Jenifer Lasimbang Sabah I Ps

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  • Source: NITC Malaysia, 2000
  • Jenifer Lasimbang Sabah I Ps

    1. 1. Jenifer Lasimbang Volunteer & Resource Person- PACOS Trust ( www.sabah.net.my/pacos ) Community-based volunteer organization in Sabah Lecturer - School of Engineering and IT Universiti Malaysia Sabah A typical mother and child scene Photo: Adrian Lasimbang An Introduction to Indigenous Peoples of Sabah, Malaysia
    2. 2. where is Sabah, Malaysia? <ul><li>In Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>2nd largest of the 13 states in Malaysia </li></ul><ul><li>occupies the northern portion of the island of Borneo, the 3 rd largest island in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Bound by the South China Sea on the west and the Sulu and Celebes (Sulawesi) seas on the east </li></ul>Source: http://www.worldswitch.com/Countries/Malaysia/images/MalaysiaM.jpg http:// amf.pocketmovies.net/about/images/Malaysia_map.gif
    3. 3. indigenous peoples “ The struggle for Self-Determination” “ Indigenous peoples today essentially seek recognition – by government and the international community – of their existence , of their problems and of their perspective. ” (Nicholas, 1996)
    4. 4. indigenous peoples of Sabah, Malaysia <ul><li>a pre-school child sleeping peacefully on a hammock </li></ul>a young boy looking out from his bamboo house Photos: Jenifer Lasimbang <ul><li>MAJOR ETHNIC GROUP </li></ul><ul><li>DUSUN, MURUT, PAITANIC, BAJAU, MALAYIC </li></ul><ul><li>60% OF POP. OF ABOUT 2.6 Million </li></ul><ul><li>70% RESIDES IN RURAL AREAS </li></ul><ul><li>SUBSISTENCE FARMERS </li></ul>
    5. 5. Inside of a long house Weaving tapestry Photos: Jannie Lasimbang
    6. 6. Traditional systems of indigenous peoples of Sabah <ul><li>Belief System </li></ul><ul><li>Social System </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural System </li></ul><ul><li>Educational System </li></ul><ul><li>Health System </li></ul><ul><li>Political and Administrative System </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial System </li></ul><ul><li>Economic System </li></ul><ul><li>Resource Management System </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural System </li></ul>
    7. 7. Belief system A bobohizan (priestess) A bobohizan performing an oath ritual on a big stone Photos: PACOS Trust
    8. 8. Social system Photo: Jannie Lasimbang During any gatherings, it is common for each family or member of the community to bring and share their food and drinks with others. Among the Kadazandusun community, this is referred to as mizungu’ (potluck)
    9. 9. Cultural system Photo: Adrian Lasimbang The concept of respect for others, humility, tolerance, self-reliance, service and mitabang (labour-sharing or communal work) stems out from deep appreciation of the cultural integrity of a community
    10. 10. Educational System A little boy encourage to learn a musical instrument - kulintangan Photo: Jannie Lasimbang Working on paddy fields Photo: Jannie Lasimbang Concept: Children are free to follow their grandparents, parents or other members of the community to any activities in the village
    11. 11. Resource Management System Photos: PACOS Trust Principles: Indigenous communities understand that there is a limit to what can be extracted from the natural environment and that they are only custodians of God’s gift
    12. 12. Agricultural system Photos: Jannie Lasimbang
    13. 13. Issues faced by indigenous peoples Loss of land and user rights to other land Threatened source of livelihood (forest and rivers) Integrity of adat or traditional belief system at stake
    14. 14. PACOS’ WORK AMONG INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES IN SABAH, MALAYASIA <ul><li>Location & People </li></ul><ul><li>Issues Faced by Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Aim and Strategies of PACOS </li></ul><ul><li>Programs of PACOS </li></ul>
    15. 15. PROJECT SITES 25 AREAS 12 DISTRICTS POPULATION: 500 FAMILIES ETHNIC GROUP: KADAZANDUSUN, MURUT, RUNGUS & SUNGAI
    16. 16. PROJECT SITES
    17. 17. Vision To create a peaceful and united indigenous communities equipped with knowledge and skills to manage resources and opportunities to support a comfortable life Mission To raise the overall quality of life of indigenous communities Aim 3 Strengthen positive values, cultures, language and belief systems Aim 2 Strengthen indigenous knowledge related to resource management Aim 1 Obtain Native Customary Land titles and secure user rights to other land Strategy Human resource development and building of people’s organization to raise indigenous peoples capacity to manage livelihood issues Land Campaign Community Education CO Training Socio-Economy Adat & Culture Community Research PACOS’ AIM & STRATEGIES
    18. 18. Board of Trustee PACOS TRUST Management Committee Community Organizing Training Program Socio-economic Program Community Education Program Community Research Program Land and Resource Management Program Admin and Finance Unit Income Generation Program Adat and Culture Program Village Subcommittee Village Subcommittee Village Subcommittee Village Subcommittee People’s Organization People’s Organization People’s Organization Village Subcommittee Village Subcommittee Monitoring Unit ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE
    19. 19. COMMUNITY ORGANIZING TRAINING 2 YEARS TRAINING (THEORY & PRACTICAL) TRAINEE FROM SELECTED MEMBER OF COMMUNITY TO BUILD AND ENHANCE CAPACITY OF COMMUNITY ORGANISATIONS TO HANDLE ISSUES AFFECTING THEM CURICULUM FOCUS ON COMMUNITY-BASED INTEGRATED RESOURCE MANAGEMENT 90 PARTICIPANTS BENEFITED FROM THIS TRAINING SINCE 1989 ESTABLISHED 15 PEOPLE’S ORGANISATION CURRENTLY TRAINING SEVENTH BATCH OF 15 TRAINEES (COT-7)
    20. 20. LAND & NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT CUSTOMARY LAND CAMPAIGN SOUGHT LAWYERS HELP FILED PETITION IN COURT SOUGHT PRESS SUPPORT PEACEFUL DEMONSTRATION
    21. 21. LAND & NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT WATERSHED MANAGEMENT PROTECT AND REPLANT WATERSHED AREAS PROVIDE GRAVITY-FEED WATER SUPPLY MANAGE FISH RESOURCE TRAINING FOCUSED ON COMMUNITY-BASED RESOURCE MANAGEMENT CONCEPTS (Use and Protect)
    22. 22. LAND & NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT MANAGEMENT OF FOREST RESOURCE AND ESTABLISHMENT OF HERBAL GARDENS
    23. 23. LAND & NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COMMUNITY RESOURCE MAPPING TRAINING DETERMINE LAND AND RESOURCE BOUNDARIES WATERSHED BOUNDARIES
    24. 24. SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FORMED VILLAGE SOCIO-ECONOMIC GROUPS CURRENTLY 20 VSEG ESTABLISHED VILLAGE SUNDRY SHOPS ESTABLISHED MARKETING NETWORK AMONG THE VSEG ORGANISE YEARLY SE MEETING AND WORKSHOPS ORGANISE YEARLY VILLAGE PRODUCT FAIR
    25. 25. SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT TRAINING FOCUSED ON SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE (Chemical free farming) and GREEN ECONOMY (e.g. Ecotourism)
    26. 26. ADAT AND CULTURE ORGANISE YEARLY CULTURAL MEETING ORGANISE YEARLY CELEBRATION OF IP DAY SEMINAR AND WORKSHOP ON ADAT
    27. 27. ESTABLISHED 13 PRE-SCHOOL CENTRES SINCE 1993 PRE-SCHOOL CENTRES MANAGED BY PRE-SCHOOL VILLAGE COMMITTEE CURICULUM FOCUSED ON USAGE OF LOCAL LANGUAGE AND CULTURE COMMUNITY EARLY CHILD CARE & DEVELOPMENT
    28. 28. ONE WEEK BASIC ECCD TRAINING 6-12 MONTHS PRACTICAL TRAINING AT ECCD CENTRE ON-SITE TRAINING AND MONITORING COMMUNITY EARLY CHILD CARE & DEVELOPMENT
    29. 29. COMMUNITY EARLY CHILD CARE & DEVELOPMENT PRODUCE SUITABLE TEACHING MATERIALS
    30. 30. COMMUNITY RESEARCH & INFORMATION RESEARCH, DOCUMENTATION AND PUBLICATIONS
    31. 31. OTHER ACTIVITIES IP Self Governance Workshop Wildlife Management Integrated Watershed Management AD-HOC TRAINING FOR GOVERNMENT AGENCIES HOST TO CONFERENCES BUILD NETWORK AND SUPPORT FOR OTHER IP ORGANISATIONS
    32. 32. SOURCE OF FUNDING INTERNAL FAMILIES, FRIENDS, INDIVIDUALS, LOCAL ORGANISATIONS (INNER WHEEL CLUB, LIONS CLUB) EXTERNAL Bernard Van Leer Foundation, UNDP-SGP, SSNC, CIDA, DANCED/DANIDA, IWGIA, HIVOS, CEBEMO
    33. 33. introduction – some highlights <ul><li>1) Worked closely with PACOS last 10 years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide assistance for organization’s ICT needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuous training for volunteers/Community Organisers/field staff and admin/finance staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Built and maintain organization’s website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultation - ICT related activity planning and implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2) Case Study/Experiment: Terian Community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT awareness for the community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conducted training sessions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sourced laptop and a printer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow up training and other related activities </li></ul></ul>
    34. 34. Indigenous Peoples’ Experiments with ICT in Sabah, Malaysia Pilot project : introducing ICT to indigenous peoples of Terian Photos: Adrian Lasimbang
    35. 35. Daily activities An old lady putting finishing touch on her basket Photo: Jenifer Lasimbang Part of life – carrying fire woods in their baskets Photo: Jenifer Lasimbang
    36. 36. processes and activities Establish connections Identify communities Seek donations Held community discussions Set up Community Technology Center and present donations Conduct training sessions Evaluations from the communities
    37. 37. community discussions Discussions held with communities involved in the pilot project, namely, the Nampasan and Terian communities Women and children participating in a discussion Photo: Doreen Lasimbang
    38. 38. acquire resources <ul><li>Seek donations from individuals, organizations, and government for the community </li></ul><ul><li>(Pictures taken during the presentation of the printer and the laptop that were donated </li></ul><ul><li>to the Terian community) </li></ul>Source: Adrian Lasimbang
    39. 39. appropriate resources <ul><li>provide sustainable technology for the community </li></ul><ul><li>e.g., solar-powered computer systems for communities without electricity </li></ul>Setting up solar-system components for testing Photo: Jannie Lasimbang
    40. 40. trained local technology champions Photo: Jenifer Lasimbang Trained the local champions in the basic maintenance of the solar-powered computer system Adrian’s sketch of the system’s components Adrian explaining how the system works
    41. 41. Network of volunteers <ul><li>Volunteers taking a break from the journey to the remote village of Terian </li></ul>University student volunteers conducting training at the Terian primary school Photo: Jenifer Lasimbang
    42. 42. conducted training sessions <ul><li>Conducted all training sessions in the local language </li></ul><ul><li>Computer terms in the indigenous language were created with the help of the community members </li></ul><ul><li>(Picture: A sample teaching aid for the training sessions) </li></ul>Source: Jenifer Lasimbang
    43. 43. issues and challenges <ul><li>Motivation for.. the WILL NOTS </li></ul>… for the CAN NOTS Awareness….for the KNOW NOTS N e t w o r k … . for the HAVE NOTS R Resource N Network T Training C Community
    44. 44. lesson learned Heart of the project is heart of the people Community of Terian – from all walks of life, most people are looking at a computer for the first time in their life Photo: Doreen Lasimbang
    45. 45. lesson learned <ul><li>Experiment involved remote and rural indigenous communities </li></ul><ul><li>Build trust with and within communities </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiasm from local champions ensure continued progress </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult for communities to initiate efforts – they need help </li></ul>
    46. 46. project significance <ul><li>Takes a lot to reach out to them – but they are there waiting for IT to be put into their hands … </li></ul>Idea 1: establish regional network of IP ICT volunteers Idea 2: establish guideline what & how to document <ul><li>ICT is the tool to create and disseminated indigenous contents, documentation of an indigenous culture and knowledge is part of preserving its identity but …. </li></ul>
    47. 47. Kotohuadan Thank you A beautiful scene of the Crocker Range just before sunset e-buayan – to replicate success of e-bario, 2 years to deploy, a lifetime to change … lasimbang@hotmail.com

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