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2 Hurrey Ibm

  1. 1. innovations in automated border crossing :: IBM Executive Forum - October 2008
  2. 2. three years on… international traffic still increasing despite rising cost and unpleasant experience poverty/greed motivating trafficking, smuggling and cross-border crime world instability still motivating migration
  3. 3. unified UK Border Force must check every person entering the UK – for prohibited goods, VAT/BTW & duty, identity, eligibility, harm majority of passengers are welcome, so the checking process needs to be quick and convenient, while identifying the minority who are ‘the needle in the haystack’ difficult, as passengers’ expectations - and numbers - continue to rise Increased freight traffic / vehicles over 85% of passengers arriving in the UK are EU citizens – at some ports 93% EEA.
  4. 4. human inspection methods (eyes, ears, feel, intuition) no longer an easy option need for solutions which are industrial-scale, lightly-supervised – even unattended and remote transfer the responsibility for border clearance to passengers and port operators information technology, scanners and biometrics new enablers uninvited migration, smuggling, terrorism and crime are the challenges
  5. 5. • biometrics e-Borders & e-BOC • one-to-one, one-to-many • trusted traveller body and freight scanners • authenticated traveller • electro-magnetic scanning IRIS, MiSense, project Faro • passive radiation • profiling / automatic selection remote clearance • wireless, secure communications • mobile operation other technologies • remote audio/visual/data interaction
  6. 6. project faro In the UK, although we are not part of the Schengen agreement, non-British EEA nationals are welcome and free to enter without formal permission British and EEA are the majority of our passengers Some of them are suspects and some need to be examined/arrested In the next few years most with hold e- Passports
  7. 7. project faro e-Passports contain electronic text and images and the data is electronically signed the RFIDs can be authenticated biometrics can link the passenger’s body to the passport EEA governments can be trusted to issue passports only to their own citizens
  8. 8. project faro check the passport is authentic read MRZ and RFID contents quickly and accurately Match the face of the passenger to the image in the RFID ensure watchlist suspects are identified
  9. 9. project faro Singapore, Hong Kong ,Kuala Lumpur, Lisbon, Vancouver, tel Aviv, Amsterdam, London… Systems tend to be for ‘trusted travellers’ who are pre-enrolled, security-checked and approved by border control agencies What about ordinary citizens of trusted countries? Does everyone need detailed examination by human officers?
  10. 10. project faro Opportunity for joint projects with private sector organisations such as port operators and carriers current trial at Manchester Airport using commercial off-the-shelf products already used in Portugal – MAplc – UKBA majority contributor to costs proposed trial at Stansted Airport, bespoke system developed by BAA – UKBA minority contributor to costs
  11. 11. project faro - Manchester proof of concept set of 5 e-Passport gates in T1 arrivals, adult EEA citizens with e- Passports only requires link to a classified government watchlist – hardware made part of the security domain of the database system test-bed for technology, e-Passports, new procedures, policies, staff working conditions
  12. 12. project faro - Manchester installed July 2008 initial training/testing period Soft launch 10 August, 0600-2200 Visit by Home Secretary 19 August publicity campaign to start soon
  13. 13. project faro - Manchester So far 35.000 passengers have been invited to enter testing/spoofing attempts continuing Experience leading to software and procedural changes full report within six months
  14. 14. the future? multi-modal identification systems, using biometrics from other existing systems automatic entry systems – validating and authenticating documents, RFIDs and visa/residence details in real time remote and unattended entry-exit systems to extend agency reach without extra staff multi-purpose systems – immigration, customs declaration, vehicle safety, anti-smuggling, people-detection, quarantine inspections
  15. 15. questions… answers
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