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Bladder cancer period 4
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Bladder cancer period 4



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  • 1. Bladder Cancer By: Mashaal and Alana
  • 2. What is bladder cancer? Bladder cancer occurs, of course, in the bladder. It most often happens in the lining of the bladder, called superficial cancer, but if it spreads to the muscular layer of the bladder it is called invasive cancer.
  • 3. Fun facts! 7 900 people in Canada are expected to be diagnosed with bladder cancer in 2013 2 100 Canadians are expected to die from this in 2013 5 900 men will get it, but only 2 000 women will get it. It is the 5th most common cancer in Canada It has a reoccurrence rate of almost 80%
  • 4. Statistics Death rates are estimated to be highest in those aged 74 to 85. Median age of death is estimated to be 79. Survival rate is estimated to be 70.2%
  • 5. Risk Factors Smoking Occupational exposure to chemicals Chemotherapy Arsenic (poisonous chemical element) Radiation therapy Bladder birth defects Personal history of cancer is urinary tract
  • 6. Treatments Treatments vary depending on mass, stage and complications of the cancer. Surgery to remove cancerous part of bladder, or to remove cancer mass. Biological therapy is where they use bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG). It's a vaccine. Chemotherapy. Radiation therapy.
  • 7. Surgery offers more options. Surgery offers more! Transurethral resection (TUR) with fulguration is used for superficial tumours,the tumour bed is burned with high-energy electricity. Segmental (partial) cystectomy, where part of the bladder is removed and radial cystectomy where the whole bladder is removed. In women and men the reproductive parts are partially removed. reconstructive surgery (urinary diversion) where a tube is attached to reroute the urine. Indiana pouch, a replacement to use instead of the bladder.
  • 8. Bladder removal of a dog. Replacement bladders.
  • 9. Bibliography http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancerinformation/cancertype/bladder/overview/?region=on http://bladdercancercanada.org/en/research/ www.mayoclinic.com/health/bladdercancer/DS00177 http://www.webmd.com/cancer/bladdercancer/bladder-cancer-what-happens http://www.bccancer.bc.ca/PPI/TypesofCancer/Bla dder/
  • 10. Avoid BLADDER CANCER! :)