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Canals of Britain
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Canals of Britain

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A school Project about canals, by Seren

A school Project about canals, by Seren

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Canals of Britain Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Canals and Narrowboats of Britain By Seren Heyman-Griffiths July 2010
  • 2. This year we went on a canal holiday in the UK.
  • 3. This project covers history, narrowboats, locks, tunnels, bridges a boat lift and a festival.
  • 4. We visited two different canals and took lots of photos. We also got information from books and leaflets.
  • 5. 200 years ago in the days before trains, canals were built to carry goods to port.
  • 6. Why not just use rivers? Many rivers are too shallow for boats or don't pass through the right places. Canals were a clever solution.
  • 7. The canals were narrow so they called the boats on them 'narrowboats'.
  • 8. Some narrow boats are only 7 feet (2m) wide, but they can be up to 10 feet. They have to be narrow enough to get through the locks.
  • 9. The Trent and Mersey Canal was one of the earliest. Opened in 1777 it had 7 foot wide locks, which set the standard for all England's narrowboats. Source: Wikipedia, 'Trent and Mersey Canal Plan'
  • 10. James Brindley built the canal for Josiah Wedgewood to transport pottery from his factories to the ports of Liverpool and Hull. Source: Wikipedia, 'James Brindley by Francis Parsons'
  • 11. A lock lets boats go up and down hills but stops the water from flowing away.
  • 12. If the boat was going up it would drive into a rectangular space and gates would be shut behind it.
  • 13. Then a hatch would open in the gates in front of the boat, water would fill the lock and the boat would rise with the water level.
  • 14. The front gates would then open and the boat would drive out onto another stretch of canal. Likewise going down. Source: Wikipedia, 'Canal Lock'
  • 15. We visited the Anderton Boat Lift, which connects the canal at the top with a river far below.
  • 16. It's like two giant bath tubs on stilts. One moves up while the other moves down. Can you see the boat?
  • 17. As railways grew in the nineteenth century, canals became redundant. Today people use them for holidays.
  • 18. They can be very beautiful and relaxing.
  • 19. A modern narrowboat is a bit like a long, thin floating caravan.
  • 20. There are lots of different sizes of canal boat - they can be from 72 feet Long to a lot less.
  • 21. In the olden days they had no motors so they used horses but the tunnels had no path by them so people pushed on the roof with their legs.
  • 22. Canal tunnels can be long and dark.
  • 23. But there is light at the end of the tunnel!
  • 24. We visited the Middlewich folk and boat festival.
  • 25. The festival had historic narrowboats...
  • 26. ...and traditional dance called morris dancing.
  • 27. Our favourite group was called 'Stone the Crows'..
  • 28. There was also an old steam roller. This would have been used for road-building about 100 years ago.
  • 29. Canals have many narrow bridges, so you have to steer carefully.
  • 30. Each bridge is numbered, so it's quite easy to know how far you have come.
  • 31. That brings us to the end of this presentation by Copyright Seren Heyman-Griffiths 2010