1. BILL GATES OF MICROSOFTRoles=William Henry Gates III (born 28 October 1955) is anAmerican entrepreneur, software executive, philanthropist andchairman of Microsoft, the software company he founded with PaulAllen. During his career at Microsoft he has held the positions of CEOand chief software architect, and he remains the largest individualshareholder with more than 9 percent of the common stock .From Microsofts founding in 1975 until 2006, Gates had primary responsibility for thecompanys product strategy. He aggressively broadened the companys range of products,and wherever Microsoft achieved a dominant position he vigorously defended it. Hegained a reputation for being distant to others.Gatess role at Microsoft for most of its history was primarily a management andexecutive role. However, he was an active software developer in the early years,particularly on the companys programming language products. He has not officially beenon a development team since working on the TRS-80 Model 100, but wrote code aslate as 1989 that shipped in the companys products. On June 15, 2006, Gatesannounced that he would transition out of his day-to-day role over the next two years todedicate more time to philanthropy. He divided his responsibilities between twosuccessors, placing Ray Ozzie in charge of day-to-day management and Craig Mundie incharge of long-term product strategy. Skills=Gates is one of the best-known entrepreneurs of the personalcomputer revolution. Although he is admired by many, a large minority of industryinsiders criticize his business tactics, which they consider as anti-competitive.Gates also knows how to run his company properly as it applies to employees,communication, organization, and decision-making. He is a good judge of people andwhat they can do. Perhaps his most important decision as far as getting the right peoplewas to partner with Paul Allen, who formed a nearly invincible duo with Gates. Anotherof the most important people he chose to have on the Microsoft team is Steve Ballmer,who has been involved with the company since 1980, and who Gates has so much faithin, that he relinquished the CEO position to Blamer in 2000. (Gates is currently theChairman and “Chief Software Architect” of the company)Gates has once said, “It’s important to have someone who you totally trust, who is totallycommitted, who shares your vision, and yet who has a little bit different set of skills andwho also acts as something of a check on you. Some of the ideas you run by him, youknow he’s going to say, ‘Hey, wait a minute, have you thought about this and that?’ The
2. benefit of sparking off somebody who’s got that kind of brilliance is that it not onlymakes business more fun, but it really leads to a lot of success.”Throughout the company, Gates has taken great care to fill Microsoft with the rightpeople, including many of the best programmers in the industry. He always looks for themost suitable, creative, and brilliant individuals to recruit, and generally prefers thosewho are inexperienced at working in corporate America. He also prefers yang people, andhas said, “Young people are more willing to learn, and come up with new ideas.” Heoften hires employees straight out of college.Gates is also careful not to hire the wrong people—which to him would be the peoplewho do not work, are mediocre, lackadaisical, and are for the most part only concernedwith getting by. Gates realizes that these kinds of employees are difficult to weed out andeliminate, and can take the place of someone better that can be part of Microsoft. AndGates is strict in not hiring too many people. He believes its better to hire too few thantoo many.As for those that Gates does employ, he creates the right environment for them. Mostintegral in this is the way that he compensates them. Throughout its history, Microsofthas been known for paying low salaries and high stock options, thus ensuring thatemployees would be concerned with the actual results that Microsoft would produce.Many of his employees have reaped millions this way, and it has spurned employees toremain motivated to produce the great results that Microsoft has achieved year in andyear out throughout its stellar history Failur or Success Stories=In February 1976, Gates wrote anOpen Letter to Hobbyists in the MITS newsletter saying that MITS could not continue toproduce, distribute, and maintain high-quality software without payment.The OpenLetter to Hobbyists was an open letter written by Bill Gates, the co-founder ofMicrosoft, to early personal computer hobbyists, in which Gates expresses dismay at therampant copyright infringement of software taking place in the hobbyist community,particularly with regard to his companys software.In the letter, Gates expressed frustration with most computer hobbyists who were usinghis companys Altair BASIC software without having paid for it. He asserted that suchwidespread unauthorized copying in effect discourages developers from investing timeand money in creating high-quality software. He cited the unfairness of gaining thebenefits of software authors time, effort, and capital without paying them.This letter was unpopular with many computer hobbyists, but Gates persisted in his beliefthat software developers should be able to demand payment. Microsoft becameindependent of MITS in late 1976, and it continued to develop programming languagesoftware for various systems. The company moved from Albuquerque to its new homein Bellevue, Washington on January 1, 1979.
3. Bill gates receives THE 2010 BOWER AWARD FOR BUSINESS LEADERSHIP forleading a company that has modeled the current software industry, for defining the waythe world interact with personal computers, and for his generous philanthropyThere is no doubt that Bill Gates is a successful businessman-but he is much more thanthat. A modern icon of technologist, as well as an entrepreneur, Gates has had, throughhis company Microsoft, more impact on personal computing than perhaps any otherperson. His software not only powers the bulk of personal computers-nearly everydesktop computer has at least one Microsoft product on it. Microsoft impact has nowmoved on to smart phones, electronic hand-held devices and numerous multimediasystem.In hindsight, Gates’ early failures seem so miniscule that they are almostlaughable. But, as a struggling entrepreneur, he went through the samefrustration, confusion and despair that others in his situation also face.Whatdistinguishes Gates from the rest was his ability to rebound from hismistakes and take whatever lessons he could from them. He then becameeven more resolute and determined to see his vision realize.Bill Gates Inventions? •View Slide ShowAnswer:XboxXbox 360Windows 95Windows 98
4. Windows 2000Windows MEWindows XP Home EditionWindows XP ProfessionalWindows Vista HomeWindows Vista Home PremiumWindows Vista BusinessWindows Vista Business PremiumWindows Vista UltimateWindows ServerALTAIR BASIC Interpreter. Example of effective decision making=In the 1990s, for example, Microsoft CEO Bill Gates made the strategic choice to bet thefuture of his company on the internet, redeploying the lion’s share of resources from such
5. priorities as CD ROM contents. Families, too, are faced with strategic choices that setdirection and have long-term consequences. Decision such as where to live, where towork, and where to go to school mark pivotal moments in our live.In Microsoft history, at the head of all of this organization has been Bill Gates. Gates hasbeen the key person in the decisions of importance and heading the direction of thecompany. He has headed technology, and has been focused on Microsoft’s products. Hehas made most of the final says and strategations, figures out what is most important.And although he did give Steve Blamer control of the CEO position, he still remains oneof the key people in the most important matters the company encounters.Gates is a masterful strategist. He seizes opportunities, presses and multiplies hisadvantages, leverages his positions, understands and adapts to change, exercises foresightbut realizes his predictions might not always be accurate, anticipates and prepares for thefuture, puts himself in situations where he will be at the right place at right time, andassesses risk-reward ratios.He is very difficult to defeat, and rarely misses an opportunity to defeat others. He seesthe immediate but also keeps a look on the long term and far way. He capitalizes on themistakes of others. He is willing to take on the big companies, and is eager to exploittheir shortcomings and weaknesses. He did this when he first went into business and wasfully aware that IBM was ready to be taken apart by a keen observer like himself—a manwho IBM probably underestimated as being just a young naïve computer programmer,but turned out to be the most astute and savvy person of all, anticipating and adapting tothings that the mammoth IBM corporation was caught almost completely off-guard onGates wants to win, he loves to win, he hates to lose, and he makes winning a habit. He istough and even vicious. Stewart Alsop, editor of PC Leter, said, “Gates is tenacious.That’s what’s scary… he always comes back, like Chinese water torture. His form ofentertainment is tearing people to shreds.” Gates is willing to crush competition, but he isalso willing to ally with others when it is too his advantage. He is willing to be the badguy if necessary. But even though he sometimes creates enemies and has grudges, hedoes not become too adamant in maintaining the grudges, and he always pursues what isbest, even if he has to align with someone he formerly held a grudge against.He is an objective assessor. He has said, “You have to be careful, if you’re good atsomething, to make sure you don’t think you’re good at other things that you aren’tnecessarily so good at.”He is always looking out for the next big thing.He manages and utilizes his time well. He realizes that time used for one thing can beused for something better