Presentation characteristics of life

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Presentation characteristics of life

  1. 1. Characteristics of Living Things
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Movement <ul><li>Living things: </li></ul><ul><li>Locomotory </li></ul><ul><li>Nonliving things </li></ul><ul><li>Can move by external force </li></ul>
  4. 4.
  5. 5. <ul><li>Growth is increasing in size over time. </li></ul>Growth
  6. 6. <ul><li>Living things: </li></ul><ul><li>Organize or assimilate substances inside their bodies. </li></ul><ul><li>INTUSSUSEPTION (growth from within) </li></ul><ul><li>Nonliving things: </li></ul><ul><li>ACCRETION </li></ul><ul><li>(growth by external addition) </li></ul>
  7. 7.
  8. 8. Reproduction <ul><li>All species have the ability to reproduce </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduction is a process by which an organism may produce offspring and perpetuate its species </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not essential to survival of individual but is essential for continuation of a species </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Living things: </li></ul><ul><li>Can reproduce sexually or asexually </li></ul><ul><li>Nonliving things: </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot reproduce </li></ul>
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Respiration <ul><li>The process of breaking down food molecules into chemical energy needed by all cells in order to function. </li></ul><ul><li>Living things: respire </li></ul><ul><li>Nonliving things: do not respire </li></ul>
  12. 12.
  13. 13. Irritability/ Sensitivity <ul><li>Respond to stimuli in the external environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Stimuli are factors that affects the living organism </li></ul><ul><li>Tropism is the reaction of organism to a stimulus </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Living things: </li></ul><ul><li>Not proportion </li></ul><ul><li>Nonliving things: </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion </li></ul>
  15. 15. Formation/Shape <ul><li>Living things: </li></ul><ul><li>Constant </li></ul><ul><li>Nonliving things: </li></ul><ul><li>Varied </li></ul>
  16. 16.
  17. 17. Life span <ul><li>Life span is a definite period of existence </li></ul><ul><li>Living things: definite </li></ul><ul><li>Nonliving things: not definite </li></ul>
  18. 18. Chemical Composition <ul><li>Living things: </li></ul><ul><li>More organic, less inorganic </li></ul><ul><li>Nonliving things: </li></ul><ul><li>More inorganic, less organic </li></ul>
  19. 19. Level of Organization <ul><li>Living things: </li></ul><ul><li>High level </li></ul><ul><li>Nonliving things: </li></ul><ul><li>Low level </li></ul>
  20. 20. Atom Molecule Compound
  21. 21.
  22. 22. Adaptation & Evolution
  23. 23. Adaptation <ul><li>Any structure, behavior, or internal process that enables an organism to respond to stimuli and better survive in an environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to adapt to their environment through the process of evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Favorable characteristics are selected for and passed on to offspring </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Living things: </li></ul><ul><li>Can adjust </li></ul><ul><li>Nonliving things; </li></ul><ul><li>Can respond but cannot adjust </li></ul>
  25. 25. Evolution <ul><li>The gradual accumulation of adaptations over time. </li></ul><ul><li>Change over time. </li></ul><ul><li>Living things evolve </li></ul>
  26. 26. CHARACTERISTICS LIVING THINGS NONLIVING THINGS VIRUS Movement Locomotory Can move by external force LT- inside NLT- outside Growth Intussusception Accretion Neither Reproduction Can Can’t LT- inside NLT- outside Respiration Respire Do not respire LT Irritability Not proportion Proportion LT Formation/Shape Constant Varied LT Existence Definite Not definite NLT Chemical Composition More organic, less inorganic More inorganic, less organic LT Level of Organization High level Low level NLT Adaptation Can adjust Can respond but can’t adjust LT Evolution Evolve Don’t evolve LT

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