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Powerpoint chapter 2 (di dino fuentes)
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Powerpoint chapter 2 (di dino fuentes)

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Transcript

  • 1. Summary of Chapter 2
    • Names:
    • Gianna Di Dino
    • Alexandra Fuentes
    English Grammar II
  • 2. Text
    • A unit of meaning (semantic unit)
    • Forms a unified whole
    • Realized by sentences
    • It expresses simultaneously ideational, interpersonal and textual meanings
    • Has texture (coherence and cohesion)
    English Grammar II
  • 3. Cohesive resources
    • Reference
    • Lexical Cohesion
    • Conjunctive cohesion
    English Grammar II
  • 4. Reference
    • Refers to how the writer/speaker introduces topics and participants and keeps track on them along a text.
    • Participants are the people, places and things.
    • Only presuming participants create cohesion in a text.
    English Grammar II
  • 5. Types of reference
    • HOMOPHORIC
    • EXOPHORIC
    • ENDOPHORIC
    • Anaphoric
    • Cataphoric
    • Esphoric
    English Grammar II
  • 6. Lexical Cohesion
    • how words in a text relate to each other
    • how the speaker/writer uses lexical items and event sequences to relate the text to its area of focus or its field.
    • Operates between units which encode lexical content.
    • open-class and close-class items.
    • kinds of lexical relations : Taxonomic lexical ( Classification and Composition) and Expectancy
    • A lexical string
    English Grammar II
  • 7. Conjunctive cohesion
    • Refers to the logical relationships that the writer creates between the parts of a text.
    • Different categories of conjunctive cohesion:
    • Elaboration
    • Extension
    • Enhancement
    • May refer to external or internal
    • Can be expressed explicitly or implicitly
    English Grammar II
  • 8. Final thoughts
    • Cohesion looks like the ‘glue’ that sticks the elements and therefore meanings together in a text.
    • “ Cohesion expresses the continuity that exists between one part of the text and another” Halliday & Hasan
    English Grammar II