National Press Club Payet


Published on

Presentation at the National Press Club, Washington, 1st April 2009

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

National Press Club Payet

  1. 1. National Press Club, 529 14th St. NW, Washington DC Rolph Payet
  2. 2. <ul><li>_ very likely contributed to sea level rise during the latter half of the 20th century </li></ul><ul><li>_ likely contributed to changes in wind patterns, affecting extra-tropical storm tracks and temperature patterns </li></ul><ul><li>_ likely increased temperatures of extreme hot nights, cold nights and cold days </li></ul><ul><li>_ more likely than not increased risk of heat waves, area affected by drought since the 1970s and frequency of heavy precipitation events. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, 2007 </li></ul>
  3. 3.
  4. 5. <ul><li>Each degree increase in warming is going to affect the planet and cause dramatic changes </li></ul><ul><li>Sea level is continuing to rise : 1961-2003 SLR has been rising 50% faster than previous model projections </li></ul><ul><li>130million people live below 1m elevation and depend upon the coast </li></ul><ul><li>There is observed erosion, coastal flooding in many parts of the world – low-lying islands and river deltas </li></ul><ul><li>Past human damage – such as ecosystem destruction and modification of the coastline exacerbates the impact </li></ul><ul><li>500,000 islanders are immediately at risk from Sea Level Rise </li></ul>
  5. 6. Melting Ice Thermal Expansion Coral Bleaching Coastal modification Coastal Erosion Beach Loss Turtle nesting Water aquifers Human Settlement Infrastructure Port facilities Tourism Soil Salinisation Agriculture Wetlands SEA LEVEL RISE Poor management Mangroves Fisheries FreshWater
  6. 7. Source: WBGU 2008 World in Transition -Climate Change as a Security Risk.
  7. 8. <ul><li>Changes in rainfall </li></ul><ul><li>Abnormal tides </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme sea-surface temperatures </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Population: 85,000 </li></ul><ul><li>112 islands (55% low-lying atolls) </li></ul><ul><li>Majority population on high islands with narrow coastal areas </li></ul><ul><li>80% infrastructure within 2 m elevation </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Observed 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>Torrential rains in the middle of the dry season – USD 6.25 million in losses </li></ul><ul><li>Extended periods of dry-season causing acute water shortages </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in propagation of invasive plants </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Observed 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Detected an anomaly in predicated and observed high tides </li></ul><ul><li>Rise in SST led to a corresponding rise in sea-level </li></ul><ul><li>Caused serious erosion on the islands. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Observed 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Over a period of 1 month, 34-37C was observed on the reef flats </li></ul><ul><li>30-90% coral bleached </li></ul><ul><li>Economic effects on tourism & fisheries </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Adoption of stronger targets by emitting nations </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Escape plans ! </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Industrial nations to reduce emissions by 25-40 percent below 1990 levels by 2020. </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term approach to reduce by 80% emissions by 2050 </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Message </li></ul><ul><li>There is hope! </li></ul><ul><li>We need to change the way we do things </li></ul><ul><li>We need to have access to knowledge, technology and resources </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation needs to start today! </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Defending the Island Home </li></ul><ul><li>Partnering with MSV Educate Engage Empower Enable </li></ul><ul><li>Islands need your support </li></ul>
  16. 17.