Renzo Piano and some of his works (ENGLISH)Presentation Transcript
Renzo Piano was born on September 14,1937 in Genoa (Italy), in the bosom of awealthy family of construction companies.also played a strong teaching and taughtat his alma mater, the Milan Polytechnicand at the Architectural AssociationSchool in London. After a few earlyprojects that failed to the drawing board in1971 won a contest that would changetheir lives: the construction of the CentreGeorges Pompidou in Paris. The building,as was the case in the past with anotherfamous landmark, the Eiffel Tower wascontroversial from the start.ARCHITECT: RENZO PIANO
Renzo performs in its early designsthat break traditional paradigms inarchitecture such as authorship, thedurability or the same spatial rigidity,projects what he called "adaptablespaces"Pompidou centreGarrone houseRecognized as anArchitect, "adaptive",creator and visionary
CHARACTERIZEd by:Its architecture is defined as solidconstruction made by excellentmaterials .Takeadvantageof thetopographyto therelationshipbetweenthe internalspaces andalso to theoutside.History ischaracterized by usingbuilding material.Renzo Piano designed abuilding capable ofintegrating with nature, intribute to one of the mostprolific and profoundartists of modern times.
HIs PHRAsEs"Architecture is a service.""Architecture is an artistic craft, but at the same time itis also a scientific profession, it is precisely itsdistinctiveness" - Renzo Piano"When style gets to become a brand, a personal seal,this becomes a cage""The architect is first and foremost a builder, but alsoshould be a poet, and above all a humanist
RENZO PIANO: ECOLOGICAL InnovatorFor the great Italian architect Renzo Piano, theprotection of the environment, far from being alimitation, it has become a "source ofinspiration" for the development of majorprojects being undertaken in many countries.
CENTRO PAUL KLEE
Longitudinal sectionTransverse section
concept:Piano The guiding idea was to createsomething more than a museum.Renzo Piano was the lightness of theartists sense of belonging and light. Itwas therefore decided to create a place,raise the land, making land available for awork of art itself. As if it were more of asurvey done by a knowledgeable farmer,rather than the result of an architecturalmethodology.So he designed three hills. Three wavesthat rise and from the ground. Withdifferent dimensions, the three wavestraverse the ground like a sculpture or theresult of the same nature.
Each has a different function undulations therein.The first and larger, a 400-seat auditorium, and art workshops forchildren.In the second wave, the middle, smaller than the first, is thepermanent collection of Paul Klee, and temporary exhibitionspaces dedicated toIn the third one, the least of all, lies the research andmanagement.Space :
•The design of the Zentrum Paul Klee is characterized by thestructure of corrugated steel deck. These beams have thecomplex curves neither is equal to the other, since the waveform extends from the front to the back where it is losttogether with the ground, and each "wave" has differentheight.•Each of the curved steel beams with different weights, hasbeen constructed individually.•After reviewing alternative materials such as aluminum,copper and titanium, it was decided to use a hardened cover.The ecological criteria, economic and technical were decisivefor this choice.FORM:
CENTRO CULTURALJEAN-MARIE TjibaouBUILT IN: 1991-1998LOCATION: Noumea, New Caledonia
Longitudinal section:Introduction:Its architecture evokesthe vernacular Kanakhuts of New Caledoniaand still has a verymodern feel. It is acommunity center, and inturn educational museum.
Characterstics:•The project design is intended to take advantage ofnatural winds coming from the Pacific Ocean. Theexterior is made of wood, wind filter a second layer ofglass shutters that open and close natural ventilation.•The complex is built entirely of iroko wood very resistantto moisture and insects. This wood was imported fromGhana.•Iroko structure provides a comb-shaped. Evocative ofthe cabins and craftsmanship Kanak, the slender ribs ofthe structure and the slats that are joined seamlesslyintegrated both in the lush landscape and the culture ofits inhabitants.• The wood siding and stainless steel, is based on theform of regional huts Kanakas. These structuresresemble traditional structural elements such asherringbone struts that prevent buckling of long beams.
Academy of Sciences, California
Characteristics:• The Academy of Sciences in California is the most current museumby Renzo Piano, which delivers an enlightened and sustainablesolution to a building designed in the year 1934 with an avant-gardedesign.• The museum consists of very unique areas such as an aquarium, aplanetarium and a reserve green on the inside, in addition to thevarious exhibition galleries, which, unlike traditional galleries, weredesigned for receiving large amount of natural light.
•Heat by radiant slab reduces the need for energy by5-10%.•The architect implemented heat recovery systems.•The green roof creates thermal insulation, whichmakes it unnecessary to resort to air conditioningsystems.•High-efficiency glass was used throughout thebuilding.•To keep the museum pieces in the moisture contentrequired, it uses a system of moisture by reverseosmosis.•Recycled building material is used.•90% of the spaces have natural light and outdoorviews.•The undulating line of sky allows ventilation to thecentral square, which disperses the cool air into theexhibition spaces.•The skylights are placed strategically so as toilluminate the forest reserve and the aquarium.
•Absorption and reusing rainwater make the building extremely efficient.•To operate the sanitary equipment, reclaimed water from the city ofSan Francisco is used.•The saltwater for the aquarium will be carried from the Pacific Ocean.
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