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Pages 50 – 56
CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage Supporting connective   tissue with tensile   strength and...
CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage• Firmer than connective  tissue proper• Has no blood supply...
CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. CartilageChondroblasts – immaturecartilage cells that producethe matr...
CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. CartilageChondrocytes – maturechondroblast that becometrapped in matr...
Lacuna (histology),a small spacecontaining anosteocyte in boneor chondrocyte incartilage
CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3 types of cartilage:A. Hyaline cartilage occurs at end of ...
CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3 types of cartilage:B. Elastic cartilage found in epiglott...
CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3 types of cartilage:C. Fibrous cartilage     Strongest   ...
CONNECTIVE TISSUE - Cartilage
CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3. Bone: Hardest connective   tissue Consist of cells, col...
CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3. Bone: Ground substance  becomes hard or  calcified throu...
CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3. Bone: Has a rich blood supply Properly known as  osseou...
CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3. BoneTypes of bone cells:     A. Osteoblasts- make     com...
CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3. BoneTypes of bone cells:     B. Osteocytes – mature     o...
CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3. BoneTypes of bone cells:     C. Osteoclasts – reasorb    ...
CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3. Bone4. Blood transports Also known as vascular  tissue...
CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3. Bone4. Blood Ground substance =  proteins in blood Has ...
QUIZ
New Topic: MembranesMembrane = layers oftissueThere are three categories ofmembranes:
New Topic: MembranesThere are three categories of membranes:1. Mucous found in linings of organsystems that open to the o...
New Topic: MembranesThere are three categories of membranes:2.    Serous are covered by a thin layer ofserous fluid that ...
New Topic: MembranesThere are three categories of membranes:3. Synovial membranes connective tissue membranes thatline th...
New Topic: MembranesThere are three categories of membranes:3.    Synovial membranessecrete synovial fluid into the joint...
New Topic: tissue repairRemember: Tissues are made up ofcells.Two types of cells that make up tissuebased on function:1. S...
New Topic: tissue repairRemember: Tissues are made up of cells.Two types of cells that make up tissue based on function:1....
Organ    Parenchymakidney   nephron         alveoli, respiratory         bronchiole, alveolarlungs         duct and termin...
New Topic: tissue repairCategories of cells based on ability toreproduce or regenerate:1. Labile cells cells that multipl...
New Topic: tissue repairCategories of cells based on ability to reproduce or regenerate:2. Stable cells only multiply whe...
A and P Mod#2 pages 50 -56
A and P Mod#2 pages 50 -56
A and P Mod#2 pages 50 -56
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Transcript of "A and P Mod#2 pages 50 -56"

  1. 1. Pages 50 – 56
  2. 2. CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage Supporting connective tissue with tensile strength and supporting fibers of collagen in the ground substance
  3. 3. CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage• Firmer than connective tissue proper• Has no blood supply• Thin matrix• Found in nose, ear, larynx• Often replaced by bone
  4. 4. CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. CartilageChondroblasts – immaturecartilage cells that producethe matrix fibers.
  5. 5. CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. CartilageChondrocytes – maturechondroblast that becometrapped in matrix and livein hollow spaces calledlacuna in the cartilagetissue.
  6. 6. Lacuna (histology),a small spacecontaining anosteocyte in boneor chondrocyte incartilage
  7. 7. CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3 types of cartilage:A. Hyaline cartilage occurs at end of bones, external ear, fetal skeleton, nose, ribs and vertebrae Weakest and most common
  8. 8. CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3 types of cartilage:B. Elastic cartilage found in epiglottis and external ear contains elastic fibers great flexibility and is able to withstand repeated bending
  9. 9. CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3 types of cartilage:C. Fibrous cartilage Strongest Dense collagen fibers with limited ground substance Found in disk between vertebrae and skull Where bears great amount of weight Has fibrous appearance
  10. 10. CONNECTIVE TISSUE - Cartilage
  11. 11. CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3. Bone: Hardest connective tissue Consist of cells, collagen fibers, and mineralized (calcium and phosphate) ground substance
  12. 12. CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3. Bone: Ground substance becomes hard or calcified through a process known as calcification
  13. 13. CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3. Bone: Has a rich blood supply Properly known as osseous tissue
  14. 14. CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3. BoneTypes of bone cells: A. Osteoblasts- make components of bone
  15. 15. CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3. BoneTypes of bone cells: B. Osteocytes – mature osteoblasts found in lacuna
  16. 16. CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3. BoneTypes of bone cells: C. Osteoclasts – reasorb bone and remodel it
  17. 17. CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3. Bone4. Blood transports Also known as vascular tissue Two types of cells – red and white
  18. 18. CONNECTIVE TISSUETYPES:1. connective tissue proper2. Cartilage3. Bone4. Blood Ground substance = proteins in blood Has fluid part – blood plasma Has clotting fibers
  19. 19. QUIZ
  20. 20. New Topic: MembranesMembrane = layers oftissueThere are three categories ofmembranes:
  21. 21. New Topic: MembranesThere are three categories of membranes:1. Mucous found in linings of organsystems that open to the outside
  22. 22. New Topic: MembranesThere are three categories of membranes:2. Serous are covered by a thin layer ofserous fluid that lubricates and issecreted by the epithelium
  23. 23. New Topic: MembranesThere are three categories of membranes:3. Synovial membranes connective tissue membranes thatline the cavities of the freelymovable joints such as the shoulder,elbow, and knee.
  24. 24. New Topic: MembranesThere are three categories of membranes:3. Synovial membranessecrete synovial fluid into the jointcavity, and this lubricates cartilageon the ends of the bones so thatthey can move freely and withoutfriction.
  25. 25. New Topic: tissue repairRemember: Tissues are made up ofcells.Two types of cells that make up tissuebased on function:1. Stromal cells – provide structure andsupport to tissue; usually connectivetissue
  26. 26. New Topic: tissue repairRemember: Tissues are made up of cells.Two types of cells that make up tissue based on function:1. Stromal cells – provide structure and support to tissue2.Parenchymal cells – cells that actually perform the function of the tissue
  27. 27. Organ Parenchymakidney nephron alveoli, respiratory bronchiole, alveolarlungs duct and terminal bronchiole white pulp and redspleen pulpbrain neuronliver hepatocyte
  28. 28. New Topic: tissue repairCategories of cells based on ability toreproduce or regenerate:1. Labile cells cells that multiply constantly throughout life Most of cells in body ex. Parenchymal epithelial cells replace themselves quickly
  29. 29. New Topic: tissue repairCategories of cells based on ability to reproduce or regenerate:2. Stable cells only multiply when receive external stimulus to do so ex. Bone parenchymal cells when a bone is broken can reproduce and repair the broken bone
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