Behaviorism theory of learning
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Behaviorism theory of learning Presentation Transcript

  • 1. BEHAVIORISM THEORY OF LEARNING
  • 2. WHAT IS BEHAVIORISM? Idea that behavior is acquired through conditioning.  Measures behavior by a learners’ response to stimuli  Learners’ response to stimuli can be reinforced using positive or negative feedback  Reinforcement, positive or negative increases the possibility of an event happening again.  Punishment, both positive and negative, decreases the possibility of an event happening again. 
  • 3. IMPORTANT PEOPLE IN BEHAVIORISM
  • 4. THE “LITTLE ALBERT” EXPERIMENT. HE GETS CREDIT FOR ESTABLISHING THE PSYCHOLOGICAL SCHOOL OF BEHAVIORISM. John B. Watson
  • 5. Did the experiment with the dogs. Came up with the theory of classical conditioning. Ivan Pavlov
  • 6. Developed the theory of operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is the use of consequences to modify the occurrence and form of behavior. B.F. Skinner
  • 7. BEHAVIORISM AND TEACHERS  Behaviorism is seen when teachers use the following methods: a. Testing specific skills b. More individual work than group learning c. Using positive and negative reinforcement
  • 8. BEHAVIORISM AND STUDENTS Students learn through experiences and practices.  Learning is also modified with positive and negative reinforcements.  Students begin to give predicted responses to a stimulus 
  • 9. SUMMARY Founders and proponents: John B. Watson in the early 20th century., B.F. Skinner, Ivan Pavlov and others.  Basic idea: Stimulus-response. All behavior caused by external stimuli (operant conditioning). All behavior can be explained without the need to consider internal mental states or conciousness.  Learner viewed as: Passive, responds to environmental stimuli.  Behavior may result in reinforcement (increased likelihood that behavior will occur in the future); or punishment. 