Keiretsu
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Keiretsu - a type of business groups in Japan. The presentation contains information about its types and its important features.

Keiretsu - a type of business groups in Japan. The presentation contains information about its types and its important features.

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Keiretsu Keiretsu Presentation Transcript

  • Keiretsu Prepared by:- Rohit Dobaria
  • Keiretsu
    • A type of business group in Japan.
    • A set of companies with interlocking business
    • relationships and shareholdings.
  • There are three types of keiretsu:
    • Kigyō shūdan - "horizontally diversified business groups“
    • Seisan keiretsu - "vertical manufacturing networks“
    • Ryūtsū keiretsu - "vertical distribution networks"
  • History
    • Zaibatsu :– Pre World War – II
    • Keiretsu :- Post World War – II
  • Zaibatsu Pyramidal Structure
  • Keiretsu Star Picture
  • Zaibatsu Vs. Keiretsu
    • Zaibatsu
    • Largely controlled by funding families
    • Ownership - centralized (heirarchical)
    • Keiretsu
    • Controlled by professional managers
    • Decentralized (inter-locking ownership)
  • Major Keiretsu
    • Mitsubishi
    • Mitsui
    • Sumitomo
    • Fuyo
    • Sanwa
    • Dai-Ichi Kangyo
  • Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Bank (until 1996) Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi (1996–2005) Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ (2006– ) Mitsubishi Trust and Banking Financial : Mitsubishi Corporation, Tokio Marine and Fire Insurance, Construction : Pacific Consultants International Food : Kirin Brewery Electronics : Mitsubishi Electric, Mitsubishi Precision Cars : Mitsubishi Motors, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi Fuso Petroleum : Nippon Oil, Mitsubishi Oil, Mitsubishi Nuclear Fuel Precision Machinery : Nikon Chemicals : Mitsubishi Chemical, Mitsubishi Gas Chemical, Mitsubishi Rayon Co., Ltd., Mitsubishi Materials Corp., Mitsubishi Plastics Industries, Asahi Glass, Nippon Synthetic Chemical Industries Paper : Mitsubishi Paper Mills Ltd. Iron and Steel : Mitsubishi Steel Shipping: Nippon Yusen
  • non-Japanese businesses are described as keiretsu
    • Virgin Group (UK)
    • Tata Group (India)
    • Airline Alliances
    • Oneworld
    • Star Alliance
  • Toyota
    • the biggest of the "vertically-integrated" keiretsu groups
    • Toyota Industries Corporation (founded in 1926)
    • JTEKT Corporation (1935)
    • Toyota Motor Corporation (1937)
    • Toyota Auto Body, Co. Ltd. (1940)
    • Aichi Steel Corporation (1940)
    • Kanto Auto Works, Ltd. (1945)
    • Toyota Tsusho Corporation (1946)
    • Aisin Seiki Co., Ltd. (1949)
    • Toyoda Gosei Co., Ltd. (1949)
    • Denso Corporation (1949)
    • Toyota Boshoku Corporation (1950)
    • Towa Real Estate Co ., Ltd. (1953)
    • Toyota Central R&D Labs., Inc. (1960)
    • Toyota Communication Systems Co., Ltd. (2001)
    • Toyota Financial Services Corporation (2000)
    • Daihatsu Motor Co (1907; Toyota owns 51% of the company since 1999.)
    • Hino Motors (diesel trucks and buses. Toyota owns 50.5% of the company since 2001.)
    • Toyofuji Shipping Co. (Shipping company for Toyota vehicles overseas)
    • Affiliates or partially owned companies:
    • Kyoho kai group - Auto parts company - 211 companies.
    • Kyouei kai group - Logistic/facility company - 123 companies.
    • Fuji Heavy Industries, Ltd., manufacturer of Subaru automobiles. (Toyota owns 16.5% of the company.)
    • Isuzu Motors Ltd. (Toyota owns 5.9% of the company.)
    • Misawa Homes Holdings, Inc. (Toyota owns 13.4% of the company.)
    • United Australian Automobile Industries (UAAI) - a joint venture between Toyota Australia and GM-Holden (1989 to 1996)
    • New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc. (NUMMI) - a joint venture between Toyota and General Motors (1984)
    • Primearth EV Energy Co (PEVE) - a joint venture between Toyota and Panasonic (1996)
  • Advantages of Keiretsu
    • The mutual stockholding among the group members improves their stability
    • Each group is supported by a bank
    • Promotes group cohesiveness and helps the members to participate in large projects
  • Thank You