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Bladder cancer, period 4
Bladder cancer, period 4
Bladder cancer, period 4
Bladder cancer, period 4
Bladder cancer, period 4
Bladder cancer, period 4
Bladder cancer, period 4
Bladder cancer, period 4
Bladder cancer, period 4
Bladder cancer, period 4
Bladder cancer, period 4
Bladder cancer, period 4
Bladder cancer, period 4
Bladder cancer, period 4
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Bladder cancer, period 4

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  • 1. Bladder Cancer Jessica, Shristi
  • 2. Explanation Bladder cancer starts in the linings, which is called superficial bladder cancer. If the cancer spreads to the muscle wall, it then is invasive bladder cancer.
  • 3. There are 3 main types of bladder cancer Transitional cell carcinoma, Squamous cell carcinoma, and Adenocarcinoma
  • 4. TRANSITIONAL CELL CARCINOMA Transitional cells expand when bladder is full and contract when empty. The cells can become cancerous depending on how far they have invaded the wall of the bladder
  • 5. SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA Squamous cells appear when there is an irritation or infection.
  • 6. ADINOCARCENOMA These cells are mucussecreting glands in the bladder. The tumour is formed in the the bladder and can grow outside of the bladder causing blood in the urination.
  • 7. TREATMENTS Surgery Chemotherapy Biological therapy
  • 8. CHEMOTHERAPY Intravesical - used when BCG therapy is unsuccessful. Instilled into the bladder through urinary Catheter Systemic - combination chemo administered into the vein. Treatment option for locally advanced and metastatic bladder cancer
  • 9. AGE GROUP Age group for people whom are diagnosed with bladder cancer are 65+ Population of people with bladder cancer in Canada is 5%
  • 10. RISK FACTORS Smoking Chronic bladder infection/irritation Bladder birth defects Chemotherapy Low fluid consumption
  • 11. PREVENTION Don't smoke Take caution with chemicals Drink water throughout the day Choose a variety of fruits/vegetables
  • 12. SYMPTOMS Visible blood in the urination Painful urination Pelvic pain
  • 13. HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED Rectal/vaginal examination Laboratory tests Ultrasounds Bladder biopsy
  • 14. SOURCES USED http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bladdercancer/DS00177/DSECTION=causes http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/1670 77.php http://www.heartandstroke.com/site/c.ikIQLcMW JtE/b.3483919/ http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bladdercancer/DS00177/DSECTION=prevention http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bladdercancer/DS00177

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