Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu1
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu2The view from our office
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu3Orange S.A.
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu4Orange S.A.• belongs to ...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu5Orange S.A.• ORANGE (DE2...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu6Orange S.A.• ORANGE (DE2...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu7Orange S.A.• ORANGE (DE2...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu8Orange S.A.• ORANGE (DE2...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu9Orange S.A.• ORANGE (DE2...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu10Orange S.A.• ORANGE (DE...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu11Orange EM011428323 – cl...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu12Orange EM011428323 – cl...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu13Orange – electrode manu...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu14Conflict HistoryOrange ...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu15Why is this possible in...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu16Re-registered identical...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu17Re-registered identical...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu18Re-registered identical...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu19ECJ T-136/11- pelicantr...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu20ECJ T-136/11- pelicantr...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu21ECJ T-136/11- pelicantr...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu22ECJ T-136/11- pelicantr...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu23ECJ T-136/11- pelicantr...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu24ECJ T-136/11- pelicantr...
Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu25Patents, Trademarks, De...
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Re-registered Identical Trademarks

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The problem of re-registered identical trademarks in Europe in view of the recent pelicantravel.com-decision of the European Court of Justice

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Re-registered Identical Trademarks

  1. 1. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu1
  2. 2. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu2The view from our office
  3. 3. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu3Orange S.A.
  4. 4. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu4Orange S.A.• belongs to France Telecom• 47 billion EUR revenue (2010)• 170.000 employees (2010)
  5. 5. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu5Orange S.A.• ORANGE (DE2906299) 1994 classes 9, 38
  6. 6. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu6Orange S.A.• ORANGE (DE2906299) 1994 classes 9, 38• ORANGE (EM000127837) 1996 classes 9, … , 35, 36, 37, 38, 41, 42
  7. 7. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu7Orange S.A.• ORANGE (DE2906299) 1994 classes 9, 38• ORANGE (EM000127837) 1996 classes 9, ..., 35, 36, 37, 38, 41, 42• ORANGE (EM000127902) 1996 classes 9, ..., 35, 36, 37, 38, 41, 42
  8. 8. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu8Orange S.A.• ORANGE (DE2906299) 1994 classes 9, 38• ORANGE (EM000127837) 1996 classes 9, ..., 35, 36, 37, 38, 41, 42• ORANGE (EM000127902) 1996 classes 9, ..., 35, 36, 37, 38, 41, 42• ORANGE (IR702506) 1998 classes 9, 38
  9. 9. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu9Orange S.A.• ORANGE (DE2906299) 1994 classes 9, 38• ORANGE (EM000127837) 1996 classes 9, ..., 35, 36, 37, 38, 41, 42• ORANGE (EM000127902) 1996 classes 9, ..., 35, 36, 37, 38, 41, 42• ORANGE (IR702506) 1998 classes 9, 38• ORANGE (EM001079169) 1999 classes 3, 5, 9, ..., 38, ..., 42
  10. 10. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu10Orange S.A.• ORANGE (DE2906299) 1994 classes 9, 38• ORANGE (EM000127837) 1996 classes 9, 16, 18, 25, 35, 36, 37, 38, 41, 42• ORANGE (EM000127902) 1996 classes 9, 16, 18, 25, 35, 36, 37, 38, 41, 42• ORANGE (IR702506) 1998 classes 9, 38• ORANGE (EM001079169) 1999 classes 3, 5, 9, 14, ..., 25, 26, 28, 29, 30, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 41, 42• ORANGE (IR715855) 1999 classes 9, 16, 18, 25, 35, 36, 37, 38, 41, 42• ORANGE (EM001619386) 2000 classes 9, 12, 38• ORANGE (IR790992) 2001 classes 9, 16, 18, 25, 28, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 41, 42• ORANGE (EM002810281) 2002 classes 38, 39, 41• ORANGE (EM005200861) 2006 classes 9, 38, 42, 44, 45• ORANGE (DE3020090676534), 2009 classes 9, 35, 38, 41, 42• ORANGE (EM008164791) 2009 classes 9, 14, ..., 25, 26, 28, 30, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45• ORANGE (EM008164758) 2009 classes 14, 18, 21, 26, 28, 30, 35, 36, 38, 39, 41, 43• ORANGE (EM009300955) 2010 classes 9, 16, 35, 36, 38, 41, 42• ORANGE (IR1154710) 2012 classes 9, 35, 36, 37, 38, 42, 44• ORANGE (EM011428372) 2012 classes 9, 35, 36, 37, 38, 42, 44• ORANGE (EM011428323) 2012 classes 9, 35, 36, 37, 38, 42, 44
  11. 11. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu11Orange EM011428323 – class 9 - 2012Class 9: Electrical and electronic communications and telecommunications apparatus and instruments; communications andtelecommunications apparatus and instruments; electrical and electronic apparatus and instruments all for processing, logging, storing,transmission, retrieval or reception of data; apparatus and instruments for recording, transmission, amplifying or reproduction of sound, images,information or encoded data; cameras; photographic apparatus, instruments and equipment; image processing apparatus, instruments andequipment; bar code scanners and readers; television and radio apparatus and instruments; telecommunication, radio and televisionbroadcasting transmitters and receivers; apparatus for access to broadcast or transmitted programmes; holograms; computers; peripheralequipment for computers; programmed-data-carrying electronic circuits; computer programs; computer software; discs, tapes and wires allbeing magnetic data carriers; printed circuit boards; blank and pre-recorded magnetic cards; data cards; memory cards; smart cards; cardscontaining microprocessors; integrated circuit cards; electronic identification cards; telephone cards; telephone credit cards; credit cards; debitcards; cards for electronic games designed for use with telephones; CD ROMS; magnetic, digital and optical data carriers; magnetic, digital andoptical data recording and storage media (blank and pre-recorded); USB flash drives; computer software supplied from the Internet;downloadable ringtones for mobile phones; electronic publications (downloadable) provided on-line from computer databases or the Internet;computer software and telecommunications apparatus (including modems) to enable connection to databases, local area networks and theInternet; computer software to enable teleconferencing, videoconferencing and videophone services; computer software to enable searchingand retrieval of data; computer software for accessing databases, telecommunications services, computer networks and electronic bulletinboards; computer games software; downloadable music files; devices for playing downloadable music files; portable media players; photographs,pictures, graphics, image files, sound bites, films, videos and audio-visual programmes (downloadable) provided on-line or from computerdatabases or the Internet or Internet websites; remote monitoring apparatus and instruments; computer software for use in remote monitoring;satellite transmitters and receivers; telecommunications and broadcasting satellites; radio telephone beacons and telephone masts; electricwires and cables; optical cables; resistance wires; electrodes; telecommunications systems and installations; terminals for telephone networks;telephone switchboards; telecommunications signal input, storage, conversion and processing apparatus; telephone equipment; equipment forfixed, transportable, mobile, hands-free or voice-activated telephones; multimedia terminals; interactive terminals for displaying and orderinggoods and services; paging, radio paging and radio-telephone apparatus and instruments; telephones, mobile telephones and telephonehandsets; facsimile machines; personal digital assistants (PDAs); electronic notepads; electronic notebooks; electronic tablets; electronichandheld units for the wireless receipt, storage and/or transmission of data and messages; mobile electronic devices that enable the user tokeep track of or manage personal information; accessories for telephones and telephone handsets; adapters for use with telephones; batterychargers for use with telephones; desk or car mounted units incorporating a loudspeaker to allow a telephone handset to be used hands-free; in-car telephone handset cradles; bags and cases specially adapted for holding or carrying portable telephones and telephone equipment andaccessories; cell phone straps; computerised personal organisers; aerials; batteries; micro processors; key boards; modems; calculators; displayscreens; electronic global positioning systems; electronic navigational, tracking and positioning apparatus and instruments; monitoring (otherthan in-vivo monitoring) apparatus and instruments; radio apparatus and instruments; electrical control, testing (other than in-vivo testing),signalling, checking (supervision) and teaching apparatus and instruments; optical and electro-optical apparatus and instruments; video films;audio-visual apparatus and equipment; electrical and electronic accessories and peripheral equipment designed and adapted for use withcomputers and audio-visual apparatus; parts and fittings for all the aforesaid goods.electrodes
  12. 12. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu12Orange EM011428323 – class 9
  13. 13. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu13Orange – electrode manufacturer
  14. 14. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu14Conflict HistoryOrange medical supplies files trademark ORANGE for electrodesOrange (Telco) opposes trademark ORANGE for electrodesOrange (Telco) sues Orange medical supplies successfullyOrange medical supplies has to...find a new name and... pay damages (all profits) to Orange (Telco)
  15. 15. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu15Why is this possible in Europe/Germany?• Trademark owners in Europe can litigatetrademarks for goods and serviceswithout proof of use within the first 5years after registration
  16. 16. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu16Re-registered identical trademarks - OHIM• Re-registered identical trademarks aregenerally considered filed in bad faith• Subject to cancellation – cancellationproceedings• When are trademarks consideredidentical?• Identity of signs• Identity of goods and services
  17. 17. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu17Re-registered identical trademarks - OHIM• Why are re-registered identicaltrademarks generally considered filed inbad faith• Filed to avoid the 5 year grace period,where the trademarks can be litigatedwithout proof of use
  18. 18. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu18Re-registered identical trademarks - OHIM• When does this become relevant?• Registration process: no• Opposition:• 2nd Board of appeals: no• 4th Board of appeals: yes,requirement of use• Cancellation: yes, bad faith
  19. 19. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu19ECJ T-136/11- pelicantravel.com• Pelicantravel.com, opposed based on• Registered for various travel services• History: Opposition, Appeal
  20. 20. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu20ECJ T-136/11- pelicantravel.com
  21. 21. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu21ECJ T-136/11- pelicantravel.com• Is this sign• identical to this sign?• ECJ: not identical, slight alterations notnecessarily sign of bad faith, sign ofmodernatization of corporate identityscheme
  22. 22. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu22ECJ T-136/11- pelicantravel.com• What do we learn from this decision?• Re-registered identical trademarksrelevant during opposition• Identity of signs probably neccessary• Otherwise, file cancellation action
  23. 23. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu23ECJ T-136/11- pelicantravel.com• Recommendations for owners of re-registered identical trademarks• Variation in the jurisdiction oftrademarks (DE, CTM, …)• Alter sign just slightly• Alter goods or services just slightly
  24. 24. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu24ECJ T-136/11- pelicantravel.com• Recommendations for the defenseagainst re-registered identicaltrademarks• Opposition: try to defend with non-useof earlier mark• In any case: file cancellation actionbased on bad faith
  25. 25. Re-registered Identical Trademarks, Dr. Rolf Claessen, Patent Attorneys Freischemwww.freischem.eu25Patents, Trademarks, Designs in Europewww.freischem.euPatents, Trademarks, Designs – in Europewww.freischem.eu

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