Summary of Chapter 2 <ul><li>Names: </li></ul><ul><li>Gianna Di Dino </li></ul><ul><li>Alexandra Fuentes </li></ul>English...
Text <ul><li>A unit of meaning  (semantic unit) </li></ul><ul><li>Forms a unified whole </li></ul><ul><li>Realized by sent...
Cohesive resources <ul><li>Reference </li></ul><ul><li>Lexical Cohesion  </li></ul><ul><li>Conjunctive cohesion  </li></ul...
Reference <ul><li>Refers to how the writer/speaker introduces topics and participants and keeps track on them along a text...
Types of reference <ul><li>HOMOPHORIC </li></ul><ul><li>EXOPHORIC </li></ul><ul><li>ENDOPHORIC  </li></ul><ul><li>Anaphori...
Lexical Cohesion  <ul><li>how words in a text relate to each other </li></ul><ul><li>how the speaker/writer uses lexical i...
Conjunctive cohesion  <ul><li>Refers to the logical relationships that the writer creates between the parts of a text. </l...
Final thoughts <ul><li>Cohesion looks like the ‘glue’ that sticks the elements and therefore meanings together in a text. ...
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Powerpoint chapter 2 (di dino fuentes)

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Powerpoint chapter 2 (di dino fuentes)

  1. 1. Summary of Chapter 2 <ul><li>Names: </li></ul><ul><li>Gianna Di Dino </li></ul><ul><li>Alexandra Fuentes </li></ul>English Grammar II
  2. 2. Text <ul><li>A unit of meaning (semantic unit) </li></ul><ul><li>Forms a unified whole </li></ul><ul><li>Realized by sentences </li></ul><ul><li>It expresses simultaneously ideational, interpersonal and textual meanings </li></ul><ul><li>Has texture (coherence and cohesion) </li></ul>English Grammar II
  3. 3. Cohesive resources <ul><li>Reference </li></ul><ul><li>Lexical Cohesion </li></ul><ul><li>Conjunctive cohesion </li></ul>English Grammar II
  4. 4. Reference <ul><li>Refers to how the writer/speaker introduces topics and participants and keeps track on them along a text. </li></ul><ul><li>Participants are the people, places and things. </li></ul><ul><li>Only presuming participants create cohesion in a text. </li></ul>English Grammar II
  5. 5. Types of reference <ul><li>HOMOPHORIC </li></ul><ul><li>EXOPHORIC </li></ul><ul><li>ENDOPHORIC </li></ul><ul><li>Anaphoric </li></ul><ul><li>Cataphoric </li></ul><ul><li>Esphoric </li></ul>English Grammar II
  6. 6. Lexical Cohesion <ul><li>how words in a text relate to each other </li></ul><ul><li>how the speaker/writer uses lexical items and event sequences to relate the text to its area of focus or its field. </li></ul><ul><li>Operates between units which encode lexical content. </li></ul><ul><li>open-class and close-class items. </li></ul><ul><li>kinds of lexical relations : Taxonomic lexical ( Classification and Composition) and Expectancy </li></ul><ul><li>A lexical string </li></ul>English Grammar II
  7. 7. Conjunctive cohesion <ul><li>Refers to the logical relationships that the writer creates between the parts of a text. </li></ul><ul><li>Different categories of conjunctive cohesion: </li></ul><ul><li>Elaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Extension </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancement </li></ul><ul><li>May refer to external or internal </li></ul><ul><li>Can be expressed explicitly or implicitly </li></ul>English Grammar II
  8. 8. Final thoughts <ul><li>Cohesion looks like the ‘glue’ that sticks the elements and therefore meanings together in a text. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cohesion expresses the continuity that exists between one part of the text and another” Halliday & Hasan </li></ul>English Grammar II

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