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  • 1. Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change & Sustainable Development A small Island Perspective Dr Rolph Payet Special Advisor to the President Seychelles, November 2007
  • 2. Presentation Summary • Adaptation • Government Awareness • Climate Data and Trends • Capacity building and Knowledge Management • Economic Planning & Factoring • Climate Risk Assessment & Management • Infrastructure Development • Climate Proofing • Sea Level Rise Foundation
  • 3. Adaptation
  • 4. Mainstreaming ? • Adaptation Mainstreaming is the integration of climate change issues/adaptation in national (and regional) decision making processes (planning, budgeting etc.) • Can be top-down or bottom-up • Can be sectoral or cross-sectoral
  • 5. Modes Mainstreaming from top-down: • Government Awareness • Research and Development • National Policies/Planning • Economic Policies Mainstreaming from bottom-up: • Community-based action/local input • Technology applications and entrepreneurs • Risk identification and management • Input into Government Policies/Planning
  • 6. Key Links to existing processes • Seychelles Development Strategy 2017 • Environment Management Plan 2000-2010 ( our SD blueprint) • Development and Land Use Planning • District-level Management Plans • Disaster Risk Management Strategy • Mauritius Strategy • Biodiversity Strategy & Action Plan • National Capacity Self-Assessment • Education and Human Recourse Strategy • Millennium Development Goals
  • 7. Experience of Seychelles What we’ve done Challenges Opportunities
  • 8. Government Awareness • Political Attention given to National Sustainable Development Strategies – highest office, bias • Sensitization of Policy-makers – scientific vs. public opinion • Policies and guidelines – home-grown/re-inventing the wheel • Implementation and Enforcement – M&E, C&C • Dialogue with Private Sector – representation on policy bodies, input into policies, innovative opportunities • Local government influence – grassroots influence, overwhelmed with primary response
  • 9. Cycle of adaptation Nature’s equilibrium Human event Climate event Human response
  • 10. With/Without adaptation/management
  • 11. Climate Data and Trends • IPCC Outcomes – relevance to policy • Regional scenarios – appropriateness to small islands • National Assessments – data needs • Climate Variability and climate change – relevance to policy • Extreme events and climate change – policy windows • Return periods and climate change – cost- effectiveness of climate proofing • Ecosystem responses, resilience and recovery – ecological adaptation
  • 12. Capacity building and Knowledge Management • Expertise – Climate, Assessments, Planning • Management – ICZM, IWRM, EIA, SEA • Education – Curriculum integration, Innovation, School Clubs • Community empowerment – Media, Action, Responsible behavior • Technology application – prototypes, promotion, reducing barriers, service & support • Research and development – University, specialized institutes • Sharing and exchange – Knowledge-bases, networks of experts, access to resources
  • 13. Economic Planning • The adaptation factor of production !! – the profound change that adaptation will have on economic growth/performance • Integration of adaptation factors in development goals – MDGs • Financing adaptation – Global Adaptation Fund, CDM, Carbon Taxes • Public financing mechanisms – budgeting integration • Private sector financing mechanisms – inclusive part of investment models/plans; profits for adaptation
  • 14. Infrastructure Development • ROI – relevance to adaptation ( a long- term investment) • Design considerations – energy conservation + climate proofing • Engineering considerations – capacity, return periods, unit cost • Additional costs – risk assessment, insurance, long-term vs short-terminism
  • 15. Alternative development pathways against Sustainability Criteria Payet, PhD Thesis
  • 16. Sea Level Rise Foundation Why – another Foundation ?? • Sea level rise leads to very complex interactions and impacts • No international focus on sea level rise issues • Significant opportunities for exchange and use of existing resources and knowledge • No tools for adequately mainstreaming adaptation to SLR, and its links to sustainable development Features • Launched in September 2007 in Rome by President Michel as a mechanism for mainstreaming adaptation to sea-level rise • Home-grown from a small island state, representing the voice and issues of small islands and low-lying coastal areas • A Platform of Excellence on Climate Change • Local Chapters to target grass-roots
  • 17. Role of SLRF • Build a grass-roots but global platform of excellence on sea level rise • Increase resilience and reduce risk to sea level rise • It will bring together countries, scientists, policy- makers, and other stakeholders to share ideas, technologies and know-how; • It will provide a platform for public-private partnerships • mainstream adaptation and sea-level rise proofing to government and other stakeholders (e.g. developers alike); • It will raise and optimise use of the financial and technical resources required to engage all nations in avoiding the first climate refugees, those living on islands and in low-lying areas.
  • 18. Thank you Questions ???