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Learning circles 5 6

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  • 1. Literature Circles
  • 2.  
  • 3. Literature Circles:
    • Literature circles bring together two ideas:
      • Independent reading
      • Cooperative learning
  • 4. What are Literature Circles?
    • Literature Circles are small, temporary discussion groups of students who are reading the same piece of literature.
  • 5. What are Literature Circles?
    • Literature circles give students an opportunity to work independently (reading and activities) and cooperatively (discussion groups)
  • 6. What do students do in literature circles?
    • Read independently or with their group
    • Participate in group discussions
    • Each group member will have a specific responsibility during discussion sessions
    • The circles will meet daily/weekly and the discussion roles change at each meeting
  • 7. How do Literature Circles Work?
    • Students all read the same text (in groups)
    • The text genre can vary (short story, novel, textbooks, brochures, internet documents)
    • Texts which evoke more than one interpretation or connection are usually more successful
    • Everyone is free to offer comments and questions
  • 8. Distinctive Features of Literature Circles:
    • Students choose their own reading materials
        • Small temporary groups are formed based on book choice
    • Different groups read different books
        • Groups meet on a regular, predictable schedule to discuss their reading
    • Students use written or drawn notes to guide their reading and discussion
        • Discussion topics come from students
  • 9. Distinctive Features of Literature Circles:
    • Group meetings are open, natural conversations about books
    • Teacher is a facilitator, not a group member or instructor
    • Evaluation is by teacher observation and student self-evaluation
    • Readers share with their classmates when books are finished
  • 10. Role of the Teacher
    • The teacher is a model.
    • The teacher helps students to participate in conversations.
    • The teacher helps move the conversation forward.
  • 11. Possible Discussion Roles:
    • Summarizer
    • Discussion Director
    • Passage Master
    • Word Wizard
    • Connector
    • Illustrator
  • 12. SUMMARIZER: Prepares a brief summary of “today’s reading” which conveys the main highlights or the key points in the pages read.
  • 13. DISCUSSION DIRECTOR:
    • Directs the discussion
    • Helps people talk over the big ideas in the reading and share their reactions (could be thoughts, feelings and concerns which arise)
    • Writes questions that will lead to discussion by the group
      • (Questions must be higher level thinking questions!)
  • 14. PASSAGE MASTER: Points out interesting or important passages within the reading—could be interesting, powerful, funny, puzzling or important
  • 15. WORD WIZARD:
    • On the lookout for words in the text that are unusual, interesting, or difficult to understand
    • Defines and discusses these words with the group
  • 16. CONNECTOR: Finds connections between the reading material and the outside world—such as personal experience, school, community, a topic studied in another class, or a different work of literature
  • 17. ILLUSTRATOR: Draw some kind of picture related to the reading—could be a sketch, cartoon, diagram, flow-chart, or stick-figure scene.
  • 18. What are higher level thinking questions?
    • Questions that cannot be answered with just yes or no
    • Requires thought by each member of the group
    • Goes beyond the “W” questions
  • 19. Good Discussion Starters
    • How did you feel about…
    • What would you have done if…
    • How are you like or unlike the main character?
  • 20. Good Discussion Starters
    • What would you have done differently than the main character?
    • What did you think about…
    • Which character do you best relate to and why?
  • 21. What should students do in the discussion groups?
    • STUDENTS SHOULD:
    • Actively participate
    • Explain their role to the group, ask group members questions, and answer questions from each group member
    • Ask for clarification on any material that may have been confusing
  • 22. How will class time be used?
    • On literature circle day, the first 15-20 minutes will be spent in discussion groups to give the students the opportunity to share their job responsibilities with the group from the previous day’s reading.
    • New jobs and reading assignments will be assigned for the next class meeting
    • Reading the text individually or as a group
    • Working on activities dealing with the text
  • 23. Lit Circle Weekly Schedule * Group Reviews Roles * Select Role Lit Circle Roles for Week *Complete assigned reading (group, independently) *Complete assigned role activity *Report out role info *Complete assigned role activity *Finish role activity *Teacher facilitates as needed *Teacher uses checklist to monitor progress & expected behavior
  • 24. How much time should be allowed for each book? It should take about 3-4 weeks for each book to be read
  • 25. To achieve these outcomes, the students will:
    • Choose a book
    • Play a role in discussions of the book
    • Keep a group folder to organize role assignments.
    • Each group will present a end product. (digital story, poster, book talk, picture book…)
  • 26. How will students be graded?
    • Students will be graded on:
      • Daily job completion
      • Group discussions
      • Final project/presentation
      • Self evaluate
  • 27. It is important for students to:
    • Participate!!
    • Keep up with their reading assignments
    • Keep up with their role in the group
    • Respect others and their opinions
    • Treat group members in a positive way—the way they want to be treated
  • 28.