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  1. 1. Mariano Marcos State University COLLEGE OF TEACHER EDUCATION Laoag City Induction Program for Beginning for Teachers October 27-31, 2008, MMSU CTE Social Hall Teaching Speaking Ronald Candy S. Lasaten Tr ainer
  2. 2. Teaching Speaking • Speaking is considered the most basic and the most important among the four macro skills. • Being able to express himself / herself in the target language gives one an edge over others who simply cannot think of anything to say. • Learning to speak is more than knowing the rules of grammar. One must know what to say about something, how to say it, to whom, where, and when to say it. • Speaking requires a lot of real–time exposure to varied situations for functioning effectively in society.
  3. 3. Agree or Disagree? • Oral language is the foundation of early literacy development. • It is all right to correct a student’s error in grammar on the spot. • The most effective way to cultivate one’s skill in speaking is through pattern practice.
  4. 4. Agree or Disagree? • Students can easily talk about a topic he is familiar with. • If a student cannot express himself in the target language, he can always use the mother tongue.
  5. 5. The Process of Oral Communication Message Noise Medium Noise Receiver Sender or Source Feedback
  6. 6. Barriers to Effective Communication • Mispronunciations. • Lack of awareness of the pronunciation of a given word in the different varieties of English. • Different meanings attached to a word.
  7. 7. Barriers to Effective Communication • Psychological factors. • Delivery of the message. • Situation or setting.
  8. 8. True or False? 1) Motivation is high when learners are eager to speak because they are interested in the topic and have something new to say about. 2) Language is of an acceptable level when it is grammatically correct and pronunciation of words is accurate. 3) Learners complain that they cannot think of anything to say because they lack the necessary vocabulary to talk on the topic. 4) The use of the mother tongue by students should always be allowed so that they can express themselves well during the discussion.
  9. 9. True or False? 5) Students should use high level vocabulary during the discussion so that they will be rated high in oral performance. 6) Students are usually motivated to talk when the topic is highly interesting and the purpose of the discussion is clear. 7) Clear instruction on how to go about the activity should be given to the class. 8) We use negotiation skills in oral communication.
  10. 10. True or False? 9) Dialogues taught in class must be memorized by students. 10) Too many play rehearsals before performance are time-consuming and should be discouraged. 11) Role plays and other oral communication strategies enhance fluency in the language. 12) Group members arrive at a consensus by having different opinions.
  11. 11. True or False? 13) In a dyadic exchange, students pair off and interact with each other as they carry out the task assigned to them. 14) Problem solving is based on the principles of information gap. 15) The success of relaying and carrying out instructions depends on the correct giving and interpreting of instructions.
  12. 12. Successful Oral Fluency Characteristics of a Successful Speaking Activity • More learner talk • Even participation • High motivation • Acceptable language
  13. 13. Problems with Speaking Activities • • • • Inhibition Nothing to say Low or uneven participation Mother-tongue use
  14. 14. How to enhance Speaking Skills • Use group work. • Base the activity on easy language. • Make a careful choice of topic and task to stimulate interest.
  15. 15. How to enhance Speaking Skills • Give some instruction on training in discussion skills. • Keep students speaking the target language.
  16. 16. Oral Communication Strategies A. Discussion Activities – These activities provide meaningful practice in the language. – They also develop negotiation skills.
  17. 17. Discussion Activities • Describing pictures • Things in common • Picture differences
  18. 18. Picture Difference Find the differences in the pair of picture.
  19. 19. Discussion Activities • Problem-solving activity • Consensus-seeking activity • Moral dilemma issues • Humanistic activities
  20. 20. B. Language Games • Relaying and carrying out instructions • Story construction game • Strip story • Tongue-twisters • Jazz Chants
  21. 21. Tongue Twisters Mr. See owned a saw. And Mr. Soar owned a seesaw. Now See's saw sawed Soar's seesaw Before Soar saw See, Which made Soar sore. Had Soar seen See's saw Before See sawed Soar's seesaw, See's saw would not have sawed Soar's seesaw. So See's saw sawed Soar's seesaw. But it was sad to see Soar so sore Just because See's saw sawed Soar's seesaw! A tree toad loved a she-toad Who lived up in a tree. He was a two-toed tree toad But a three-toed toad was she. The two-toed tree toad tried to win The three-toed she-toad's heart, For the two-toed tree toad loved the ground That the three-toed tree toad trod. But the two-toed tree toad tried in vain. He couldn't please her whim. From her tree toad bower With her three-toed power The she-toad vetoed him.
  22. 22. Jazz Chant • I went to Costa Rica one fine day. I went to Costa Rica one fine day. – And what did I find? What did I find? • Warm, loving people with hearts so kind, Warm, loving people with hearts so kind. • I have a class in California yes I do. I have a class in California yes I do. – And what do I find? What do I find? • Warm, loving people with hearts so kind, Warm, loving people with hearts so kind. • I do, I do, I do, do, do. I do, I do, I do, do, do.
  23. 23. C. Student-centered Interaction Modes • Dyadic or Pair work (e.g. Think-Pair-Share) • Small group discussion (e.g. Panel Discussion, Brainstorming) • Debate
  24. 24. D. Role play and related techniques *Dialogues *Plays *Simulation *Skit *Role play *Chamber Theater *Dramatic Monologue *Readers Theater *Poetry Recital *Speech Choir
  25. 25. Points to Remember: For speaking activity to be successful the following characteristics should be present: – – – – Learners talk a lot. Participation is even. Motivation is high. Language is of an acceptable level.
  26. 26. “The limits of my language are the limits of my world.” -Ludwig Wittgenstein
  27. 27. Thank you and happy teaching!