Infrastructure - A necessary platform for user empowerment


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Presentation at the conference ICLAM 2011 in New Delhi, 15th-17th of February, 2011

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  • RAÄ:s resa, så långt, kan sammanfattas med den här bilden:
  • SOCH (Swedish Open Cultural Heritage, Sw: K-samsök) is an infrastructure for information of Swedish cultural heritage. It is not a portal, it is a webservice that harvest data to a central index from connected systems and databases. Today the SOCH index consists mainly of data from museumcollections and information of ancient monuments and buildings. The plan is also to harvest information of defined areas of cultural interest. The aim is to provide developers with a well defined source in order to facilitate for developers to create applications for different purposes and target groups. One of the first applications built on SOCH is a mobile phone application displaying ancient monuments. Swedish National Heritage Board and several museums in a process of building internet applications using the SOCH API. Aside from being available through the SOCH web service, all our objects are marked upp in the RDF format (Resource Description Framework) and are therefore visible in the so called ”semantic web” in "the cloud". ) SOCH was released in a Betaversion in February 2009 and the present count shows more than 2.2 millon indexed objects. The number is constantly growing, due to an ongoing connection of more databases from different content providers.
  • A simplified model of SOCH can be presented in this way. The web service harvest information from the connected databases to a central index and through open Application Programming Interface (API) developers can create various applications. A slightly more complex model can be drawn in this way. You recognize the three levels from the former picture. In the bottom line you see the SOCH stakeholders, the different institutions with connected databases. In the middle you have the harvesting web service and other platforms that hold information. Our strategy is that the different institutions can choose which platform they wish to connect to, and that the coordination is made between us who are responsible for the platforms. This is due to that we don’t have a strong compulsive coordination in the Swedish museum sector. In this middle level it is important that the public agencies under the Swedish Government; Swedish National Heritage Board, National Library of Sweden and the National Archives together take the responsibility for a broad collaboration with the organizations and institutions within the ALM field. We still have some work left to define protocols and do the actual work to connect the platform with one another, but it will be done. The SOCH web service physically has its home at the National Heritage board. The Swedish government has declared that they intend to give the Swedish Heritage Board the assignment to administrate and develop SOCH in order to guarantee a sustainable platform for the accessibility and usability of digital cultural heritage information in a broad cooperation. Aside from being available through the SOCH web service, all the digital objects are marked up in the RDF format (Resource Description Framework) and are therefore visible in the so called ”semantic web” in "the cloud". ) In the top level we have the applications and the websites. Here we’d love to see many different "bubbles”. And that is something we have to include many institutions and developers in. We can’t do this on our own. And even if we hade the necessary resources to do that, it wouldn’t be desirable. To fulfill the need of various target- and user groups you have to create applications from many different angles and perspectives. Of course a provider of data can be (and often must be) a developer of applications. For example Swedish Heritage Board is developing a search engine and a community with SOCH as a platform. An interesting example from the commercial side is the "bubble” labeled Loc ago. That is an application up and running for mobile phones. An SME has created a layer of ancient sites and monuments from information in SOCH´s index. Swedish National Heritage Board has put no money in this. Our contribution was about an hour of free consultation. And most important. The users of the different applications don’t need to know the slightest thing about this structure.
  • Search and retrieve… with Kringla, an application that uses the SOCH API
  • So we got to let our collections free. Our common cultural heritage belongs to us all.
  • Tack så mycket!
  • Infrastructure - A necessary platform for user empowerment

    1. 1. Infrastructure A necessary platform for user empowerment ICLAM 2011 Rolf Källman Swedish National Heritage Board
    2. 2. Strategy
    3. 3. Our strategic road … Open source: 2002 Strategy for ”webb 2.0”: 2004 Public webapplications: 2004-06 Blog, Forum: 2007 SOCH: 2007 - Europeana: 2008 - On others websites (Flickr Commons): 2009 API: 2009 Community: 2009 Mobile application: 2010 Free data, Open API: 2010 - Linked data, semantic web: 2010 - UGC, collaboration: 2010 -
    4. 4. Technique
    5. 5. Swedish Open Cultural Heritage (SOCH) <ul><li>is a web service </li></ul><ul><li>is a cross domain infrastructure for national heritage information </li></ul><ul><li>gives open and accessible data for developers </li></ul><ul><li>of applications (API) </li></ul><ul><li>harvest metadata </li></ul><ul><li>is a national aggregator for content providers within the field of museums and cultural heritage management (immobile heritage) </li></ul>
    6. 6. database database database database Website or Mobile application or ? SOCH index database database database database Webb-site How it works
    7. 12. Organization
    8. 14. ALMC and Europeana RAÄ Royal Library National Archive Central museum RSM K-samsök Portal Network Database Network Ministery of Culture CARARE EUROPEANA EuropeanaLocal – Athena KMM? ” National Portal Network” ” Sw Europeana Tech Group” Central Mus Council Regional Mus Council Swedish Europeana Group Local Museums History Societies K-samsök arbetsgrupp KUR Historic Soc Association Local Mus Council Local museum Reg museum Reg museum Reg museum Reg museum Reg museum Reg museum Central museum Central museum Reg museum Reg museum Reg museum Reg museum Reg museum Reg museum Local museum Local museum
    9. 15. Content Providers Web Service SOCH Architecture for Europeana Lucene Index MS Port SQL Harvester Service Descr. Repository Interface Application URL:SRU/CQL or SOCH API File: XML/RDF Java Port SQL OAI-PMH Europeana port SOCH -> ESE/EDM Europeana OAI-PMH Development Tools for Mapping and Normalization XML XSearch Siteseeker
    10. 17. Archival management Photo Anne G CC-BY-NC-SA
    11. 18. Communication
    12. 20. Bild på samlingar Randy Son of Robert CC-BY Usable information
    13. 21. Open
    14. 22. Transparent
    15. 23. Usable
    16. 25. (select &quot;in English&quot;) [email_address] Thanks for your attention!
    17. 26. Photographs: Slide nr 1, 4, 18 Bengt Lundberg ” nr 12, 21, 22, 23, 25 Rolf Källman ” nr 2, 3, 13, 24 Lars Lundqvist ” nr 17 Anne G ” nr 20 Randy Son of Robert