007<br />
    30. 30. Starting Out<br />Use repositories<br />Do NOT search here<br />22<br />
    31. 31. Curriculum Committee, Department, Dean or other group that approves textbook adoptions<br />IT – any restrictions on requiring computer/internet access?<br />Department colleagues, adjuncts, TAs<br />College bookstore<br />College library / Media center<br />Print Shop<br />Students (soft launch?)<br />Others?<br />23<br />Get All Stakeholders Involved<br />Early<br />
    32. 32. Step 1 Identifying Titles<br />Full reviews are also available with comments and ratings for each chapter<br />24<br />
    33. 33. What is a Digital Repository?<br />A system to store and manage a variety of digital resources <br />Content is <br />created once<br />stored once<br />used or repurposed times<br />Facilitates discoveryof resources<br />Users can link to OR download resources<br />Users can ADD resources<br />
    34. 34. Other Digital Repositories<br />
    35. 35. Search By…<br />Subject<br />Student Learning Objectives<br />Course titles, descriptions<br />Level<br />Format<br />Material type (Quiz, reading, etc.)<br />Author or expert<br />
    36. 36. Develop Selection Criteria<br /><ul><li>Your discipline may already have selection criteria for textbooks
    37. 37. Use standardized criteria based on discipline requirements and best practices
    38. 38. How should the criteria differ from those created for printed textbooks?
    39. 39. Modify existing criteria for modules, e-books, and other formats</li></li></ul><li>Common Selection Criteria<br /><ul><li>Accuracy
    40. 40. Appropriateness
    41. 41. Accessibility
    42. 42. Authority (authors)
    43. 43. Content
    44. 44. Cultural relevance
    45. 45. Currency
    46. 46. Easily customizable
    47. 47. Flexible format
    48. 48. Modularity
    49. 49. Peer reviewed
    50. 50. Portability
    51. 51. Reading level
    52. 52. Usable interface
    53. 53. Error-free
    54. 54. Timeliness
    55. 55. Physical quality</li></li></ul><li>2 Evaluate<br />
    56. 56. Check Peer Reviews<br /><ul><li>On collegeopentextbooks.org, there are reviews linked to titles that have been submitted by educators and professionals in the field."They are the opinions of the individual authors and do not represent an endorsement of any textbook by the Community College Open Textbook Collaborative" </li></ul>“The Outline of American Literature, newly revised, traces the paths of American narrative, fiction, poetry and drama as they move from pre-colonial times into the present, through such literary movements as romanticism, realism and experimentation...” Online and as PDF<br />
    57. 57. Reviewing<br /><ul><li> Use available reviews
    58. 58. Create departmental criteria and do reviews (add to the online reviews!)</li></li></ul><li>What do Open Textbooks Look Like Online?<br />
    59. 59. One Online View<br />Download to print or offer as file<br />Online version<br />Buy hard copy<br />
    60. 60. Sample Chapter<br />Navigate <br />Key terms link to definition<br />
    61. 61. 3 Adoption and Use<br />
    62. 62. 3 Adopt and Use<br />Choose the parts of the textbook that fit your course, rather than letting the textbook drive curriculum design and the syllabus.<br />37<br />37<br />
    63. 63. 38<br /> Alternative Adoption Paths<br /><ul><li>Perhaps a Soft Launch
    64. 64. Use for readings and homework only
    65. 65. Use only in classroom
    66. 66. Use in the Learning Management System
    67. 67. Use for remediation (offer a prior level textbook)
    68. 68. Use for lifelong learning, dual enrollment, grants, K20 initiatives…</li></ul>From Flickr ronk53<br />38<br />
    69. 69. Get Involved<br />
    70. 70. Join In<br />The College Open Textbooks Community is active online at CollegeOpenTextbooks.ning.com<br />
    71. 71. <ul><li>Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources (CCCOER)
    72. 72. 97 colleges give 2-year schools a big voice in open textbooks and other OER
    73. 73. The original Community College Open Textbooks Collaborative was a group of 12 organizations funded by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation to increase the demand and supply of open textbooks</li></ul>http://oerconsortium.org<br />41<br />
    74. 74. Presentations, information & updates http://pccc.libguides.com/etextbooks<br />42<br />
    75. 75. Ken Ronkowitz<br />kronkowitz@pccc.edu<br />ronkowitz@njit.edu <br />Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlikeThis license lets you to remix, tweak, and build upon this presentation non-commercially, as long as you credit me and license your new creations under the identical terms. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/<br />

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