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World culture impact of indonesian civilization
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World culture impact of indonesian civilization

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  • 1. World Culture Impact of Indonesian Civilization<br />Rolla Tyas Amalia – Grade 10<br />Indonesia has a diverse range of civilization. The civilization of Indonesia had been existing from many years ago. It’s not just only originated from Indonesia, but world culture also giving impact to the Indonesian civilization. These world culture such as, Bacson-Hoabinh culture, Dong son culture, and Indian culture. <br />Bacson-Hoabinh culture:<br />The term of Bacson-Hoabinh used in the years of 1920 to the places which made unique stone materials. They originally come from Northern Vietnam, near the Red River, but the heritage had been found distributive in all South-East Asia regions. The stone materials are generally the stones which been cut off either in one side or both sides of the stone. The results of the cut off can be having shape like rectangle, triangle, descoided, or waisted. Bacson-Hoabinh stone materials have characteristics like:<br />
    • Having flakiness either at one side or both sides of the stone
    • 2. Having one area functioned as the holder
    • 3. Having sharp point
    Bacson-Hoabinh culture came and develops in Indonesia with also at the same time with the coming and developing of Hinduism and Buddhism religion. This culture brought impact to Indonesian civilization of the existing of using axes in Indonesia, such as pebble, descoided axes, and waisted axes. <br />Dong Son culture:<br />Dong son culture often referred as the Bronze Age culture. Bronze Age culture playing role as the important prehistoric culture of mainland Southeast Asia that developed in the 1st millennium BC. They originally found also in Northern Vietnam, centered on the Red River Valley by excavations that revealed bronze object, iron, pottery, and Chinese artifacts. <br />Dong son people use the bronze work for ritual and religious events. The Dong son were people who apparently like to traveled and traded throughout Southeast Asia. They change the Red River area into great growing rice region and they bring culture that cultivated rice along river. Dong son culture brought impact to Indonesia like the using of kettle drum (Necara) for rituals, iron structure, and jewelries. By the second century BC, impacts from the Han Dynasty in China were being felt and according to historic records, the Dong Son were absorbed into the Han Dynasty territory.<br />Indian culture:<br />Indian culture brought impact in Indonesian lifestyle and the religion. Indian culture lifestyle is full of manners and polite. This affect the Indonesian government, literature, arts, and architecture of building. Indian culture religion affect like the coming of Hinduism and Buddhism religion to Indonesia. <br />The art influence of India to Indonesia is like the changing of sculpture, painting, carving, calligraphy, architecture, even the theatrical art (Lara Jonggrang story is similar with one of Indian theatrical art). Literature in Indonesia also been influenced by the Indian literature, such as the writing of poetry (the pattern of stanza) and sangsakerta language. Government of Indonesia also ever been influenced by the Indian culture. Like the use of kingdom system. <br />

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