Passive active voice
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Passive active voice

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Passive active voice Passive active voice Presentation Transcript

  • By: Romy Semaan 2013-2014
  • At the end of the lesson, you will be able to:  Define active voice  Define passive voice  Identify the use of passive voice
  • Let’s see something…..
  • Click me
  • Passive voice Active The window is broken. Mr. Beans broke the window.
  • The first step to use the passive voice is to distinguish between the subject and the object.
  • John eats cookies. Subject Object
  • Who eats cookies?? John Subject
  • What does he eat? Cookies Object
  • Susan is cleaning the basement. Who is cleaning? Susan
  • What is she cleaning? The basement Object
  • Mr. Bean broke the window. Subject/Agent/Doer Verb Object/Receiver
  • 1. Once a week, Tom cleans the house. 2.The car was repaired by Sam. 3. Right now, Sarah is writing the letter.
  • X X X 1. Once a week, Tom cleans the house. 2. The car was repaired by Sam. 3. Right now, Sarah is writing the letter. A P A P A P
  • 1.Once a week, Tom cleans the house. Active Passive 2. The car was repaired by Sam. Active Passive 3. Right now, Sarah is writing the letter. Active Passive X X X
  • The object of the active verb becomes the subject in the new sentence.
  • The window was broken by (Mr. Beans) Subject/Object/Receiver Doer/Agent
  • Subject Verb Object (Agent) Active Picasso painted that picture. Passive That picture Was painted By Picasso. •The active verb changes into a passive form and the subject of the active verb becomes the agent. •The agent is introduced with by or it is omitted.
  • But when do we put the agent (the person who does the action) using by or with in the passive form ??
  •  We use by+ agent to say who or what carries the action.  We use with + instrument/material/ingredient to say what the agent used.  We put the agent (=the person who does the action) into the passive sentence only if it adds information.
  • Example: Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone. Do we omit the agent in the passive form? No Why? Because it adds information What does it become? The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell.
  • Active: Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone. Passive: The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell.
  •  If the agent is unknown.  If the agent is unimportant.  If the agent is obvious.  Agents such as people (in general), they, somebody, etc. are omitted.
  •  Somebody pushed him. He was pushed by somebody. (unknown agent is omitted)  The police arrested him. He was arrested by the police. (obvious agent is omitted)
  • After modal verbs (will, can, must, have to, should, may, ought to) we use : +
  • You can use the machine for cutting bread. The machine for cutting bread. Modal verb Be + Past Participle
  • The Passive is used:  When the agent (=the person who does the action) is unknown, unimportant, or obvious from the context. Ex: My car is stolen. (we don’t know who stole it.)  To make more polite or formal statements. The car hasn’t been cleaned. (more polite) (You haven’t cleaned the car - less polite)
  •  When the action is more important than the agent, as in processes, instructions, events, reports, headlines, new items, and advertisements. 30 people were killed in the earthquake.  To put emphasis on the agent. The new library will be opened by the Queen.
  • Active Voice Passive Voice Present Simple He delivers letters. Letters are delivered. Past Simple He delivered the letters. The letters were delivered. Present Perfect He has delivered the letters. The letters have been delivered. Past Perfect He had delivered the letters. The letters had been delivered. Present Continuous He is delivering the letters. The letters are being delivered. Past Continuous He was delivering the letters. The letters were being delivered. Future Simple He will deliver the letters. The letters will be delivered. Infinitive He has to deliver the letters. The letters have to be delivered. Modal + be + Past Participle He must deliver the letters. The letters must be delivered.
  • http://eslgamesworld.com/members/games/g rammar/basketball/active%20vs.%20passive% 20voice/active%20vs.%20passive%20voice.ht ml
  • 1. John cleaned the bathroom. 2. The teacher closes the window. 3. The mechanic repairs cars.
  • 1. John cleaned the bathroom. The bathroom was cleaned. 2. The teacher closes the window. The window is closed. 3. The mechanic repairs cars. Cars are repaired.
  • 1. The bag was packed by his mother. 2. The computer is used by Patrick. 3. Coffee is sold by Marie.
  • 1. The bag was packed by his mother. His mother packed the bag. 2. The computer is used by Patrick. Patrick uses the computer. 3. Coffee is sold by Marie. Marie sells coffee.
  • Active or passive. Choose the correct tense. 1. They often _________music. ( listen to ) 2. She ___________an e-mail at the moment. ( read ) 3. These cars ______________in Japan. ( produce ) 4. Alan _________Geography. ( teach ) 5. German ____________in Austria. ( speak ) 6. Lots of houses __________________by the earthquake last month. ( destroy ) 7. Henry Ford _______________he assembly line in 1976. ( invent ) 8. The bus driver ______________before week. ( hurt ) 9. You ______________your workbooks now. ( open ) 10. Houses _____________few months ago. ( build ) 11. Boys __________ soccer every weekend. ( play ) listen to is reading are produced teaches is spoken were destroyed was invented was hurt are opening were built play Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer
  • 1.They often listen to music. ( listen to ) 2. She is reading an e-mail at the moment. ( read ) 3. These cars are produced in Japan. ( produce ) 4. Alan teaches Geography. ( teach ) 5. German is spoken in Austria. ( speak ) 6. Lots of houses were destroyed by the earthquake last month. ( destroy ) 7. Henry Ford was invented the assembly line in 1976. ( invent ) 8. The bus driver was hurt before week. ( hurt ) 9. You are opening your workbooks now. ( open ) 10. Houses were built few months ago. ( build ) 11 . Boys play soccer every weekend. ( play)
  • 12. This room _______________blue now. ( paint ) 13. Cricket ___________in Australia every summer. ( play ) 14. I _____________a prize by president right now. ( give ) 15. We ______ our homework last Sunday. ( do ) 16. You _______ dolphins here before two weeks. ( see ) 17. The report ________________last Friday at 5 o’clock. (complete) 18. They _____________ a song yesterday at 5.00. ( sing ) 19. A letter _____________ to her a month ago. ( write ) 20. The bike ________________ at the moment. ( repair ) is being painted is played am being given did saw was being completed were singing was written is being repaired Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Continued…
  • 12. This room is being painted blue now. ( paint ) 13. Cricket is played in Australia every summer. ( play ) 14. I am being given a prize by president right now. ( give ) 15. We did our homework last Sunday. ( do ) 16. You saw dolphins here before two weeks. ( see ) 17. The report was being completed last Friday at 5 o’clock. (complete) 18. They were singing a song yesterday at 5.00. ( sing ) 19. A letter was written to her a month ago. ( write ) 20. The bike is being repaired at the moment. ( repair )
  • How do we form the passive question?
  • Let us see how…
  • When we want to find out who or what did something, the passive question form is as follows: …
  • Example: Who was the TV invented by? What was the fire caused by? Write the question: Captain Cook discovered Australia. Continued…
  • It could also be formed without by: We keep money in a safe. Where is the money kept?
  • Using the passive, ask questions to which the bold type words are the answers. 1. The boys damaged the T.V. 2. A bee stung him. 3. They speak English in New Zealand. 4. They have taken his aunt to the hospital.
  • 1. The boys damaged the T.V. Who was the TV damaged by? 2.A bee stung him. What was he stung by? 3.They speak English in New Zealand. What language is spoken in New Zealand? 4.They have taken his aunt to the hospital. Who was taken to the hospital?
  • With verbs taking two objects, it is more usual to begin the passive sentence with the person. I sent her some roses. She was sent some roses.(more usual) Some roses were sent to her.(less usual)
  • Let us practice…
  • 1. He gave me a present. More usual: Less usual: 2.The waiter will bring us the bill. More usual: Less usual: 3.The Queen presented him with a medal. More usual: Less usual: I was given a present. A present was given to me. We will be brought the bill. The bill will be brought to us. He was presented with a medal by the Queen. A medal was presented to him by the Queen. Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer Show Answer
  • 1. He gave me a present. More usual: I was given a present. Less usual: A present was given to me. 2.The waiter will bring us the bill. More usual: We will be brought the bill. Less usual: The bill will be brought to us. 3.The Queen presented him with a medal. More usual: He was presented with a medal by the Queen. Less usual: A medal was presented to him by the Queen.
  • Now, in pairs, write two sentences in the active voice and write their passive forms. Then, write their passive question form.
  • Hope you enjoyed Thank you
  •  http://www.slideshare.net/CarolinaSeplveda1/passive-voice-00-final-ppt-long-class-2-hours  https://www.google.com.lb/search?q=passive+voice&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=A7k7 U6nFKoyShQeC24D4BA&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=632#q=passive+active+voice&t bm=isch  https://www.google.com.lb/search?q=who/what&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=ipJDU5HZ C4fWtQbtyoDYBQ&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=675#q=%3F&tbm=isch&facrc=_&img dii=5gfLQ3_DAutRbM%3A%3BcbGQ2_6w8CHu- M%3B5gfLQ3_DAutRbM%3A&imgrc=5gfLQ3_DAutRbM%253A%3BjT- lmrodOgKpuM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.mynamesnotmommy.com%252Fwp- content%252Fuploads%252F2013%252F05%252Fquestion- mark.png%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.mynamesnotmommy.com%252Fyes-there-are- dumb-questions%252Fquestion-mark%252F%3B1024%3B1024  http://www.google.com.lb/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.ning.com%2Ffiles%2FWm1FLDk7 VTOvHlfELGc6AC5V9nQ6vYDA1uxgphk9kBeqwp0gPCu6YnsoKPN*R*xSUSm75TGVhYrUEWSa- zNIPA__%2Fwhowhatwhere.png&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fcommunity.eflclassroom.com%2Ffor um2%2Ftopics%2Fwho-what-where- game&h=550&w=684&tbnid=HeCMSPkuekcTwM%3A&zoom=1&docid=Z9XjCG4pLjLFxM&ei=p ZJDU9qnFabB0QWui4CoDA&tbm=isch&ved=0CG8QhBwwIjhk&iact=rc&dur=890&page=7&start =132&ndsp=22  http://www.google.com.lb/imgres?imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fdihoster.info%2Fuploads%2F2013%2 Fby.png&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fdihoster.info%2F&h=211&w=377&tbnid=3iz5WHYdjvvekM %3A&zoom=1&docid=xXe6poFpWNunYM&ei=BpNDU8zPJarS0QXM94DQCg&tbm=isch&ved=0C BIQhBwwAzisAg&iact=rc&dur=443&page=15&start=290&ndsp=21  http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/activepassive.html