BLADDER CANCER
By Krishneil and Deepti
Period 1
Definition
•

Begins with cells of bladder

•

starts with inner lining of bladder malignant
tumour
Types
•

Superficial bladder cancer : when cancer only
effects the inner lining

•

Invasive bladder cancer : when cancer ...
Causes/Risks
•

Smoking

•

Workplace exposure such as making rubber,
leather, and / or being apart of the dye industry

•...
Bladder cancer statistics
•

•
•
•

•

5th most common diagnosed cancer in Canada (not including skin cancer)

7,900 will ...
How many Canadians get
this disease
•

More than 95% new cases were found in
individuals over 45 years of age especially i...
Bladder cancer symptoms / signs
•

Hematuria :blood in urine

•

Frequent urination

•

Inability to urinate

•

Burning /...
Bladder cancer treatments
•

Surgery: remove the tumour

•

Biological therapy: treat superficial tumours

•

Chemotherapy...
SURGICAL TREATMENTS
•

TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION (TUR)

•

Tumour removed through cystoscope

•

Tumour bed is burned by hig...
Continued...
•

SEGMENTAL CYSTECTOMY

•

remover of tumour and part of
bladder
CONTINUED....
•

RADICAL CYSTECTOMY

•

removal of entire bladder

•

In men, prostrate and urethra
removed

•

In women ,...
Continued
•

RECONSTRUCTIVE ( URINARY
DIVERSION )

•

if tumour cannot be removed
the diversion can be created
by relievin...
Bibliography
•

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/bladder_cancer

•

canadiantaskforce.ca (chapter 68: screening of
bladder cancer

•
...
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Bladder cancer period 1

  1. 1. BLADDER CANCER By Krishneil and Deepti Period 1
  2. 2. Definition • Begins with cells of bladder • starts with inner lining of bladder malignant tumour
  3. 3. Types • Superficial bladder cancer : when cancer only effects the inner lining • Invasive bladder cancer : when cancer spreads to the muscle walls
  4. 4. Causes/Risks • Smoking • Workplace exposure such as making rubber, leather, and / or being apart of the dye industry • Race and ethnicity • Bladder birth defects
  5. 5. Bladder cancer statistics • • • • • 5th most common diagnosed cancer in Canada (not including skin cancer) 7,900 will be diagnosed 2,100 will die from bladder cancer 5,900 men will be diagnosed with bladder cancer and 1,500 will die from it 2,000 women will be diagnosed with bladder cancer and 630 will die from it
  6. 6. How many Canadians get this disease • More than 95% new cases were found in individuals over 45 years of age especially in the 65-74 age range in both genders • Incidents increased reaching a maximum of 313 cases per 100,000 millions population in males and 81 in females in those over 85 years old
  7. 7. Bladder cancer symptoms / signs • Hematuria :blood in urine • Frequent urination • Inability to urinate • Burning / pain during urination • Bladder spasms • LATER SIGNS... Loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, lump in pelvis , swelling in legs
  8. 8. Bladder cancer treatments • Surgery: remove the tumour • Biological therapy: treat superficial tumours • Chemotherapy: used when other treatments don't work • Radiation therapy: external beam radiation
  9. 9. SURGICAL TREATMENTS • TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION (TUR) • Tumour removed through cystoscope • Tumour bed is burned by high energy electricity using a heat or a laser
  10. 10. Continued... • SEGMENTAL CYSTECTOMY • remover of tumour and part of bladder
  11. 11. CONTINUED.... • RADICAL CYSTECTOMY • removal of entire bladder • In men, prostrate and urethra removed • In women , uterus, Fallopian tubes and ovaries are removed
  12. 12. Continued • RECONSTRUCTIVE ( URINARY DIVERSION ) • if tumour cannot be removed the diversion can be created by relieving blocked urine flow
  13. 13. Bibliography • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/bladder_cancer • canadiantaskforce.ca (chapter 68: screening of bladder cancer • www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/bla • www.medicienenet.com/bladder_cancer/article
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