The Ministry of SERVERS “ SERVING GOD AND  GOD’S PEOPLE AT MASS”
ALTAR SERVERS’  IDENTITY & MISSION
<ul><li>ALTAR </li></ul><ul><li>Altar of the Word </li></ul><ul><li>Altar of the Eucharist </li></ul>The Ministry of SERVERS
<ul><li>SERVERS = ministers </li></ul>The Ministry of  ALTAR SERVERS The name  server  clearly points out what they do at ...
The Ministry of  ALTAR SERVERS <ul><li>Clergy </li></ul><ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>God </li></ul>
Why does the priest need servers to help him at mass?   <ul><li>CLERGY </li></ul><ul><li>Priest cannot do everything at ma...
<ul><li>In the past, acolyte would carry the chalice, candles and other items needed for the mass. He would prepare everyt...
Who are the acolytes? <ul><li>They are young men who are studying to be priests, and their serving in the altar gives them...
<ul><li>But presently, servers do not need to be studying to be priests, and not all servers will become priests when they...
<ul><li>PEOPLE </li></ul><ul><li>SC 14: “The Church earnestly desires that all the faithful be led to that full, conscious...
<ul><li>As server,  you should try to become very involved in the mass, so that other people will become involved also. </...
<ul><li>“It makes difference how we carry the candles, whether and how we genuflect or bow, what kind of posture we have w...
<ul><li>Even at mass, our outward actions and appearance tell others a lot about how we are feeling on the inside. At mass...
<ul><li>GOD </li></ul><ul><li>Service is more than helping others. It is about who and what you are. </li></ul><ul><li>It ...
<ul><li>SPIRITUALITY OF AN ALTAR SERVER </li></ul><ul><li>S  –  acrificial </li></ul><ul><li>E  –  nthusiastic </li></ul><...
<ul><li>PROFILE OF AN ALTAR SERVER </li></ul><ul><li>1. Reverence </li></ul><ul><li>2. Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>3. Dec...
<ul><li>WHAT DOES THE CHURCH EXPECT OF YOU? </li></ul><ul><li>first, to know what you are doing </li></ul><ul><li>second, ...
SACRED OBJECTS
<ul><li>DIFFERENT KINDS </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred Vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred Linen </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred Vestments...
<ul><li>Sacred Vessels </li></ul>
<ul><li>Paten </li></ul>
<ul><li>Chalice </li></ul>
<ul><li>Ciborium </li></ul>
<ul><li>Intinctorium </li></ul>
<ul><li>Cruets (Plate) </li></ul>
<ul><li>Pitcher & Basin </li></ul>
<ul><li>Communion Plate </li></ul>
<ul><li>Bell </li></ul>
<ul><li>Sacramentary Stand </li></ul>
<ul><li>Thurible </li></ul>
<ul><li>Incense Boat </li></ul>
<ul><li>Processional Cross </li></ul>
<ul><li>Processional Candles </li></ul>
<ul><li>Monstrance </li></ul>
<ul><li>Lunette </li></ul>
<ul><li>Pyx </li></ul>
<ul><li>Aspergillum </li></ul>
<ul><li>Oil Stocks </li></ul>
<ul><li>Sacred Linen </li></ul>
<ul><li>Corporal </li></ul>
<ul><li>Pall </li></ul>
<ul><li>Altar Cloth </li></ul>
<ul><li>Purificator </li></ul>
<ul><li>Finger Towel </li></ul>
<ul><li>Sacred Vestments </li></ul>
<ul><li>Cassock/Soutane </li></ul>
<ul><li>Surplice </li></ul>
<ul><li>Alb </li></ul>
<ul><li>Chasuble </li></ul>
<ul><li>Stole </li></ul>
<ul><li>Dalmatic </li></ul>
<ul><li>Cope </li></ul>
<ul><li>Humeral Veil </li></ul>
<ul><li>Cincture </li></ul>
<ul><li>Mitre </li></ul>
<ul><li>Crozier </li></ul>
<ul><li>Pectoral Cross </li></ul>
<ul><li>Ring </li></ul>
<ul><li>Skull Cap or Zucchetto </li></ul>
<ul><li>Pallium </li></ul>
<ul><li>Liturgical Books </li></ul>
<ul><li>Sacramentary </li></ul>
<ul><li>Lectionary </li></ul>
<ul><li>Gospel Book </li></ul>
<ul><li>Collectio Rituum </li></ul>
LITURGY &  HOLY MASS
<ul><li>WHAT IS LITURGY? </li></ul><ul><li>it comes from the Greek word for a public duty, a service, a public organizatio...
<ul><li>Where Christ is present during the Liturgy? </li></ul><ul><li>in the assembly of the people </li></ul><ul><li>in t...
<ul><li>4 Kinds of Liturgical Observance </li></ul><ul><li>1. Solemnities </li></ul><ul><li>2. Feasts </li></ul><ul><li>3....
<ul><li>5 Seasons of the Year </li></ul><ul><li>1. Advent </li></ul><ul><li>2. Christmas </li></ul><ul><li>3. Lenten </li>...
<ul><li>Liturgical Colors </li></ul><ul><li>1. White </li></ul><ul><li>2. Red </li></ul><ul><li>3. Green </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>The Liturgical Setting </li></ul><ul><li>1. Altar  </li></ul><ul><li>2. Lectern </li></ul><ul><li>3. Commentator S...
<ul><li>4 MAIN PARTS OF THE MASS </li></ul><ul><li>1. Introductory Rite </li></ul><ul><li>2. Liturgy of the Word </li></ul...
<ul><li>INTRODUCTORY RITE </li></ul><ul><li>Entrance Song </li></ul><ul><li>Veneration of the Altar & Greeting of the Peop...
<ul><li>LITURGYOF THE WORD </li></ul><ul><li>First Scripture Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Responsorial Psalm </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>LITURGY OF THE EUCHARIST </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Preparation of the Gifts </li></ul><ul><li>- Offertory </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>CONCLUDING RITE </li></ul><ul><li>Final Blessing </li></ul><ul><li>Dismissal </li></ul>
PRINCIPLE OF CEREMONIES
<ul><li>Uniformity of Actions </li></ul><ul><li>Precedence </li></ul><ul><li>Postures and Basic Actions </li></ul><ul><ul>...
GIRM 2003 <ul><li>275. A bow signifies reverence and honor shown to the persons themselves or to the signs that represent ...
GIRM 2003 <ul><li>b.  A bow of the body, that is to say a profound bow, is made to the altar; during the prayers  Munda co...
<ul><li>Movements in the Sanctuary </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>Candles </li></ul><ul><li>Cross </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Reverences </li></ul><ul><li>Blessed Sacrament (Tabernacle) </li></ul><ul><li>Altar </li></ul><ul><li>Gospel </li>...
Incensation <ul><li>Incensation </li></ul><ul><li>276. Thurification or incensation is an expression of reverence and of p...
Incensation <ul><li>Incense may be used if desired in any form of Mass : </li></ul><ul><li>During the Entrance procession;...
Incensation <ul><li>277. The priest, having put incense into the thurible, blesses it with the sign of the Cross, </li></u...
Incensation <ul><li>The following are incensed with three swings of the thurible: the Most Blessed Sacrament, a relic of t...
Incensation <ul><li>The following are incensed with two swings of the thurible: relics and images of the Saints exposed fo...
Incensation <ul><li>The cross, if situated on or near the altar, is incensed by the priest before he incenses the altar; o...
<ul><li>Incensing </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Thurible </li></ul><ul><li>Carrying </li></ul><ul><li>Presenting </li></ul><ul>...
PONTIFICAL SERVING
4 Servers are Directly Associated with the Bishop: <ul><li>Mitre-Bearer </li></ul><ul><li>the two tails of the mitre ( lap...
4 Servers are Directly Associated with the Bishop: <ul><li>Mitre-Bearer </li></ul><ul><li>in procession </li></ul><ul><li>...
4 Servers are Directly Associated with the Bishop: <ul><li>2.  Crozier-Bearer </li></ul><ul><li>he holds the crozier with ...
4 Servers are Directly Associated with the Bishop: <ul><li>3.  Book Bearer </li></ul><ul><li>4.  Mic Bearer </li></ul>
<ul><li>Practical Tips </li></ul><ul><li>Foresight </li></ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Fun </li></ul><ul><li>Faith <...
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The ministry of servers lmi

  1. 1. The Ministry of SERVERS “ SERVING GOD AND GOD’S PEOPLE AT MASS”
  2. 2. ALTAR SERVERS’ IDENTITY & MISSION
  3. 3. <ul><li>ALTAR </li></ul><ul><li>Altar of the Word </li></ul><ul><li>Altar of the Eucharist </li></ul>The Ministry of SERVERS
  4. 4. <ul><li>SERVERS = ministers </li></ul>The Ministry of ALTAR SERVERS The name server clearly points out what they do at mass: serve God and God’s people by helping the priest and his fellow worshipers to praise God as well as they can.
  5. 5. The Ministry of ALTAR SERVERS <ul><li>Clergy </li></ul><ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>God </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why does the priest need servers to help him at mass? <ul><li>CLERGY </li></ul><ul><li>Priest cannot do everything at mass and so different kinds of people must help him: deacons, readers, and acolytes. Today, servers are doing some of the tasks that the acolytes were doing in the past such as preparing the altar and sanctuary before the mass and making the responses. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>In the past, acolyte would carry the chalice, candles and other items needed for the mass. He would prepare everything for the mass and then help the priest in the altar. When mass is over, the acolyte would pack everything up again and carry it out. </li></ul>The Ministry of ALTAR SERVERS
  8. 8. Who are the acolytes? <ul><li>They are young men who are studying to be priests, and their serving in the altar gives them a good chance to learn what they needed to know about the mass. That is exactly the main reason why the church would say that only boys could serve at the mass, because only men could be priests. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>But presently, servers do not need to be studying to be priests, and not all servers will become priests when they get older. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1994, PJP II (Pope John Paul II) allowed girls to serve at the altar, and if the diocesan bishop will permit too. It is good that girls have now joined boys at altar servers almost everywhere in the United States but not here in the Philippines. </li></ul>The Ministry of ALTAR SERVERS
  10. 10. <ul><li>PEOPLE </li></ul><ul><li>SC 14: “The Church earnestly desires that all the faithful be led to that full, conscious, and active participation in liturgical celebrations called for by the very nature of the liturgy.” </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the ministry of the servers is to help set the pace for all who take part in the mass. What you do there and how you do it can help other people to understand the mass better and make their love for God stronger. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>As server, you should try to become very involved in the mass, so that other people will become involved also. </li></ul><ul><li>You should always keep in your mind that the people in church will be watching you carefully. However, they are not so interested to see if you make mistakes, but they like to see what it means to be really involved in the mass. NOTE: People will take more interest in the mass if they see you taking more interest in it while you serve. </li></ul>The Ministry of ALTAR SERVERS
  12. 12. <ul><li>“It makes difference how we carry the candles, whether and how we genuflect or bow, what kind of posture we have when sitting or standing, whether we seem to be prayerful and interested when we are not performing any actions.” </li></ul><ul><li>Bishop Untener </li></ul>The Ministry of ALTAR SERVERS
  13. 13. <ul><li>Even at mass, our outward actions and appearance tell others a lot about how we are feeling on the inside. At mass, our action and appearance should show that we love God and God’s people. It should be clear to all who see that we think serving is worth doing and worth doing well. We should try to be the best servers we can be. </li></ul>The Ministry of ALTAR SERVERS
  14. 14. <ul><li>GOD </li></ul><ul><li>Service is more than helping others. It is about who and what you are. </li></ul><ul><li>It is thus more than what we do in the church – it is the way we live at home, school and play; it is how we treat and live with others. </li></ul><ul><li>Serving in our church reflects what we do all the time. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>SPIRITUALITY OF AN ALTAR SERVER </li></ul><ul><li>S – acrificial </li></ul><ul><li>E – nthusiastic </li></ul><ul><li>R – epated Act </li></ul><ul><li>V – irtuous </li></ul><ul><li>I – nspiring </li></ul><ul><li>C – heerful </li></ul><ul><li>E – xcellent </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>PROFILE OF AN ALTAR SERVER </li></ul><ul><li>1. Reverence </li></ul><ul><li>2. Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>3. Decorum </li></ul><ul><li>4. Piety </li></ul><ul><li>5. Brotherly </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>WHAT DOES THE CHURCH EXPECT OF YOU? </li></ul><ul><li>first, to know what you are doing </li></ul><ul><li>second, to render a true holy service </li></ul><ul><li>Serving is a craft, which the Church expects to be carried out well. </li></ul>
  18. 18. SACRED OBJECTS
  19. 19. <ul><li>DIFFERENT KINDS </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred Vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred Linen </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred Vestments </li></ul><ul><li>Liturgical Books </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Sacred Vessels </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Paten </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Chalice </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Ciborium </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Intinctorium </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Cruets (Plate) </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Pitcher & Basin </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Communion Plate </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Bell </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>Sacramentary Stand </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>Thurible </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Incense Boat </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>Processional Cross </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>Processional Candles </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>Monstrance </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>Lunette </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>Pyx </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>Aspergillum </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>Oil Stocks </li></ul>
  39. 39. <ul><li>Sacred Linen </li></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><li>Corporal </li></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>Pall </li></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>Altar Cloth </li></ul>
  43. 43. <ul><li>Purificator </li></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><li>Finger Towel </li></ul>
  45. 45. <ul><li>Sacred Vestments </li></ul>
  46. 46. <ul><li>Cassock/Soutane </li></ul>
  47. 47. <ul><li>Surplice </li></ul>
  48. 48. <ul><li>Alb </li></ul>
  49. 49. <ul><li>Chasuble </li></ul>
  50. 50. <ul><li>Stole </li></ul>
  51. 51. <ul><li>Dalmatic </li></ul>
  52. 52. <ul><li>Cope </li></ul>
  53. 53. <ul><li>Humeral Veil </li></ul>
  54. 54. <ul><li>Cincture </li></ul>
  55. 55. <ul><li>Mitre </li></ul>
  56. 56. <ul><li>Crozier </li></ul>
  57. 57. <ul><li>Pectoral Cross </li></ul>
  58. 58. <ul><li>Ring </li></ul>
  59. 59. <ul><li>Skull Cap or Zucchetto </li></ul>
  60. 60. <ul><li>Pallium </li></ul>
  61. 61. <ul><li>Liturgical Books </li></ul>
  62. 62. <ul><li>Sacramentary </li></ul>
  63. 63. <ul><li>Lectionary </li></ul>
  64. 64. <ul><li>Gospel Book </li></ul>
  65. 65. <ul><li>Collectio Rituum </li></ul>
  66. 66. LITURGY & HOLY MASS
  67. 67. <ul><li>WHAT IS LITURGY? </li></ul><ul><li>it comes from the Greek word for a public duty, a service, a public organization </li></ul><ul><li>Christian liturgy: we are not anymore talking of what we do but what God does </li></ul><ul><li>Vatican II: “an action of JC, an action of eternal worship in which he involves us, the members of His Mystical Body, the Church” </li></ul>
  68. 68. <ul><li>Where Christ is present during the Liturgy? </li></ul><ul><li>in the assembly of the people </li></ul><ul><li>in the sacred minister </li></ul><ul><li>in the proclamation of readings </li></ul><ul><li>in the sacraments </li></ul><ul><li>in the Mass (presider/people/bread and wine) </li></ul><ul><li>As a server, you are part of the signs and symbol of the Liturgy, able to help or hinder the meaning and power of worship. </li></ul>
  69. 69. <ul><li>4 Kinds of Liturgical Observance </li></ul><ul><li>1. Solemnities </li></ul><ul><li>2. Feasts </li></ul><ul><li>3. Memorials </li></ul><ul><li>4. Ferials </li></ul>
  70. 70. <ul><li>5 Seasons of the Year </li></ul><ul><li>1. Advent </li></ul><ul><li>2. Christmas </li></ul><ul><li>3. Lenten </li></ul><ul><li>4. Easter </li></ul><ul><li>5. Ordinary </li></ul>
  71. 71. <ul><li>Liturgical Colors </li></ul><ul><li>1. White </li></ul><ul><li>2. Red </li></ul><ul><li>3. Green </li></ul><ul><li>4. Purple/Violet </li></ul><ul><li>5. Rose </li></ul>
  72. 72. <ul><li>The Liturgical Setting </li></ul><ul><li>1. Altar </li></ul><ul><li>2. Lectern </li></ul><ul><li>3. Commentator Stand </li></ul><ul><li>4. Presidential Chair </li></ul><ul><li>5. Tabernacle (with Vigil Light) </li></ul><ul><li>6. Credence Table </li></ul><ul><li>7. Offertory Table </li></ul><ul><li>8. Sacrarium </li></ul><ul><li>9. Sacristy </li></ul>
  73. 73. <ul><li>4 MAIN PARTS OF THE MASS </li></ul><ul><li>1. Introductory Rite </li></ul><ul><li>2. Liturgy of the Word </li></ul><ul><li>3. Liturgy of the Eucharist </li></ul><ul><li>4. Concluding Rite </li></ul>
  74. 74. <ul><li>INTRODUCTORY RITE </li></ul><ul><li>Entrance Song </li></ul><ul><li>Veneration of the Altar & Greeting of the People </li></ul><ul><li>Penitential Rite </li></ul><ul><li>Gloria </li></ul><ul><li>Opening Prayer/Collect </li></ul>
  75. 75. <ul><li>LITURGYOF THE WORD </li></ul><ul><li>First Scripture Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Responsorial Psalm </li></ul><ul><li>Second Scripture Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Alleluia/Gospel Verse </li></ul><ul><li>Gospel </li></ul><ul><li>Homily </li></ul><ul><li>Profession of Faith </li></ul><ul><li>Prayers of the Faithful/General Intercession </li></ul>
  76. 76. <ul><li>LITURGY OF THE EUCHARIST </li></ul><ul><li>1. Preparation of the Gifts </li></ul><ul><li>- Offertory </li></ul><ul><li>- Prayer Over the Gifts </li></ul><ul><li>2. Eucharistic Prayer </li></ul><ul><li>- Preface </li></ul><ul><li>- Sanctus </li></ul><ul><li>- Epiclesis </li></ul><ul><li>- Narrative of Institution </li></ul><ul><li>- Elevation </li></ul><ul><li>- Acclamation </li></ul><ul><li>- Anamnesis </li></ul><ul><li>- Offering </li></ul><ul><li>- Intercessions </li></ul><ul><li>- Doxology/Amen </li></ul><ul><li>3. Communion Rite </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lord’s Prayer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rite of Peace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lamb of God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prayer after Communion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brief Announcement </li></ul></ul>
  77. 77. <ul><li>CONCLUDING RITE </li></ul><ul><li>Final Blessing </li></ul><ul><li>Dismissal </li></ul>
  78. 78. PRINCIPLE OF CEREMONIES
  79. 79. <ul><li>Uniformity of Actions </li></ul><ul><li>Precedence </li></ul><ul><li>Postures and Basic Actions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign of the Cross </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sitting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Walking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kneeling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign of Peace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Genuflections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bows </li></ul></ul>
  80. 80. GIRM 2003 <ul><li>275. A bow signifies reverence and honor shown to the persons themselves or to the signs that represent them. There are two kinds of bows: a bow of the head and a bow of the body. </li></ul><ul><li>A bow of the head is made when the three Divine Persons are named together and at the names of Jesus, of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and of the Saint in whose honor Mass is being celebrated. </li></ul>
  81. 81. GIRM 2003 <ul><li>b. A bow of the body, that is to say a profound bow, is made to the altar; during the prayers Munda cor meum ( Almighty God, cleanse my heart ) and In spiritu humilitatis ( Lord God, we ask you to receive ); in the Creed at the words Et incarnatus est ( by the power of the Holy Spirit . . . made man ); in the Roman Canon at the words Supplices 68 te rogamus ( Almighty God, we pray that your angel ). The same kind of bow is made by the deacon when he asks for a blessing before the proclamation of the Gospel. In addition, the priest bows slightly as he speaks the words of the Lord at the consecration. </li></ul>
  82. 82. <ul><li>Movements in the Sanctuary </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>Candles </li></ul><ul><li>Cross </li></ul><ul><li>Bells </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations </li></ul>
  83. 83. <ul><li>Reverences </li></ul><ul><li>Blessed Sacrament (Tabernacle) </li></ul><ul><li>Altar </li></ul><ul><li>Gospel </li></ul><ul><li>Bishop </li></ul><ul><li>Faithful </li></ul>
  84. 84. Incensation <ul><li>Incensation </li></ul><ul><li>276. Thurification or incensation is an expression of reverence and of prayer, as is signified in Sacred Scripture (cf. Ps 141 [140]:2, Rev 8:3). </li></ul>
  85. 85. Incensation <ul><li>Incense may be used if desired in any form of Mass : </li></ul><ul><li>During the Entrance procession; </li></ul><ul><li>At the beginning of Mass, to incense the cross and the altar; </li></ul><ul><li>At the Gospel procession and the proclamation of the Gospel itself; </li></ul><ul><li>After the bread and the chalice have been placed upon the altar, to incense the offerings, the cross, and the altar, as well as the priest and the people; </li></ul><ul><li>At the showing of the host and the chalice after the consecration. </li></ul>
  86. 86. Incensation <ul><li>277. The priest, having put incense into the thurible, blesses it with the sign of the Cross, </li></ul><ul><li>without saying anything. Before and after an incensation, a profound bow is made to the person or object that is incensed, except for the incensation of the altar and the offerings for the Sacrifice of the Mass. </li></ul>
  87. 87. Incensation <ul><li>The following are incensed with three swings of the thurible: the Most Blessed Sacrament, a relic of the Holy Cross and images of the Lord exposed for public veneration, the offerings for the sacrifice of the Mass, the altar cross, the Book of the Gospels, the Paschal Candle, the priest, and the people. </li></ul>
  88. 88. Incensation <ul><li>The following are incensed with two swings of the thurible: relics and images of the Saints exposed for public veneration. This should be done, however, only at the beginning of the celebration, after the incensation of the altar. </li></ul>
  89. 89. Incensation <ul><li>The cross, if situated on or near the altar, is incensed by the priest before he incenses the altar; otherwise, he incenses it when he passes in front of it. </li></ul><ul><li>The priest incenses the offerings with three swings of the thurible or by making the sign of the cross over the offerings with the thurible, then going on to incense the cross and the altar. </li></ul>
  90. 90. <ul><li>Incensing </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Thurible </li></ul><ul><li>Carrying </li></ul><ul><li>Presenting </li></ul><ul><li>Closing </li></ul><ul><li>Giving </li></ul><ul><li>Incensation </li></ul>
  91. 91. PONTIFICAL SERVING
  92. 92. 4 Servers are Directly Associated with the Bishop: <ul><li>Mitre-Bearer </li></ul><ul><li>the two tails of the mitre ( lappets ) are held towards him </li></ul><ul><li>to protect the mitre he covers himself with the vimpa , a silk-scraf worn around the neck like a stole </li></ul>
  93. 93. 4 Servers are Directly Associated with the Bishop: <ul><li>Mitre-Bearer </li></ul><ul><li>in procession </li></ul><ul><li>when moving from place to place (if distance is not too short) </li></ul><ul><li>when seated </li></ul><ul><li>when he stands to speak to the people </li></ul><ul><li>when he receives the gifts </li></ul><ul><li>he baptizes, confirms, witnesses a marriage, during the laying on of hands in ordination and anointing of the sick in public celebration </li></ul>
  94. 94. 4 Servers are Directly Associated with the Bishop: <ul><li>2. Crozier-Bearer </li></ul><ul><li>he holds the crozier with the crook turned to him </li></ul><ul><li>hands to the bishop the staff making sure that the crook points away from the bishop </li></ul><ul><li>carried in his left-hand in procession </li></ul><ul><li>when moving from place to place </li></ul><ul><li>held in both hands during Mass </li></ul><ul><li>while giving the homily? </li></ul><ul><li>final blessing </li></ul><ul><li>when he confirms, if he wishes </li></ul>
  95. 95. 4 Servers are Directly Associated with the Bishop: <ul><li>3. Book Bearer </li></ul><ul><li>4. Mic Bearer </li></ul>
  96. 96. <ul><li>Practical Tips </li></ul><ul><li>Foresight </li></ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Fun </li></ul><ul><li>Faith </li></ul>
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