Holy Orders is a sacrament through which men aremarked with an indelible character and constitutedSacred ministers-bishops, priests and deacons- to teach,sanctify, and govern the faithful in the person of Christthe Head.
The minor orders are no longer calledordination but rather they are properly calledministries in the Church. Before the conferral of this ministry is also called ordination. Today the conferral of this ministry is called institution or installation
Subdiaconate today no longer exists in theRoman Catholic Church.The function of subdeacon in the old rite is nowthe function of the duly instituted acolyte.
Those who are preparing for the ordainedministry of priesthood. They need to passthrough the ministries of lectors and acolytesas stated by Canon Law.Canon 1035 (1) Before anyone my be promoted to the diaconate whetherpermanent or transitory, he must received the ministries of lector and acolyte,and have exercise them for an appropriate time.(2) Between the conferring ministry of acolyte and the diaconate there is to bean interval of at least six months.
The ordination of deacons - "in order to serve""At a lower level of the hierarchy are to be founddeacons, who receive the imposition of hands notunto the priesthood, but unto the ministry." At anordination to the diaconate only the bishop layshands on the candidate, thus signifying thedeacons special attachment to the bishop in thetasks of his "diakonia."
The ordination of priests - co-workers of the bishops"The priests, prudent cooperators of the episcopal collegeand its support and instrument, called to the service of thePeople of God, constitute, together with their bishop, aunique sacerdotal college (presbyterium) dedicated, it is,true to a variety of distinct duties. In each local assembly ofthe faithful they represent, in a certain sense, the bishop,with whom they are associated in all trust and generosity; inpart they take upon themselves his duties and solicitude andin their daily toils discharge them."
Episcopal ordination- fullness of the sacramentof Holy Orders"Among those various offices which have beenexercised in the Church from the earliest timesthe chief place, according to the witness oftradition, is held by the function of those who,through their appointment to the dignity andresponsibility of bishop, and in virtueconsequently of the unbroken succession goingback to the beginning, are regarded astransmitters of the apostolic line."
Common/Royal Shared by all the baptized Christians by the virtue of the threefold ministry of Christ (priest, prophet and king)Ministerial Those who are in the hierarchy; the deacons, priests and bishops. They are ordained for the service of the common/royal priesthood
a. An increase of sanctifying grace;b. Sacramental grace through which the priest receives God’s constant help in his sacred ministry.c. A lasting indelible character, which is a special sharing in the priesthood of Christ and which gives the priest special supernatural powers.
a. To change bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ.b. To forgive sins in the sacrament of Penance
a.Candidates should be male baptized catholicb. Candidate must be in the state of grace.c. He must have the prescribed age andlearningd. Must have the intention of devoting his lifeto the sacred ministry (free from coercion)e. Must be called to the Holy Orders by hisbishop or proper ecclessiastical superior.