Rabindranath Tagore


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Rabindranath Tagore

  1. 1. Presentation Created by : Rohan Deshmukh Roll no.:10 Class:8 th lotus
  2. 2. Rabindranath Tagore(7May1861-7August1941) sobriquet Gurudev, was a Bengali person having wide ranging knowledge who reshaped his region's literature and music. He was authorof Gitanjali . He became the first non European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913. Tagore wrote poetry as an eight-year-old. His novels, stories, songs, dance-dramas, and essays spoke to topics political and personal. His compositions were chosen by two nations as national anthems: theRepublic of India's Jana Gana Mana and Bangladesh's Amar Shonar Bangla.
  3. 3. Tagore was born in the Jorasanko mansion in Calcutta,India on 7th of may 1861,as son of Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi.Tagore Family patriachs were the Brahmo .His mother had died in his early childhood and his father traveled widely. Tagore had three brothers & a sister who were Dwijendranath ,Satyendranath,Jyotirindranat & Swarnakumari. In 1883 he married Mrinalini Devi.they had five children,two of whom died in childhood. His family Tagore largely avoided classroom schooling and preferred to roam here and there.His brother Hemendranath tutored him. He learned drawing,anatomy,geography & history, literature, mathematics,Sanskrit,and English-his least favorite subject.His father tutored him History,Astronomy and Sanskrit. He briefly read law at University College London, but again left school.
  4. 4. Known mostly for his poetry, Tagore wrote novels, essays, short stories, travelogues,dramas, and thousands of songs. Tagore had started to write in his early age of 8. His works are frequently noted for their rhythmic,optimistic and lyrical nature. Tagore had early success as a writer in his native Bengal.His poetry include Manasi,Sonar Tari,Gitanjali etc.Tagore's major plays are Raja, Dakghar , Achalayatan He is the author of several volumes of short stories and novels like Gora,Ghare-Baire and Yogayog. Tagore also left numerous drawings and paintings, and songs. Tagore was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature for his work Gitanjali in1913. Gitanjali is collection of 103 poems originaly Written in bengali translated in english by himself.He translated Gitanjali in1912.He was first Indian even first Asian to recive a noble prize.
  5. 5. Tagore composed 2,230 songs and was a good painter. Tagore influenced sitar maestro Vilayat Khan and sarodiyas Buddhadev Dasgupta and AmjadAli Khan.In 1971, Amar Shonar Bangla became the national anthem of Bangladesh.Jana Gana Mana was written by him which was adopted in 1950 by the Constituent Assembly of the Republic of India as its national anthem.It was first sung in 1911 at a Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress his painting At sixty, Tagore took up drawing and painting; successful exhibitions of his many works—which made a first appearance in Paris.He was likely red-green color blind, resulting in works that exhibited strange colour schemes. Some of paintings were similar or related to his lyrics.
  6. 6. He founded a small experimental school at Shantiniketan,a place 150km from Calcutta,in 1901,which later came to be known as the Vishwabharti University. He attempt to make Santiniketan the connecting thread between India and the world and a world center for the study of humanity somewhere beyond the limits of nation and geography. Teaching was often done under trees. He staffed the school, he contributed his Nobel Prize monies . In mornings he taught classes; afternoons and evenings he wrote the students' textbooks. He held events for fund for the school in Europe and the United States He died at the age of 80, on 7th of August in 1941 at Calcutta,India .