VOA Special English Word Book - WORD LIST
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VOA Special English Word Book - WORD LIST Document Transcript

  • 1. VOA Special English Word Book 1,510 Words ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVW XYZ This page will print cleanly in black and white on about 44 pages.The Parts of Speechn. (noun) - a name wordv. (verb) - an action wordad. (adjective/adverb) - a describing wordprep. (preposition) - a word used to show a relationpro. (pronoun) - a word used in place of a nounconj. (conjunction) - a joining wordAa (an) - ad. one; any; eachable - v. having the power to do somethingabout - ad. almost ("about half"); of or having a relation to ("Wetalk about the weather.")above - ad. at a higher placeabuse - n. bad treatment causing harm or injuryaccept - v. to agree to receiveaccident - n. something that happens by chance or mistake; anunplanned eventaccuse - v. to say a person is responsible for an act or crime; tomake a statement against someoneacross - ad. from side to side; to the other sideact - v. to do somethingactivist - n. one who seeks change through actionactor - n. someone acting in a play or showadd - v. to put (something) with another to make it larger; to saymoreadministration - n. the executive part of a government, usually
  • 2. headed by a president or prime ministeradmit - v. to accept ("admitted to the United Nations"); to expressones guilt or responsibility ("He admitted that what he did waswrong.")adult - n. a grown personadvertise - v. to show or present the qualities of a product toincrease salesadvise - v. to help with information, knowledge or ideas in makinga decisionaffect - v. to produce an effect on; to influence ("A lack of sleepaffected the singers performance.")afraid - ad. feeling fearafter - ad. later; behindagain - ad. another time; as beforeagainst - ad. opposed to; not agreeing with somethingage - n. how old a person or thing isagency - n. an organization that is part of a larger group ("anagency of the United Nations")aggression - n. an attack against a person or country; theviolation of a countrys bordersago - ad. of time past; before nowagree - v. to have the same belief as someone; to be willing to dosomethingagriculture - n. farmingaid - v. to help; to support; n. help, assistanceaim - v. to point a gun at; n. a goal or purposeair - n. the mixture of gases around the earth, mostly nitrogen andoxygen, that we breatheair force - n. a military organization using airplanesairplane - n. a vehicle with wings that fliesairport - n. a place where airplanes take off and landalbum - n. a collection of recorded musicalcohol - n. a strong, colorless liquid, usually made from grain,
  • 3. used as a drug or in industrial productsalive - ad. having life; not deadall - ad. everything; everyone; the complete amountally - n. a nation or person joined with another for a specialpurposealmost - ad. a little less than completelyalone - ad. separated from othersalong - ad. near or on ("along the road")already - ad. before now; even nowalso - ad. added to; tooalthough - conj. even if it is true thatalways - ad. at all times; every timeambassador - n. a nations highest diplomatic representative (toanother government)amend - v. to add to or to change (a proposal or law)ammunition - n. the bullets or shells fired from gunsamong - ad. in or part of (a group)amount - n. the number, size or weight of anythinganarchy - n. a lack of order; lawlessnessancestor - n. a family member from the pastancient - ad. very old; long agoand - conj. also; in addition to; withanger - n. a strong emotion against someone or somethinganimal - n. a living creature that moves, such as a dog or catanniversary - n. a yearly celebration or observance of an eventthat happened in the pastannounce - v. to make known publicly; to declare officiallyanother - ad. one more; a different oneanswer - n. a statement produced by a question; v. to make astatement after being asked a questionany - ad. one or more of no special kindapologize - v. to express regret for a mistake or accident forwhich one accepts responsibility
  • 4. appeal - v. to take to a higher court, person or group for adecision; to call on somebody for helpappear - v. to show oneself; to come into sight; to seemappoint - v. to name; to choose ("appoint a judge")approve - v. to agree with; to agree to supportarcheology - n. the scientific study of past human life andactivitiesarea - n. any place or part of itargue - v. to offer reasons for or against something; to dispute; todisagreearms - n. military equipment; weaponsarmy - n. military ground forcesaround - ad. on every side (of)arrest - v. to seize a person for legal action; to take as a prisonerarrive - v. to come to a place, especially at the end of a tripart - n. expressions or creations by humans, such as paintings,music, writing or statuesartillery - n. big gunsas - conj. equally ("as fast as"); when; whileash - n. the part left after something burnsask - v. to question; to say something is wanted ("We ask theteacher questions every day.")assist - v. to helpastronaut - n. a person who travels in spaceastronomy - n. the scientific study of stars and the universeasylum - n. political protection given by a government to a personfrom another countryat - prep. in or near ("at the edge"); where ("look at"); when ("atnoon")atmosphere - n. the gases surrounding any star or planetattach - v. to tie together; to connectattack - n. a violent attempt to damage, injure or kill; v. to start afight
  • 5. attempt - v. to work toward something; to try; to make an effortattend - v. to be present atattention - n. close or careful observing of, or listening to,someone or something ("The student paid attention to histeacher.")automobile - n. a vehicle with wheels used to carry people; a carautumn - n. the time of the year between summer and winteravailable - ad. present and ready for use; willing to serve or help.("There was a list of available candidates.")average - n. something (a number) representing the middle; ad.common; normalavoid - v. to stay away fromawake - ad. not sleepingaward - n. an honor or prize for an act or serviceaway - ad. not nearBbaby - n. a newly born creatureback - n. the part behind the front; ad. the other way from forwardbad - ad. wrong; acting against the law; not goodbalance - v. to make two sides or forces equalball - n. something roundballoon - n. a device of strong, light material that rises when filledwith gas lighter than airballot - n. a piece of paper used for votingban - v. to not permit; to stop; n. an official restrictionbank - n. an organization that keeps and lends moneybar - v. to prevent or blockbarrier - n. anything that blocks or makes an action difficultbase - n. a military center; v. to establish as a fact ("Her researchwas based on experiments.")battle - n. a fight between opposing armed forcesbe - v. to live; to happen; to existbeat - v. to hit again and again
  • 6. beauty - n. that which pleases the eye, ear or spiritbecause - prep. for the reason that ("He left because he wassick.")become - v. to come to bebed - n. a sleeping placebefore - prep. earlierbegin - v. to do the first part of an action; to startbehavior - n. the way in which a person or animal acts ("Thechild’s behavior was bad because he fought with otherchildren.")behind - ad. at the back of; in back ofbelieve - v. to think; to feel sure of; to accept as true; to trustbelong - v. to be owned by; to be a member ofbelow - ad. lower thanbest - ad. the most goodbetray - v. to turn against; to be false tobetter - ad. more good thanbetween - ad. in the space or time that separates; from one to theother ("talks between two nations")big - ad. of great size; not smallbill - n. a legislative proposalbiology - n. the scientific study of life or living things in all theirformsbird - n. a creature that fliesbite - v. to cut with the teethblack - ad. dark; having the color like that of the night skyblame - v. to accuse; to hold responsiblebleed - v. to lose bloodblind - ad. not able to seeblock - v. to stop something from being done; to preventmovementblood - n. red fluid in the bodyblow - v. to move with force, as in air ("The wind blows.")
  • 7. blue - ad. having the color like that of a clear skyboat - n. something built to travel on water that carries people orgoodsbody - n. all of a person or animal; the remains of a person oranimalboil - v. to heat a liquid until it becomes very hotbomb - n. a device that explodes with great force; v. to attack ordestroy with bombsbone - n. the hard material in the bodybook - n. a long written work for readingborder - n. a dividing line between nationsborn - v. to come to life; to come into existenceborrow - v. to take as a loanboth - ad. not just one of two, but the two togetherbottle - n. a container, usually made of glass, to hold liquidbottom - ad. the lowest part of somethingbox - n. something to put things into; a container, usually made ofpaper or woodboy - n. a young male personboycott - v. to refuse to take part in or deal withbrain - n. the control center of thought, emotions and body activityof all creaturesbrave - ad. having no fearbread - n. a food made from grainbreak - v. to divide into parts by force; to destroybreathe - v. to take air into the body and let it out againbridge - n. a structure built over a waterway, valley or road sopeople and vehicles can cross from one side to the otherbrief - ad. short; not longbright - ad. giving much light; strong and clear in colorbring - v. to come with somethingbroadcast - v. to send information, stories or music by radio ortelevision; n. a radio or television program
  • 8. brother - n. a male with the same father or mother as anotherpersonbrown - ad. having the color like that of coffeebudget - n. a spending planbuild - v. to join materials together to make somethingbuilding - n. anything built for use as a house, factory, office,school, store or place of entertainmentbullet - n. a small piece of metal shot from a gunburn - v. to be on fire; to destroy or damage by fireburst - v. to break open suddenlybury - v. to put into the ground and cover with earthbus - n. a public vehicle to carry peoplebusiness - n. ones work; buying and selling to earn money; tradebusy - ad. doing something; very activebut - conj. however; other than; yetbuy - v. to get by paying something, usually moneyby - conj. near; at; next to ("by the road"); from ("a play by WilliamShakespeare"); not later than ("by midnight")Ccabinet - n. a group of ministers that helps lead a governmentcall - v. to give a name to ("I call myself John."); to ask for orrequest ("They called for an end to the fighting.")calm - ad. quiet; peaceful; opposite tensecamera - n. a device for taking picturescamp - n. a place with temporary housingcampaign - n. a competition by opposing political candidatesseeking support from voters; a connected series of militaryactions during a warcan - v. to be able to; to have the right to; n. a container used tohold liquid or food, usually made of metalcancel - v. to end; to stopcancer - n. a disease in which dangerous cells grow quickly anddestroy parts of the body
  • 9. candidate - n. a person who seeks or is nominated for an officeor an honorcapital - n. the official center of a government; the city where acountrys government iscapture - v. to make a person or animal a prisoner; to seize ortake by force; to get control ofcar - n. a vehicle with wheels used to carry people; anautomobile; a part of a traincare - v. to like; to protect; to feel worry or interestcareer - n. a chosen profession; a person’s working life ("Theactor’s career lasted for thirty years.")careful - ad. acting safely; with much thoughtcarry - v. to take something or someone from one place toanothercase (court) - n. a legal actioncase (medical) - n. an incident of disease ("There was only onecase of chicken pox at the school.")cat - n. a small animal that often lives with humanscatch - v. to seize after a chase; to stop and seize with the handscause - v. to make happen; n. the thing or person that produces aresultceasefire - n. a halt in fighting, usually by agreementcelebrate - v. to honor a person or event with special activitiescenter - n. the middle of something; the place in the middle; aplace that is the main point of an activitycentury - n. one hundred yearsceremony - n. an act or series of acts done in a special wayestablished by traditionchairman - n. a person leading a meeting or an organized groupchampion - n. the best; the winnerchance - n. a possibility of winning or losing or that something willhappenchange - v. to make different; to become different
  • 10. charge - v. to accuse someone of something, usually a crime; n. astatement in which someone is accused of somethingchase - v. to run or go after someone or somethingcheat - v. to get by a trick; to steal fromcheer - v. to shout approval or praisechemicals - n. elements found in nature or made by people;substances used in the science of chemistrychemistry - n. the scientific study of substances, what they aremade of, how they act under different conditions, and how theyform other substanceschief - n. the head or leader of a group; ad. leading; mostimportantchild - n. a baby; a boy or girlchildren - n. more than one childchoose - v. to decide between two or morecircle - n. a closed shape that has all its points equally distantfrom the center, like an "O"citizen - n. a person who is a member of a country by birth or bylawcity - n. any important large towncivilian - ad. not militarycivil rights - n. the political, economic and social rights givenequally to all people of a nationclaim - v. to say something as a factclash - n. a battle; v. to fight or opposeclass - n. a group of students who meet to study the samesubject; also, a social or economic group. ("They were membersof the middle class.")clean - v. to make pure; ad. free from dirt or harmful substances("clean water")clear - ad. easy to see or see through; easily understoodclergy - n. a body of officials within a religious organizationclimate - n. the normal weather conditions of a place
  • 11. climb - v. to go up or down something by using the feet andsometimes the handsclock - n. a device that measures and shows timeclose - v. to make something not open; ad. near tocloth - n. a material made from plants, chemicals, animal hair andother substancesclothes - n. what people wearcloud - n. a mass of fog high in the skycoal - n. a solid black substance used as fuelcoalition - n. forces, groups or nations joined togethercoast - n. land on the edge of the oceancoffee - n. a drink made from the plant of the same namecold - ad. not warm; having or feeling great coolness or a lowtemperaturecollapse - v. to fall down or inward suddenly; to break down orfail suddenly in strength, health or power. ("The buildingcollapsed in the earthquake.†“The government collapsedafter a vote in parliament.")collect - v. to bring or gather together in one place; to demandand receive ("collect taxes")college - n. a small universitycolony - n. land controlled by another country or governmentcolor - n. the different effects of light on the eye, making blue,red, brown, black, yellow and otherscombine - v. to mix or bring togethercome - v. to move toward; to arrivecommand - v. to order; to have power over somethingcomment - v. to say something about; to express an opinionabout somethingcommittee - n. a group of people given special workcommon - ad. usual; same for all ("a common purpose")communicate - v. to tell; to give or exchange informationcommunity - n. a group of people living together in one place or
  • 12. areacompany - n. a business organized for trade, industrial or otherpurposescompare - v. to examine what is different or similarcompete - v. to try to do as well as, or better than, another orotherscomplete - ad. having all parts; ended or finishedcomplex - ad. of or having many parts that are difficult tounderstand; not simplecompromise - n. the settlement of an argument where each sideagrees to accept less than first demandedcomputer - n. an electronic machine for storing and organizinginformation, and for communicating with othersconcern - n. interest, worry ("express concern about"); v. to fear("to be concerned")condemn - v. to say a person or action is wrong or badcondition - n. something declared necessary to complete anagreement; a persons healthconference - n. a meetingconfirm - v. to approve; to say that something is trueconflict - n. a fight; a battle, especially a long onecongratulate - v. to praise a person or to express pleasure forsuccess or good luckCongress - n. the organization of people elected to make thelaws of the United States (the House of Representatives and theSenate); a similar organization in other countriesconnect - v. to join one thing to another; to unite; to linkconservative - n. one who usually supports tradition and opposesgreat changeconsider - v. to give thought to; to think about carefullyconstitution - n. the written general laws and ideas that form anations system of governmentcontact - n. the act of touching or being close to a person or thing
  • 13. ("He was in contact with animals that had the disease.") v. to meetor communicate with ("He wanted to contact his local official.")contain - v. to hold; to includecontainer - n. a box, bottle or can used to hold somethingcontinent - n. any of the seven great land areas of the worldcontinue - v. to go on doing or beingcontrol - v. to direct; to have power overconvention - n. a large meeting for a special purposecook - v. to heat food before eating itcool - ad. almost coldcooperate - v. to act or work togethercopy - v. to make something exactly like another; n. somethingmade to look exactly like anothercorn - n. a food graincorrect - ad. true; free from mistakes; v. to change to what is rightcorruption - n. actions taken to gain money or power that arelegally or morally wrongcost - n. the price or value of something ("The cost of the book isfive dollars."); v. to be valued at ("The book costs five dollars.")cotton - n. a material made from a plant of the same namecount - v. to speak or add numberscountry - n. a nation; the territory of a nation; land away fromcitiescourt - n. where trials take place; where judges make decisionsabout lawcover - v. to put something over a person or thing; n. anythingthat is put over a person or thingcow - n. a farm animal used for its milkcrash - v. to fall violently; to hit with great forcecreate - v. to make; to give life or form tocreature - n. any living being; any animal or humancredit - n. an agreement that payments will be made at a latertime
  • 14. crew - n. a group of people working togethercrime - n. an act that violates a lawcriminal - n. a person who is responsible for a crimecrisis - n. an extremely important time when something maybecome much better or worse; a dangerous situationcriticize - v. to say what is wrong with something or someone; tocondemn; to judgecrops - n. plants that are grown and gathered for food, such asgrains, fruits and vegetablescross - v. to go from one side to another; to go acrosscrowd - n. a large number of people gathered in one placecrush - v. to damage or destroy by great weight; to defeatcompletelycry - v. to express or show sorrow or painculture - n. all the beliefs, traditions and arts of a group orpopulationcure - v. to improve health; to make well ("The doctor can curethe disease."); n. something that makes a sick person well("Antibiotics are a cure for infection.")curfew - n. an order to people to stay off the streets or to closetheir businessescurrent - n. movement of air, water or electricity; ad. belonging tothe present time ("She found the report in a current publication.")custom - n. a long-established belief or activity of a peoplecustoms - n. taxes on importscut - v. to divide or injure with a sharp tool; to make less; toreduceDdam - n. a wall built across a river to hold back flowing waterdamage - v. to cause injury or destruction; n. harm; hurt or injury,usually to thingsdance - v. to move the body and feet to music; n. a series ofsteps, usually to music
  • 15. danger - n. a strong chance of suffering injury, damage or lossdark - ad. having little or no light ("The room was dark.")date - n. an expression of time; a day, month and yeardaughter - n. a persons female childday - n. twenty-four hours; the hours of sunlightdead - ad. not livingdeaf - ad. not able to heardeal - v. to have to do with ("The talks will deal with the problemof pollution."); to buy or sell ("Her company deals in plastic.")debate - v. to argue for or against something; n. a publicdiscussion or argumentdebt - n. something that is owed; the condition of owingdecide - v. to choose; to settle; to judgedeclare - v. to say; to make a statementdecrease - v. to make less in size or amountdeep - ad. going far down; a long way from top to bottomdefeat - v. to cause to lose in a battle or struggle; n. a loss; thecondition of having lostdefend - v. to guard or fight against attack; to protectdeficit - n. a shortage that results when spending is greater thanearnings, or imports are greater than exportsdefine - v. to give the meaning of; to explaindegree - n. a measure of temperaturedelay - v. to decide to do something at a later time; to postpone;to cause to be latedelegate - n. one sent to act for another; one who representsanotherdemand - v. to ask by ordering; to ask with forcedemocracy - n. the system of government in which citizens voteto choose leaders or to make other important decisionsdemonstrate - v. to make a public show of opinions or feelings("The crowd demonstrated in support of human rights."); toexplain by using examples ("The teacher demonstrated the idea
  • 16. with an experiment.")denounce - v. to accuse of being wrong or evil; to criticizeseverelydeny - v. to declare that something is not true; to refuse a requestdepend - v. to need help and supportdeplore - v. to regret strongly; to express sadnessdeploy - v. to move forces or weapons into positions for actiondepression - n. severe unhappiness; a period of reducedbusiness and economic activity during which many people losetheir jobsdescribe - v. to give a word picture of something; to give detailsof somethingdesert - n. a dry area of landdesign - v. to plan or create plans fordesire - v. to want very much; to wish fordestroy - v. to break into pieces; to end the existence ofdetail - n. a small part of something; a small piece of informationdetain - v. to keep or hold ("The police detained several suspectsfor questioning.")develop - v. to grow; to create; to experience progressdevice - n. a piece of equipment made for a special purposedictator - n. a ruler with complete powerdie - v. to become dead; to stop living; to enddiet - n. usual daily food and drinkdifferent - ad. not the samedifficult - ad. not easy; hard to do, make or carry outdig - v. to make a hole in the grounddinner - n. the main amount of food eaten at a usual time ("Thefamily had its dinner at noon."); a special event that includes food("The official dinner took place at the White House.")diplomat - n. a person who represents his or her government indealing with another governmentdirect - v. to lead; to aim or show the way ("He directed me to the
  • 17. theater."); ad. straight to something; not through some otherperson or thing ("The path is direct.")direction - n. the way (east, west, north, south); where someoneor something came from or went todirt - n. earth or soildisappear - v. to become unseen; to no longer existdisarm - v. to take away weapons; to no longer keep weapons; tomake a bomb harmless by removing its exploding devicedisaster - n. an event causing widespread destruction or loss oflife, such as an earthquake or plane crashdiscover - v. to find or learn somethingdiscrimination - n. unfair treatment or consideration based onopinions about a whole group instead of on the qualities of anindividual. ("He was accused of discrimination against peoplefrom other countries.")discuss - v. to talk about; to exchange ideasdisease - n. a sickness in living things, often caused by viruses,germs or bacteriadismiss - v. to send away; to refuse to considerdispute - v. to oppose strongly by argument; n. an angry debatedissident - n. a person who strongly disagrees with his or hergovernmentdistance - n. the amount of space between two places or objects("The distance from my house to your house is two kilometers.")dive - v. to jump into water head firstdivide - v. to separate into two or more partsdo - v. to act; to make an effortdoctor - n. a person trained in medicine to treat sick peopledocument - n. an official piece of paper with facts written on it,used as proof or support of somethingdog - n. a small animal that often lives with humansdollar - n. United States money, one hundred centsdonate - v. to present something as a gift to an organization,
  • 18. country or cause. ("She donated money to the Red Cross to helpsurvivors of the earthquake.")door - n. an opening for entering or leaving a building or roomdouble - v. to increase two times as much in size, strength ornumberdown - ad. from higher to lower; in a low placedream - v. to have a picture or story in the mind during sleep; n. apicture or story in the mind during sleep; a happy idea about thefuturedrink - v. to take liquid into the body through the mouthdrive - v. to control a moving vehicledrop - v. to fall or let fall; to go lowerdrown - v. to die under waterdrug - n. anything used as a medicine or in making medicine; achemical substance used to ease pain or to affect the minddry - ad. not wet; without rainduring - ad. through the whole time; while (something ishappening)dust - n. pieces of matter so small that they can float in the airduty - n. ones job or responsibility; what one must do because itis right and justEeach - ad. every one by itselfearly - ad. at or near the beginning, especially the beginning ofthe day; opposite lateearn - v. to be paid in return for work doneearth - n. the planet we all live on; the ground or soilearthquake - n. a sudden, violent shaking of the earths surfaceease - v. to reduce; to make less difficulteast - n. the direction from which the sun riseseasy - ad. not difficult; not hard to doeat - v. to take food into the body through the mouthecology - n. the scientific study of the environment and links
  • 19. among living and material thingseconomy - n. the system by which money, industry and trade areorganizededge - n. the line where something ends or beginseducation - n. the act of teachingeffect - n. the result or change caused by something ("The stormhad a serious effect on the economy.")effort - n. an attempt; the work necessary to do somethingegg - n. the rounded object containing unborn young produced byfemale birds, fish or reptiles; a single cell in a female person oranimal that can develop into a babyeither - ad. one of two, but not the otherelect - v. to choose by votingelectricity - n. a form of energy that flows through wires toprovide heat and light, and power to machinesembassy - n. the offices of an ambassador and his or herassistantsembryo - n. a human or animal in the earliest stages of itsdevelopmentemergency - n. an unexpected and dangerous situationdemanding quick actionemotion - n. a strong feeling such as love, hate, fear or sadnessemploy - v. to give work in return for wagesempty - ad. having nothing inside; v. to remove everythingend - v. to stop; to finish; n. the part which comes lastenemy - n. a person opposing or hating another; a person orpeople of the other side in a warenergy - n. power used to do work, usually with machines; theability and willingness to be activeenforce - v. to make something be doneengine - n. a machine that uses energy to cause movement or todo workengineer - n. a person who designs engines, machines, roads,
  • 20. bridges or railroadsenjoy - v. to be pleased or satisfied by somethingenough - ad. as much as necessary; pro. the amount neededenter - v. to come or go intoenvironment - n. all surrounding things, conditions andinfluences that affect life; the natural world of land, sea, air,plants and animalsequal - ad. the same in amount, size, weight or value; having thesame rightsequipment - n. things, tools or machines needed for a purpose oractivityescape - v. to get free; to get away from; to get out ofespecially - ad. more than others ("We liked the food, especiallythe fish.")establish - v. to bring into existence; to createestimate - v. to form an opinion about a value, size or amountusing less than complete informationethnic - ad. of or concerning people belonging to a large groupbecause of their race, religion, language, tribe or where theirancestors livedevaporate - v. to change from a liquid into a gaseven - ad. in a way not thought possible ("They survived, eventhough the building was destroyed.")event - n. that which happens, especially something ofimportanceever - ad. at any timeevery - ad. each one; allevidence - n. material or facts that prove something; a reason forbelievingevil - ad. not good; extremely badexact - ad. having no mistakes; correct in every detailexamine - v. to study closelyexample - n. a part that shows what the rest of a thing or group is
  • 21. likeexcellent - ad. extremely goodexcept - prep. but forexchange - v. to trade; to give or receive one thing for anotherexcuse - v. to take away blame; to pardon; to forgive; n. a reason(sometimes false) for an actionexecute - v. to killexercise - n. an activity or effort for the purpose of improving thebody or to stay in good healthexile - v. to force a person to leave his or her country; to expel; n.a person who is forced to leave his or her countryexist - v. to be; to liveexpand - v. to make larger; to grow largerexpect - v. to think or believe that something will happen; to waitfor an eventexpel - v. to force out; to remove from; to send awayexperience - v. to live through an event, situation or condition("She experienced great pain."); n. something that one has doneor lived through ("The experience caused her great pain.")experiment - v. to test; n. a test or trial carried out to prove if anidea is true or false, or to discover somethingexpert - n. a person with special knowledge or trainingexplain - v. to give reasons for; to make clear; to tell about; to tellthe meaningexplode - v. to break apart violently with a loud noise, like abombexplore - v. to travel in a place that is not well known to learnmore about it; to make a careful search; to examine closelyexport - v. to send to another country; n. something sent toanother country, usually for saleexpress - v. to say clearlyextend - v. to stretch out in area or length; to continue for alonger time
  • 22. extra - ad. more than normal, expected or necessaryextraordinary - ad. far greater or better than the usual or normalextreme - ad. more than the usual or acceptedextremist - n. a person with strong religious or political beliefswho acts in an extreme or violent wayFface - n. the front of the head: eyes, nose, mouth; v. to looktoward; to turn toward; to have before you, such as a problem ordangerfact - n. something known or proved to be truefactory - n. a building or group of buildings where goods aremadefail - v. to not succeed; to not reach a goalfair - ad. just; honest; what is rightfall - v. to go down quickly; to come down; to drop to the groundor a lower positionfalse - ad. not true; not correctfamily - n. the group that includes children and their parentsfamous - ad. known very well to many peoplefan - n. a person who actively supports a sport, activity orperformer ("The baseball fan attended every game his teamplayed.")far - ad. at, to or from a great distancefarm - n. land used to grow crops and animals for foodfast - ad. moving or working at great speed; quickfat - n. tissue in the bodies of humans and animals used to storeenergy and to keep warm; ad. thick; heavyfather - n. the male parent; a man who has a child or childrenfavorite - ad. liked more than others ("Ice cream was her favoritefood.")fear - v. to be afraid; to worry that something bad is near or mayhappen ("He feared falling down."); n. a strong emotion whenthere is danger or trouble ("He had a fear that he would fall
  • 23. down.")federal - ad. of or having to do with a national or centralgovernmentfeed - v. to give food tofeel - v. to have or experience an emotion; to know by touchingfemale - n. a woman or girl; the sex that gives birth; ad. of orabout womenfence - n. something around an area of land to keep animals orpeople in or outfertile - ad. rich in production of plants or animals; producingmuchfew - ad. not many; a small number offield - n. an area of open land, usually used to grow crops or toraise animalsfierce - ad. extremely strong; violent; angryfight - v. to use violence or force; to attempt to defeat or destroyan enemy; n. the use of force; a battlefill - v. to put or pour something into a container until there isspace for no morefilm - v. to record something so it can be seen again; to make amotion picture or movie; n. a thin piece of material for makingpictures with a camera; a moviefinal - ad. at the end; lastfinancial - ad. of or about the system that includes the use ofmoney, credit, investments and banksfind - v. to discover or learn something by searching or byaccident; to decide a court case ("The jury finds the man guilty ofmurder.")fine - n. a payment ordered by a court to punish someone for acrime; ad. very good; very small or thinfinish - v. to complete; to endfire - v. to shoot a gun; n. the heat and light produced bysomething burning
  • 24. fireworks - n. rockets producing bright fire in the sky, used inholiday celebrationsfirm - ad. not easily moved or changed ("She is firm in heropinion.")first - ad. coming before all othersfish - n. a creature that lives and can breathe in waterfit - v. to be of the correct size or shape ("These shoes fit myfeet.")fix - v. to make good or right againflag - n. a piece of colored cloth used to represent a nation,government or organizationflat - ad. smooth; having no high placesflee - v. to run away fromfloat - v. to be on water without sinking; to move or be movedgently on water or through airflood - v. to cover with water; n. the movement of water out of ariver, lake or ocean onto landfloor - n. the bottom part of a room for walking on ("The book fellto the floor."); the level of a building ("The fire was on the firstfloor.")flow - v. to move like a liquidflower - n. the colored part of plants that carry seedsfluid - n. any substance that can flow, such as a liquidfly - v. to move through the air with wings, like a bird or airplane;to travel in an airplane or flying vehiclefog - n. a mass of wet air that is difficult to see through; a cloudclose to the groundfollow - v. to come or go after; to accept the rule or power of; toobeyfood - n. that which is taken in by all living things for energy,strength and growthfool - v. to make someone believe something that is not true; totrick; n. a person who is tricked easily
  • 25. foot - n. the bottom part of the leg; the part of the body thattouches the ground when a person or animal walksfor - prep. because of ("He is famous for his work."); in exchange("Give me one dollar for the book."); through space or time ("Theytravelled for one hour."); representative of ("I speak for allpeople."); to be employed by ("She works for a computercompany.")force - v. to make someone do something or make somethinghappen by using power; n. power, strength; strength used againsta person or object; military power of a nation; a military groupforeign - ad. of, about or from another nation; not from ones ownplace or countryforest - n. a place of many treesforget - v. to not rememberforgive - v. to pardon; to excuse; to remove guiltform - v. to make; to start; to shape ("They formed a swimteam."); n. a kind ("Swimming is a form of exercise.")former - ad. earlier in time; not nowforward - ad. the direction in front of; toward the frontfree - v. to release; ad. not controlled by another or by outsideforces; not in prison; independent; not limited by rules; withoutcostfreedom - n. the condition of being freefreeze - v. to cause or to become very cold; to make or to becomehard by coldfresh - ad. newly made or gathered; recentfriend - n. a person one likes and trustsfrighten - v. to cause great fearfrom - prep. having a person, place or thing as a beginning orcause ("It is a message from the president."); at a place distant,not near ("The school is five kilometers from my home."); becauseof ("He is suffering from cancer.")front - n. the forward part; the opposite of back; the beginning;
  • 26. the first partfruit - n. food from trees and plantsfuel - n. any substance burned to create heat or powerfull - ad. containing as much as a person or thing can hold;completefun - n. anything that is pleasing and causes happinessfuneral - n. a ceremony held in connection with the burial orburning of the deadfuture - n. time after now ("We can talk about it in the future."); ad.in the time to come ("All future meetings will be held in thisroom.")Ggain - v. to get possession of; to get more; to increasegame - n. an activity with rules in which people or teams play orcompete, usually sportsgas - n. any substance that is not solid or liquid; any substancethat burns to provide heat, light or powergather - v. to bring or come together into a group or place; tocollectgeneral - n. a high military leader; ad. without details; affecting orincluding all or almost allgeneration - n. a group of individuals born and living at about thesame time. ("The mother and daughter represented twogenerations.")genocide - n. a plan of action to kill or destroy a national,religious, racial or ethnic groupgentle - ad. soft; kind; not rough or violentget - v. to receive; to gain; to go and bring back; to become; tobecome the owner ofgift - n. something given without costgirl - n. a young female persongive - v. to present to another to keep without receiving paymentglass - n. a hard, clear material that is easily broken, used most
  • 27. often for windows or for containers to hold liquidsgo - v. to move from one place to another; to leavegoal - n. that toward which an effort is directed; that which isaimed at; the end of a trip or racegod - n. the spirit that is honored as creator of all things ("Theybelieve in God."); a spirit or being believed in many religions tohave special powersgold - n. a highly valued yellow metalgood - ad. pleasing; helpful; kind; correct; not badgoods - n. things owned or made to be soldgovern - v. to control; to rule by military or political powergovernment - n. a system of governing; the organization ofpeople that rules a country, city or areagrain - n. the seed of grass plants used for food, such as wheat,rice and corn; those plants that produce the seedsgrass - n. a plant with long, narrow, green leavesgray - ad. having the color like that made by mixing black andwhitegreat - ad. very large or more than usual in size or number; verygood; importantgreen - ad. having the color like that made by mixing yellow andblue; having the color like that of growing leaves and grassgrind - v. to reduce to small pieces by crushingground - n. land; the earths surface; soilgroup - n. a number of people or things together; a gathering ofpeople working for a common purposegrow - v. to develop or become bigger; to increase in size oramountguarantee - v. to promise a result; to promise that something willhappenguard - v. to watch and protect a person, place or thing ("Heguards the president."); n. a person or thing that watches orprotects ("He is a prison guard.")
  • 28. guerrilla - n. a person who fights as part of an unofficial army,usually against an official army or policeguide - v. to lead to; to show the way; n. one who shows the wayguilty - ad. having done something wrong or in violation of a law;responsible for a bad actiongun - n. a weapon that shoots bulletsHhair - n. the fine material that grows from the skin, especially fromthe headhalf - n. one of two equal parts of somethinghalt - v. to come or cause to come to a stop; to stophang - v. to place something so the highest part is supported andthe lower part is not; to kill by hanginghappen - v. to become a fact or event; to take placehappy - ad. pleased; satisfied; feeling good; not sadhard - ad. not easily cut or broken; solid; difficult to do orunderstand; needing much effort or forceharm - v. to injure; to damage; n. damage; hurtharvest - v. to gather crops; n. the crop after it is gatheredhat - n. a head coverhate - v. to have strong emotions against; to consider as anenemy; opposite lovehave - v. to possess; to own; to holdhe - pro. the boy or man who is being spoken abouthead - v. to lead; to command; n. leader; chief; the top part ofsomething; the highest positionheadquarters - n. the center from which orders are given; themain offices of a business or organizationheal - v. to return to good health; to cure; to become wellhealth - n. the general condition of the body and mind; thecondition of being free from sickness or diseasehear - v. to receive sound through the ears; to receive newsabout
  • 29. heat - v. to make hot or warm; n. great warmth; that which isproduced by burning fuel; energy from the sunheavy - ad. having much weight; not easy to lift; of great amountor forcehelicopter - n. a machine without wings that can fly up or down orremain in one place above the groundhelp - v. to give support; to assist; to make easier; n. support; aidhere - ad. in, to or at this placehero - n. a person honored for being brave or wisehide - v. to prevent from being seen or found; to make secrethigh - ad. tall; far up; far above the ground; important; aboveothershijack - v. to seize or take control of a vehicle by forcehill - n. a small mountainhistory - n. the written record or description of past events; thestudy of the pasthit - v. to strike; to touch with forcehold - v. to carry or support, usually in the hands or arms; to keepin one position; to keep as a prisoner; to contain; to possess; tooccupy; to organize and be involved in ("The two sides hold talksthis week.")hole - n. an opening; a torn or broken place in somethingholiday - n. a day when one does not work; a day on which nowork is done to honor or remember a person or eventholy - ad. greatly honored in religionhome - n. the building where a person lives, especially withfamily; the place where one was born or comes from; the area orcountry where one liveshonest - ad. truthful; able to be trustedhonor - v. to obey; to show strong, good feelings for ("to honorones parents"); n. an award; an act of giving special recognition("He received many honors for his efforts to help others.")hope - v. to expect; to believe there is a good chance that
  • 30. something will happen as wanted; to want something to happenhorrible - ad. causing great fear; terriblehorse - n. a large animal often used for racing, riding or farm workhospital - n. a place where sick or injured people are givenmedical carehostage - n. a person captured and held as a guarantee that ademand or promise will be honoredhostile - ad. ready to fight; ready for warhot - ad. having or feeling great heat or a high temperaturehotel - n. a building with rooms, and often food, for travellershour - n. a measure of time; sixty minuteshouse - n. a building in which people live; a countrys parliamentor lawmaking group ("House of Representatives")how - ad. in what way; to what amounthowever - conj. yet; buthuge - ad. very big; of great sizehuman - ad. of or about peoplehumor - n. the ability to understand, enjoy or express what makespeople laughhunger - n. the need for foodhunt - v. to search for animals to capture or kill them; to seek; totry to findhurry - v. to do or go fasthurt - v. to cause pain, injury or damagehusband - n. a man who is marriedII - pro. the person speakingice - n. frozen wateridea - n. a thought or picture in the mind; a beliefidentify - v. to recognize someone or something and to say whoor what they areif - conj. on condition; provided that ("I will go if you go.")ignore - v. to pay no attention to or refuse to consider ("The
  • 31. president ignored the protesters outside his office.")illegal - ad. not legal; in violation of a lawimagine - v. to make a picture in the mind; to form an ideaimmediate - ad. without delay; very near in time or placeimmigrant - n. a person who arrives in a country to live thereimport - v. to bring from another country; n. something broughtfrom another country, usually for saleimportant - ad. having great meaning, value or powerimprove - v. to make better; to become betterin - prep. inside; held by; contained by; surrounded by; duringincident - n. an event or something that happensincite - v. to urge or cause an action or emotion, usuallysomething bad or violentinclude - v. to have; to make a part ofincrease - v. to make more in size or amountindependent - ad. not influenced by or controlled by another orothers; free; separateindividual - n. one personindustry - n. any business that produces goods or providesservices; the work and related activity in factories and offices; allorganizations involved in manufacturinginfect - v. to make sick with something that causes diseaseinflation - n. a continuing rise in prices while the value of moneygoes downinfluence - v. to have an effect on someone or something; tocause changeinform - v. to tell; to give knowledge toinformation - n. knowledge; factsinject - v. to force a fluid into, such as putting medicine or drugsinto the body through the skininjure - v. to cause harm or damage to a person or animalinnocent - ad. not guilty of a crime; not responsible for a badaction
  • 32. insane - ad. mentally sickinsect - n. a very small creature, usually with many legs andsometimes with wingsinspect - v. to look at something carefully; to examine, especiallyby an expertinstead - ad. in the place of; taking the place ofinstrument - n. a tool or device designed to do something or tomake somethinginsult - v. to say something or to do something that makesanother person angry or dishonoredintelligence - n. the ability to think or learn; information gatheredby spyingintelligent - ad. quick to understand or learnintense - ad. very strong; extremely seriousinterest - n. what is important to someone ("He acted to protecthis interests." "She had a great interest in painting."); a share inowning a business; money paid for the use of money borrowedinterfere - v. to get in the way of; to work against; to take part inthe activities of others, especially when not asked to do sointernational - ad. of or about more than one nation or manynations; of the whole worldInternet - n. the extensive communications system that connectscomputers around the worldintervene - v. to come between; to come between in order tosettle or solveinvade - v. to enter an area or country by force with an armyinvent - v. to plan and make something never made before; tocreate a new thing or way of doing somethinginvest - v. to give money to a business or organization with thehope of making more moneyinvestigate - v. to study or examine all information about anevent, situation or charge; to search for the truthinvite - v. to ask someone to take part in or join an event,
  • 33. organization or gatheringinvolve - v. to take part in; to become a part of; to includeiron - n. a strong, hard metal used to make machines and toolsisland - n. a land area with water all around itissue - n. an important problem or subject that people arediscussing or arguing aboutit - pro. a thing, place, event or idea that is being spoken about("The sky is blue, but it also has a few white clouds.")Jjail - n. a prison for those waiting to be tried for a crime or forthose serving sentences for crimes that are not seriousjewel - n. a valuable stone, such as a diamond or emeraldjob - n. the work that one does to earn moneyjoin - v. to put together or come together; to become part of or amember ofjoint - ad. shared by two or morejoke - n. something done or said to cause others to laughjudge - v. to form an opinion about; to decide a question,especially a legal one; n. a public official who decides problems oflaw in a courtjump - v. to push down on the feet and move up quickly into theairjury - n. a group of people chosen to decide what is true in a trialjust - ad. only ("Help me for just a minute."); very shortly before orafter the present ("He just left."); at the same time ("He left just asI came in."); what is right or fair ("The law is just, in my opinion.")justice - n. the quality of being right, fair or lawfulKkeep - v. to possess; to have for oneselfkick - v. to hit with the footkidnap - v. to seize and take away by forcekill - v. to make dead; to cause to die
  • 34. kind - n. sort ("What kind of dog is that?"); ad. gentle; caring;helpfulkiss - v. to touch with the mouth to show love or honorknife - n. a tool or weapon used to cutknow - v. to understand something as correct; to have the factsabout; to recognize someone because you have met and talkedtogether beforeknowledge - n. that which is known; learning or understandingLlabor - n. work; workers as a grouplaboratory - n. a room or place where experiments in science aredonelack - v. to be without; n. the condition of needing, wanting or nothavinglake - n. a large area of fresh water surrounded by landland - v. to come to the earth from the air ("Airplanes land atairports."); n. the part of the earth not covered by water; thegroundlanguage - n. words and their use; what people speak in acountry, nation or grouplarge - ad. big; being of more than usual size, amount or number;opposite smalllast - v. to continue ("The talks will last three days."); ad. after allothers; the only one remaining ("She is the last person in line.")late - ad. after the correct time; near the end; opposite earlylaugh - v. to make sounds to express pleasure or happy feelingslaunch - v. to put into operation; to begin; to send into the air orspacelaw - n. all or any rules made by a governmentlead - v. to show the way; to command; to control; to go firstleak - v. to come out of or to escape through a small opening orhole (usually a gas or liquid)learn - v. to get knowledge about; to come to know a fact or facts
  • 35. leave - v. to go away from; to let something stay where it isleft - ad. on the side that is toward the west when one is facingnorth; opposite rightlegal - ad. of or in agreement with the lawlegislature - n. a government lawmaking grouplend - v. to permit someone to use a thing temporarily; to make aloan of moneyless - ad. smaller in amount; not as muchlet - v. to permit to do or to be; to make possibleletter - n. a message written on paper; a communication in writingsent to another personlevel - n. the amount or height that something reaches or rises to;the position of something or someoneliberal - ad. one who usually supports social progress or changelie - v. to have ones body on the ground or other surface; to saysomething that one knows is not truelife - n. the time between being born and dying; opposite death;all living thingslift - v. to take or bring up to a higher place or levellight - n. a form of energy that affects the eyes so that one is ableto see; anything that produces light; ad. bright; clear; not heavylightning - n. light produced by electricity in the air, usuallyduring a stormlike - v. to be pleased with; to have good feelings for someone orsomething; ad. in the same way as; similar tolimit - v. to restrict to a number or amount; n. the greatest amountor number permittedline - n. a long, thin mark on a surface; a number of people orthings organized; one after another; the edge of an areaprotected by military forceslink - v. to connect; to unite one thing or event with another; n. arelation between two or more things, situations or eventsliquid - n. a substance that is not a solid or gas, and can move
  • 36. freely, like waterlist - v. to put in writing a number of names of people or things; n.a written series of names or thingslisten - v. to try to hearliterature - n. all the poems, stories and writings of a period oftime or of a countrylittle - ad. not tall or big; a small amountlive - v. to have life; to exist; ad. having life; aliveload - v. to put objects on or into a vehicle or container; n. thatwhich is carriedloan - n. money borrowed that usually must be returned withinterest payments; something borrowedlocal - ad. about or having to do with one placelonely - ad. feeling alone and wanting friends; visited by few or nopeople ("a lonely man")long - ad. not short; measuring from beginning to end; measuringmuch; for much timelook - v. to turn the eyes toward so as to see; to search or huntfor; to seem to belose - v. to have no longer; to not find; to fail to keep; to bedefeatedloud - ad. having a strong sound; full of sound or noiselove - v. to like very much; to feel a strong, kind emotion(sometimes involving sex); n. a strong, kind emotion for someoneor something; opposite hatelow - ad. not high or tall; below the normal height; close to thegroundloyal - ad. showing strong friendship and support for someone orsomethingluck - n. something that happens by chanceMmachine - n. a device with moving parts used to do workmagazine - n. a publication of news, stories, pictures or other
  • 37. informationmail - n. letters, papers and other things sent through an officialsystem, such as a post officemain - ad. the most important or largestmajor - ad. great in size, importance or amountmajority - n. the greater number; more than halfmake - v. to produce; to create; to build; to do something or tocarry out an action; to cause to be or to becomemale - n. a man or boy; the sex that is the father of children; ad. ofor about menman - n. an adult male humanmanufacture - v. to make goods in large amountsmany - ad. a large number or amount ofmap - n. a picture of the earths surface or a part of itmarch - v. to walk in a group like soldiers; to walk together in alarge group to protest about somethingmark - v. to make a sign or cut on somethingmarket - n. a place or area where goods are sold, bought ortraded; an economic system in which the prices of things aredecided by how many there are and how much money people arewilling to pay for themmarry - v. to join a man and woman together as husband andwife; to become husband and wife (usually in a religious or civilceremony)mass - n. an amount of matter having no special form and usuallyof a large sizemate - v. to bring together a male and a female to create anothercreaturematerial - n. the substance, substances or matter of whichsomething is made or from which something can be made, suchas wood, cloth or stone; anything that can be made intosomething elsemathematics - n. the science dealing with amounts, sizes and
  • 38. shapes, as explained by numbers and signsmatter - n. anything that can be seen or felt; what things aremade ofmay - v. a word used with an action word to mean permit orpossible ("May I go?" "They may leave tomorrow.")mayor - n. the chief official of a city or town governmentmeal - n. food eaten to satisfy hunger, such as dinnermean - v. to want to; to give the idea of; to have the idea ofmeasure - v. to learn the amount, size or distance of something;n. an action taken; a legislative proposalmeat - n. the part of a dead animal used for foodmedia - n. all public information organizations, includingnewspapers, television and radiomedicine - n. a substance or drug used to treat disease or pain;the science or study of treating and curing disease or improvinghealthmeet - v. to come together with someone or something at thesame time and placemelt - v. to make a solid into a liquid by heating itmember - n. one of a groupmemorial - n. something done or made to honor the memory of aperson or eventmemory - n. a picture in the mind of past events; the ability toremember; a thing rememberedmental - ad. about or having to do with the mindmessage - n. written or spoken news or information; a note fromone person to another person or groupmetal - n. a hard substance such as iron, steel or goldmethod - n. the way something is donemicroscope - n. a device used to make very small things looklarger so they can be studiedmiddle - n. the center; a place or time of equal distance from bothsides or ends; ad. in the center
  • 39. militant - n. someone active in trying to cause political change,often by the use of force or violencemilitary - n. the armed forces of a nation or group; ad. of or aboutthe armed forcesmilitia - n. an army of citizens instead of professional soldiers; anarmed force or private armymilk - n. the white liquid produced by female animals to feed theiryoungmind - n. the thinking, feeling part of a personmine - v. to dig useful or valuable substances out of the earth; n.a place in the earth where such substances are found; a bombplaced under the ground or under water so it cannot be seenmineral - n. a substance found in nature that is not an animal or aplant, such as coal or saltminister - n. a member of a cabinet; a high government official("prime minister,"foreign minister")minor - ad. small in size; of little importanceminority - n. the smaller number; opposite majorityminute - n. a measure of time; one of the sixty equal parts of anhour; sixty secondsmiss - v. to fail to hit, see, reach or meetmissile - n. any weapon that can be thrown or fired through theair and explodes when it reaches its targetmissing - ad. lost; not foundmistake - n. a wrong action or decision; an action done withoutthe knowledge that it was wrongmix - v. to put different things together to make one thingmob - n. a large group of wild or angry peoplemodel - n. an example; something, usually small, made to showhow something will look or workmoderate - ad. not extrememodern - ad. of the present or very recent time; the mostimproved
  • 40. money - n. pieces of metal or paper used to pay for thingsmonth - n. one of the twelve periods of time into which a year isdividedmoon - n. the bright object often seen in the night sky that orbitsthe earth about every twenty-nine daysmoral - ad. concerning what is right or wrong in someonesactionsmore - ad. greater in size or amountmorning - n. the early part of the day, from sunrise until noonmost - ad. greatest in size or amountmother - n. the female parent; a woman who has a child orchildrenmotion - n. a movement; a continuing change of position or placemountain - n. a part of the earths surface that rises high abovethe area around itmourn - v. to express or feel sadnessmove - v. to change position; to put or keep in motion; to gomovement - n. the act of moving or a way of moving; a series ofacts or efforts to reach a goalmovie - n. a motion picture; a filmmuch - ad. great in amountmurder - v. to kill another person illegally; n. the crime of killinganother personmusic - n. the making of sounds by singing or using a musicalinstrumentmust - v. a word used with an action word to mean necessary("You must go to school.")mystery - n. something that is not or cannot be explained orunderstood; a secretNname - v. to appoint; to nominate; to give a name to; n. a word bywhich a person, animal or thing is known or callednarrow - ad. limited in size or amount; not wide; having a short
  • 41. distance from one side to the othernation - n. a country, together with its social and political systemsnative - n. someone who was born in a place, not one who movedtherenatural - ad. of or about nature; normal; common to its kindnature - n. all the plants, animals and other things on earth notcreated by humans; events or processes not caused by humansnavy - n. the part of a countrys military force trained to fight atseanear - ad. not far; close tonecessary - ad. needed to get a result or effect; requiredneed - v. to require; to want; to be necessary to have or to donegotiate - v. to talk about a problem or situation to find acommon solutionneighbor - n. a person or country that is next to or near anotherneither - ad. not one or the other of twoneutral - ad. not supporting one side or the other in a disputenever - ad. at no time; not evernew - ad. not existing before; not known before; recently made,built, bought or grown; another; differentnews - n. information about any recent events, especially asreported by the medianext - ad. coming immediately after; nearestnice - ad. pleasing; good; kindnight - n. the time between when the sun goes down and when itrises, when there is little or no lightno - ad. used to reject or to refuse; not any; not at allnoise - n. sound, especially when loudnominate - v. to name someone as a candidate for an election; topropose a person for an office or positionnoon - n. the middle of the day; twelve oclock in the daytimenormal - n. the usual condition, amount or form; ad. usual; what isexpected
  • 42. north - n. the direction to the left of a person facing the rising sunnot - ad. a word showing that something is denied or untrue ("Sheis not going.")note - v. to talk about something already known; n. a word orwords written to help a person remember; a short letternothing - n. not anything; no thingnow - ad. at this time; immediatelynowhere - ad. not in, to or at any placenuclear - ad. of or about the energy produced by splitting atomsor bringing them together; of or about weapons that explode byusing energy from atomsnumber - n. a word or sign used to show the order or amount ofthingsOobey - v. to act as one is ordered to actobject - v. to show that one does not like or approve; to protest; n.something not alive that can be seen or touchedobserve - v. to watch; to look at carefully; to celebrate or honorsomething ("They will observe the anniversary of the day she wasborn.")occupy - v. to take and hold or to control by forceocean - n. the area of salt water that covers almost seventy-fivepercent of the earths surface; any of the five main divisions ofthis waterof - prep. made from; belonging to; about; connected to; includedamongoff - ad. away; at a distance; condition when something is nolonger operating or continuing; not on; not connectedoffensive - n. a military campaign of attack; ad. having to do withattackingoffer - v. to present or propose; n. the act of presenting orproposing; that which is presented or proposedoffice - n. a room or building where business or work is done; a
  • 43. public position to which one is elected or appointedofficer - n. a person in the military who commands others; anyperson who is a member of a police forceofficial - n. a person with power in an organization; arepresentative of an organization or government; ad. of or aboutan office; approved by the government or someone in poweroften - ad. many timesoil - n. a thick liquid that does not mix with water and that burnseasily; a black liquid taken from the ground and used as fuelold - ad. not young or new; having lived or existed for many yearson - prep. above and held up by; touching the upper surface of("The book is on the table."); supported by ("He is on his feet.");about ("The report on the meeting is ready."); at the time of ("Heleft on Wednesday.")once - ad. one time onlyonly - ad. being the single one or ones; no more than ("We haveonly two dollars.")open - v. to start ("They opened talks."); ad. not closed; not secretoperate - v. to do work or a job; to cut into the body for medicalreasonsopinion - n. a belief based on ones own ideas and thinkingoppose - v. to be against; to fight againstopposite - ad. different as possible; completely different from;exactly the other way ("North is the opposite direction fromsouth.")oppress - v. to make others suffer; to control by the use of unjustand cruel force or poweror - conj. giving another of two choices; giving the last of severalchoicesorbit - v. to travel in space around a planet or other object; n. thepath or way an object travels in space around another object orplanetorder - v. to give a command; to tell someone what to do; n. a
  • 44. command; the correct or normal way things are organized; apeaceful situation in which people obey lawsorganize - v. to put in order; to put together into a systemother - ad. different; of another kind; the remaining one or ones oftwo or more ("That man is short; the other is tall.")our - ad. of or belonging to usoust - v. to force to leave; to remove by forceout - ad. away from the inside; opposite of inover - conj. above; covering; across, in or on every part of ("allover the world")overthrow - v. to remove from power; to defeat or end by forceowe - v. to pay or have to repay (usually money) in return forsomething receivedown - v. to have or possess for oneselfPpain - n. a hurt or suffering somewhere in the bodypaint - v. to cover with a liquid color; to make a picture with liquidcolors; n. a colored liquid used to cover or protect a surfacepaper - n. a thin, flat material made from plants or cloth oftenused for writingparachute - n. a device that permits a person or thing to fallslowly from an airplane or helicopter to the groundparade - n. a group of people and vehicles moving together tocelebrate a special event or anniversarypardon - v. to forgive for a crime and release from punishmentparent - n. a father or motherparliament - n. a government lawmaking grouppart - n. something less than the whole; not all of somethingpartner - n. a person who takes part in some activity in commonwith another or others. ("The two men were business partners.")party - n. a group of people working together for a politicalpurpose; a group of people or friends gathered together forenjoyment
  • 45. pass - v. to go by or move around something; to move along; tocause or permit to gopassenger - n. a person travelling by airplane, train, boat or carwho is not the pilot or driverpassport - n. a document permitting a person to travel to anothercountrypast - n. the time gone by; the time before; ad. recent;immediately before; formerpath - n. a narrow way for walking; a way along which somethingmovespatient - n. a person being treated by a doctor for a healthproblempay - v. to give money for work done or for something boughtpeace - n. the condition of freedom from war, fighting or noise;rest; quietpeople - n. any group of persons; all the persons of a group,race, religion or nation ("the American people")percent - n. a part of every hundred ("Ten is ten percent of onehundred.")perfect - ad. complete or correct in every way; completely right orgood; without mistakesperform - v. to speak, dance or sing in front of othersperiod - n. an amount of time within events, restrictions orconditionspermanent - ad. never changing; lasting for a very long time orfor all timepermit - v. to let; to make possibleperson - n. a man, woman or childpersuade - v. to cause someone to do something by explaining orurging. ("The police persuaded the criminal to surrender hisweapon.")physical - ad. of the bodyphysics - n. the study of motion, matter and energy
  • 46. picture - n. something that shows what another thing looks like;an idea or representation of something as seen by the eye; apainting; what is made with a camerapiece - n. a part of something largerpig - n. a farm animal used for its meatpilot - n. one who guides or flies an airplane or helicopterpipe - n. a long, round piece of material used to move liquid orgasplace - v. to put something somewhere; n. an area or a part of anarea; space where a person or thing is; any room, building, townor countryplan - v. to organize or develop an idea or method of acting ordoing something ("They plan to have a party."); n. an organized ordeveloped idea or method ("The plan will not work.")planet - n. a large object in space that orbits the sun ("Earth is aplanet.")plant - v. to put into the ground to grow; n. a living growth fromthe ground which gets its food from air, water and earthplastic - n. a material made from chemicals that can be formedand made into thingsplay - v. to have fun; to not work; to take part in a sport; to makemusic on an instrument; n. a story acted in a theaterplease - v. to make one happy; to give enjoymentplenty - n. all that is needed; a large enough amountplot - v. to make secret plans; n. a secret plan to do somethingwrong or illegalpoem - n. words and their sounds organized in a special way toexpress emotionspoint - v. to aim ones finger toward; to aim; n. the sharp end ofsomethingpoison - n. a substance that can destroy life or damage healthpolice - n. a government agency responsible for guarding thepublic, keeping order, and making sure people obey the law;
  • 47. members of that agencypolicy - n. an established set of plans or goals used to developand make decisions in politics, economics or businesspolitics - n. the activities of government and of those who are inpublic officepollute - v. to release dangerous or unpleasant substances intothe air, soil or waterpoor - n. people with little or no money; ad. lacking money orgoods; of bad qualitypopular - ad. liked by many people; generally approved by thepublicpopulation - n. all the people in a place, city or countryport - n. a city where ships load or unload goods; a place on acoast where ships can be safe from a stormposition - n. a place; the way of holding the body; the way a thingis set or placed; a job (or level of a job) in an organizationpossess - v. to have; to own; to control or be controlled bypossible - ad. able to be done; can happen or is expected tohappenpostpone - v. to delay action until a later timepour - v. to flow; to cause to flowpoverty - n. the condition of being poorpower - n. the ability to control or direct others; control; strength;ruling force; force or energy used to do work ("Water power turnsthe wheel.")praise - v. to say good things about; to approvepray - v. to make a request to a god or spirit; to praise a god orspiritpredict - v. to say what one believes will happen in the future.("The weather scientist predicted a cold winter.")pregnant - ad. carrying a child within the body before it is born;expecting to give birth to a babypresent - v. to offer for consideration ("We will present our idea to
  • 48. the committee."); n. a gift ("I gave them a present for theiranniversary."); now ("The present time is a good time."); ad. to beat a place ("I was present at school yesterday.")president - n. the chief official of a country that is a republic; theleader of an organizationpress - v. to urge strongly; n. newspapers, magazines and otherpublicationspressure - n. the force produced when something is pusheddown or against something elseprevent - v. to keep or stop from going or happeningprice - n. the amount of money for which anything is bought, soldor offered for saleprison - n. a place where a person is kept as punishment for acrimeprivate - ad. of or about a person or group that is secret; oppositepublicprize - n. something offered or won in a competition; something ofvalue that one must work hard for to getprobably - ad. a good chance of taking place; a little more thanpossibleproblem - n. a difficult question or situation with an unknown orunclear answerprocess - n. an operation or series of changes leading to adesired resultproduce - v. to make; to create; to cause something to be; tomanufactureprofession - n. a job that requires special trainingprofessor - n. a teacher at a college or universityprofit - n. money gained from a business activity after paying allcosts of that activityprogram - n. a plan of action; the different events or parts of ameeting or showprogress - n. movement forward or toward improvement or a goal
  • 49. project - n. a planned effort to do somethingpromise - v. to say one will do something; n. a spoken or writtenagreement to do somethingpropaganda - n. ideas or information used to influence opinionsproperty - n. anything owned by someone such as land, buildingsor goodspropose - v. to present or offer for considerationprotect - v. to guard; to defend; to prevent from being harmed ordamagedprotest - v. to speak against; to objectprove - v. to show to be trueprovide - v. to give something needed or wantedpublic - ad. of or about all the people in a community or country;opposite privatepublication - n. something that is published such as a book,newspaper or magazinepublish - v. to make public something that is written; to includesomething in a book, newspaper or magazinepull - v. to use force to move something toward the person orthing using the force; opposite pushpump - v. to force a gas or liquid up, into or throughpunish - v. to cause pain, suffering or loss for doing somethingbad or illegalpurchase - v. to buy with money or with something of equalvalue; n. that which is boughtpure - ad. free from anything that is different or that reducesvalue; cleanpurpose - n. the reason or desired effect for doing something;goalpush - v. to use force to move something away from the personor thing using the force; opposite pullput - v. to place; to set in positionQ
  • 50. quality - n. that which something is known to have or be ("Animportant quality of steel is its strength."); amount of value orexcellence ("Their goods are of the highest quality.")question - v. to ask; to express wonder or disbelief; n. a sentenceor word used in asking for information; a problem; an issue to bediscussedquick - ad. fastquiet - ad. with little or no noise; having little or no movement;calmRrace - v. to run; to take part in a competition to decide who orwhat can move fastest; to take part in a campaign for politicaloffice; n. one of the major groups that humans can be divided intobecause of a common physical similarity, such as skin colorradar - n. a device that uses radio signals to learn the position orspeed of objects that may be too far away to be seenradiation - n. waves of energy from something that produces heator light; energy from a nuclear substance, which can bedangerousradio - n. the system of sending and receiving signals or soundsthrough the air without wiresraid - v. to make a sudden attack; n. a sudden attack carried outas an act of war, or for the purpose of seizing or stealingsomethingrailroad - n. a road for trains; a company that operates such aroad and its stations and equipmentrain - n. water falling from the skyraise - v. to lift up; to move to a higher position; to cause to grow;to increaserape - v. to carry out a sexual attack by force against a personrare - ad. not common; not usual; not oftenrate - n. speed; a measure of how quickly or how often somethinghappens; the price of any thing or service that is bought or sold
  • 51. reach - v. to put a hand toward; to arrive at; to come toreact - v. to act as a result of or in answer toread - v. to look at and understand the meaning of written wordsor numbersready - ad. prepared; completed; organized; willingreal - ad. true; truly existing; not falserealistic - ad. in agreement with the way things arereason - n. the cause for a belief or act; purpose; something thatexplainsreasonable - ad. ready to listen to reasons or ideas; not extreme;ready or willing to compromiserebel - v. to act against a government or power, often with force;to refuse to obey; n. one who opposes or fights against thegovernment of his or her countryreceive - v. to get or accept something given, offered or sentrecent - ad. a short time agorecession - n. a temporary reduction in economic activity, whenindustries produce less and many workers lose their jobsrecognize - v. to know or remember something or someone thatwas known, known about or seen before; to accept anothernation as independent and establish diplomatic ties with itsgovernmentrecord - v. to write something in order to have it for future use; toput sound or pictures in a form that can be kept and heard orseen again; n. a writing that shows proof or facts about somethingrecover - v. to get again something that was lost, stolen or takenaway ("The police recovered the stolen money."); to return tonormal health or normal conditions She is expected to recoverfrom the operation.")red - ad. having the color like that of bloodreduce - v. to make less or smaller in number, size or amount; tocutreform - v. to make better by changing; to improve; n. a change to
  • 52. a better conditionrefugee - n. a person who has been forced to flee because ofunjust treatment, danger or warrefuse - v. to reject; to not accept, give or do somethingregister - v. to have one’s name officially placed on a list ofpeople permitted to vote in an election or take part in aneducational programregret - n. a feeling of sadness or sorrow about something that isdone or that happensreject - v. to refuse to accept, use or believerelations - n. understandings or ties between nations; membersof the same family; people connected by marriage or family tiesrelease - v. to free; to permit to go; to permit to be known or madepublicreligion - n. a belief in, or the honoring of, a god or godsremain - v. to stay in a place after others leave; to stay the sameremains - n. a dead bodyremember - v. to think about the past; opposite forgetremove - v. to take away or take off; to put an end to; to take outof a position or officerepair - n. work done to fix somethingrepeat - v. to say or do againreport - v. to tell about; to give the results of a study orinvestigation; n. the story about an event; the results of a study orinvestigation; a statement in which the facts may not beconfirmedrepresent - v. to act in the place of someone else; to substitutefor; to serve as an examplerepress - v. to control or to restrict freedoms by forcerequest - v. to ask for; n. the act of asking forrequire - v. to need or demand as necessaryrescue - v. to free from danger or evilresearch - n. a careful study to discover correct information
  • 53. resign - v. to leave a position, job or officeresist - v. to oppose; to fight to preventresolution - n. an official statement of agreement by a group ofpeople, usually reached by votingresource - n. anything of value that can be used or soldrespect - v. to feel or show honor to a person or thing ("Allcitizens should respect the law.")responsible - ad. having a duty or job to do ("He is responsiblefor preparing the report."); being the cause of ("They wereresponsible for the accident.")rest - v. to sit, lie down or sleep to regain strength; n. that whichremains; the othersrestaurant - n. a place where people can buy and eat mealsrestrain - v. to keep controlled; to limit action by a person orgrouprestrict - v. to limit; to prevent from increasing or becoming largerresult - v. to happen from a cause; n. that which follows or isproduced by a cause; effectretire - v. to leave a job or position because one is old or in poorhealthreturn - v. to go or come back; to bring, give, take or send backrevolt - v. to protest violently; to fight for a change, especially ofgovernmentrice - n. a food grainrich - ad. having much money or goods; having plenty ofsomethingride - v. to sit on or in and be carried along; to travel by animal,wheeled vehicle, airplane or boatright - n. what a person legally and morally should be able to door have ("It is their right to vote."); ad. agreeing with the facts;good; correct; opposite wrong; on the side that is toward the eastwhen one is facing north; opposite leftriot - v. to act with many others in a violent way in a public place;
  • 54. n. a violent action by a large group of peoplerise - v. to go up; to go higher; to increase; to go from a positionof sitting or lying to a position of standingrisk - n. the chance of loss, damage or injuryriver - n. a large amount of water that flows across land intoanother river, a lake or an oceanroad - n. a long piece of hard ground built between two places sopeople can walk, drive or ride easily from one place to the otherrob - v. to take money or property secretly or by force; to stealrock - n. a hard piece of mineral matterrocket - n. a device shaped like a tube that moves through air orspace by burning gases and letting them escape from the back orbottom, sometimes used as a weaponroll - v. to turn over and over; to move like a ballroom - n. a separate area within a building with its own wallsroot - n. the part of a plant that is under the ground and takesnutrients from the soilrope - n. a long, thick piece of material made from thinner piecesof material, used for tyingrough - ad. not flat or smooth; having an uneven surface; violent;not made wellround - ad. having the shape of a ball or circlerub - v. to move something over the surface of another thingrubber - n. a substance made from the liquid of trees with thesame name, or a similar substance made from chemicalsruin - v. to damage severely; to destroyrule - v. to govern or control; to decide; n. a statement or an orderthat says how something must be donerun - v. to move quickly by steps faster than those used forwalkingrural - ad. describing areas away from cities which may includefarms, small towns and unpopulated areasS
  • 55. sabotage - v. to damage or destroy as an act against anorganization or nation ("The rebels sabotaged the railroad.")sacrifice - v. to do without something or to suffer a loss for abelief, idea, goal or another personsad - ad. not happysafe - ad. away from harm or dangersail - v. to travel by boat or shipsailor - n. a person involved in sailing a boat or shipsalt - n. a white substance found in sea water and in the ground,used to affect the taste of foodsame - ad. not different; not changed; like another or otherssand - n. extremely small pieces of crushed rock found in largeamounts in deserts and on coastssatellite - n. a small object in space that moves around a largerobject; an object placed in orbit around the earthsatisfy - v. to give or provide what is desired, needed ordemandedsave - v. to make safe; to remove from harm; to keep for futureusesay - v. to speak; to express in wordsschool - n. a place for education; a place where people go tolearnscience - n. the study of nature and the actions of natural things,and the knowledge gained about themsea - n. a large area of salt water, usually part of an oceansearch - v. to look for carefullyseason - n. one of the four periods of the year that is based onthe earths position toward the sun (spring, summer, autumn,winter); a period of time based on different weather conditions("dry season", "rainy season"); a period during the year whensomething usually happens ("baseball season")seat - n. a thing to sit on; a place to sit or the right to sit there ("aseat in parliament")
  • 56. second - ad. the one that comes after the firstsecret - n. something known only to a few and kept from generalknowledge; ad. hidden from others; known only to a fewsecurity - n. freedom from danger or harm; protection; measuresnecessary to protect a person or place ("Security was increasedin the city.")see - v. to know or sense through the eyes; to understand orknowseed - n. the part of a plant from which new plants growseek(ing) - v. to search for ("They are seeking a cure forcancer."); to try to get ("She is seeking election to public office.");to plan to do ("Electric power companies are seeking to reducetheir use of coal.")seem - v. to appear to be ("She seems to be in good health.")seize - v. to take quickly by force; to take control of quickly; toarrestself - n. all that which makes one person different from otherssell - v. to give something in exchange for moneySenate - n. the smaller of the two groups in the governments ofsome countries, such as in the United States Congresssend - v. to cause to go; to permit to go; to cause to be carried,taken or directed to or away from a placesense - v. to come to know about by feeling, believing orunderstanding; n. any of the abilities to see, hear, taste, smell orfeelsentence - v. to declare the punishment for a crime; n. thepunishment for a crimeseparate - v. to set or keep people, things or ideas away from orindependent from others; ad. not together or connected; differentseries - n. a number of similar things or events that follow oneafter another in time, position or orderserious - ad. important; needing careful consideration; dangerousserve - v. to work as an official; to be employed by the
  • 57. government; to assist or helpservice - n. an organization or system that provides something forthe public ("Schools and roads are services paid for by taxes."); ajob that an organization or business can do for money; militaryorganizations such as an army, navy or air force; a religiousceremonyset - v. to put in place or position; to establish a time, price or limitsettle - v. to end (a dispute); to agree about (a problem); to makea home in a new placeseveral - ad. three or more, but not manysevere - ad. not gentle; causing much pain, sadness or damagesex - n. either the male or female group into which all people andanimals are divided because of their actions in producing young;the physical activity by which humans and animals can produceyoungshake - v. to move or cause to move in short, quick movementsshape - v. to give form to; n. the form of something, especiallyhow it looksshare - v. to give part of something to another or others; n. a partbelonging to, given to or owned by a single person or a group;any one of the equal parts of ownership of a business orcompanysharp - ad. having a thin edge or small point that can cut or hurt;causing hurt or painshe - pro. the girl or woman who is being spoken aboutsheep - n. a farm animal used for its meat and hairshell - v. to fire artillery; n. a metal container that is fired from alarge gun and explodes when it reaches its target; a hard outsidecovershelter - v. to protect or give protection to; n. something that givesprotection; a place of safetyshine - v. to aim a light; to give bright light; to be bright; to cleanto make bright
  • 58. ship - v. to transport; n. a large boatshock - v. to cause to feel sudden surprise or fear; n. somethingthat greatly affects the mind or emotions; a powerful shake, asfrom an earthquakeshoe - n. a covering for the footshoot - v. to cause a gun or other weapon to send out an objectdesigned to kill; to use a gunshort - ad. lasting only for a small period of time; not long;opposite tallshould - v. used with another verb (action word) to showresponsibility ("We should study."), probability ("The talks shouldbegin soon."), or that something is believed to be a good idea("Criminals should be punished.")shout - v. to speak very loudlyshow - v. to make something be seen; to make known; n. a playor story presented in a theater, or broadcast on radio ortelevision, for enjoyment or education; something organized to beseen by the publicshrink - v. to make or become less in size, weight or valuesick - ad. suffering physically or mentally with a disease or otherproblem; not in good healthsickness - n. the condition of being in bad healthside - n. the outer surfaces of an object that are not the top orbottom; parts away from the middle; either the right or left half ofthe bodysign - v. to write ones name; n. a mark or shape used to meansomething; evidence that something exists or will happen; a flatpiece of material with writing that gives informationsignal - v. to send a message by signs; n. an action or movementthat sends a messagesilence - v. to make quiet; to stop from speaking or making noise;n. a lack of noise or soundsilver - n. a valued white metal
  • 59. similar - ad. like something else but not exactly the samesimple - ad. easy to understand or do; not difficult or complexsince - prep. from a time in the past until now ("I have known hersince we went to school together.")sing - v. to make music sounds with the voicesingle - ad. one onlysink - v. to go down into water or other liquidsister - n. a female with the same father or mother as anotherpersonsit - v. to rest on the lower part of the body without the support ofthe legs; to become seatedsituation - n. the way things are during a period of timesize - n. the space occupied by something; how long, wide or highsomething isskeleton - n. all the bones of a human or other animal together intheir normal positionsskill - n. the ability gained from training or experienceskin - n. the outer covering of humans and most animalssky - n. the space above the earthslave - n. a person owned or controlled by anothersleep - v. to rest the body and mind with the eyes closedslide - v. to move smoothly over a surfaceslow - v. to reduce the speed of; ad. not fast in moving, talking orother activitiessmall - ad. little in size or amount; few in number; not important;opposite largesmash - v. to break or be broken into small pieces by force; to hitor move with forcesmell - v. to sense through the nose; n. something sensed by thenose ("the smell of food cooking")smoke - v. to use cigarettes or other tobacco products by burningthem and breathing in the smoke; n. that which can be seen risinginto the air like a cloud from something burning
  • 60. smooth - ad. having a level surface; opposite roughsnow - n. soft, white pieces of frozen water that fall from the sky,usually in winter or when the air temperature is very coldso - ad. in such a way that ("He held the flag so all could see it.");also; too ("She left early, and so did we."); very ("I am so sick.");as a result ("They were sick, so they could not come."); conj. inorder that; for the purpose of ("Come early so we can discuss theplans.")social - ad. of or about people or a groupsoft - ad. not hard; easily shaped; pleasing to touch; not loudsoil - n. earth in which plants growsoldier - n. a person in the armysolid - ad. having a hard shape with no empty spaces inside;strong; not in the form of a liquid or gassolve - v. to find an answer; to settlesome - ad. of an amount or number or part not stated; not allson - n. a persons male childsoon - ad. not long after the present time; quicklysort - n. any group of people or things that are the same or aresimilar in some way; a kind of somethingsound - n. fast-moving waves of energy that affect the ear andresult in hearing; that which is heardsouth - n. the direction to the right of a person facing the risingsunspace - n. the area outside the earths atmosphere where thesun, moon, planets and stars are; the area between or insidethingsspeak - v. to talk; to say words with the mouth; to express onesthoughts to others and exchange ideas; to give a speech to agroupspecial - ad. of a different or unusual kind; not for general use;better or more important than others of the same kindspeech - n. a talk given to a group of people
  • 61. speed - v. to make something go or move faster; n. the rate atwhich something moves or travels; the rate at which somethinghappens or is donespend - v. to give as payment; to use ("He spends much timestudying.")spill - v. to cause or permit liquid to flow out, usually by accidentspirit - n. the part of a human that is not physical and isconnected to thoughts and emotions; the part of a person that isbelieved to remain alive after deathsplit - v. to separate into two or more parts; to divide or break intopartssport - n. any game or activity of competition involving physicaleffort or skillspread - v. to become longer or wider; to make or become widelyknownspring - n. the time of the year between winter and summerspy - v. to steal or get information secretly; n. one who watchesothers secretly; a person employed by a government to get secretinformation about another countrysquare - n. a flat shape having four equal sidesstab - v. to cut or push into or through with a pointed weaponstand - v. to move into or be in a position in which only the feetare on a surface; to be in one position or placestar - n. a mass of gas that usually appears as a small light in thesky at night, but is not a planet; a famous person, usually an actoror singerstart - v. to begin; to make something beginstarve - v. to suffer or die from a lack of foodstate - v. to say; to declare; n. a political part of a nationstation - n. a place of special work or purpose ("a police station");a place where passengers get on or off trains or buses; a placefor radio or television broadcastsstatue - n. a form of a human, animal or other creature usually
  • 62. made of stone, wood or metalstay - v. to continue to be where one is; to remain; to not leave; tolive for a time ("They stayed in New York for two years.")steal - v. to take without permission or payingsteam - n. the gas that comes from hot watersteel - n. iron made harder and stronger by mixing it with othersubstancesstep - v. to move by lifting one foot and placing it in a newposition; n. the act of stepping; one of a series of actionsdesigned to reach a goalstick - v. to attach something to another thing using a substancethat will hold them together; to become fixed in one position sothat movement is difficult ("Something is making the door stick.");n. a thin piece of woodstill - ad. not moving ("The man was standing still."); until thepresent or a stated time ("Was he still there?"); even so; although("The job was difficult, but she still wanted to do it.")stone - n. a small piece of rockstop - v. to prevent any more movement or action; to come orbring to an endstore - v. to keep or put away for future use; n. a place wherepeople buy thingsstorm - n. violent weather, including strong winds and rain orsnowstory - n. the telling or writing of an event, either real or imaginedstove - n. a heating device used for cookingstraight - ad. continuing in one direction without turnsstrange - ad. unusual; not normal; not knownstreet - n. a road in a city, town or villagestretch - v. to extend for a distance; to pull on to make longer orwiderstrike - v. to hit with force; to stop work as a way to seek betterconditions, more pay or to make other demands
  • 63. strong - ad. having much power; not easily broken, damaged ordestroyedstructure - n. the way something is built, made or organized; asystem that is formed or organized in a special way; a buildingstruggle - v. to try with much effort; to fight with; n. a great effort;a fightstudy - v. to make an effort to gain knowledge by using the mind;to examine carefullystupid - ad. not able to learn much; not intelligentsubject - n. the person or thing being discussed, studied orwritten aboutsubmarine - n. an underwater shipsubstance - n. the material of which something is made (a solid,liquid or gas)substitute - v. to put or use in place of another; n. a person orthing put or used in place of anothersubversion - n. an attempt to weaken or destroy a politicalsystem or government, usually secretlysucceed - v. to reach a goal or thing desired; to produce aplanned resultsuch - ad. of this or that kind; of the same kind as; similar tosudden - ad. not expected; without warning; done or carried outquickly or without preparationsuffer - v. to feel pain in the body or mind; to receive orexperience hurt or sadnesssugar - n. a sweet substance made from liquids taken from plantssuggest - v. to offer or propose something to think about orconsidersuicide - n. the act of killing oneselfsummer - n. the warmest time of the year, between spring andautumnsun - n. the huge star in the sky that provides heat and light toearth
  • 64. supervise - v. to direct and observe the work of otherssupply - v. to give; to provide; n. the amount of something thatcan be given or sold to otherssupport - v. to carry the weight of; to hold up or in position; toagree with others and help them reach a goal; to approvesuppose - v. to believe, think or imagine ("I suppose you areright."); to expect ("It is supposed to rain tonight.")suppress - v. to put down or to keep down by force; to preventinformation from being known publiclysure - ad. very probable; with good reason to believe; true withoutquestionsurface - n. the outer side or top of something ("The rocketlanded on the surface of the moon.")surplus - n. an amount that is more than is needed; extra; ("Thatcountry has a trade surplus. It exports more than it imports.")surprise - v. to cause a feeling of wonder because something isnot expected; n. something not expected; the feeling caused bysomething not expectedsurrender - v. to give control of oneself or ones property toanother or others; to stop fighting and admit defeatsurround - v. to form a circle around; to be in positions all aroundsomeone or somethingsurvive - v. to remain alive during or after a dangerous situationsuspect - v. to imagine or believe that a person is guilty ofsomething bad or illegal; n. a person believed to be guiltysuspend - v. to cause to stop for a period of timeswallow - v. to take into the stomach through the mouthswear in - v. to put an official into office by having him or herpromise to carry out the duties of that office ("The chief justice willswear in the president.")sweet - ad. tasting pleasant, like sugarswim - v. to move through water by making motions with the armsand legs
  • 65. sympathy - n. a sharing of feelings or emotions with anotherperson, usually feelings of sadnesssystem - n. a method of organizing or doing something byfollowing rules or a plan; a group of connected things or partsworking together for a common purpose or goalTtake - v. to put a hand or hands around something and hold it,often to move it to another place; to carry something ; to seize; tocapture; to begin to be in control ("The president takes officetomorrow.")talk - v. to express thoughts in spoken words; n. a meeting fordiscussiontall - ad. higher than others; opposite shorttank - n. a large container for holding liquids; a heavy militaryvehicle with gunstarget - n. any person or object aimed at or fired attaste - v. to sense through the mouth ("The fruit tastes sweet.")tax - n. the money a person or business must pay to thegovernment so the government can provide servicestea - n. a drink made from the plant of the same nameteach - v. to show how to do something; to provide knowledge; tocause to understandteam - n. a group organized for some purpose, often for sportstear - v. to pull apart, often by forcetechnical - ad. involving machines, processes and materials inindustry, transportation and communications; of or about a veryspecial kind of subject or thing ("You need technical knowledge tounderstand how this system works.")technology - n. the use of scientific knowledge and methods toproduce goods and servicestelephone - n. a device or system for sending sounds, especiallythe voice, over distancestelescope - n. a device for making objects that are far away
  • 66. appear closer and largertelevision - n. a device that receives electronic signals andmakes them into pictures and sounds; the system of sendingpictures and sounds by electronic signals over a distance soothers can see and hear them on a receivertell - v. to give information; to make known by speaking; to order;to commandtemperature - n. the measurement of heat and coldtemporary - ad. lasting only a short timetense - ad. having fear or concern; dangerous; opposite calmterm - n. a limited period of time during which someone does ajob or carries out a responsibility ("He served two terms inCongress."); the conditions of an agreement that have beenaccepted by those involved in itterrible - ad. very bad; causing terror or fearterritory - n. a large area of landterror - n. extreme fear; that which causes great fearterrorist - n. a person who carries out acts of extreme violence asa protest or a way to influence a governmenttest - v. to attempt to learn or prove what something is like or howit will act by studying or doing ("The scientists will test the newengine soon."); n. an attempt to learn or prove what something islike or how it will act by studying or doing ("The test of the newengine takes place today."); a group of questions or problemsused to find out a persons knowledge ("The students did well onthe language test.")than - conj. connecting word used to link things that may besimilar, but are not equal ("My sister is taller than I am.")thank - v. to say that one has a good feeling toward anotherbecause that person did something kind ("I want to thank you forhelping me.")that - ad. showing the person, place or thing being spoken about("That man is a soldier."); pro. the person, place or thing being
  • 67. spoken about ("The building that I saw was very large.")the - pro. used in front of a name word to show that it is a personor thing that is known about or is being spoken abouttheater - n. a place where movies are shown or plays areperformedthem - pro. other people being spoken aboutthen - ad. at that time; existing; and sotheory - n. a possible explanation of why something exists or howsomething happens using experiments or ideas, but which is notyet proven ("Other scientists are debating his theory about thedisappearance of dinosaurs.")there - ad. in that place or position; to or toward that placethese - pro. of or about the people, places or things nearby thathave been spoken about alreadythey - pro. those ones being spoken aboutthick - ad. having a large distance between two opposite surfaces("The wall is two meters thick."); having many parts close together("The forest is very thick."); almost solid, such as a liquid thatdoes not flow easily; opposite thinthin - ad. having a small distance between two opposite surfaces;not fat; not wide; opposite thickthing - n. any objectthink - v. to produce thoughts; to form ideas in the mind; toconsider; to believethird - ad. coming after two othersthis - pro. of or about the person, place or thing nearby that hasbeen spoken about alreadythreaten - v. to warn that one will do harm or cause damagethrough - prep. in at one end and out at the other; from front toback; from top to bottom; with the help of; bythrow - v. to cause to go through the air by a movement of thearmtie - v. to join or hold together with some material; n. anything that
  • 68. joins or unites; links or connections ("The two nations have strongtrade ties.")time - n. that which is measured in minutes, hours, days andyears; a period that can be identified in hours and minutes and isshown on a clock; a period when an event should or will takeplacetired - ad. having less strength because of work or exercise;needing sleep or restto - prep. showing the direction of an action; showing the personor place toward which an action is directed; showing a goal orpurposetoday - n. this daytogether - ad. in one group; at the same time or place; incooperationtomorrow - n. the day after todaytonight - n. this nighttoo - ad. also; as well as; more than is necessarytool - n. any instrument or device designed to help one do worktop - n. the upper edge or surface; the highest part; the cover ofsomethingtorture - v. to cause severe pain; n. the act of causing severepain in order to harm, to punish or to get information fromtotal - n. the complete amounttouch - v. to put the hand or fingers ontoward - prep. in the direction of; leading totown - n. a center where people live, larger than a village but notas large as a citytrade - v. to buy and sell or exchange products or services; n. theactivity of buying, selling or exchanging products or servicestradition - n. a ceremony, activity or belief that has existed for along timetraffic - n. the movement of people, vehicles or ships along astreet, road or waterway
  • 69. tragic - ad. extremely sad; terribletrain - v. to teach or learn how to do something; to prepare for anactivity; n. an engine and the cars connected to it that move alonga railroadtransport - v. to move goods or people from one place to anothertransportation - n. the act or business of moving goods or peopletrap - v. to catch or be caught by being tricked; to be unable tomove or escape; n. a device used to catch animalstravel - v. to go from one place to another, usually for a longdistancetreason - n. the act of fighting against ones own country or ofhelping its enemiestreasure - n. a large collection of money, jewels or other things ofgreat valuetreat - v. to deal with; to act toward in a special way; to try to curetreatment - n. the act of treating; the use of medicine to try tocure or make bettertreaty - n. a written agreement between two or more nationstree - n. a very tall plant that is mostly wood, except for its leavestrial - n. an examination in a court of a question or dispute todecide if a charge is truetribe - n. a group of families ruled by a common chief or leadertrick - v. to cheat; to fool a person so as to get something ormake him or her do somethingtrip - n. a movement from one place to another, usually a longdistancetroops - n. a number of soldiers in a large controlled grouptrouble - n. that which causes concern, fear, difficulty or problemstruce - n. a temporary halt in fighting agreed to by all sidesinvolvedtruck - n. a heavy vehicle used to carry goodstrue - ad. correct; not falsetrust - v. to believe that someone is honest and will not cause
  • 70. harmtry - v. to make an effort; to take court action against a person todecide if he or she is guilty or innocent of a crimetube - n. a long, round structure through which liquids or gasescan flow; a long, thin container in which they can be keptturn - v. to change direction; to move into a different position; tochange color, form or shapeUunder - prep. below; below the surface of; less than; as called forby a law, agreement or system ("The river flows under thebridge." "Such action is not permitted under the law.")understand - v. to know what is meant; to have knowledge ofunite - v. to join togetheruniverse - n. all of space, including planets and starsuniversity - n. a place of education that usually includes severalcolleges and research organizationsunless - conj. except if it happens; on condition that ("I will not go,unless the rain stops.")until - conj. up to a time; beforeup - ad. to, in or at a higher position or valueurge - v. to advise strongly; to make a great effort to get someoneto do somethingurgent - ad. needing an immediate decision or actionus - pro. the form of the word "we" used after a preposition ("Hesaid he would write to us.") or used as an object of a verb ("Theysaw us yesterday.")use - v. to employ for a purpose; to put into actionusual - ad. as is normal or common; as is most often done, seenor heardVvacation - n. a holiday; a period of time for travel, pleasure orrest, especially one with pay given to an employee
  • 71. vaccine - n. a substance containing killed or weakenedorganisms given to a person or animal to produce protectionagainst a diseasevalley - n. a long area of land between higher areas of landvalue - n. the quality of being useful, important or desired; theamount of money that could be received if something is soldvegetable - n. a plant grown for foodvehicle - n. anything on or in which a person or thing can travel orbe transported, especially anything on wheels; a car or truckversion - n. the form of something with different details thanearlier or later formsvery - ad. extremely ("He was very late.")veto - v. to reject or refuse to approvevictim - n. someone or something that is injured, killed or made tosuffer; someone who is trickedvictory - n. a success in a fight or competitionvideo - n. a method of recording images and sound without atraditional film camera to be shown on a television, computer orother devicevillage - n. a very small townviolate - v. to fail to obey or honor; to break (an agreement)violence - n. the use of force to cause injury, death or damagevisa - n. the official permission given to a person to enter acountry where he or she is not a citizenvisit - v. to go to or come to a place for a short time for friendly orbusiness reasonsvoice - n. the sound made by creatures, especially humans, forspeakingvolcano - n. a hill or mountain around a hole in the earthssurface that can explode, sending hot, melted rock and ash intothe airvolunteer - n. a person who chooses to do something withoutbeing asked, usually without being paid
  • 72. vote - v. to choose a candidate in an election; n. a choice ordecision expressed by the voice, by hand or by writingWwages - n. money received for work donewait - v. to delay acting; to postponewalk - v. to move by putting one foot in front of the otherwall - n. the side of a room or building formed by wood, stone orother material; a structure sometimes used to separate areas oflandwant - v. to desire; to wish for; to needwar - n. fighting between nations, or groups in a nation, usingweaponswarm - ad. almost hot; having or feeling some heatwarn - v. to tell of possible danger; to advise or inform aboutsomething bad that may happenwash - v. to make clean, usually with waterwaste - v. to spend or use without need or care; to make bad useof; n. a spending of money, time or effort with no value gained orreturned; something thrown away as having no value; the liquidand solid substances that result from body processes and arepassed out of the bodywatch - v. to look at; to observe closely; to look and wait forwater - n. the liquid that falls from the sky as rain or is found inlakes, rivers and oceanswave - v. to move or cause to move one way and the other, as aflag in the wind; to signal by moving the hand one way and theother; n. a large mass of water that forms and moves on thesurface of a lake or oceanway - n. a path on land or sea or in the air; how something isdone; methodwe - pro. two or more people, including the speaker or writer ("Heand I will go together, and we will return together.")weak - ad. having little power; easily broken, damaged or
  • 73. destroyed; opposite strongwealth - n. a large amount of possessions, money or other thingsof valueweapon - n. anything used to cause injury or to kill during anattack, fight or warwear - v. to have on the body, as clothesweather - n. the condition of the atmosphere resulting from sun,wind, rain, heat or coldWeb site - n. a collection of information prepared by a person ororganization on the World Wide Web of the Internetweek - n. a period of time equal to seven daysweigh - v. to measure how heavy someone or something iswelcome - v. to express happiness or pleasure when someonearrives or something developswell - ad. in a way that is good or pleasing; in good health; n. ahole in the ground where water, gas or oil can be foundwest - n. the direction in which the sun goes downwet - ad. covered with water or other liquid; not drywhat - pro. used to ask about something or to ask for informationabout something ("What is this?"); ad. which or which kind ("Hewants to know what you would like to drink.")wheat - n. a grain used to make bread; the plant that producesthe grainwheel - n. a round structure that turns around a centerwhen - ad. at what time; at any time ("When will she comehome?"); conj. during or at the time ("I studied hard when I was inschool.")where - ad.. conj. at, to or in what place ("Where is his house?""The house where he lives is in the old part of the city.")whether - conj. if it be the case or fact that ("He did not knowwhether he was right or wrong.")which - pro. used to ask about what one or what ones of a groupof things or people ("Which program do you like best?" "Which
  • 74. students will take the test?")while - n. a space of time ("Please come to my house for awhile."); conj. at or during the same time ("It may not be a goodidea to eat while you are running.")white - ad. having the color like that of milk or snowwho - pro. what or which person or persons that ("Who wants togo?"); the person or persons ("They are the ones who want togo.")whole - ad. the complete amount; all together; not divided; not cutinto pieceswhy - ad. for what cause or reason ("Why did she do it?"); conj. thereason for which ("I do not know why she did it.")wide - ad. having a great distance from one side to the other; notlimitedwife - n. a woman who is marriedwild - ad. living and growing in natural conditions and notorganized or supervised by humans; angry; uncontrolledwill - v. a word used with action words to show future action("They will hold talks tomorrow.")willing - ad. being ready or having a desire to ("They are willing totalk about the problem.")win - v. to gain a victory; to defeat another or others in acompetition, election or battlewind - n. a strong movement of airwindow - n. an opening in a wall to let in light and air, usuallyfilled with glasswinter - n. the coldest time of year, between autumn and springwire - n. a long, thin piece of metal used to hang objects or tocarry electricity or electronic communications from one place toanotherwise - ad. having much knowledge and understanding; able touse knowledge and understanding to make good or correctdecisions
  • 75. wish - v. to want; to express a desire forwith - prep. along or by the side of; together; using ("He fixed itwith a tool."); having ("the house with the red door")withdraw - v. to take or move out, away or back; to removewithout - prep. with no; not having or using; free from; not doingwitness - n. a person who saw and can tell about an action orevent, sometimes in a court of lawwoman - n. an adult female humanwonder - v. to ask oneself; to question ("She wonders if it istrue."); n. a feeling of surprisewonderful - ad. causing wonder; especially goodwood - n. the solid material of which trees are madeword - n. one or more connected sounds that form a single part ofa languagework - v. to use physical or mental effort to make or dosomething; n. the effort used to make or to do something; thatwhich needs effort; the job one does to earn moneyworld - n. the earth; the people who live on the earthworry - v. to be concerned; to continue thinking that something,possibly bad, can happenworse - ad. more bad thanworth - n. value measured in moneywound - v. to injure; to hurt; to cause physical damage to aperson or animal; n. an injury to the body of a human or animal inwhich the skin is usually cut or brokenwreck - v. to damage greatly; to destroy; n. anything that hasbeen badly damaged or brokenwreckage - n. what remains of something severely damaged ordestroyedwrite - v. to use an instrument to make words appear on asurface, such as paperwrong - ad. not correct; bad; not legal; opposite rightY
  • 76. year - n. a period of time equal to twelve monthsyellow - ad. having the color like that of gold or the sunyes - ad. used to express agreement or to permityesterday - n. the day before todayyet - ad. at some time before now ("Have they arrived yet?"); now;at this time ("I cannot tell you about it yet."); conj. however ("Thesun was shining, yet it was cold.")you - pro. the person or persons being spoken toyoung - ad. in the early years of life; not oldZzero - n. the number meaning none or nothingzoo - n. a place where animals are kept for the public to look at andstudyThis word list and the definitions are courtesy of the Voice of America. (January 1, 2010)You can also see VOAs pre-2009 word list hosted here at www.manythings.org.If something on our web site doesnt load properly, try clicking your "reload"button.If it still doesnt work, please send a bug report.This page is part of www.manythings.org/voa which is part of Inte