“ In the past, differences between the means for blacks and whites meant that an average black would score at the 16 th percentile of the distribution of white scores.” (Noe, et al., p. 240).
While racial norming has been banned, “banding” has become more popular. Banding involves treating people with similar scores the same (e.g., 90-100 gets a ‘4’. When scores are tied, preference is given to the minority candidate). Practice is controversial.