Defining TeensYoung teenagers: 12-14 years oldMiddle teenagers: 14-17 years oldLate teenagers: 17-19 years old
Natural egoismEmotional and melodramatic Young TeensExtreme physical changesSensitive to appearanceWant to belong to the “pack”Influenced by peers and fadsWavering between independence and need for securityThink they have “figured things out”Strive to create a “system” to analyze what they seeTest hypotheses and think critically about abstract ideas andconceptsStrong opinionsSee things in black and white
• Physically mature Middle Teens• Able to work independently• Good planners and can manage group workwithout much supervision• Less reliant on the group for support• More focus on individual relationships• Stronger sense of place in society• Aware of the opposite sex and begin to mixgroups (girls and boys)• Understand there is not only one answer to everyquestion and not everything is black and white
Teens are wrapped up in these issues: Self-esteem Peer pressure Ethics Finding one’s own identity Dealing with relationships
Children AdultsPeripheral attention to lg Focal awerenessand inputNo full cognitive T Superior/full cognitive Edevelopment (concreteoperations) abilitiesHere/now functional use Can abstractof lgNo metalanguage E Can handle metalanguageShort attention spans N Longer attention spansSensory input (physical, Oral input is okhands-on) S
TEENS ARE EFFICIENT LANGUAGE LEARNERS (LEWIS, 2007)They combine childlike playfulness withadult-like ability to hypothesize and think critically.
Affective factors Children Adults Very sensitive to affective More self-assured, factors confident and with higher self-esteem, yet sensitive to lg ego Teens?Transition, confusion, changing bodies, dont know what they want, self-consciousness, ego, self- image, perception of self, self-esteem, ups and downs.
• Avoid embarrassement at all costs• Affirm each persons talents and strengths• Allow mistakes to be accepted• Praise meaningfully• De-emphasize competition and emphasize collaboration, co-operation• Do not mix "proficiency" with "ability"
Encourage risk-taking by: Promoting trial atmosphere Providing reasonable challenges Responding to ss attempts positively Encouraging small-group work Sequencing activities from easier to more difficult
Value and respect ss thoughts Praise and criticismGenuine interest Be fairBe ﬁrm and warm Symptom vs. Source Rapport AUTHORITY vs. FRIEND
• Let your body posture exhibit confidence• Your face should reflect optimism, brightness and warmth• Make frequent eye contact with students• Move around, use all the classroom space, be everywhere• Show enthusiasm towards what you are presenting
Know your students• Who is into what?• Teens out-of-the-classroom livesTeacher kit
Knowing your students, you better know:• Who to call• When to call• Who to ask to volunteer sth• When/how to correct each st• Who to place in each group/pair• How tough to be in each situation with each st