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Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
Canals of Britain
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Canals of Britain

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A school Project about canals, by Seren

A school Project about canals, by Seren

Published in: Education
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Transcript

  • 1. Canals and Narrowboats of Britain By Seren Heyman-Griffiths July 2010
  • 2. This year we went on a canal holiday in the UK.
  • 3. This project covers history, narrowboats, locks, tunnels, bridges a boat lift and a festival.
  • 4. We visited two different canals and took lots of photos. We also got information from books and leaflets.
  • 5. 200 years ago in the days before trains, canals were built to carry goods to port.
  • 6. Why not just use rivers? Many rivers are too shallow for boats or don't pass through the right places. Canals were a clever solution.
  • 7. The canals were narrow so they called the boats on them 'narrowboats'.
  • 8. Some narrow boats are only 7 feet (2m) wide, but they can be up to 10 feet. They have to be narrow enough to get through the locks.
  • 9. The Trent and Mersey Canal was one of the earliest. Opened in 1777 it had 7 foot wide locks, which set the standard for all England's narrowboats. Source: Wikipedia, 'Trent and Mersey Canal Plan'
  • 10. James Brindley built the canal for Josiah Wedgewood to transport pottery from his factories to the ports of Liverpool and Hull. Source: Wikipedia, 'James Brindley by Francis Parsons'
  • 11. A lock lets boats go up and down hills but stops the water from flowing away.
  • 12. If the boat was going up it would drive into a rectangular space and gates would be shut behind it.
  • 13. Then a hatch would open in the gates in front of the boat, water would fill the lock and the boat would rise with the water level.
  • 14. The front gates would then open and the boat would drive out onto another stretch of canal. Likewise going down. Source: Wikipedia, 'Canal Lock'
  • 15. We visited the Anderton Boat Lift, which connects the canal at the top with a river far below.
  • 16. It's like two giant bath tubs on stilts. One moves up while the other moves down. Can you see the boat?
  • 17. As railways grew in the nineteenth century, canals became redundant. Today people use them for holidays.
  • 18. They can be very beautiful and relaxing.
  • 19. A modern narrowboat is a bit like a long, thin floating caravan.
  • 20. There are lots of different sizes of canal boat - they can be from 72 feet Long to a lot less.
  • 21. In the olden days they had no motors so they used horses but the tunnels had no path by them so people pushed on the roof with their legs.
  • 22. Canal tunnels can be long and dark.
  • 23. But there is light at the end of the tunnel!
  • 24. We visited the Middlewich folk and boat festival.
  • 25. The festival had historic narrowboats...
  • 26. ...and traditional dance called morris dancing.
  • 27. Our favourite group was called 'Stone the Crows'..
  • 28. There was also an old steam roller. This would have been used for road-building about 100 years ago.
  • 29. Canals have many narrow bridges, so you have to steer carefully.
  • 30. Each bridge is numbered, so it's quite easy to know how far you have come.
  • 31. That brings us to the end of this presentation by Copyright Seren Heyman-Griffiths 2010

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