2. What is bladder cancer?
Bladder cancer occurs, of course, in the
It most often happens in the lining of the bladder, called
superficial cancer, but if it spreads to the muscular layer of
the bladder it is called invasive cancer.
3. Fun facts!
7 900 people in Canada are expected to be diagnosed
with bladder cancer in 2013
2 100 Canadians are expected to die from this in 2013
5 900 men will get it, but only 2 000 women will get it.
It is the 5th most common cancer in Canada
It has a reoccurrence rate of almost 80%
Death rates are estimated to be
highest in those aged 74 to 85.
Median age of death is estimated to
Survival rate is estimated to be
5. Risk Factors
Occupational exposure to chemicals
Arsenic (poisonous chemical element)
Bladder birth defects
Personal history of cancer is urinary tract
Treatments vary depending on mass, stage and
complications of the cancer.
Surgery to remove cancerous part of bladder, or to
remove cancer mass.
Biological therapy is where they use bacillus
Calmette-Guerin (BCG). It's a vaccine.
7. Surgery offers more options.
Surgery offers more!
Transurethral resection (TUR) with fulguration is
used for superficial tumours,the tumour bed is
burned with high-energy electricity.
Segmental (partial) cystectomy, where part of the
bladder is removed and radial cystectomy where the
whole bladder is removed.
In women and men the reproductive parts are
reconstructive surgery (urinary diversion) where a
tube is attached to reroute the urine.
Indiana pouch, a replacement to use instead of the
8. Bladder removal of a dog.