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Behaviorism theory of learning
Behaviorism theory of learning
Behaviorism theory of learning
Behaviorism theory of learning
Behaviorism theory of learning
Behaviorism theory of learning
Behaviorism theory of learning
Behaviorism theory of learning
Behaviorism theory of learning
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Behaviorism theory of learning

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  • 1. BEHAVIORISM THEORY OF LEARNING
  • 2. WHAT IS BEHAVIORISM? Idea that behavior is acquired through conditioning.  Measures behavior by a learners’ response to stimuli  Learners’ response to stimuli can be reinforced using positive or negative feedback  Reinforcement, positive or negative increases the possibility of an event happening again.  Punishment, both positive and negative, decreases the possibility of an event happening again. 
  • 3. IMPORTANT PEOPLE IN BEHAVIORISM
  • 4. THE “LITTLE ALBERT” EXPERIMENT. HE GETS CREDIT FOR ESTABLISHING THE PSYCHOLOGICAL SCHOOL OF BEHAVIORISM. John B. Watson
  • 5. Did the experiment with the dogs. Came up with the theory of classical conditioning. Ivan Pavlov
  • 6. Developed the theory of operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is the use of consequences to modify the occurrence and form of behavior. B.F. Skinner
  • 7. BEHAVIORISM AND TEACHERS  Behaviorism is seen when teachers use the following methods: a. Testing specific skills b. More individual work than group learning c. Using positive and negative reinforcement
  • 8. BEHAVIORISM AND STUDENTS Students learn through experiences and practices.  Learning is also modified with positive and negative reinforcements.  Students begin to give predicted responses to a stimulus 
  • 9. SUMMARY Founders and proponents: John B. Watson in the early 20th century., B.F. Skinner, Ivan Pavlov and others.  Basic idea: Stimulus-response. All behavior caused by external stimuli (operant conditioning). All behavior can be explained without the need to consider internal mental states or conciousness.  Learner viewed as: Passive, responds to environmental stimuli.  Behavior may result in reinforcement (increased likelihood that behavior will occur in the future); or punishment. 

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