knee joint Rishi Pokhrel
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

knee joint Rishi Pokhrel

on

  • 687 views

anatomy of knee joint

anatomy of knee joint

Statistics

Views

Total Views
687
Views on SlideShare
686
Embed Views
1

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
24
Comments
0

1 Embed 1

http://www.docshut.com 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

knee joint Rishi Pokhrel Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 1
  • 2.  Introduction Patello - Femoral joint Articulating surfaces Menisci Ligaments Synovial membrane and Bursae Blood supply, Innervation and Lymphatic drainage Biomechanics Applied anatomy 2
  • 3. INTRODUCTION Largest joint Compound and complex Modified hinge joint 3 Joints 2 condylar and 1 saddleComplicated 3
  • 4. RELATIONS 4
  • 5. POPLITEUS 5
  • 6. PATELLOFEMORAL JOINT  Type  Articular surfaces 6
  • 7. TIBIOFEMORAL JOINT Type Articular surfaces − Tibial plateau − Femoral surface 7
  • 8. TIBIAL INTERCONDYLAR AREA 8
  • 9. MENISCI Gen. Charact. Medial meniscus Lateral meniscus Blood supply Innervation Functions 9
  • 10. MENISCI contd.....Ligaments associated with menisci 10
  • 11. STRUCTURE OF MENISCI ANDCOMPRESSION ARTICULAR MECHANICS 11
  • 12. MENISCAL TEARS 12
  • 13. LIGAMENTS OF KNEE JOINT 1. FIBROUS CAPSULE 13
  • 14. 2. OBLIQUE POPLITEAL LIGAMENT 14
  • 15. 3. COLLATERAL LIGAMENTS 15
  • 16. COLLATERAL LIGAMENTS contd.... 16
  • 17. 4. CRUCIATE LIGAMENTS 17
  • 18. CLINICAL TESTSANTERIOR DRAWER TEST POSTERIOR DRAWER TEST LACHMANS TEST 18
  • 19. 5. ARCUATE POPLITEAL LIGAMENT 19
  • 20. 6. LIGAMENTUM PATELLAE 20
  • 21. SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE 21
  • 22. BURSAE AROUND KNEE JOINT ANTERIOR BURSAE 22
  • 23. LATERAL & MEDIAL BURSAE 23
  • 24. POSTERIOR BURSAE 24
  • 25. BLOOD SUPPLY 25
  • 26.  Innervation Lymphatic drainage 26
  • 27. BIOMECHANICS 27
  • 28.  Flexion and Extension Conjunct rotations Accessory Movements Closed packed position Passive Knee Flexon 28
  • 29. ARTICULAR KINEMATICS 29
  • 30. LOCKING AND UNLOCKING Ligaments associated with menisci 30
  • 31. MOVEMENTS AT KNEE WHILE WALKING Flexion – Extension 31
  • 32. MOVEMENTS AT KNEE WHILE WALKING contd.... SCREWHOME SCREW UNSCREW 32
  • 33. LOADING AT KNEE JOINT AND Q ANGLE 33
  • 34. ARTICULAR MECHANICS  Friction 34
  • 35. SOFT TISSUE MECHANICSPRIMARY AND SECONDARY RESTRAINS 35
  • 36. APPLIED ANATOMY Very common joint for a variety of pathologies Traumatic pathologies Degenerative joint conditions Bursitis Bakers cyst Meniscal tears Ligament tears Arthroscopic surgery Discoid lateral meniscus Dislocation 36
  • 37. BAKERS CYST 37
  • 38. ARTHROSCOPY PORTS 38
  • 39. DISCOID LATERAL MENISCUS 39MRI – CORONOL SECTION
  • 40. POSTERIOR KNEE DISLOCATION 40
  • 41. DISCUSSION 41