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Roles and professional certifications


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  • 2. TOPICS Modern Safety and Health Teams Safety and Health Manager Engineers and Safety Industrial Hygienist Health Physicist Occupational Physician Occupational Health Nurse Risk Manager Certification of Safety and Health Professionals Emerging Role of Safety Professionals
  • 3. Modern Safety and Health Teams stress explosives laws, standards and codes radiation AIDS product safety and liability ergonomics ethics automation workers’ compensation And many others. Issues that concern modern safety and health managers
  • 4. Modern Safety and Health Teams Safety and Health Manager Safety Engineer Environmental Engineer Industrial Hygienist Health Physicist Occupational Health Nurse Occupational Physician
  • 5. Safety and Health Manager •The most important member of the safety and health team •Position in the company’s hierarchy indicates company’s commitment and priorities job is complex and diverse Role: full-time or are in addition to other duties Line or staff authority
  • 6. Difference between line and staff position Line authority - the safety and health manager has authority over and supervises certain employees [other safety and health personnel]. Staff authority - the safety and health manager is the staff person responsible for a certain function, but he or she has no line authority over others involved with that function.
  • 7. Problems in attempting to implement programs • Lack of commitment: Safety and health professional should be prepared to confront a less than wholehearted commitment from top management in some companies. • Production versus safety: At times, a safety or health measure will be viewed by some as interfering with productivity.
  • 8. Use competitiveness to gain commitment to safety and health • The way to gain company wide commitment to safety and health is to convey the message that a safe and healthy workplace is the best way to improve productivity, cost, quality, image, service, and response time. • [The way not to gain a company wide commitment to safety and health is to quote government regulations as a reason.]
  • 9. College majors that can lead to a careers as a safety and health manager • Universities, colleges, and community colleges across the country have responded to the need for formal education for safety and health managers as well as other safety and health personnel. Associate degrees • Industrial safety • Occupational safety • Environmental technology • Safety and health management • Industrial hygiene Baccalaureate degrees • Industrial safety and health • Occupational safety management • Industrial hygiene
  • 10. Helpful Agencies for Safety and Health Managers • • • • Certification Boards Professional Societies Scientific Standards and Testing Organizations Trade Associations
  • 11. ENGINEERS and SAFETY ENGINEERS • can make a significant contribution to safety • correspondingly, they can cause, inadvertently or through incompetence, accidents that result in serious injury and property damage.
  • 12. ENGINEERS and SAFETY ENGINEERS • opportunity for both good and bad comes during the design process
  • 13. ENGINEERS INVOLVED IN DESIGN Aerospace Engineering Electrical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Industrial Engineering Nuclear Engineering
  • 14. DESIGN PROCESS The design process is a plan of action for reaching a goal. The plan, sometimes labeled problem-solving strategy, is used by engineers, designers, drafters, scientists, technologists, and a multitude of professionals. -Professor William S. Chalk
  • 15. DESIGN PROCESS PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION • This involves gathering information, considering constraints, reviewing specifications, and combining all of these into a clear and concise description of the problem SYNTHESIS • combine or synthesize systematic, scientific procedures with creative techniques to develop initial solutions to the problem identified in Step 1 ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION • All potential solutions developed in the previous step are subjected to scientific analysis and careful evaluation DOCUMENT AND COMMUNICATE • Engineering drawings, detailed calculations, and written specifications are prepared. It is common to revise the design at this point based on feedback from different reviewers PRODUCE AND DELIVER • Shop or detail drawings are developed, and the design is produced, usually as a prototype. The product is then produced and delivered.
  • 16. Modern Safety and Health Teams Safety and Health Manager Safety Engineer Environmental Engineer Industrial Hygienist Health Physicist Occupational Health Nurse Occupational Physician
  • 17. SAFETY ENGINEER • person responsible for the traditional aspects of the safety program, such as preventing mechanical injuries; falls, impact, and acceleration injuries; heat and temperature injuries; electrical accidents; fire-related accidents; and so on
  • 18. SAFETY ENGINEER • • • • • • Persons with academic credentials in areas other than engineering degrees should be encouraged to seek such positions. These other educational disciplines include: industrial technology industrial engineering technology manufacturing technology engineering technology industrial management industrial safety technology
  • 19. INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERS and SAFETY Industrial engineers are most likely to work as safety engineers. – knowledge of industrial systems can make them valuable members of a design team, particularly one that designs industrial systems and technologies. – helping design job and plant layouts for both efficiency and safety.
  • 20. ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS and SAFETY • Environmental engineering science is a relatively new field in which the application of scientific and engineering principles is used to protect and preserve human health and well being of the environment.
  • 21. ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS and SAFETY It embraces the broad field of the general environment including: Air &Water Quality Solid and Hazardous Wastes Environmental biology and chemistry Water Resources and Management Systems ecology Radiological Health Water & waste-water treatment
  • 22. CHEMICAL ENGINEERS and SAFETY • Increasingly, industrial companies are seeking chemical engineers to fill the industrial hygiene role on the safety and health team. • Modern chemical engineers, who are also called process engineers, are concerned with all the physical and chemical changes of matter to produce a product economically or result that is useful to mankind.
  • 23. CHEMICAL ENGINEERS and SAFETY • Such a broad background has made the chemical engineer extremely versatile and capable of working in a wide variety of industries: Chemical Petroleum Aerospace Nuclear Materials Microelectr onics Sanitation Food Processing Computer Technology
  • 24. INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE “science and art devoted to the recognition, evaluation, and control of those environmental factors or stresses, arising in and from the workplace, which may cause sickness, impaired health and well-being, or significant discomfort and inefficiency among workers or among citizens of the community.” - American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA)
  • 25. INDUSTRIAL HYGIENIST • A person having a college or university degree or degrees in engineering, chemistry, physics, medicine, or related physical and biological sciences who, by virtue of special studies and training, has acquired competence in industrial hygiene
  • 26. INDUSTRIAL HYGIENIST • are primarily concerned about the following types of hazards: -solvents, particulates, noise, dermatoses, radiation, temperature, ergonomics, toxic substances, biological substances, ventilation, gas, and vapors
  • 27. INDUSTRIAL HYGIENIST The National Safety Council (NSC): Such special studies and training must have been sufficient in all of the above cognate sciences to provide the abilities: (a) to recognize environmental factors and to understand their effect on humans and their well-being; (b) to evaluate, on the basis of experience and with the aid of quantitative measurement techniques, the magnitude of these stresses in terms of ability to impair human health and well-being (c) to prescribe methods to eliminate, control, or reduce such stresses when necessary to alleviate their effects.
  • 28. HEALTH PHYSICIST are concerned primarily with radiation in the workplace. Consequently, they are employed by companies that generate or use nuclear power. Their primary duties include the following monitoring radiation inside and outside the facility measuring the radioactivity levels of biological samples developing the radiation components of the company’s emergency action plan supervising the decontamination of workers and the workplace when necessary
  • 29. OCCUPATIONAL PHYSICIAN • • • • • • Occupational physicians are fully degreed and licensed medical doctors. In addition, they must have completed postgraduate work in the following areas of safety like: biostatistics and epidemiology industrial toxicology work physiology radiation (ionizing and nonionizing) noise and hearing conservation and others
  • 30. OCCUPATIONAL PHYSICIAN • Alice Hamilton, MD -The first leading occupational physician in the United States. According to the NSC, in 1910 Dr. Hamilton became managing director of the Illinois Occupational Disease Commission in the United States. •Bernardino Ramazzini - widely thought of as being the first occupational physician. This is primarily as a result of his study of the work-related problems of workers in Modena, Italy, and a subsequent book he authored titled The Diseases of Workers (1700).
  • 31. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH NURSE • is the application of nursing principles in conserving the health of workers in all occupations. • It involves prevention, recognition, and treatment of illness and injury, and requires special skills and knowledge in the areas of health education and counselling, environmental health, rehabilitation, and human relations - American Association of Occupational Health Nurses (AAOHN)
  • 32. RISK MANAGER Risk is defined as a specific contingency or peril. Because the situations that put organizations at risk can be so expensive when they do occur, many organizations employ risk manager
  • 33. RISK MANAGER Risk management consists of the various activities and strategies that an organization can use to protect itself from situations, circumstances, or events that may undermine its security. You are yourself, a risk manager.
  • 34. MANAGING RISK REDUCTION -Risk managers work closely with safety and health personnel to reduce the risk of accidents and injuries on the job TRANSFERENCE -work closely with insurance companies to achieve the most effective transference possible
  • 35. Certification of Safety and Health Professionals • Many occupations, both in and out of government service, recognize education and experience through professional certifications. • Professional Certification is an excellent way to establish credentials in the safety, health and environmental profession.
  • 36. Most Highly Pursued Certifications Certified Safety Professional • Awarded by Board of Certified Safety Professionals Certified Professional Ergonomist • Awarded by Board of Certification in Professional Ergonomics Certified Industrial Hygienist • Awarded by American Board of Industrial Hygiene Certified Occupational Health Nurse • Awarded by the American Board for Occupational Health Nurse
  • 37. How to qualify for CSP title? Apply to the BSCP Meet an academic requirement Meet a professional safety experience requirement Pass the Safety Fundamentals Examination Pass the Comprehensive Practice Examination • Associate degree in safety and health or Bachelor’s degree in any field • 4 years of professional safety experience in addition to any experience used to meet academic requirements • Basic knowledge appropriate to professional safety practice
  • 38. How to qualify for CIH title? Certification Process • Technical knowledge • Professional Reference Questionnaire Certification Maintenance • Accumulation of 40 points required every 5 years gathered for active practice, technical committee work, publications, meetings, teachings, etc.
  • 39. How to qualify for CPE? Academic requirements Work experience Work product • MS or equivalent, in one of the correlative fields of ergonomics, such as biomechanics, human factors/ergonomics, industrial engineering, industrial hygiene, kinesiology, psychology, or systems engineering • 4 years of ergonomic work experience • technical reports, design papers, analysis reports, evaluation reports, patent applications, or thorough written description of the project
  • 40. How to qualify for OHN? Academic requirements Work experience • Registered nurses holding bachelor’s degree, associate degree or higher • 4000 or more hours of work experience in occupational health • 50 or more contact hours of continuing education completed during last 5 years
  • 41. Emerging Role of Safety Professional Core Duty: prevention of events that cause harm to people, property and environment The skills needed to fulfill this duty are changing.
  • 42. Opportunities • Safety is one business function that allows an organization to demonstrate genuine concern for the well-being of the individual and give life to the ethics that are becoming more important to employee satisfaction. • Safety professionals position themselves as consultants to the organization and trusted advisors to the line organization and its leaders.
  • 43. Threats -Independently deciding resources that are unavailable - adding layers of complexities -insertion of disciplinary actions -failure to investigate to analyze new incentives and approaches
  • 44.