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The History and Future of the MySQL ecosystem

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The history and future of the MySQL Ecosystem. This talk sub-titled “Spaghetti and MySQLBalls (with a side of greens)” detailed the beginnings of MySQL, the MySQL acquisition history, described the …

The history and future of the MySQL Ecosystem. This talk sub-titled “Spaghetti and MySQLBalls (with a side of greens)” detailed the beginnings of MySQL, the MySQL acquisition history, described the state of current MySQL versions/variants/forks, storage engines, related vendors, NoSQL and much more.

A video of the presentations is available on YouTube at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9mKwkbaB5X8&feature=youtu.be

Published in: Technology, Business

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  • 1. The History and Future of the MySQL Ecosystem New York Linux User Group (NYLUG) Ronald Bradford http://ronaldbradford.com 2013.06
  • 2. Spaghetti and MySQLBalls (with a side of greens) Image from http://livelikeliam.blogspot.com
  • 3. ABOUT MySELF Ronald BRADFORD Enterprise Data Architecture & Developer 24 years with RDBMS - 13 years with MySQL Published author - 4 books Accomplished presenter - 8 years Work at Independent MySQL Consultant Seeking new clients EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 4. covering MySQL Some history Distributions/Variants Patches Storage Engines Alternatives Vendors EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 5. (*), in ago A long time a small nordic country far, far away ... (*) 10,000,000 seconds and counting EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 6. BEFORE 1994 1998 1996 2001 v3.23 v4.0 2003 v5.0 2005 2008 MySQL (.com) 2004 v4.1
  • 7. BEFORE 1994 1998 1996 2001 v3.23 v4.0 2003 v5.0 2005 2008 MySQL (.com) 2004 v4.1
  • 8. BEFORE 1994 1998 1996 2001 v3.23 v4.0 2003 v5.0 2005 2008 MySQL (.com) 2004 v4.1 Sun (.com)
  • 9. BEFORE 1998 1994 1996 1995 2001 v3.23 v4.0 2003 v5.0 2005 2008 MySQL (.com) 2004 v4.1 2005 Sun (.com) Innobase
  • 10. BEFORE 1998 1994 1996 1995 2001 v3.23 v4.0 2003 v5.0 2005 2008 MySQL (.com) 2004 v4.1 2005 Sun (.com) Innobase Oracle (.com)
  • 11. popularity MySQL - the world's most widely use open source RDBMS Inclusion in Linux distributions The ‘M’ of LAMP Stack EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 12. v5.0 2005 During 2008 MySQL (.com) 4/21/2009 v5.4 beta v5.2 X 2008 v5.1 X v6.0 X Sun (.com)
  • 13. v5.0 2005 During 2008 MySQL (.com) 4/21/2009 v5.4 beta v5.2 X 2008 v5.1 X v6.0 X Sun (.com)
  • 14. v5.0 2005 During 2008 MySQL (.com) 4/21/2009 v5.4 beta v5.2 X 2008 v5.1 X X Sun (.com) v6.0 4/20/2009 Oracle (.com) Acquisition announcement
  • 15. v5.0 2005 During 2008 MySQL (.com) 4/21/2009 v5.4 beta v5.2 X 2008 v5.1 2006 X Sun (.com) X v6.0 4/20/2009 Oracle (.com) Acquisition announcement 2009 Proven Scaling
  • 16. v5.0 2005 During 2008 MySQL (.com) 4/21/2009 v5.4 beta v5.2 X 2008 v5.1 X Sun (.com) X v6.0 4/20/2009 Oracle (.com) Acquisition announcement 2009 2006 Proven Scaling 2008 2011 Our Delta
  • 17. Now 4/2009 1/2010 Sun (.com) 12/2010 v5.5 3/2013 v5.6 July 2013
  • 18. Now 4/2009 1/2010 Sun (.com) July 2013 Oracle (.com) 12/2010 v5.5 3/2013 v5.6
  • 19. Now 4/2009 1/2010 July 2013 Sun (.com) Oracle (.com) 12/2010 v5.5 2006 3/2013 v5.6 ? 4/2009 v1.0.3 7/2010 v5.1 4/2011 v5.5 ???? v5.6 Percona Server
  • 20. Now 4/2009 1/2010 July 2013 Sun (.com) Oracle (.com) 12/2010 v5.5 3/2013 v5.6 2006 Percona Server ? 4/2009 v1.0.3 7/2010 v5.1 4/2011 v5.5 2009 ???? v5.6 ? 2/10 11/10 v5.1 v5.2 2/12 4/12 V5.3 v5.5 ???? v10.0 Maria DB
  • 21. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MySQL
  • 22. truths MySQL to Sun Acquisition (~ 6 weeks) Sun to Oracle Acquisition (~9 months) Oracle did not acquire MySQL It was part of Sun MySQL is and always will be in some form (*) available as GPL EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 23. Distributions/Variants EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 24. Recap Distributions/V ariants 1. Oracle/MySQL Community/Enterprise (2 years) 2. Percona Server 3. MariaDB Moving away from full compatibility Most flexible for community 4. Storage Engine specific (*) EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 25. Distros Moving to MariaDB Fedora 19 SUSE 12.3 Ubuntu (currently both) Expanding ‘M’ in LAMP EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 26. Storage Engines EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 27. Storage Engines A storage engine provides a means to store and/or retrieve data via the MySQL SQL interface. EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 28. storage engines Different locking strategies Indexing algorithms Transactional capabilities ACID characteristics Improving Performance EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 29. Storage Engines stock MyISAM (Default before 5.5) InnoDB (Default since 5.5) Memory/Archive/Federated/Merge/ Blackhole/CSV/Example/BDB EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 30. PSEA Since 5.1 (circa 2006) Pluggable Storage Engine Architecture (PSEA) Enabling third party providers http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.1/en/pluggable-storage-overview.html EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 31. storage engines Why develop a storage engine? EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 32. Base variants InnoDB InnoDB built-in (3.2.23 - v 5.1) InnoDB plugin (v 5.1+) XtraDB (Percona/MariaDB) Schooner MyISAM Aria EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 33. early PSE NitroEDB SolidDB PBXT Spider Blob Streaming Kickfire Falcon More... File System Akiban (***) EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 34. TODAY Tokutek DeepDB Data Warehousing Infobright - Brighthouse Calpont - InfiniDB EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 35. Other PSE Sphinx IBM DB/2 Cassandra OQGraph <your name here>? EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 36. Ecosystem EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 37. patches Proven Scaling Google Facebook eBay Twitter Storage Engine Providers EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 38. Alternatives Drizzle Tungsten Replicator libdrizzle Galera Percona XtraDB Cluster Maria Galera ScaleDB EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 39. Cloud AWS RDS for MySQL Google Cloud SQL HP/Openstack DBaaS Percona Server Drizzle??? EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 40. imitators Use the MySQL protocol Clustrix Xeround Unclear of internals GenieDB ClearDB EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 41. connectivity Scale Base Parelastic Thu June 20 http://www.meetup.com/EffectiveMySQL/ EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 42. Support Ecosystem now provides options Oracle Support Percona Support Monty Program/SkySQL Freedom of per incident not subscription EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 43. Today EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 44. mysql 5.6 http://effectivemysql.com/presentation/mysql-5-6-features-fornosql-big-data-and-the-cloud/ http://effectivemysql.com/presentation/new-mysql-5-6replication-features/ EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 45. tokutek Well Established http://www.tokutek.com/ Boston/New York Team Now Open source Community/Enterprise http://effectivemysql.com/article/understanding-tokutek-fractal-tree-indexes/ EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 46. deepDB Recently released http://deep.is/ Commercial only Formally called CloudTree EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 47. Going Green EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 48. NO SQL MySQL Cluster MySQL [NDB] Cluster My(SQL) + NDB Cluster Handler Socket Memcache API (MySQL & MySQL Cluster) EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 49. No SQL Key/Value Store Document Store Graph Memcache/Redis/Mongo/Cassandra/ Riak/CouchDB/Tokyo Cabinet/..... Most companies use multiple products EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 50. Why not both? EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 51. Akiban DBaaS platform for developers One data model, document and relational access REST (JSON) , SQL, FullText Import from MySQL http://www.akiban.com/ EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 52. Tips for SysAdmin EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 53. for sysadmins Keep versions up to date Tune for memory Storage Engine specifics Replication is not Backup & Recovery Be prepared for a disaster EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 54. Size/Engines DB Size / Storage Engines $ wget http://ronaldbradford.com/mysql-dba/allschemas.sql $ mysql -uroot -p -vvv < allschemas.sql http://ronaldbradford.com/mysql-dba/ EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 55. Essential config MyISAM Key Buffer (Indexes Only) InnoDB Buffer Pool (Data + Indexes) Query Cache (High Read/Write ratio) EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 56. FOR SYSADMINS Binary logging is essential for backup and recovery #my.cnf [mysqld] server-id=1 log-bin EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 57. Tomorrow EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 58. EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 59. Tomorrow What of MySQL 5.7 NOTE: The following are only wild guesses with no basis of FACT 5.7 Will happen, will be better InnoDB only (MyISAM/Memory) replaced, others dropped Maria will continue to diverge EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity
  • 60. Ronald Bradford http://effectiveMySQL.com EffectiveMySQL.com - Performance, Scalability & Business Continuity