VOA Special English Word Book - WORD LIST


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VOA Special English Word Book - WORD LIST

  1. 1. VOA Special English Word Book 1,510 Words ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVW XYZ This page will print cleanly in black and white on about 44 pages.The Parts of Speechn. (noun) - a name wordv. (verb) - an action wordad. (adjective/adverb) - a describing wordprep. (preposition) - a word used to show a relationpro. (pronoun) - a word used in place of a nounconj. (conjunction) - a joining wordAa (an) - ad. one; any; eachable - v. having the power to do somethingabout - ad. almost ("about half"); of or having a relation to ("Wetalk about the weather.")above - ad. at a higher placeabuse - n. bad treatment causing harm or injuryaccept - v. to agree to receiveaccident - n. something that happens by chance or mistake; anunplanned eventaccuse - v. to say a person is responsible for an act or crime; tomake a statement against someoneacross - ad. from side to side; to the other sideact - v. to do somethingactivist - n. one who seeks change through actionactor - n. someone acting in a play or showadd - v. to put (something) with another to make it larger; to saymoreadministration - n. the executive part of a government, usually
  2. 2. headed by a president or prime ministeradmit - v. to accept ("admitted to the United Nations"); to expressones guilt or responsibility ("He admitted that what he did waswrong.")adult - n. a grown personadvertise - v. to show or present the qualities of a product toincrease salesadvise - v. to help with information, knowledge or ideas in makinga decisionaffect - v. to produce an effect on; to influence ("A lack of sleepaffected the singers performance.")afraid - ad. feeling fearafter - ad. later; behindagain - ad. another time; as beforeagainst - ad. opposed to; not agreeing with somethingage - n. how old a person or thing isagency - n. an organization that is part of a larger group ("anagency of the United Nations")aggression - n. an attack against a person or country; theviolation of a countrys bordersago - ad. of time past; before nowagree - v. to have the same belief as someone; to be willing to dosomethingagriculture - n. farmingaid - v. to help; to support; n. help, assistanceaim - v. to point a gun at; n. a goal or purposeair - n. the mixture of gases around the earth, mostly nitrogen andoxygen, that we breatheair force - n. a military organization using airplanesairplane - n. a vehicle with wings that fliesairport - n. a place where airplanes take off and landalbum - n. a collection of recorded musicalcohol - n. a strong, colorless liquid, usually made from grain,
  3. 3. used as a drug or in industrial productsalive - ad. having life; not deadall - ad. everything; everyone; the complete amountally - n. a nation or person joined with another for a specialpurposealmost - ad. a little less than completelyalone - ad. separated from othersalong - ad. near or on ("along the road")already - ad. before now; even nowalso - ad. added to; tooalthough - conj. even if it is true thatalways - ad. at all times; every timeambassador - n. a nations highest diplomatic representative (toanother government)amend - v. to add to or to change (a proposal or law)ammunition - n. the bullets or shells fired from gunsamong - ad. in or part of (a group)amount - n. the number, size or weight of anythinganarchy - n. a lack of order; lawlessnessancestor - n. a family member from the pastancient - ad. very old; long agoand - conj. also; in addition to; withanger - n. a strong emotion against someone or somethinganimal - n. a living creature that moves, such as a dog or catanniversary - n. a yearly celebration or observance of an eventthat happened in the pastannounce - v. to make known publicly; to declare officiallyanother - ad. one more; a different oneanswer - n. a statement produced by a question; v. to make astatement after being asked a questionany - ad. one or more of no special kindapologize - v. to express regret for a mistake or accident forwhich one accepts responsibility
  4. 4. appeal - v. to take to a higher court, person or group for adecision; to call on somebody for helpappear - v. to show oneself; to come into sight; to seemappoint - v. to name; to choose ("appoint a judge")approve - v. to agree with; to agree to supportarcheology - n. the scientific study of past human life andactivitiesarea - n. any place or part of itargue - v. to offer reasons for or against something; to dispute; todisagreearms - n. military equipment; weaponsarmy - n. military ground forcesaround - ad. on every side (of)arrest - v. to seize a person for legal action; to take as a prisonerarrive - v. to come to a place, especially at the end of a tripart - n. expressions or creations by humans, such as paintings,music, writing or statuesartillery - n. big gunsas - conj. equally ("as fast as"); when; whileash - n. the part left after something burnsask - v. to question; to say something is wanted ("We ask theteacher questions every day.")assist - v. to helpastronaut - n. a person who travels in spaceastronomy - n. the scientific study of stars and the universeasylum - n. political protection given by a government to a personfrom another countryat - prep. in or near ("at the edge"); where ("look at"); when ("atnoon")atmosphere - n. the gases surrounding any star or planetattach - v. to tie together; to connectattack - n. a violent attempt to damage, injure or kill; v. to start afight
  5. 5. attempt - v. to work toward something; to try; to make an effortattend - v. to be present atattention - n. close or careful observing of, or listening to,someone or something ("The student paid attention to histeacher.")automobile - n. a vehicle with wheels used to carry people; a carautumn - n. the time of the year between summer and winteravailable - ad. present and ready for use; willing to serve or help.("There was a list of available candidates.")average - n. something (a number) representing the middle; ad.common; normalavoid - v. to stay away fromawake - ad. not sleepingaward - n. an honor or prize for an act or serviceaway - ad. not nearBbaby - n. a newly born creatureback - n. the part behind the front; ad. the other way from forwardbad - ad. wrong; acting against the law; not goodbalance - v. to make two sides or forces equalball - n. something roundballoon - n. a device of strong, light material that rises when filledwith gas lighter than airballot - n. a piece of paper used for votingban - v. to not permit; to stop; n. an official restrictionbank - n. an organization that keeps and lends moneybar - v. to prevent or blockbarrier - n. anything that blocks or makes an action difficultbase - n. a military center; v. to establish as a fact ("Her researchwas based on experiments.")battle - n. a fight between opposing armed forcesbe - v. to live; to happen; to existbeat - v. to hit again and again
  6. 6. beauty - n. that which pleases the eye, ear or spiritbecause - prep. for the reason that ("He left because he wassick.")become - v. to come to bebed - n. a sleeping placebefore - prep. earlierbegin - v. to do the first part of an action; to startbehavior - n. the way in which a person or animal acts ("Thechild’s behavior was bad because he fought with otherchildren.")behind - ad. at the back of; in back ofbelieve - v. to think; to feel sure of; to accept as true; to trustbelong - v. to be owned by; to be a member ofbelow - ad. lower thanbest - ad. the most goodbetray - v. to turn against; to be false tobetter - ad. more good thanbetween - ad. in the space or time that separates; from one to theother ("talks between two nations")big - ad. of great size; not smallbill - n. a legislative proposalbiology - n. the scientific study of life or living things in all theirformsbird - n. a creature that fliesbite - v. to cut with the teethblack - ad. dark; having the color like that of the night skyblame - v. to accuse; to hold responsiblebleed - v. to lose bloodblind - ad. not able to seeblock - v. to stop something from being done; to preventmovementblood - n. red fluid in the bodyblow - v. to move with force, as in air ("The wind blows.")
  7. 7. blue - ad. having the color like that of a clear skyboat - n. something built to travel on water that carries people orgoodsbody - n. all of a person or animal; the remains of a person oranimalboil - v. to heat a liquid until it becomes very hotbomb - n. a device that explodes with great force; v. to attack ordestroy with bombsbone - n. the hard material in the bodybook - n. a long written work for readingborder - n. a dividing line between nationsborn - v. to come to life; to come into existenceborrow - v. to take as a loanboth - ad. not just one of two, but the two togetherbottle - n. a container, usually made of glass, to hold liquidbottom - ad. the lowest part of somethingbox - n. something to put things into; a container, usually made ofpaper or woodboy - n. a young male personboycott - v. to refuse to take part in or deal withbrain - n. the control center of thought, emotions and body activityof all creaturesbrave - ad. having no fearbread - n. a food made from grainbreak - v. to divide into parts by force; to destroybreathe - v. to take air into the body and let it out againbridge - n. a structure built over a waterway, valley or road sopeople and vehicles can cross from one side to the otherbrief - ad. short; not longbright - ad. giving much light; strong and clear in colorbring - v. to come with somethingbroadcast - v. to send information, stories or music by radio ortelevision; n. a radio or television program
  8. 8. brother - n. a male with the same father or mother as anotherpersonbrown - ad. having the color like that of coffeebudget - n. a spending planbuild - v. to join materials together to make somethingbuilding - n. anything built for use as a house, factory, office,school, store or place of entertainmentbullet - n. a small piece of metal shot from a gunburn - v. to be on fire; to destroy or damage by fireburst - v. to break open suddenlybury - v. to put into the ground and cover with earthbus - n. a public vehicle to carry peoplebusiness - n. ones work; buying and selling to earn money; tradebusy - ad. doing something; very activebut - conj. however; other than; yetbuy - v. to get by paying something, usually moneyby - conj. near; at; next to ("by the road"); from ("a play by WilliamShakespeare"); not later than ("by midnight")Ccabinet - n. a group of ministers that helps lead a governmentcall - v. to give a name to ("I call myself John."); to ask for orrequest ("They called for an end to the fighting.")calm - ad. quiet; peaceful; opposite tensecamera - n. a device for taking picturescamp - n. a place with temporary housingcampaign - n. a competition by opposing political candidatesseeking support from voters; a connected series of militaryactions during a warcan - v. to be able to; to have the right to; n. a container used tohold liquid or food, usually made of metalcancel - v. to end; to stopcancer - n. a disease in which dangerous cells grow quickly anddestroy parts of the body
  9. 9. candidate - n. a person who seeks or is nominated for an officeor an honorcapital - n. the official center of a government; the city where acountrys government iscapture - v. to make a person or animal a prisoner; to seize ortake by force; to get control ofcar - n. a vehicle with wheels used to carry people; anautomobile; a part of a traincare - v. to like; to protect; to feel worry or interestcareer - n. a chosen profession; a person’s working life ("Theactor’s career lasted for thirty years.")careful - ad. acting safely; with much thoughtcarry - v. to take something or someone from one place toanothercase (court) - n. a legal actioncase (medical) - n. an incident of disease ("There was only onecase of chicken pox at the school.")cat - n. a small animal that often lives with humanscatch - v. to seize after a chase; to stop and seize with the handscause - v. to make happen; n. the thing or person that produces aresultceasefire - n. a halt in fighting, usually by agreementcelebrate - v. to honor a person or event with special activitiescenter - n. the middle of something; the place in the middle; aplace that is the main point of an activitycentury - n. one hundred yearsceremony - n. an act or series of acts done in a special wayestablished by traditionchairman - n. a person leading a meeting or an organized groupchampion - n. the best; the winnerchance - n. a possibility of winning or losing or that something willhappenchange - v. to make different; to become different
  10. 10. charge - v. to accuse someone of something, usually a crime; n. astatement in which someone is accused of somethingchase - v. to run or go after someone or somethingcheat - v. to get by a trick; to steal fromcheer - v. to shout approval or praisechemicals - n. elements found in nature or made by people;substances used in the science of chemistrychemistry - n. the scientific study of substances, what they aremade of, how they act under different conditions, and how theyform other substanceschief - n. the head or leader of a group; ad. leading; mostimportantchild - n. a baby; a boy or girlchildren - n. more than one childchoose - v. to decide between two or morecircle - n. a closed shape that has all its points equally distantfrom the center, like an "O"citizen - n. a person who is a member of a country by birth or bylawcity - n. any important large towncivilian - ad. not militarycivil rights - n. the political, economic and social rights givenequally to all people of a nationclaim - v. to say something as a factclash - n. a battle; v. to fight or opposeclass - n. a group of students who meet to study the samesubject; also, a social or economic group. ("They were membersof the middle class.")clean - v. to make pure; ad. free from dirt or harmful substances("clean water")clear - ad. easy to see or see through; easily understoodclergy - n. a body of officials within a religious organizationclimate - n. the normal weather conditions of a place
  11. 11. climb - v. to go up or down something by using the feet andsometimes the handsclock - n. a device that measures and shows timeclose - v. to make something not open; ad. near tocloth - n. a material made from plants, chemicals, animal hair andother substancesclothes - n. what people wearcloud - n. a mass of fog high in the skycoal - n. a solid black substance used as fuelcoalition - n. forces, groups or nations joined togethercoast - n. land on the edge of the oceancoffee - n. a drink made from the plant of the same namecold - ad. not warm; having or feeling great coolness or a lowtemperaturecollapse - v. to fall down or inward suddenly; to break down orfail suddenly in strength, health or power. ("The buildingcollapsed in the earthquake.†“The government collapsedafter a vote in parliament.")collect - v. to bring or gather together in one place; to demandand receive ("collect taxes")college - n. a small universitycolony - n. land controlled by another country or governmentcolor - n. the different effects of light on the eye, making blue,red, brown, black, yellow and otherscombine - v. to mix or bring togethercome - v. to move toward; to arrivecommand - v. to order; to have power over somethingcomment - v. to say something about; to express an opinionabout somethingcommittee - n. a group of people given special workcommon - ad. usual; same for all ("a common purpose")communicate - v. to tell; to give or exchange informationcommunity - n. a group of people living together in one place or
  12. 12. areacompany - n. a business organized for trade, industrial or otherpurposescompare - v. to examine what is different or similarcompete - v. to try to do as well as, or better than, another orotherscomplete - ad. having all parts; ended or finishedcomplex - ad. of or having many parts that are difficult tounderstand; not simplecompromise - n. the settlement of an argument where each sideagrees to accept less than first demandedcomputer - n. an electronic machine for storing and organizinginformation, and for communicating with othersconcern - n. interest, worry ("express concern about"); v. to fear("to be concerned")condemn - v. to say a person or action is wrong or badcondition - n. something declared necessary to complete anagreement; a persons healthconference - n. a meetingconfirm - v. to approve; to say that something is trueconflict - n. a fight; a battle, especially a long onecongratulate - v. to praise a person or to express pleasure forsuccess or good luckCongress - n. the organization of people elected to make thelaws of the United States (the House of Representatives and theSenate); a similar organization in other countriesconnect - v. to join one thing to another; to unite; to linkconservative - n. one who usually supports tradition and opposesgreat changeconsider - v. to give thought to; to think about carefullyconstitution - n. the written general laws and ideas that form anations system of governmentcontact - n. the act of touching or being close to a person or thing
  13. 13. ("He was in contact with animals that had the disease.") v. to meetor communicate with ("He wanted to contact his local official.")contain - v. to hold; to includecontainer - n. a box, bottle or can used to hold somethingcontinent - n. any of the seven great land areas of the worldcontinue - v. to go on doing or beingcontrol - v. to direct; to have power overconvention - n. a large meeting for a special purposecook - v. to heat food before eating itcool - ad. almost coldcooperate - v. to act or work togethercopy - v. to make something exactly like another; n. somethingmade to look exactly like anothercorn - n. a food graincorrect - ad. true; free from mistakes; v. to change to what is rightcorruption - n. actions taken to gain money or power that arelegally or morally wrongcost - n. the price or value of something ("The cost of the book isfive dollars."); v. to be valued at ("The book costs five dollars.")cotton - n. a material made from a plant of the same namecount - v. to speak or add numberscountry - n. a nation; the territory of a nation; land away fromcitiescourt - n. where trials take place; where judges make decisionsabout lawcover - v. to put something over a person or thing; n. anythingthat is put over a person or thingcow - n. a farm animal used for its milkcrash - v. to fall violently; to hit with great forcecreate - v. to make; to give life or form tocreature - n. any living being; any animal or humancredit - n. an agreement that payments will be made at a latertime
  14. 14. crew - n. a group of people working togethercrime - n. an act that violates a lawcriminal - n. a person who is responsible for a crimecrisis - n. an extremely important time when something maybecome much better or worse; a dangerous situationcriticize - v. to say what is wrong with something or someone; tocondemn; to judgecrops - n. plants that are grown and gathered for food, such asgrains, fruits and vegetablescross - v. to go from one side to another; to go acrosscrowd - n. a large number of people gathered in one placecrush - v. to damage or destroy by great weight; to defeatcompletelycry - v. to express or show sorrow or painculture - n. all the beliefs, traditions and arts of a group orpopulationcure - v. to improve health; to make well ("The doctor can curethe disease."); n. something that makes a sick person well("Antibiotics are a cure for infection.")curfew - n. an order to people to stay off the streets or to closetheir businessescurrent - n. movement of air, water or electricity; ad. belonging tothe present time ("She found the report in a current publication.")custom - n. a long-established belief or activity of a peoplecustoms - n. taxes on importscut - v. to divide or injure with a sharp tool; to make less; toreduceDdam - n. a wall built across a river to hold back flowing waterdamage - v. to cause injury or destruction; n. harm; hurt or injury,usually to thingsdance - v. to move the body and feet to music; n. a series ofsteps, usually to music
  15. 15. danger - n. a strong chance of suffering injury, damage or lossdark - ad. having little or no light ("The room was dark.")date - n. an expression of time; a day, month and yeardaughter - n. a persons female childday - n. twenty-four hours; the hours of sunlightdead - ad. not livingdeaf - ad. not able to heardeal - v. to have to do with ("The talks will deal with the problemof pollution."); to buy or sell ("Her company deals in plastic.")debate - v. to argue for or against something; n. a publicdiscussion or argumentdebt - n. something that is owed; the condition of owingdecide - v. to choose; to settle; to judgedeclare - v. to say; to make a statementdecrease - v. to make less in size or amountdeep - ad. going far down; a long way from top to bottomdefeat - v. to cause to lose in a battle or struggle; n. a loss; thecondition of having lostdefend - v. to guard or fight against attack; to protectdeficit - n. a shortage that results when spending is greater thanearnings, or imports are greater than exportsdefine - v. to give the meaning of; to explaindegree - n. a measure of temperaturedelay - v. to decide to do something at a later time; to postpone;to cause to be latedelegate - n. one sent to act for another; one who representsanotherdemand - v. to ask by ordering; to ask with forcedemocracy - n. the system of government in which citizens voteto choose leaders or to make other important decisionsdemonstrate - v. to make a public show of opinions or feelings("The crowd demonstrated in support of human rights."); toexplain by using examples ("The teacher demonstrated the idea
  16. 16. with an experiment.")denounce - v. to accuse of being wrong or evil; to criticizeseverelydeny - v. to declare that something is not true; to refuse a requestdepend - v. to need help and supportdeplore - v. to regret strongly; to express sadnessdeploy - v. to move forces or weapons into positions for actiondepression - n. severe unhappiness; a period of reducedbusiness and economic activity during which many people losetheir jobsdescribe - v. to give a word picture of something; to give detailsof somethingdesert - n. a dry area of landdesign - v. to plan or create plans fordesire - v. to want very much; to wish fordestroy - v. to break into pieces; to end the existence ofdetail - n. a small part of something; a small piece of informationdetain - v. to keep or hold ("The police detained several suspectsfor questioning.")develop - v. to grow; to create; to experience progressdevice - n. a piece of equipment made for a special purposedictator - n. a ruler with complete powerdie - v. to become dead; to stop living; to enddiet - n. usual daily food and drinkdifferent - ad. not the samedifficult - ad. not easy; hard to do, make or carry outdig - v. to make a hole in the grounddinner - n. the main amount of food eaten at a usual time ("Thefamily had its dinner at noon."); a special event that includes food("The official dinner took place at the White House.")diplomat - n. a person who represents his or her government indealing with another governmentdirect - v. to lead; to aim or show the way ("He directed me to the
  17. 17. theater."); ad. straight to something; not through some otherperson or thing ("The path is direct.")direction - n. the way (east, west, north, south); where someoneor something came from or went todirt - n. earth or soildisappear - v. to become unseen; to no longer existdisarm - v. to take away weapons; to no longer keep weapons; tomake a bomb harmless by removing its exploding devicedisaster - n. an event causing widespread destruction or loss oflife, such as an earthquake or plane crashdiscover - v. to find or learn somethingdiscrimination - n. unfair treatment or consideration based onopinions about a whole group instead of on the qualities of anindividual. ("He was accused of discrimination against peoplefrom other countries.")discuss - v. to talk about; to exchange ideasdisease - n. a sickness in living things, often caused by viruses,germs or bacteriadismiss - v. to send away; to refuse to considerdispute - v. to oppose strongly by argument; n. an angry debatedissident - n. a person who strongly disagrees with his or hergovernmentdistance - n. the amount of space between two places or objects("The distance from my house to your house is two kilometers.")dive - v. to jump into water head firstdivide - v. to separate into two or more partsdo - v. to act; to make an effortdoctor - n. a person trained in medicine to treat sick peopledocument - n. an official piece of paper with facts written on it,used as proof or support of somethingdog - n. a small animal that often lives with humansdollar - n. United States money, one hundred centsdonate - v. to present something as a gift to an organization,
  18. 18. country or cause. ("She donated money to the Red Cross to helpsurvivors of the earthquake.")door - n. an opening for entering or leaving a building or roomdouble - v. to increase two times as much in size, strength ornumberdown - ad. from higher to lower; in a low placedream - v. to have a picture or story in the mind during sleep; n. apicture or story in the mind during sleep; a happy idea about thefuturedrink - v. to take liquid into the body through the mouthdrive - v. to control a moving vehicledrop - v. to fall or let fall; to go lowerdrown - v. to die under waterdrug - n. anything used as a medicine or in making medicine; achemical substance used to ease pain or to affect the minddry - ad. not wet; without rainduring - ad. through the whole time; while (something ishappening)dust - n. pieces of matter so small that they can float in the airduty - n. ones job or responsibility; what one must do because itis right and justEeach - ad. every one by itselfearly - ad. at or near the beginning, especially the beginning ofthe day; opposite lateearn - v. to be paid in return for work doneearth - n. the planet we all live on; the ground or soilearthquake - n. a sudden, violent shaking of the earths surfaceease - v. to reduce; to make less difficulteast - n. the direction from which the sun riseseasy - ad. not difficult; not hard to doeat - v. to take food into the body through the mouthecology - n. the scientific study of the environment and links
  19. 19. among living and material thingseconomy - n. the system by which money, industry and trade areorganizededge - n. the line where something ends or beginseducation - n. the act of teachingeffect - n. the result or change caused by something ("The stormhad a serious effect on the economy.")effort - n. an attempt; the work necessary to do somethingegg - n. the rounded object containing unborn young produced byfemale birds, fish or reptiles; a single cell in a female person oranimal that can develop into a babyeither - ad. one of two, but not the otherelect - v. to choose by votingelectricity - n. a form of energy that flows through wires toprovide heat and light, and power to machinesembassy - n. the offices of an ambassador and his or herassistantsembryo - n. a human or animal in the earliest stages of itsdevelopmentemergency - n. an unexpected and dangerous situationdemanding quick actionemotion - n. a strong feeling such as love, hate, fear or sadnessemploy - v. to give work in return for wagesempty - ad. having nothing inside; v. to remove everythingend - v. to stop; to finish; n. the part which comes lastenemy - n. a person opposing or hating another; a person orpeople of the other side in a warenergy - n. power used to do work, usually with machines; theability and willingness to be activeenforce - v. to make something be doneengine - n. a machine that uses energy to cause movement or todo workengineer - n. a person who designs engines, machines, roads,
  20. 20. bridges or railroadsenjoy - v. to be pleased or satisfied by somethingenough - ad. as much as necessary; pro. the amount neededenter - v. to come or go intoenvironment - n. all surrounding things, conditions andinfluences that affect life; the natural world of land, sea, air,plants and animalsequal - ad. the same in amount, size, weight or value; having thesame rightsequipment - n. things, tools or machines needed for a purpose oractivityescape - v. to get free; to get away from; to get out ofespecially - ad. more than others ("We liked the food, especiallythe fish.")establish - v. to bring into existence; to createestimate - v. to form an opinion about a value, size or amountusing less than complete informationethnic - ad. of or concerning people belonging to a large groupbecause of their race, religion, language, tribe or where theirancestors livedevaporate - v. to change from a liquid into a gaseven - ad. in a way not thought possible ("They survived, eventhough the building was destroyed.")event - n. that which happens, especially something ofimportanceever - ad. at any timeevery - ad. each one; allevidence - n. material or facts that prove something; a reason forbelievingevil - ad. not good; extremely badexact - ad. having no mistakes; correct in every detailexamine - v. to study closelyexample - n. a part that shows what the rest of a thing or group is
  21. 21. likeexcellent - ad. extremely goodexcept - prep. but forexchange - v. to trade; to give or receive one thing for anotherexcuse - v. to take away blame; to pardon; to forgive; n. a reason(sometimes false) for an actionexecute - v. to killexercise - n. an activity or effort for the purpose of improving thebody or to stay in good healthexile - v. to force a person to leave his or her country; to expel; n.a person who is forced to leave his or her countryexist - v. to be; to liveexpand - v. to make larger; to grow largerexpect - v. to think or believe that something will happen; to waitfor an eventexpel - v. to force out; to remove from; to send awayexperience - v. to live through an event, situation or condition("She experienced great pain."); n. something that one has doneor lived through ("The experience caused her great pain.")experiment - v. to test; n. a test or trial carried out to prove if anidea is true or false, or to discover somethingexpert - n. a person with special knowledge or trainingexplain - v. to give reasons for; to make clear; to tell about; to tellthe meaningexplode - v. to break apart violently with a loud noise, like abombexplore - v. to travel in a place that is not well known to learnmore about it; to make a careful search; to examine closelyexport - v. to send to another country; n. something sent toanother country, usually for saleexpress - v. to say clearlyextend - v. to stretch out in area or length; to continue for alonger time
  22. 22. extra - ad. more than normal, expected or necessaryextraordinary - ad. far greater or better than the usual or normalextreme - ad. more than the usual or acceptedextremist - n. a person with strong religious or political beliefswho acts in an extreme or violent wayFface - n. the front of the head: eyes, nose, mouth; v. to looktoward; to turn toward; to have before you, such as a problem ordangerfact - n. something known or proved to be truefactory - n. a building or group of buildings where goods aremadefail - v. to not succeed; to not reach a goalfair - ad. just; honest; what is rightfall - v. to go down quickly; to come down; to drop to the groundor a lower positionfalse - ad. not true; not correctfamily - n. the group that includes children and their parentsfamous - ad. known very well to many peoplefan - n. a person who actively supports a sport, activity orperformer ("The baseball fan attended every game his teamplayed.")far - ad. at, to or from a great distancefarm - n. land used to grow crops and animals for foodfast - ad. moving or working at great speed; quickfat - n. tissue in the bodies of humans and animals used to storeenergy and to keep warm; ad. thick; heavyfather - n. the male parent; a man who has a child or childrenfavorite - ad. liked more than others ("Ice cream was her favoritefood.")fear - v. to be afraid; to worry that something bad is near or mayhappen ("He feared falling down."); n. a strong emotion whenthere is danger or trouble ("He had a fear that he would fall
  23. 23. down.")federal - ad. of or having to do with a national or centralgovernmentfeed - v. to give food tofeel - v. to have or experience an emotion; to know by touchingfemale - n. a woman or girl; the sex that gives birth; ad. of orabout womenfence - n. something around an area of land to keep animals orpeople in or outfertile - ad. rich in production of plants or animals; producingmuchfew - ad. not many; a small number offield - n. an area of open land, usually used to grow crops or toraise animalsfierce - ad. extremely strong; violent; angryfight - v. to use violence or force; to attempt to defeat or destroyan enemy; n. the use of force; a battlefill - v. to put or pour something into a container until there isspace for no morefilm - v. to record something so it can be seen again; to make amotion picture or movie; n. a thin piece of material for makingpictures with a camera; a moviefinal - ad. at the end; lastfinancial - ad. of or about the system that includes the use ofmoney, credit, investments and banksfind - v. to discover or learn something by searching or byaccident; to decide a court case ("The jury finds the man guilty ofmurder.")fine - n. a payment ordered by a court to punish someone for acrime; ad. very good; very small or thinfinish - v. to complete; to endfire - v. to shoot a gun; n. the heat and light produced bysomething burning
  24. 24. fireworks - n. rockets producing bright fire in the sky, used inholiday celebrationsfirm - ad. not easily moved or changed ("She is firm in heropinion.")first - ad. coming before all othersfish - n. a creature that lives and can breathe in waterfit - v. to be of the correct size or shape ("These shoes fit myfeet.")fix - v. to make good or right againflag - n. a piece of colored cloth used to represent a nation,government or organizationflat - ad. smooth; having no high placesflee - v. to run away fromfloat - v. to be on water without sinking; to move or be movedgently on water or through airflood - v. to cover with water; n. the movement of water out of ariver, lake or ocean onto landfloor - n. the bottom part of a room for walking on ("The book fellto the floor."); the level of a building ("The fire was on the firstfloor.")flow - v. to move like a liquidflower - n. the colored part of plants that carry seedsfluid - n. any substance that can flow, such as a liquidfly - v. to move through the air with wings, like a bird or airplane;to travel in an airplane or flying vehiclefog - n. a mass of wet air that is difficult to see through; a cloudclose to the groundfollow - v. to come or go after; to accept the rule or power of; toobeyfood - n. that which is taken in by all living things for energy,strength and growthfool - v. to make someone believe something that is not true; totrick; n. a person who is tricked easily
  25. 25. foot - n. the bottom part of the leg; the part of the body thattouches the ground when a person or animal walksfor - prep. because of ("He is famous for his work."); in exchange("Give me one dollar for the book."); through space or time ("Theytravelled for one hour."); representative of ("I speak for allpeople."); to be employed by ("She works for a computercompany.")force - v. to make someone do something or make somethinghappen by using power; n. power, strength; strength used againsta person or object; military power of a nation; a military groupforeign - ad. of, about or from another nation; not from ones ownplace or countryforest - n. a place of many treesforget - v. to not rememberforgive - v. to pardon; to excuse; to remove guiltform - v. to make; to start; to shape ("They formed a swimteam."); n. a kind ("Swimming is a form of exercise.")former - ad. earlier in time; not nowforward - ad. the direction in front of; toward the frontfree - v. to release; ad. not controlled by another or by outsideforces; not in prison; independent; not limited by rules; withoutcostfreedom - n. the condition of being freefreeze - v. to cause or to become very cold; to make or to becomehard by coldfresh - ad. newly made or gathered; recentfriend - n. a person one likes and trustsfrighten - v. to cause great fearfrom - prep. having a person, place or thing as a beginning orcause ("It is a message from the president."); at a place distant,not near ("The school is five kilometers from my home."); becauseof ("He is suffering from cancer.")front - n. the forward part; the opposite of back; the beginning;
  26. 26. the first partfruit - n. food from trees and plantsfuel - n. any substance burned to create heat or powerfull - ad. containing as much as a person or thing can hold;completefun - n. anything that is pleasing and causes happinessfuneral - n. a ceremony held in connection with the burial orburning of the deadfuture - n. time after now ("We can talk about it in the future."); ad.in the time to come ("All future meetings will be held in thisroom.")Ggain - v. to get possession of; to get more; to increasegame - n. an activity with rules in which people or teams play orcompete, usually sportsgas - n. any substance that is not solid or liquid; any substancethat burns to provide heat, light or powergather - v. to bring or come together into a group or place; tocollectgeneral - n. a high military leader; ad. without details; affecting orincluding all or almost allgeneration - n. a group of individuals born and living at about thesame time. ("The mother and daughter represented twogenerations.")genocide - n. a plan of action to kill or destroy a national,religious, racial or ethnic groupgentle - ad. soft; kind; not rough or violentget - v. to receive; to gain; to go and bring back; to become; tobecome the owner ofgift - n. something given without costgirl - n. a young female persongive - v. to present to another to keep without receiving paymentglass - n. a hard, clear material that is easily broken, used most
  27. 27. often for windows or for containers to hold liquidsgo - v. to move from one place to another; to leavegoal - n. that toward which an effort is directed; that which isaimed at; the end of a trip or racegod - n. the spirit that is honored as creator of all things ("Theybelieve in God."); a spirit or being believed in many religions tohave special powersgold - n. a highly valued yellow metalgood - ad. pleasing; helpful; kind; correct; not badgoods - n. things owned or made to be soldgovern - v. to control; to rule by military or political powergovernment - n. a system of governing; the organization ofpeople that rules a country, city or areagrain - n. the seed of grass plants used for food, such as wheat,rice and corn; those plants that produce the seedsgrass - n. a plant with long, narrow, green leavesgray - ad. having the color like that made by mixing black andwhitegreat - ad. very large or more than usual in size or number; verygood; importantgreen - ad. having the color like that made by mixing yellow andblue; having the color like that of growing leaves and grassgrind - v. to reduce to small pieces by crushingground - n. land; the earths surface; soilgroup - n. a number of people or things together; a gathering ofpeople working for a common purposegrow - v. to develop or become bigger; to increase in size oramountguarantee - v. to promise a result; to promise that something willhappenguard - v. to watch and protect a person, place or thing ("Heguards the president."); n. a person or thing that watches orprotects ("He is a prison guard.")
  28. 28. guerrilla - n. a person who fights as part of an unofficial army,usually against an official army or policeguide - v. to lead to; to show the way; n. one who shows the wayguilty - ad. having done something wrong or in violation of a law;responsible for a bad actiongun - n. a weapon that shoots bulletsHhair - n. the fine material that grows from the skin, especially fromthe headhalf - n. one of two equal parts of somethinghalt - v. to come or cause to come to a stop; to stophang - v. to place something so the highest part is supported andthe lower part is not; to kill by hanginghappen - v. to become a fact or event; to take placehappy - ad. pleased; satisfied; feeling good; not sadhard - ad. not easily cut or broken; solid; difficult to do orunderstand; needing much effort or forceharm - v. to injure; to damage; n. damage; hurtharvest - v. to gather crops; n. the crop after it is gatheredhat - n. a head coverhate - v. to have strong emotions against; to consider as anenemy; opposite lovehave - v. to possess; to own; to holdhe - pro. the boy or man who is being spoken abouthead - v. to lead; to command; n. leader; chief; the top part ofsomething; the highest positionheadquarters - n. the center from which orders are given; themain offices of a business or organizationheal - v. to return to good health; to cure; to become wellhealth - n. the general condition of the body and mind; thecondition of being free from sickness or diseasehear - v. to receive sound through the ears; to receive newsabout
  29. 29. heat - v. to make hot or warm; n. great warmth; that which isproduced by burning fuel; energy from the sunheavy - ad. having much weight; not easy to lift; of great amountor forcehelicopter - n. a machine without wings that can fly up or down orremain in one place above the groundhelp - v. to give support; to assist; to make easier; n. support; aidhere - ad. in, to or at this placehero - n. a person honored for being brave or wisehide - v. to prevent from being seen or found; to make secrethigh - ad. tall; far up; far above the ground; important; aboveothershijack - v. to seize or take control of a vehicle by forcehill - n. a small mountainhistory - n. the written record or description of past events; thestudy of the pasthit - v. to strike; to touch with forcehold - v. to carry or support, usually in the hands or arms; to keepin one position; to keep as a prisoner; to contain; to possess; tooccupy; to organize and be involved in ("The two sides hold talksthis week.")hole - n. an opening; a torn or broken place in somethingholiday - n. a day when one does not work; a day on which nowork is done to honor or remember a person or eventholy - ad. greatly honored in religionhome - n. the building where a person lives, especially withfamily; the place where one was born or comes from; the area orcountry where one liveshonest - ad. truthful; able to be trustedhonor - v. to obey; to show strong, good feelings for ("to honorones parents"); n. an award; an act of giving special recognition("He received many honors for his efforts to help others.")hope - v. to expect; to believe there is a good chance that
  30. 30. something will happen as wanted; to want something to happenhorrible - ad. causing great fear; terriblehorse - n. a large animal often used for racing, riding or farm workhospital - n. a place where sick or injured people are givenmedical carehostage - n. a person captured and held as a guarantee that ademand or promise will be honoredhostile - ad. ready to fight; ready for warhot - ad. having or feeling great heat or a high temperaturehotel - n. a building with rooms, and often food, for travellershour - n. a measure of time; sixty minuteshouse - n. a building in which people live; a countrys parliamentor lawmaking group ("House of Representatives")how - ad. in what way; to what amounthowever - conj. yet; buthuge - ad. very big; of great sizehuman - ad. of or about peoplehumor - n. the ability to understand, enjoy or express what makespeople laughhunger - n. the need for foodhunt - v. to search for animals to capture or kill them; to seek; totry to findhurry - v. to do or go fasthurt - v. to cause pain, injury or damagehusband - n. a man who is marriedII - pro. the person speakingice - n. frozen wateridea - n. a thought or picture in the mind; a beliefidentify - v. to recognize someone or something and to say whoor what they areif - conj. on condition; provided that ("I will go if you go.")ignore - v. to pay no attention to or refuse to consider ("The
  31. 31. president ignored the protesters outside his office.")illegal - ad. not legal; in violation of a lawimagine - v. to make a picture in the mind; to form an ideaimmediate - ad. without delay; very near in time or placeimmigrant - n. a person who arrives in a country to live thereimport - v. to bring from another country; n. something broughtfrom another country, usually for saleimportant - ad. having great meaning, value or powerimprove - v. to make better; to become betterin - prep. inside; held by; contained by; surrounded by; duringincident - n. an event or something that happensincite - v. to urge or cause an action or emotion, usuallysomething bad or violentinclude - v. to have; to make a part ofincrease - v. to make more in size or amountindependent - ad. not influenced by or controlled by another orothers; free; separateindividual - n. one personindustry - n. any business that produces goods or providesservices; the work and related activity in factories and offices; allorganizations involved in manufacturinginfect - v. to make sick with something that causes diseaseinflation - n. a continuing rise in prices while the value of moneygoes downinfluence - v. to have an effect on someone or something; tocause changeinform - v. to tell; to give knowledge toinformation - n. knowledge; factsinject - v. to force a fluid into, such as putting medicine or drugsinto the body through the skininjure - v. to cause harm or damage to a person or animalinnocent - ad. not guilty of a crime; not responsible for a badaction
  32. 32. insane - ad. mentally sickinsect - n. a very small creature, usually with many legs andsometimes with wingsinspect - v. to look at something carefully; to examine, especiallyby an expertinstead - ad. in the place of; taking the place ofinstrument - n. a tool or device designed to do something or tomake somethinginsult - v. to say something or to do something that makesanother person angry or dishonoredintelligence - n. the ability to think or learn; information gatheredby spyingintelligent - ad. quick to understand or learnintense - ad. very strong; extremely seriousinterest - n. what is important to someone ("He acted to protecthis interests." "She had a great interest in painting."); a share inowning a business; money paid for the use of money borrowedinterfere - v. to get in the way of; to work against; to take part inthe activities of others, especially when not asked to do sointernational - ad. of or about more than one nation or manynations; of the whole worldInternet - n. the extensive communications system that connectscomputers around the worldintervene - v. to come between; to come between in order tosettle or solveinvade - v. to enter an area or country by force with an armyinvent - v. to plan and make something never made before; tocreate a new thing or way of doing somethinginvest - v. to give money to a business or organization with thehope of making more moneyinvestigate - v. to study or examine all information about anevent, situation or charge; to search for the truthinvite - v. to ask someone to take part in or join an event,
  33. 33. organization or gatheringinvolve - v. to take part in; to become a part of; to includeiron - n. a strong, hard metal used to make machines and toolsisland - n. a land area with water all around itissue - n. an important problem or subject that people arediscussing or arguing aboutit - pro. a thing, place, event or idea that is being spoken about("The sky is blue, but it also has a few white clouds.")Jjail - n. a prison for those waiting to be tried for a crime or forthose serving sentences for crimes that are not seriousjewel - n. a valuable stone, such as a diamond or emeraldjob - n. the work that one does to earn moneyjoin - v. to put together or come together; to become part of or amember ofjoint - ad. shared by two or morejoke - n. something done or said to cause others to laughjudge - v. to form an opinion about; to decide a question,especially a legal one; n. a public official who decides problems oflaw in a courtjump - v. to push down on the feet and move up quickly into theairjury - n. a group of people chosen to decide what is true in a trialjust - ad. only ("Help me for just a minute."); very shortly before orafter the present ("He just left."); at the same time ("He left just asI came in."); what is right or fair ("The law is just, in my opinion.")justice - n. the quality of being right, fair or lawfulKkeep - v. to possess; to have for oneselfkick - v. to hit with the footkidnap - v. to seize and take away by forcekill - v. to make dead; to cause to die
  34. 34. kind - n. sort ("What kind of dog is that?"); ad. gentle; caring;helpfulkiss - v. to touch with the mouth to show love or honorknife - n. a tool or weapon used to cutknow - v. to understand something as correct; to have the factsabout; to recognize someone because you have met and talkedtogether beforeknowledge - n. that which is known; learning or understandingLlabor - n. work; workers as a grouplaboratory - n. a room or place where experiments in science aredonelack - v. to be without; n. the condition of needing, wanting or nothavinglake - n. a large area of fresh water surrounded by landland - v. to come to the earth from the air ("Airplanes land atairports."); n. the part of the earth not covered by water; thegroundlanguage - n. words and their use; what people speak in acountry, nation or grouplarge - ad. big; being of more than usual size, amount or number;opposite smalllast - v. to continue ("The talks will last three days."); ad. after allothers; the only one remaining ("She is the last person in line.")late - ad. after the correct time; near the end; opposite earlylaugh - v. to make sounds to express pleasure or happy feelingslaunch - v. to put into operation; to begin; to send into the air orspacelaw - n. all or any rules made by a governmentlead - v. to show the way; to command; to control; to go firstleak - v. to come out of or to escape through a small opening orhole (usually a gas or liquid)learn - v. to get knowledge about; to come to know a fact or facts
  35. 35. leave - v. to go away from; to let something stay where it isleft - ad. on the side that is toward the west when one is facingnorth; opposite rightlegal - ad. of or in agreement with the lawlegislature - n. a government lawmaking grouplend - v. to permit someone to use a thing temporarily; to make aloan of moneyless - ad. smaller in amount; not as muchlet - v. to permit to do or to be; to make possibleletter - n. a message written on paper; a communication in writingsent to another personlevel - n. the amount or height that something reaches or rises to;the position of something or someoneliberal - ad. one who usually supports social progress or changelie - v. to have ones body on the ground or other surface; to saysomething that one knows is not truelife - n. the time between being born and dying; opposite death;all living thingslift - v. to take or bring up to a higher place or levellight - n. a form of energy that affects the eyes so that one is ableto see; anything that produces light; ad. bright; clear; not heavylightning - n. light produced by electricity in the air, usuallyduring a stormlike - v. to be pleased with; to have good feelings for someone orsomething; ad. in the same way as; similar tolimit - v. to restrict to a number or amount; n. the greatest amountor number permittedline - n. a long, thin mark on a surface; a number of people orthings organized; one after another; the edge of an areaprotected by military forceslink - v. to connect; to unite one thing or event with another; n. arelation between two or more things, situations or eventsliquid - n. a substance that is not a solid or gas, and can move
  36. 36. freely, like waterlist - v. to put in writing a number of names of people or things; n.a written series of names or thingslisten - v. to try to hearliterature - n. all the poems, stories and writings of a period oftime or of a countrylittle - ad. not tall or big; a small amountlive - v. to have life; to exist; ad. having life; aliveload - v. to put objects on or into a vehicle or container; n. thatwhich is carriedloan - n. money borrowed that usually must be returned withinterest payments; something borrowedlocal - ad. about or having to do with one placelonely - ad. feeling alone and wanting friends; visited by few or nopeople ("a lonely man")long - ad. not short; measuring from beginning to end; measuringmuch; for much timelook - v. to turn the eyes toward so as to see; to search or huntfor; to seem to belose - v. to have no longer; to not find; to fail to keep; to bedefeatedloud - ad. having a strong sound; full of sound or noiselove - v. to like very much; to feel a strong, kind emotion(sometimes involving sex); n. a strong, kind emotion for someoneor something; opposite hatelow - ad. not high or tall; below the normal height; close to thegroundloyal - ad. showing strong friendship and support for someone orsomethingluck - n. something that happens by chanceMmachine - n. a device with moving parts used to do workmagazine - n. a publication of news, stories, pictures or other
  37. 37. informationmail - n. letters, papers and other things sent through an officialsystem, such as a post officemain - ad. the most important or largestmajor - ad. great in size, importance or amountmajority - n. the greater number; more than halfmake - v. to produce; to create; to build; to do something or tocarry out an action; to cause to be or to becomemale - n. a man or boy; the sex that is the father of children; ad. ofor about menman - n. an adult male humanmanufacture - v. to make goods in large amountsmany - ad. a large number or amount ofmap - n. a picture of the earths surface or a part of itmarch - v. to walk in a group like soldiers; to walk together in alarge group to protest about somethingmark - v. to make a sign or cut on somethingmarket - n. a place or area where goods are sold, bought ortraded; an economic system in which the prices of things aredecided by how many there are and how much money people arewilling to pay for themmarry - v. to join a man and woman together as husband andwife; to become husband and wife (usually in a religious or civilceremony)mass - n. an amount of matter having no special form and usuallyof a large sizemate - v. to bring together a male and a female to create anothercreaturematerial - n. the substance, substances or matter of whichsomething is made or from which something can be made, suchas wood, cloth or stone; anything that can be made intosomething elsemathematics - n. the science dealing with amounts, sizes and
  38. 38. shapes, as explained by numbers and signsmatter - n. anything that can be seen or felt; what things aremade ofmay - v. a word used with an action word to mean permit orpossible ("May I go?" "They may leave tomorrow.")mayor - n. the chief official of a city or town governmentmeal - n. food eaten to satisfy hunger, such as dinnermean - v. to want to; to give the idea of; to have the idea ofmeasure - v. to learn the amount, size or distance of something;n. an action taken; a legislative proposalmeat - n. the part of a dead animal used for foodmedia - n. all public information organizations, includingnewspapers, television and radiomedicine - n. a substance or drug used to treat disease or pain;the science or study of treating and curing disease or improvinghealthmeet - v. to come together with someone or something at thesame time and placemelt - v. to make a solid into a liquid by heating itmember - n. one of a groupmemorial - n. something done or made to honor the memory of aperson or eventmemory - n. a picture in the mind of past events; the ability toremember; a thing rememberedmental - ad. about or having to do with the mindmessage - n. written or spoken news or information; a note fromone person to another person or groupmetal - n. a hard substance such as iron, steel or goldmethod - n. the way something is donemicroscope - n. a device used to make very small things looklarger so they can be studiedmiddle - n. the center; a place or time of equal distance from bothsides or ends; ad. in the center
  39. 39. militant - n. someone active in trying to cause political change,often by the use of force or violencemilitary - n. the armed forces of a nation or group; ad. of or aboutthe armed forcesmilitia - n. an army of citizens instead of professional soldiers; anarmed force or private armymilk - n. the white liquid produced by female animals to feed theiryoungmind - n. the thinking, feeling part of a personmine - v. to dig useful or valuable substances out of the earth; n.a place in the earth where such substances are found; a bombplaced under the ground or under water so it cannot be seenmineral - n. a substance found in nature that is not an animal or aplant, such as coal or saltminister - n. a member of a cabinet; a high government official("prime minister,"foreign minister")minor - ad. small in size; of little importanceminority - n. the smaller number; opposite majorityminute - n. a measure of time; one of the sixty equal parts of anhour; sixty secondsmiss - v. to fail to hit, see, reach or meetmissile - n. any weapon that can be thrown or fired through theair and explodes when it reaches its targetmissing - ad. lost; not foundmistake - n. a wrong action or decision; an action done withoutthe knowledge that it was wrongmix - v. to put different things together to make one thingmob - n. a large group of wild or angry peoplemodel - n. an example; something, usually small, made to showhow something will look or workmoderate - ad. not extrememodern - ad. of the present or very recent time; the mostimproved
  40. 40. money - n. pieces of metal or paper used to pay for thingsmonth - n. one of the twelve periods of time into which a year isdividedmoon - n. the bright object often seen in the night sky that orbitsthe earth about every twenty-nine daysmoral - ad. concerning what is right or wrong in someonesactionsmore - ad. greater in size or amountmorning - n. the early part of the day, from sunrise until noonmost - ad. greatest in size or amountmother - n. the female parent; a woman who has a child orchildrenmotion - n. a movement; a continuing change of position or placemountain - n. a part of the earths surface that rises high abovethe area around itmourn - v. to express or feel sadnessmove - v. to change position; to put or keep in motion; to gomovement - n. the act of moving or a way of moving; a series ofacts or efforts to reach a goalmovie - n. a motion picture; a filmmuch - ad. great in amountmurder - v. to kill another person illegally; n. the crime of killinganother personmusic - n. the making of sounds by singing or using a musicalinstrumentmust - v. a word used with an action word to mean necessary("You must go to school.")mystery - n. something that is not or cannot be explained orunderstood; a secretNname - v. to appoint; to nominate; to give a name to; n. a word bywhich a person, animal or thing is known or callednarrow - ad. limited in size or amount; not wide; having a short
  41. 41. distance from one side to the othernation - n. a country, together with its social and political systemsnative - n. someone who was born in a place, not one who movedtherenatural - ad. of or about nature; normal; common to its kindnature - n. all the plants, animals and other things on earth notcreated by humans; events or processes not caused by humansnavy - n. the part of a countrys military force trained to fight atseanear - ad. not far; close tonecessary - ad. needed to get a result or effect; requiredneed - v. to require; to want; to be necessary to have or to donegotiate - v. to talk about a problem or situation to find acommon solutionneighbor - n. a person or country that is next to or near anotherneither - ad. not one or the other of twoneutral - ad. not supporting one side or the other in a disputenever - ad. at no time; not evernew - ad. not existing before; not known before; recently made,built, bought or grown; another; differentnews - n. information about any recent events, especially asreported by the medianext - ad. coming immediately after; nearestnice - ad. pleasing; good; kindnight - n. the time between when the sun goes down and when itrises, when there is little or no lightno - ad. used to reject or to refuse; not any; not at allnoise - n. sound, especially when loudnominate - v. to name someone as a candidate for an election; topropose a person for an office or positionnoon - n. the middle of the day; twelve oclock in the daytimenormal - n. the usual condition, amount or form; ad. usual; what isexpected
  42. 42. north - n. the direction to the left of a person facing the rising sunnot - ad. a word showing that something is denied or untrue ("Sheis not going.")note - v. to talk about something already known; n. a word orwords written to help a person remember; a short letternothing - n. not anything; no thingnow - ad. at this time; immediatelynowhere - ad. not in, to or at any placenuclear - ad. of or about the energy produced by splitting atomsor bringing them together; of or about weapons that explode byusing energy from atomsnumber - n. a word or sign used to show the order or amount ofthingsOobey - v. to act as one is ordered to actobject - v. to show that one does not like or approve; to protest; n.something not alive that can be seen or touchedobserve - v. to watch; to look at carefully; to celebrate or honorsomething ("They will observe the anniversary of the day she wasborn.")occupy - v. to take and hold or to control by forceocean - n. the area of salt water that covers almost seventy-fivepercent of the earths surface; any of the five main divisions ofthis waterof - prep. made from; belonging to; about; connected to; includedamongoff - ad. away; at a distance; condition when something is nolonger operating or continuing; not on; not connectedoffensive - n. a military campaign of attack; ad. having to do withattackingoffer - v. to present or propose; n. the act of presenting orproposing; that which is presented or proposedoffice - n. a room or building where business or work is done; a
  43. 43. public position to which one is elected or appointedofficer - n. a person in the military who commands others; anyperson who is a member of a police forceofficial - n. a person with power in an organization; arepresentative of an organization or government; ad. of or aboutan office; approved by the government or someone in poweroften - ad. many timesoil - n. a thick liquid that does not mix with water and that burnseasily; a black liquid taken from the ground and used as fuelold - ad. not young or new; having lived or existed for many yearson - prep. above and held up by; touching the upper surface of("The book is on the table."); supported by ("He is on his feet.");about ("The report on the meeting is ready."); at the time of ("Heleft on Wednesday.")once - ad. one time onlyonly - ad. being the single one or ones; no more than ("We haveonly two dollars.")open - v. to start ("They opened talks."); ad. not closed; not secretoperate - v. to do work or a job; to cut into the body for medicalreasonsopinion - n. a belief based on ones own ideas and thinkingoppose - v. to be against; to fight againstopposite - ad. different as possible; completely different from;exactly the other way ("North is the opposite direction fromsouth.")oppress - v. to make others suffer; to control by the use of unjustand cruel force or poweror - conj. giving another of two choices; giving the last of severalchoicesorbit - v. to travel in space around a planet or other object; n. thepath or way an object travels in space around another object orplanetorder - v. to give a command; to tell someone what to do; n. a
  44. 44. command; the correct or normal way things are organized; apeaceful situation in which people obey lawsorganize - v. to put in order; to put together into a systemother - ad. different; of another kind; the remaining one or ones oftwo or more ("That man is short; the other is tall.")our - ad. of or belonging to usoust - v. to force to leave; to remove by forceout - ad. away from the inside; opposite of inover - conj. above; covering; across, in or on every part of ("allover the world")overthrow - v. to remove from power; to defeat or end by forceowe - v. to pay or have to repay (usually money) in return forsomething receivedown - v. to have or possess for oneselfPpain - n. a hurt or suffering somewhere in the bodypaint - v. to cover with a liquid color; to make a picture with liquidcolors; n. a colored liquid used to cover or protect a surfacepaper - n. a thin, flat material made from plants or cloth oftenused for writingparachute - n. a device that permits a person or thing to fallslowly from an airplane or helicopter to the groundparade - n. a group of people and vehicles moving together tocelebrate a special event or anniversarypardon - v. to forgive for a crime and release from punishmentparent - n. a father or motherparliament - n. a government lawmaking grouppart - n. something less than the whole; not all of somethingpartner - n. a person who takes part in some activity in commonwith another or others. ("The two men were business partners.")party - n. a group of people working together for a politicalpurpose; a group of people or friends gathered together forenjoyment
  45. 45. pass - v. to go by or move around something; to move along; tocause or permit to gopassenger - n. a person travelling by airplane, train, boat or carwho is not the pilot or driverpassport - n. a document permitting a person to travel to anothercountrypast - n. the time gone by; the time before; ad. recent;immediately before; formerpath - n. a narrow way for walking; a way along which somethingmovespatient - n. a person being treated by a doctor for a healthproblempay - v. to give money for work done or for something boughtpeace - n. the condition of freedom from war, fighting or noise;rest; quietpeople - n. any group of persons; all the persons of a group,race, religion or nation ("the American people")percent - n. a part of every hundred ("Ten is ten percent of onehundred.")perfect - ad. complete or correct in every way; completely right orgood; without mistakesperform - v. to speak, dance or sing in front of othersperiod - n. an amount of time within events, restrictions orconditionspermanent - ad. never changing; lasting for a very long time orfor all timepermit - v. to let; to make possibleperson - n. a man, woman or childpersuade - v. to cause someone to do something by explaining orurging. ("The police persuaded the criminal to surrender hisweapon.")physical - ad. of the bodyphysics - n. the study of motion, matter and energy
  46. 46. picture - n. something that shows what another thing looks like;an idea or representation of something as seen by the eye; apainting; what is made with a camerapiece - n. a part of something largerpig - n. a farm animal used for its meatpilot - n. one who guides or flies an airplane or helicopterpipe - n. a long, round piece of material used to move liquid orgasplace - v. to put something somewhere; n. an area or a part of anarea; space where a person or thing is; any room, building, townor countryplan - v. to organize or develop an idea or method of acting ordoing something ("They plan to have a party."); n. an organized ordeveloped idea or method ("The plan will not work.")planet - n. a large object in space that orbits the sun ("Earth is aplanet.")plant - v. to put into the ground to grow; n. a living growth fromthe ground which gets its food from air, water and earthplastic - n. a material made from chemicals that can be formedand made into thingsplay - v. to have fun; to not work; to take part in a sport; to makemusic on an instrument; n. a story acted in a theaterplease - v. to make one happy; to give enjoymentplenty - n. all that is needed; a large enough amountplot - v. to make secret plans; n. a secret plan to do somethingwrong or illegalpoem - n. words and their sounds organized in a special way toexpress emotionspoint - v. to aim ones finger toward; to aim; n. the sharp end ofsomethingpoison - n. a substance that can destroy life or damage healthpolice - n. a government agency responsible for guarding thepublic, keeping order, and making sure people obey the law;
  47. 47. members of that agencypolicy - n. an established set of plans or goals used to developand make decisions in politics, economics or businesspolitics - n. the activities of government and of those who are inpublic officepollute - v. to release dangerous or unpleasant substances intothe air, soil or waterpoor - n. people with little or no money; ad. lacking money orgoods; of bad qualitypopular - ad. liked by many people; generally approved by thepublicpopulation - n. all the people in a place, city or countryport - n. a city where ships load or unload goods; a place on acoast where ships can be safe from a stormposition - n. a place; the way of holding the body; the way a thingis set or placed; a job (or level of a job) in an organizationpossess - v. to have; to own; to control or be controlled bypossible - ad. able to be done; can happen or is expected tohappenpostpone - v. to delay action until a later timepour - v. to flow; to cause to flowpoverty - n. the condition of being poorpower - n. the ability to control or direct others; control; strength;ruling force; force or energy used to do work ("Water power turnsthe wheel.")praise - v. to say good things about; to approvepray - v. to make a request to a god or spirit; to praise a god orspiritpredict - v. to say what one believes will happen in the future.("The weather scientist predicted a cold winter.")pregnant - ad. carrying a child within the body before it is born;expecting to give birth to a babypresent - v. to offer for consideration ("We will present our idea to
  48. 48. the committee."); n. a gift ("I gave them a present for theiranniversary."); now ("The present time is a good time."); ad. to beat a place ("I was present at school yesterday.")president - n. the chief official of a country that is a republic; theleader of an organizationpress - v. to urge strongly; n. newspapers, magazines and otherpublicationspressure - n. the force produced when something is pusheddown or against something elseprevent - v. to keep or stop from going or happeningprice - n. the amount of money for which anything is bought, soldor offered for saleprison - n. a place where a person is kept as punishment for acrimeprivate - ad. of or about a person or group that is secret; oppositepublicprize - n. something offered or won in a competition; something ofvalue that one must work hard for to getprobably - ad. a good chance of taking place; a little more thanpossibleproblem - n. a difficult question or situation with an unknown orunclear answerprocess - n. an operation or series of changes leading to adesired resultproduce - v. to make; to create; to cause something to be; tomanufactureprofession - n. a job that requires special trainingprofessor - n. a teacher at a college or universityprofit - n. money gained from a business activity after paying allcosts of that activityprogram - n. a plan of action; the different events or parts of ameeting or showprogress - n. movement forward or toward improvement or a goal
  49. 49. project - n. a planned effort to do somethingpromise - v. to say one will do something; n. a spoken or writtenagreement to do somethingpropaganda - n. ideas or information used to influence opinionsproperty - n. anything owned by someone such as land, buildingsor goodspropose - v. to present or offer for considerationprotect - v. to guard; to defend; to prevent from being harmed ordamagedprotest - v. to speak against; to objectprove - v. to show to be trueprovide - v. to give something needed or wantedpublic - ad. of or about all the people in a community or country;opposite privatepublication - n. something that is published such as a book,newspaper or magazinepublish - v. to make public something that is written; to includesomething in a book, newspaper or magazinepull - v. to use force to move something toward the person orthing using the force; opposite pushpump - v. to force a gas or liquid up, into or throughpunish - v. to cause pain, suffering or loss for doing somethingbad or illegalpurchase - v. to buy with money or with something of equalvalue; n. that which is boughtpure - ad. free from anything that is different or that reducesvalue; cleanpurpose - n. the reason or desired effect for doing something;goalpush - v. to use force to move something away from the personor thing using the force; opposite pullput - v. to place; to set in positionQ
  50. 50. quality - n. that which something is known to have or be ("Animportant quality of steel is its strength."); amount of value orexcellence ("Their goods are of the highest quality.")question - v. to ask; to express wonder or disbelief; n. a sentenceor word used in asking for information; a problem; an issue to bediscussedquick - ad. fastquiet - ad. with little or no noise; having little or no movement;calmRrace - v. to run; to take part in a competition to decide who orwhat can move fastest; to take part in a campaign for politicaloffice; n. one of the major groups that humans can be divided intobecause of a common physical similarity, such as skin colorradar - n. a device that uses radio signals to learn the position orspeed of objects that may be too far away to be seenradiation - n. waves of energy from something that produces heator light; energy from a nuclear substance, which can bedangerousradio - n. the system of sending and receiving signals or soundsthrough the air without wiresraid - v. to make a sudden attack; n. a sudden attack carried outas an act of war, or for the purpose of seizing or stealingsomethingrailroad - n. a road for trains; a company that operates such aroad and its stations and equipmentrain - n. water falling from the skyraise - v. to lift up; to move to a higher position; to cause to grow;to increaserape - v. to carry out a sexual attack by force against a personrare - ad. not common; not usual; not oftenrate - n. speed; a measure of how quickly or how often somethinghappens; the price of any thing or service that is bought or sold
  51. 51. reach - v. to put a hand toward; to arrive at; to come toreact - v. to act as a result of or in answer toread - v. to look at and understand the meaning of written wordsor numbersready - ad. prepared; completed; organized; willingreal - ad. true; truly existing; not falserealistic - ad. in agreement with the way things arereason - n. the cause for a belief or act; purpose; something thatexplainsreasonable - ad. ready to listen to reasons or ideas; not extreme;ready or willing to compromiserebel - v. to act against a government or power, often with force;to refuse to obey; n. one who opposes or fights against thegovernment of his or her countryreceive - v. to get or accept something given, offered or sentrecent - ad. a short time agorecession - n. a temporary reduction in economic activity, whenindustries produce less and many workers lose their jobsrecognize - v. to know or remember something or someone thatwas known, known about or seen before; to accept anothernation as independent and establish diplomatic ties with itsgovernmentrecord - v. to write something in order to have it for future use; toput sound or pictures in a form that can be kept and heard orseen again; n. a writing that shows proof or facts about somethingrecover - v. to get again something that was lost, stolen or takenaway ("The police recovered the stolen money."); to return tonormal health or normal conditions She is expected to recoverfrom the operation.")red - ad. having the color like that of bloodreduce - v. to make less or smaller in number, size or amount; tocutreform - v. to make better by changing; to improve; n. a change to
  52. 52. a better conditionrefugee - n. a person who has been forced to flee because ofunjust treatment, danger or warrefuse - v. to reject; to not accept, give or do somethingregister - v. to have one’s name officially placed on a list ofpeople permitted to vote in an election or take part in aneducational programregret - n. a feeling of sadness or sorrow about something that isdone or that happensreject - v. to refuse to accept, use or believerelations - n. understandings or ties between nations; membersof the same family; people connected by marriage or family tiesrelease - v. to free; to permit to go; to permit to be known or madepublicreligion - n. a belief in, or the honoring of, a god or godsremain - v. to stay in a place after others leave; to stay the sameremains - n. a dead bodyremember - v. to think about the past; opposite forgetremove - v. to take away or take off; to put an end to; to take outof a position or officerepair - n. work done to fix somethingrepeat - v. to say or do againreport - v. to tell about; to give the results of a study orinvestigation; n. the story about an event; the results of a study orinvestigation; a statement in which the facts may not beconfirmedrepresent - v. to act in the place of someone else; to substitutefor; to serve as an examplerepress - v. to control or to restrict freedoms by forcerequest - v. to ask for; n. the act of asking forrequire - v. to need or demand as necessaryrescue - v. to free from danger or evilresearch - n. a careful study to discover correct information
  53. 53. resign - v. to leave a position, job or officeresist - v. to oppose; to fight to preventresolution - n. an official statement of agreement by a group ofpeople, usually reached by votingresource - n. anything of value that can be used or soldrespect - v. to feel or show honor to a person or thing ("Allcitizens should respect the law.")responsible - ad. having a duty or job to do ("He is responsiblefor preparing the report."); being the cause of ("They wereresponsible for the accident.")rest - v. to sit, lie down or sleep to regain strength; n. that whichremains; the othersrestaurant - n. a place where people can buy and eat mealsrestrain - v. to keep controlled; to limit action by a person orgrouprestrict - v. to limit; to prevent from increasing or becoming largerresult - v. to happen from a cause; n. that which follows or isproduced by a cause; effectretire - v. to leave a job or position because one is old or in poorhealthreturn - v. to go or come back; to bring, give, take or send backrevolt - v. to protest violently; to fight for a change, especially ofgovernmentrice - n. a food grainrich - ad. having much money or goods; having plenty ofsomethingride - v. to sit on or in and be carried along; to travel by animal,wheeled vehicle, airplane or boatright - n. what a person legally and morally should be able to door have ("It is their right to vote."); ad. agreeing with the facts;good; correct; opposite wrong; on the side that is toward the eastwhen one is facing north; opposite leftriot - v. to act with many others in a violent way in a public place;
  54. 54. n. a violent action by a large group of peoplerise - v. to go up; to go higher; to increase; to go from a positionof sitting or lying to a position of standingrisk - n. the chance of loss, damage or injuryriver - n. a large amount of water that flows across land intoanother river, a lake or an oceanroad - n. a long piece of hard ground built between two places sopeople can walk, drive or ride easily from one place to the otherrob - v. to take money or property secretly or by force; to stealrock - n. a hard piece of mineral matterrocket - n. a device shaped like a tube that moves through air orspace by burning gases and letting them escape from the back orbottom, sometimes used as a weaponroll - v. to turn over and over; to move like a ballroom - n. a separate area within a building with its own wallsroot - n. the part of a plant that is under the ground and takesnutrients from the soilrope - n. a long, thick piece of material made from thinner piecesof material, used for tyingrough - ad. not flat or smooth; having an uneven surface; violent;not made wellround - ad. having the shape of a ball or circlerub - v. to move something over the surface of another thingrubber - n. a substance made from the liquid of trees with thesame name, or a similar substance made from chemicalsruin - v. to damage severely; to destroyrule - v. to govern or control; to decide; n. a statement or an orderthat says how something must be donerun - v. to move quickly by steps faster than those used forwalkingrural - ad. describing areas away from cities which may includefarms, small towns and unpopulated areasS
  55. 55. sabotage - v. to damage or destroy as an act against anorganization or nation ("The rebels sabotaged the railroad.")sacrifice - v. to do without something or to suffer a loss for abelief, idea, goal or another personsad - ad. not happysafe - ad. away from harm or dangersail - v. to travel by boat or shipsailor - n. a person involved in sailing a boat or shipsalt - n. a white substance found in sea water and in the ground,used to affect the taste of foodsame - ad. not different; not changed; like another or otherssand - n. extremely small pieces of crushed rock found in largeamounts in deserts and on coastssatellite - n. a small object in space that moves around a largerobject; an object placed in orbit around the earthsatisfy - v. to give or provide what is desired, needed ordemandedsave - v. to make safe; to remove from harm; to keep for futureusesay - v. to speak; to express in wordsschool - n. a place for education; a place where people go tolearnscience - n. the study of nature and the actions of natural things,and the knowledge gained about themsea - n. a large area of salt water, usually part of an oceansearch - v. to look for carefullyseason - n. one of the four periods of the year that is based onthe earths position toward the sun (spring, summer, autumn,winter); a period of time based on different weather conditions("dry season", "rainy season"); a period during the year whensomething usually happens ("baseball season")seat - n. a thing to sit on; a place to sit or the right to sit there ("aseat in parliament")
  56. 56. second - ad. the one that comes after the firstsecret - n. something known only to a few and kept from generalknowledge; ad. hidden from others; known only to a fewsecurity - n. freedom from danger or harm; protection; measuresnecessary to protect a person or place ("Security was increasedin the city.")see - v. to know or sense through the eyes; to understand orknowseed - n. the part of a plant from which new plants growseek(ing) - v. to search for ("They are seeking a cure forcancer."); to try to get ("She is seeking election to public office.");to plan to do ("Electric power companies are seeking to reducetheir use of coal.")seem - v. to appear to be ("She seems to be in good health.")seize - v. to take quickly by force; to take control of quickly; toarrestself - n. all that which makes one person different from otherssell - v. to give something in exchange for moneySenate - n. the smaller of the two groups in the governments ofsome countries, such as in the United States Congresssend - v. to cause to go; to permit to go; to cause to be carried,taken or directed to or away from a placesense - v. to come to know about by feeling, believing orunderstanding; n. any of the abilities to see, hear, taste, smell orfeelsentence - v. to declare the punishment for a crime; n. thepunishment for a crimeseparate - v. to set or keep people, things or ideas away from orindependent from others; ad. not together or connected; differentseries - n. a number of similar things or events that follow oneafter another in time, position or orderserious - ad. important; needing careful consideration; dangerousserve - v. to work as an official; to be employed by the
  57. 57. government; to assist or helpservice - n. an organization or system that provides something forthe public ("Schools and roads are services paid for by taxes."); ajob that an organization or business can do for money; militaryorganizations such as an army, navy or air force; a religiousceremonyset - v. to put in place or position; to establish a time, price or limitsettle - v. to end (a dispute); to agree about (a problem); to makea home in a new placeseveral - ad. three or more, but not manysevere - ad. not gentle; causing much pain, sadness or damagesex - n. either the male or female group into which all people andanimals are divided because of their actions in producing young;the physical activity by which humans and animals can produceyoungshake - v. to move or cause to move in short, quick movementsshape - v. to give form to; n. the form of something, especiallyhow it looksshare - v. to give part of something to another or others; n. a partbelonging to, given to or owned by a single person or a group;any one of the equal parts of ownership of a business orcompanysharp - ad. having a thin edge or small point that can cut or hurt;causing hurt or painshe - pro. the girl or woman who is being spoken aboutsheep - n. a farm animal used for its meat and hairshell - v. to fire artillery; n. a metal container that is fired from alarge gun and explodes when it reaches its target; a hard outsidecovershelter - v. to protect or give protection to; n. something that givesprotection; a place of safetyshine - v. to aim a light; to give bright light; to be bright; to cleanto make bright
  58. 58. ship - v. to transport; n. a large boatshock - v. to cause to feel sudden surprise or fear; n. somethingthat greatly affects the mind or emotions; a powerful shake, asfrom an earthquakeshoe - n. a covering for the footshoot - v. to cause a gun or other weapon to send out an objectdesigned to kill; to use a gunshort - ad. lasting only for a small period of time; not long;opposite tallshould - v. used with another verb (action word) to showresponsibility ("We should study."), probability ("The talks shouldbegin soon."), or that something is believed to be a good idea("Criminals should be punished.")shout - v. to speak very loudlyshow - v. to make something be seen; to make known; n. a playor story presented in a theater, or broadcast on radio ortelevision, for enjoyment or education; something organized to beseen by the publicshrink - v. to make or become less in size, weight or valuesick - ad. suffering physically or mentally with a disease or otherproblem; not in good healthsickness - n. the condition of being in bad healthside - n. the outer surfaces of an object that are not the top orbottom; parts away from the middle; either the right or left half ofthe bodysign - v. to write ones name; n. a mark or shape used to meansomething; evidence that something exists or will happen; a flatpiece of material with writing that gives informationsignal - v. to send a message by signs; n. an action or movementthat sends a messagesilence - v. to make quiet; to stop from speaking or making noise;n. a lack of noise or soundsilver - n. a valued white metal
  59. 59. similar - ad. like something else but not exactly the samesimple - ad. easy to understand or do; not difficult or complexsince - prep. from a time in the past until now ("I have known hersince we went to school together.")sing - v. to make music sounds with the voicesingle - ad. one onlysink - v. to go down into water or other liquidsister - n. a female with the same father or mother as anotherpersonsit - v. to rest on the lower part of the body without the support ofthe legs; to become seatedsituation - n. the way things are during a period of timesize - n. the space occupied by something; how long, wide or highsomething isskeleton - n. all the bones of a human or other animal together intheir normal positionsskill - n. the ability gained from training or experienceskin - n. the outer covering of humans and most animalssky - n. the space above the earthslave - n. a person owned or controlled by anothersleep - v. to rest the body and mind with the eyes closedslide - v. to move smoothly over a surfaceslow - v. to reduce the speed of; ad. not fast in moving, talking orother activitiessmall - ad. little in size or amount; few in number; not important;opposite largesmash - v. to break or be broken into small pieces by force; to hitor move with forcesmell - v. to sense through the nose; n. something sensed by thenose ("the smell of food cooking")smoke - v. to use cigarettes or other tobacco products by burningthem and breathing in the smoke; n. that which can be seen risinginto the air like a cloud from something burning
  60. 60. smooth - ad. having a level surface; opposite roughsnow - n. soft, white pieces of frozen water that fall from the sky,usually in winter or when the air temperature is very coldso - ad. in such a way that ("He held the flag so all could see it.");also; too ("She left early, and so did we."); very ("I am so sick.");as a result ("They were sick, so they could not come."); conj. inorder that; for the purpose of ("Come early so we can discuss theplans.")social - ad. of or about people or a groupsoft - ad. not hard; easily shaped; pleasing to touch; not loudsoil - n. earth in which plants growsoldier - n. a person in the armysolid - ad. having a hard shape with no empty spaces inside;strong; not in the form of a liquid or gassolve - v. to find an answer; to settlesome - ad. of an amount or number or part not stated; not allson - n. a persons male childsoon - ad. not long after the present time; quicklysort - n. any group of people or things that are the same or aresimilar in some way; a kind of somethingsound - n. fast-moving waves of energy that affect the ear andresult in hearing; that which is heardsouth - n. the direction to the right of a person facing the risingsunspace - n. the area outside the earths atmosphere where thesun, moon, planets and stars are; the area between or insidethingsspeak - v. to talk; to say words with the mouth; to express onesthoughts to others and exchange ideas; to give a speech to agroupspecial - ad. of a different or unusual kind; not for general use;better or more important than others of the same kindspeech - n. a talk given to a group of people
  61. 61. speed - v. to make something go or move faster; n. the rate atwhich something moves or travels; the rate at which somethinghappens or is donespend - v. to give as payment; to use ("He spends much timestudying.")spill - v. to cause or permit liquid to flow out, usually by accidentspirit - n. the part of a human that is not physical and isconnected to thoughts and emotions; the part of a person that isbelieved to remain alive after deathsplit - v. to separate into two or more parts; to divide or break intopartssport - n. any game or activity of competition involving physicaleffort or skillspread - v. to become longer or wider; to make or become widelyknownspring - n. the time of the year between winter and summerspy - v. to steal or get information secretly; n. one who watchesothers secretly; a person employed by a government to get secretinformation about another countrysquare - n. a flat shape having four equal sidesstab - v. to cut or push into or through with a pointed weaponstand - v. to move into or be in a position in which only the feetare on a surface; to be in one position or placestar - n. a mass of gas that usually appears as a small light in thesky at night, but is not a planet; a famous person, usually an actoror singerstart - v. to begin; to make something beginstarve - v. to suffer or die from a lack of foodstate - v. to say; to declare; n. a political part of a nationstation - n. a place of special work or purpose ("a police station");a place where passengers get on or off trains or buses; a placefor radio or television broadcastsstatue - n. a form of a human, animal or other creature usually
  62. 62. made of stone, wood or metalstay - v. to continue to be where one is; to remain; to not leave; tolive for a time ("They stayed in New York for two years.")steal - v. to take without permission or payingsteam - n. the gas that comes from hot watersteel - n. iron made harder and stronger by mixing it with othersubstancesstep - v. to move by lifting one foot and placing it in a newposition; n. the act of stepping; one of a series of actionsdesigned to reach a goalstick - v. to attach something to another thing using a substancethat will hold them together; to become fixed in one position sothat movement is difficult ("Something is making the door stick.");n. a thin piece of woodstill - ad. not moving ("The man was standing still."); until thepresent or a stated time ("Was he still there?"); even so; although("The job was difficult, but she still wanted to do it.")stone - n. a small piece of rockstop - v. to prevent any more movement or action; to come orbring to an endstore - v. to keep or put away for future use; n. a place wherepeople buy thingsstorm - n. violent weather, including strong winds and rain orsnowstory - n. the telling or writing of an event, either real or imaginedstove - n. a heating device used for cookingstraight - ad. continuing in one direction without turnsstrange - ad. unusual; not normal; not knownstreet - n. a road in a city, town or villagestretch - v. to extend for a distance; to pull on to make longer orwiderstrike - v. to hit with force; to stop work as a way to seek betterconditions, more pay or to make other demands