Geography project


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Biomass Uses !

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Geography project

  2. 2. Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms. It most often refers to plants or plant-derived materials which are specifically called lignocelluloses biomass. As an energy source, biomass can either be used directly via combustion to produce heat, or indirectly after converting it to various forms of bio-fuel. Conversion of biomass to bio-fuel can be achieved by different methods which are broadly classified into: thermal, chemical, and biochemical methods. Wood remains the largest biomass energy source today; examples include forest residues (such as dead trees, branches and tree stumps), yard clippings, wood chips and even municipal solid waste. In the second sense, biomass includes plant or animal matter that can be converted into fibers or other industrial chemicals, including bio-fuels . Industrial biomass can be grown from numerous types of plants, including miscanthus, switch grass , hemp, corn, poplar, willow, sorghum, sugarcane, bamboo, and a variety of tree species, ranging from eucalyptus to oil palm (palm oil).
  3. 3. The term "biomass" refers to raw organic material used to generate a number of energy resources, including heat, liquid or gaseous fuels, and electricity. Chemical energy stored in biomass can be converted to heat through combustion (burning). Biomass can be converted to liquid or gaseous fuels or can be used to generate electricity in the same way that coal is used. The electricity generated can be sent to energy consumers via electric transmission systems. These applications can be at a small scale (e.g., to cook or make hot water in individual buildings) or at a large scale (e.g., to generate ethanol , bio-diesel , bio-gas , or electricity for
  4. 4. The Inception Workshop of the UNIDO/GEF Project “Promoting Sustainable Energy Production and Use from Biomass in Pakistan” was held at Serena Hotel, Islamabad. Senator Pervez Rasheed, Federal Information Minister graced the event as Chief Guest. The event was a launch pad for UNIDO’s Biomass Energy Project, titled as “Promoting Sustainable Energy Production & Use from Biomass in Pakistan” The 1.82 million dollar project with additional 5.30 million USD as co-finance will be implemented in Kamoke, Jhelum, and Thatta for demonstration projects of 4.3 MW from biomass gasification technology and is funded by Global Environmental Facility. The Project is implemented in partnership with Centre for Energy Systems –NUST, PPAF, SMEDA, private sector and Provincial Energy Departments. Aim of the project is to promote market based adoption of modern biomass Gasification technologies in Pakistan.
  5. 5. Biomass energy has rapidly become a vital part of the global renewable energy mix and account for an evergrowing share of electric capacity added worldwide. As per a recent UNEP report, total renewable power capacity worldwide exceeded 1,470 GW in 2012, up 8.5% from 2011. Renewable energy supplies around one-fifth of the final energy consumption worldwide, counting traditional biomass, large hydropower, and “new” renewable (small hydro, modern biomass, wind, solar, geothermal, and biofuels).
  6. 6. Made By : Rohaan Khan ( Prep III E) Bhazad Badvi ( Prep III E)
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