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  1. 1. MLIM6025 Session 2: Review a Journal Article Pretty Girls Group
  2. 2. Our Journal Article <ul><li>Title: The use of electronic information services and information literacy: </li></ul><ul><li>A Glasgow Caledonian University study </li></ul><ul><li>Author: JOHN CRAWFORD </li></ul><ul><li>Publisher: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science </li></ul><ul><li>Date: March 2006 Volume: 38 Issue: 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Page: 33-44 </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is the problem for the study? <ul><li>The study was undertaken as part of the LIRG/SCONUL Value and Impact study and sought to establish direct evidence of the impact of electronic information services (EIS) on Glasgow Caledonian University students, both past and present.  </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence of the spread of information literacy among students and alumni was also sought. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What procedures did the experimenter use for the study? <ul><li>P rocedures and M ethodology: Mainly quantitative approach, with some qual i tative approach in analyzing the data. 2 questionnaires have been designed for current students and alumni respectively. After they collect the data, data analysis is employed to compare results between:- a ) C urrent students Vs. A lumni </li></ul><ul><li>b ) C ompare different results in different gender group within each group </li></ul><ul><li>c ) C ompare the most commonly used website/database </li></ul><ul><li>d ) A nalyze the results collected from the students for their view on information literacy </li></ul><ul><li>e ) C omparison has been made between the existing literature </li></ul>
  5. 5. What were the major conclusions for the study? <ul><li>It was clear that respondents broadly understood the concept of information literacy . T his was much more marked among alumni as a result of the ir experience of work. </li></ul><ul><li>The relationship of work activity to information literacy was found to be central and alumni felt that an understanding of information literacy gave them a distinct advantage in job finding and seeking promotion. Alumni saw information literacy as a tool to support their work . </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployed alumni tend to have sparse replies on their forms suggesting that while work is a spur to using information literacy skills, unemployment breeds the opposite attitude. </li></ul><ul><li>I nformation seeking skills, learn t at university, could be directly applied to the w orkplace and scholarly methods were found to be spreading there . </li></ul><ul><li>O ther factors such as progression and retention, and an innovative learning and teaching agenda are also important. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Other Research Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>They need to know more about how the skills they impart extend to the workplace and how these skills may be refined to benefit the future employee. </li></ul><ul><li>They need to know more about the workplace and attitudes of employers. What factors predispose them one way or another? </li></ul><ul><li>Does information literacy have a direct value to employers and employees which can be calculated? </li></ul>
  7. 7. How would you classify the study, according to the six types of research studies? <ul><li>The six types of  research studies are: Descriptive research Correlational research Causal-comparative research Experimental research Historical Research Naturalistic Inquiry </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Our paper is belonged to Causal-comparative research, as it attempts to establish cause-effect relationships between the values of an independent variables, ie electronic information services, have significant effects on dependent variables, i.e. GCU students and al umni. This study also want to establish direct evidence of the impact of electronic i nformation services on GCU students and alumni. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reference <ul><li>Kozma, R. (2000). Reflections on the state of educational technology research and development. ETR&D, 41 (1), 5-15 </li></ul>