The maintenance and safety standards were lower compared to the U.S.& Europe plants.
The company’s motive was to earn more profits.
Almost none of the safety systems at the time of disaster were functioning.
The Vent gas scrubber was designed to take feed rate of 190 pounds per hour at 35 degree C at the pressure of 15 psig.But at the time of disaster MIC poured through at the rate of 40,000 pounds per hour at 200 degree C and 180 psig.
The vent gas scrubber contained inadequate quantity of caustic soda.
A series of incidences of gas leakage took place during the period of 1981-1984 in the plant.
Issue of danger to Bhopal from a pesticide plant was raised in the Legislative Assembly of the state.
An accident investigation committee examined the issue and concluded that the plant was fail safe.
The Labour Minister stated the assembly,”A sum of Rs.25 crore has been invested in the plant. The plant in not a small stone which can be shifted elsewhere. There is no danger to Bhopal nor will there ever be.”
This sort of negligence was responsible for the tragedy. So government was responsible.