Drug addiction Team members: Sebastián Montes Giraldo Roger Junior González Chevejoni Mauricio Andrés Muños Álzate Harol Alexis Vergara Zalazar Cristian Camilo García Giraldo
Our goal is to make people and most of all to the youth that drugs are not a game these are the cause of many innocent deaths and end the lives of others. in our institution we want to give a statement to students who think with your head steady and take into account that drugs are not a game as it seems. research question ¿Why is so common in youth drug addiction? general purpose
-learn all they can produce drugs in our body-apply knowledge of several people who have already experienced this defect.-give those who are to this vice linked a few tips and then see whether, if they were unsuccessful-to inform people about the drugs that exist, their defects and damage they cause in our body.-consientizar people that drugs are a game that stops play tomorrow this is a very serious case that even the smallest drug can produce large effects specificobjectives
With this project we want you to know people on drug addiction wings being viewed very common in our young age.oligarchic us start with the research of this project to apply all the knowledge of those who have already experienced and have been unable to quit this habit can help with your problem and how it could overcome. This project is integrated with the SENA and I hope you like our work tank you. Justification
drugs throughout history have been expressed to use and give a prediction (different cultures about their religious cults, Egyptians, Mayans, Aztecs), for social reasons (used in the Greek wine to enhance the mood) , motives "magic" (to enter trance states etc. to another dimension.) as well as a thousand other reasons why the man has used various types of drugs either hard or soft, depending on their classification. the Egyptians, expressing plant drugs in his art even in the evolution of this (the look in his eyes on the faces of the graves), where he managed the use of mandrake mainly showing its use among other more everyday about their religious and magical purposes. Drug history
The Greeks used opium in medicine as an analgesic and wine to raise the spirits or to reach philosophical thoughts. And they were gods who represented drug (as in the case of Dionysus was the god of wine).Pre-Hispanic Mexican cultures Cultures (Huichol among others) made use of hallucinogens like peyote mushrooms with medicinal uses (in my case for this article!, You would not believe) in the case of coca leaves with fine religious and Astrological for the Incas and earlier cultures and began using snuff then expanding to the conquest of America through Europe. .
pasesón after this that the use of drugs in most cultures was present in one form or another, that the main factors are the purpose mystical, religious, artistic medicinal and some even resulting in a state in which they develop various factors but not to mention the damage to their bodies of those who did, however, without defending when they are used for medical and combat various diseases.
What are drugs? Are those substances whose use may cause dependence, stimulation or depression of the central nervous system, or that result in a disruption in the trial functioned, behavioral or mood of the person. Is any substance capable of altering the body and exerts its action on the psychic behavior, perception and consciousness. The dependence of the drug consumption is excessive, persistent and regular of all toxic substance. The term drug seen from a strictly scientific point of view is the active ingredient, raw material. In this sense formally comparable drugs in pharmacology and medicine into a drug, ie drug and drug can be used as synonyms. Drugs are a chemical used in the treatment or prevention of disease. Drugs can be produced from plants, minerals, animals, or by synthesis. A second concept that is social, as this drug are prohibited substances harmful to health, which are abused and that somehow bring individual and social harm. We still have the problem where these substances act, since all these drugs have a basic element in the body which is the central nervous system which is more delicate structure and is more important than humans, and whether these substances act on these structures damaging them, hurting, which will undoubtedly be a serious and dangerous element to the community, to individual health and public health course.
The "hard" drugs are those that cause physical and psychological dependence, ie altering Psychic and social behavior of the addict, such as opium and its derivatives, alcohol, amphetamines and barbiturates. The "soft" drugs are those that create only a psychological dependence, among which are the derivatives of hemp, such as hashish or marijuana, cocaine, lysergic acid, better known as LSD, as well as the snuff. This division of hard and soft, is questioned, and one could say that the hard and soft are bad they are good or less bad, but at the same doses administered may have similar adverse effects. The Unit is the state of the individual through which constantly creates and maintains a desire to ingest any substance. If this desire is maintained by metabolic mechanisms and lack creates a withdrawal syndrome is called physical dependence. If the dependency is maintained by psychosocial mechanisms, often defined as mental or psychological dependence. The drugs are divided into narcotics such as opium and its derivatives morphine, codeine and heroin, stimulants such as coffee, amphetamines, crack and cocaine, and hallucinogens such as LSD, mescaline, peyote, psilocybin mushrooms and cannabis derivatives, such as hashish. Drugs Under its dependence
Narcotics The word narcotic is a Greek word meaning "thing capable of numb and sedate. This word is often used to refer to all sorts of psycho active drugs, ie those that act on the psyche of the individual, can be divided into: Opium, opiates and synthetic substitutes. Neuroleptics or major tranquilizers. Anxiolytics or minor tranquilizers. Sleeping pills or barbiturates. Big narcotics or general anesthetics. It is a drug with different compositions and origins, which have in common their effect on the body, although this may be manifested in different manner and degree. Neuroleptics or major tranquilizers: These are substances used to treat depression, mania and psychosis, and many of them are sold without prescription in most pharmacies, these include phenothiazines, haloperidol and reserpine. Produce a state of emotional indifference, without altering the perception and intellectual functions, highly toxic, have side effects such as parkinsonism, destruction of blood cells, cardiac arrhythmia, anemia, dizziness, among others. Anxiolytics or minor tranquilizers: Typically used to treat neuroses, these drugs account for half of all psychoactive drugs consumed in the world, despite producing a very severe withdrawal syndrome. In large doses, act as hypnotics or sleep inducers: some are used as muscle relaxants. Produce lethargy, stupor and coma, with relative ease. By abandoning its consumption can appear episodes of depression, restlessness or insomnia. Types of drugs to their effects
Sleeping pills or barbiturates: Its use can damage the liver or kidneys, cause skin rashes, joint pain, neuralgia, hypotension, constipation, and tendency to circulatory collapse. Acute intoxication can even cause death. Physical dependence is generated between 4 or 6 weeks. Major Narcotics There are several substances used in general anesthesia that deserve to be included in this group for their ability to produce drowsiness and stupefaction, more than any drug in the strict sense. In mild doses produces a premium cordial excitement phase, such as alcohol and after sedation and drowsiness. They also generate tolerance and, consequently, addiction and can cause acute poisoning and even death. Hallucinogenic The drugs known as hallucinogens are drugs that cause mental disorders that affect perception. The word "hallucinogen" refers to a distortion in the perception of vision, hearing and a generation of unreality. The hallucination is a major symptom of psychosis of mind and distorts their appearance knowledge and will. Hallucinogens are considered psychedelics inhibiting ego defense mechanisms, and facilitating the distribution of the sensitivity and the emergence of disturbing images.
Opium and its derivatives: With the popular name of opium or poppy called the fruit from which to obtain opium and its derivatives. It is a tan powder. It is extracted from grains containing the fruit and from its medicinal uses include the abolition of pain, control spasms and use as a cough suppressant. Its derivative is morphine, heroin, methadone and codeine can all provide extraordinary therapeutic benefits if they are prescribed and monitored by a doctor. Opiates are presented as powder for solution for injection or smoking. This narcotic produces a dreamy state of euphoria, a feeling of ecstasy that quickly shortens because of tolerance, whose physical effects are: Red skin Pupils contracted Nausea Decline in respiratory function Loss of reflexes Lack of response to stimuli Hypotension Cardiac deceleration Seizures Risk of Death
StimulantsTraditionally used to combat fatigue, hunger and despair, stimulants cause transient increased endurance through direct activation of central nervous system.Plant Stimulants:Coffee, tea, mate, cola, el caco, betel, and coca plants are grown in many parts of the world, despite repeated often consumed in the day, are toxic substances that have side effects.Although stimulants are considered safe vegetables should moderate their consumption and that it is capable of producing toxic substances harmful side effects.CocaThe coca leaf shrub Native American, belongs to the group of stimulants. Its use is ancient in parts of Latin America, where it is common practice chewing the leaves. Its effect on the central nervous system is less than those of cocaine. The coca is consumed alkaline dust mask with a like ashes or lime. It is also smoked both alone and mixed with snuff and marijuana. It is shown to have withdrawal symptoms, depression, fatigue, toxicity, and hallucinations.
Cannabis sativa-marijuana-hashish:Cannabis Sativa is a wild bush that grows in temperate and tropical zones, with a height of six meters, the resin extracted from hashish. Its most important component is delta-9-THC, the plant containing more than sixty-related components. Consumed preferably smoked, but can be made infusions with different effects. A marijuana cigarette may contain 150 mg. THC, and doubling it contains hash oil, which can lead to withdrawal symptoms when consumed 10 to 20 days. The dependence is considered primarily psychological. The characteristic symptoms of poisoning include anxiety, irritability, tremors, insomnia.It can occur in various forms of consumption, whether in leaves that are smoked directly in resin of the shrub or oil freed from the latter. In the mode in which the drug will depend on its present name "marijuana" is the name of shredded hemp leaves, which after drying and treated can be smoked (also known as grass, marijuana, marijuana, weed, Mafú, grass, Mary, monte, moy, coffee, chocolate, etc..), its effect is about five times lower than that of hashish. Ecstasy or MDMA Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), commonly known as "ecstasy," "stasis" or "X-TC" is a synthetic, psychoactive drug with hallucinogenic properties of great potential for emotional and psychological disturbances, with properties similar to amphetamines. It resembles the structure of methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) and methamphetamine, other synthetic drugs causing brain damage. During the 60 was used for therapeutic purposes since according to certain sectors of psychiatry helped the communication and treatment of phobic neurosis. The psychological effects of ecstasy great potential troublemaker. Initially, the subject experiences feelings of confidence and excitement, which follow a state of hyperactivity and increase in morbid thoughts. The stimulant effects are diluted causing psychological disorders such as confusion, problems with sleep (nightmares, insomnia), again overwhelming desire to consume drugs, depression, severe anxiety and paranoia. These effects have been reported even after several weeks of consumption. It also reported serious cases of psychosis. Physical symptoms include: anorexia, tension and muscle disorders similar to those found in Parkinson's disease, bruxism, nausea, blurred vision, faintness, chills and excessive sweating.
Methamphetamine The person using "Ice" thinks that the drug gives you instant energy. The reality is that the drug speeds up the nervous system, causing the body to use stored energy. The effects that cause the body vary according to the amount of drug used. Symptoms observed included the following: nose injury when the drug is inhaled, dry and itchy skin, acne, irritation or inflammation, increased respiration and blood pressure, damage the liver, lungs and kidneys; exhaustion when just the effects of the drug (need to sleep for several days) and uncontrolled jerking of the face, neck, arms and hands loss of appetite, severe depression disappear when the effects of the drug.
Encarta 2009 Internet Explorer Wikipedia Books of enciclopedy bibliography