knee joint Rishi Pokhrel

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anatomy of knee joint

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knee joint Rishi Pokhrel

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2.  Introduction Patello - Femoral joint Articulating surfaces Menisci Ligaments Synovial membrane and Bursae Blood supply, Innervation and Lymphatic drainage Biomechanics Applied anatomy 2
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Largest joint Compound and complex Modified hinge joint 3 Joints 2 condylar and 1 saddleComplicated 3
  4. 4. RELATIONS 4
  5. 5. POPLITEUS 5
  6. 6. PATELLOFEMORAL JOINT  Type  Articular surfaces 6
  7. 7. TIBIOFEMORAL JOINT Type Articular surfaces − Tibial plateau − Femoral surface 7
  8. 8. TIBIAL INTERCONDYLAR AREA 8
  9. 9. MENISCI Gen. Charact. Medial meniscus Lateral meniscus Blood supply Innervation Functions 9
  10. 10. MENISCI contd.....Ligaments associated with menisci 10
  11. 11. STRUCTURE OF MENISCI ANDCOMPRESSION ARTICULAR MECHANICS 11
  12. 12. MENISCAL TEARS 12
  13. 13. LIGAMENTS OF KNEE JOINT 1. FIBROUS CAPSULE 13
  14. 14. 2. OBLIQUE POPLITEAL LIGAMENT 14
  15. 15. 3. COLLATERAL LIGAMENTS 15
  16. 16. COLLATERAL LIGAMENTS contd.... 16
  17. 17. 4. CRUCIATE LIGAMENTS 17
  18. 18. CLINICAL TESTSANTERIOR DRAWER TEST POSTERIOR DRAWER TEST LACHMANS TEST 18
  19. 19. 5. ARCUATE POPLITEAL LIGAMENT 19
  20. 20. 6. LIGAMENTUM PATELLAE 20
  21. 21. SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE 21
  22. 22. BURSAE AROUND KNEE JOINT ANTERIOR BURSAE 22
  23. 23. LATERAL & MEDIAL BURSAE 23
  24. 24. POSTERIOR BURSAE 24
  25. 25. BLOOD SUPPLY 25
  26. 26.  Innervation Lymphatic drainage 26
  27. 27. BIOMECHANICS 27
  28. 28.  Flexion and Extension Conjunct rotations Accessory Movements Closed packed position Passive Knee Flexon 28
  29. 29. ARTICULAR KINEMATICS 29
  30. 30. LOCKING AND UNLOCKING Ligaments associated with menisci 30
  31. 31. MOVEMENTS AT KNEE WHILE WALKING Flexion – Extension 31
  32. 32. MOVEMENTS AT KNEE WHILE WALKING contd.... SCREWHOME SCREW UNSCREW 32
  33. 33. LOADING AT KNEE JOINT AND Q ANGLE 33
  34. 34. ARTICULAR MECHANICS  Friction 34
  35. 35. SOFT TISSUE MECHANICSPRIMARY AND SECONDARY RESTRAINS 35
  36. 36. APPLIED ANATOMY Very common joint for a variety of pathologies Traumatic pathologies Degenerative joint conditions Bursitis Bakers cyst Meniscal tears Ligament tears Arthroscopic surgery Discoid lateral meniscus Dislocation 36
  37. 37. BAKERS CYST 37
  38. 38. ARTHROSCOPY PORTS 38
  39. 39. DISCOID LATERAL MENISCUS 39MRI – CORONOL SECTION
  40. 40. POSTERIOR KNEE DISLOCATION 40
  41. 41. DISCUSSION 41

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